Location of Perrysville, Ohio
|• Total||0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)|
|• Land||0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||994 ft (303 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||721|
|• Density||930.4/sq mi (359.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1068213|
Perrysville is a village in Ashland County, Ohio, United States. The population was 735 at the 2010 census. The area was first permanently settled in 1810, but the village was not laid out until 1812. One of the settlers, Judge Coulter, picked the most beautiful spot for a village with the intentions of laying out a village, and although he had no name planned his neighbors jokingly called it "Coulterville." Following news in the fall of 1813 regarding the monumental victory of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry in the Battle of Lake Erie, the residents decided to name the village in his honor. Although both Freeport and Coulterville are commonly thought to have been names of Perrysville prior to the Battle of Lake Erie, there is no known evidence to support either claim.
Perrysville is the birthplace of the famous nineteenth-century female author Rosella Rice, and home to retired boxer "Raging" Craig Weber. Explorer Jedediah Smith moved to Perrysville with his family as a teenager, it was here that he gained an appreciation for the wild frontier and learned to survive in the woods before heading west. Perrysville acts as headquarters of Mansfield Plumbing Products, one of the largest sanitation manufacturers in the world, and is also the location of a primary plant of Step 2 Industries.
In the early 19th century, the area was rife with tension between white settlers and native Americans. The massive Greentown Indian Village was located only a few miles away, and originally on good terms, the War of 1812 resulted in hostilities between the two factions. American soldiers convinced Reverend Copus, who was a friend of the Greentown Indians, to convince the men of the Indian Village to join the Americans in attacking natives allied with the British. Copus succeeded, and the Greentown Warriors headed West. However, by the time they reached the horizon the American soldiers set fire to the village, having deceived both Reverend Copus and the Indians. The warriors noticed the plumes of smoke, and turned back. Finding their village in ashes, they assumed Reverend Copus had tricked them and in turn massacred his family in what is now known as the Copus Hill Massacre. In addition to the Greentown Indians, an early unknown tribe inhabited the area. Upon laying out the Village, settlers excavated numerous burial mounds. Unfortunately as archaeology and conservation were not popular, the gravel from the mounds was used to form the roads of the village and all artifacts were either disposed of or kept by local families.
Johnny Appleseed fell in love with the area during his travels, and frequented the area often. He became close friends of all the area residents, often staying longer than he would in other regions. He became close friends with the young Rosella Rice, who recorded his stories and habits. Her writings have become the foremost primary source on the subject of John Chapman. Chapman was known to have had a home built in Perrysville with the intentions of marrying a local woman, presumably Nancy Tannehill, but shortly before the wedding he went to check on his orchards in Fort Wayne, Indiana where he fell ill and died.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.79 square miles (2.05 km2), all land. The village is the third largest municipality in the county after Ashland and Loudonville.
The Black Fork of the Mohican River passes the southwestern edge of the village.
Perrysville is roughly 30 miles from the cities of Mansfield, Ashland, Wooster, and Mt. Vernon. Nearby attractions include Mohican Forest, Pleasant Hill Lake, Malabar Farm, and St. Gregory Palamas Monastery.
The geography of the area, especially the multiple branches forming the Mohican River, make Perrysville and neighboring Loudonville premier locations for camping, canoeing, and eco-tourism.
As of the census of 2010, there were 735 people, 326 households, and 186 families residing in the village. The population density was 930.4 inhabitants per square mile (359.2/km2). There were 372 housing units at an average density of 470.9 per square mile (181.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.3% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 326 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.9% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age in the village was 37.8 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 816 people, 329 households, and 231 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,052.1 people per square mile (403.9/km²). There were 356 housing units at an average density of 459.0 per square mile (176.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.53% White, 0.49% African American, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.
There were 329 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the village the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $29,408, and the median income for a family was $35,781. Males had a median income of $27,031 versus $20,208 for females. The per capita income for the village was $12,603. About 14.9% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
Perrysville is part of the Loudonville-Perrysville Exempted Village School District and is home to Perrysville Junior High.
Public schooling in Perrysville began in 1816 with the construction of the first schoolhouse, taught by Asa Brown on what was then a farm. For the previous two years, education had been offered in private homes by Betsy Rice Coulter and then by William Maxwell Adolphus Johnson. During this time, school was taught only during the summer because of transportation limitations.
On November 14, 1865, an academy opened in Perrysville. At the time, academies served as a popular source of higher learning that was a step above traditional public schooling but a step below formal colleges. This school, located in what is now a Presbyterian church, taught a class of 45 enrolled students, although only 11 attended. In 1869 a separate building was built for the academy, and it operated there for twenty-six years. In 1895, the building burned down, and Greentown Academy never re-opened.
The second Perrysville schoolhouse was built in 1871 on West Third Street. The building later housed Jones Piano and a cigar factory. Eleven years later, in 1882, the third schoolhouse was built down the street from the second one.
Built in 1924, the fourth and last schoolhouse stood for many years. When it was built, students from schools all over Green Township left those schools to attend Perrysville High School. The building was remodeled in 1955. The school colors were red and white and the mascot was an Admiral in honor of the town's namesake, Oliver Hazard Perry. The school was successful in athletics, with seven notable teams between 1926 and 1952 - one women's basketball team, four men's basketball teams, a men's baseball team, and a men's football team.
The town continued to operate independent schools for 145 years until it merged with the Loudonville, Ohio school district in 1961. In 1961, the last class graduated from Perrysville High School. At this time, the Loudonville and Perrysville schools merged into the Loudonville-Perrysville Exempted Village School District in order to prevent the schools from closing down permanently. In 1988, what had been Perrysville High School became Perrysville Junior High. The current Perrysville Junior High School served as the home of grades K-12. Perrysville School District competed in a variety of varsity sports, including football, with the mascot of "The Admirals", an homage to the town's namesake Commodore Perry.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Rice, Rosella. "Rosella Rice (1827-1888)" A collection of short stories and histories, ed. Mary Jane Armstrong Henney. p 6.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.
- "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-01-20.
- Data in historical population table from US Census, 1890; US Census, 2000; "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-01-20.
- Loudonville-Perrysville Exempted Village School District - Perrysville Junior High
- Sally Zody Spreng. Perrysville School Days, 1890-1961. Loudonville, Oh: Truax Printing, 1988