Persepolis F.C.

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Persepolis F.C.
PersepolisFC Logo 2017.png
Full name Persepolis Football Club
Nickname(s) Artesh-e-Sorkh (The Red Army)
Founded December 1963; 54 years ago (1963-12)[1][2]
Ground Azadi Stadium
Capacity 78,116[3]
President Hamid Reza Garshasbi
Head Coach Branko Ivanković
League Persian Gulf Pro League
2017–18 Persian Gulf Pro League, 1st
Website Club website
Current season
Departments of Persepolis
Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg Handball pictogram.svg
Football
(Men's)
Football
(Women's)
Handball
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Swimming pictogram.svg Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Taekwondo Swimming Weightlifting
Futsal pictogram.svg Futsal pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg
Futsal
(Men's)
Futsal
(Women's)
Volleyball
Wheelchair basketball - Paralympic pictogram.svg Judo pictogram.svg Athletics pictogram.svg
Wheelchair basketball Judo Athletics
Wrestling pictogram.svg Goalball pictogram (Paralympics).svg Chess pictogram.svg
Wrestling Goalball Chess

Persepolis Football Club (Persian: باشگاه فوتبال پرسپولیس‎), is a Persian Gulf Pro League professional football club based in Tehran, Iran.

Persepolis F.C. was founded in 1963 by Ali Abdo[4] and has been in the first division of Iranian football since 1968. Persepolis also had three teams in bowling, basketball and volleyball in its first years of establishment.[5] Persepolis F.C. is the football club of the multisport Persepolis Athletic and Cultural Club. The club is owned by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports. There have been many attempts to privatize the club with no success due to the large debt the club has accumulated.

The club has played at its home ground, Azadi Stadium, since 1973. They contest the Tehran derby, which is regarded as one of the biggest in Asia,[6] with archrivals Esteghlal, a match that is always closely followed by Iranian football fans. According to the Asian Football Confederation, Persepolis is the most popular football club in Asia.[7][8][9]

Persepolis has won a record eleven Iranian league titles, as well as five Hazfi Cups, Two Super Cups and the 1990–91 Asian Cup Winners' Cup.[10] Many notable players have played for the club, including former Bayern Munich players Ali Karimi, Ali Daei, Vahid Hashemian and former Hamburger SV player Mehdi Mahdavikia. However, Ali Parvin is widely regarded as the club's greatest ever player. Parvin has spent 18 years with the club from 1970 to 1988. His shirt number, seven, is retired by the club.

History[edit]

Shahin F.C. (1942–1967)[edit]

Shahin F.C.
Many of the players shown in this photo went on to play for Persepolis.

Shahin was established in 1942 by Dr. Abbas Ekrami, a teacher.[11][12] Ekrami founded the club with help of some young students under the motto

Shahin produced many talented players like Parviz Dehdari, Masoud Boroumand, Homayoun Behzadi, Jafar Kashani, Hossein Kalani, Hamid Shirzadegan, and many more that played for Team Melli. These talents made Shahin popular in the 1960s but its very popularity was viewed as a threat by the Iran Football Federation and the Keihan Varzeshi newspaper (Iran's most important sports publication at the time).[14] The conflict between them became worse and on 9 July 1967, two days after Shahin's 3–0 win against Tehranjavan F.C., the Iran Sports Organization declared Shahin F.C. as dissolved.[14] League attendance dropped and other clubs including Pas, Rah Ahan, and Oghab tried to sign Shahin players.

Establishment early years (1963–1969)[edit]

Ali Abdo founder and first chairman of club.
Persepolis squad in the 1960s

Persepolis Athletic and Cultural Club was established in 1963 by Ali Abdo. Abdo had returned to Iran from the United States and was a championship boxer.

Persepolis F.C. started the 1968 season with Parviz Dehdari as manager. Despite the efforts to sign and disperse Shahin players to various clubs, Parviz Dehdari and Masoud Boroumand transferred the popularity of Shahin to Persepolis F.C. by taking most Shahin Players to join Persepolis. The team was initially quite weak, and participated in the 2nd division of the country. The best player on the team then was Mahmoud Khordbin.

The club, using four Shahin players, had a friendly match with Jam Abadan, a respected team at the time. After the match the remainder of the Shahin players joined Persepolis. That year no league competition was held, as many teams had been dissolved, so a 44-team tournament was held, and Persepolis, along with Pas, Taj, and Oghab finished top of the group.

The next year they represented as the first Iranian club in the Asian Champion Club Tournament held in Thailand, but they were not successful and were eliminated in the group stage.

Takht Jamshid Cup (1969–1979)[edit]

Persepolis winning the Takht Jamshid Cup in 1973

In 1962, the Iran Universal (Iran National "Iran Nacional") automobile factory was opened.[15] In 1969, The boss of the factory, Mahmoud Khayami, who was also the owner of a football team, was a big fan of Shahin. Khayami, who wanted to improve his football team, entered into negotiations with Persepolis and was able to get all the former Shahin players except Aziz Asli and Mahmoud Khordbin to join his new team, Paykan Tehran F.C.[16] Paykan won the championship that year, but the new players moved back to Persepolis at the end of the season.[16]

In 1971, Persepolis won its first ever championship in the Iranian League. Persepolis had an impressive season with 13 wins and 1 draw, in 14 weeks. In 1972, Abdo announced Persepolis as the first professional football club in Iran. The club did not enter the domestic league and only played against foreign clubs, and a few months later it became amateur again.[17] Next year the Takht Jamshid Cup was established. Persepolis won the inaugural Takht Jamshid Cup in 1973 and won it again in 1975.[18] In the third year of establishment of Takhte Jamshid cup Persepolis lost just two matches of thirty matches of that year.[19] Persepolis is the most successful club in the Takht Jamshid Cup league, clinching two championship titles and finishing three times as runner-up.[20]

Success under tough conditions (1979–1990)[edit]

From left to right:
Safar Iranpak, Homayoun Behzadi and Hossein Kalani: Persepolis players in the Takht Jamshid Cup

When the Iranian Revolution took place in 1979, Abdo returned to United States. Although Persepolis won the Espandi Cup, the club fell apart and many of the old players did not return.[21] The club's property was sequestered by The Oppressed and Veterans Foundation (Persian: بنیاد مستضعفان و جانبازان‎) and the club placed under the responsibility of The Physical Education Department (Persian: سازمان تربیت بدنی‎) of Iran.[21]

In 1981, the Physical Education Department declared that the name of the club would change, but club officials, players, and fans opposed the move.[22] The team didn't appear in the match against Homa in the Tehran league as a protest against the Physical Education Department. They lost the match 3–0 by default and Homa became champion.[22] In 1986, The club was taken over by the Oppressed and Veterans Foundation and renamed Azadi (meaning "freedom", Persian: آزادی‎).[22] Players declared that they wouldn't play for the club if the name change went through.[22] After a brief period the Foundation did not want the club any more, and it was taken over by the Physical Education Department again. On 16 February 1987, the Physical Education Department renamed the club Pirouzi (meaning "victory", Persian: پیروزی‎) with players' agreement,[22] although fans still call the team by its original name, Persepolis.[22] On 10 April 2012 the club chairman Mohammad Rouyanian announced that the club will officially only be known as Persepolis.[23]

In the 1980s the club only played in the Tehran League and various elimination tournaments. Persepolis was successful during this time and maintained its popularity, winning the Tehran League five seasons in a row. During all that time, Ali Parvin served as player-manager.

Revitalization (1990–2001)[edit]

The 1990s were a dream decade for the team, with four league championships, two Hazfi Cups, dozens of great players, and renewed support. At one point more than six Persepolis players were starters on Iran's national team. The team won the national championship in the 1995–96 season. At one point in that season they were 10 points behind Bahman. They came back and finished first, six points ahead of the league runner-up. They won the league again the next season, again finishing ahead of the runner up by six points. They were stopped by the Korean side Pohang Steelers in the semi-finals of the Asian Champions' Cup. Persepolis finished third, defeating Iraq's Al-Zawraa in the third place match.

The next season they showed good form again, but due to their commitments in the Asian Champions' Cup and the large number of national team players they had, they withdrew from the league. The poor scheduling and mismanagement of both the I.R.I.F.F. and AFC officials led to this unprofessional event. This prevented Persepolis from possibly winning a third consecutive league championship. Persepolis did not have much luck in the Asian Champion's cup either, as they were once again stopped in the semi-finals, this time by Chinese club, Dalian Wanda. They lost the third place match as well to Al-Hilal.

The 1996–97 and 1997–98 Persepolis teams are considered by many to be among the greatest Iranian clubs to ever play. National team players and future superstars such as Ahmadreza Abedzadeh, Khodadad Azizi, Karim Bagheri, Ali Daei, Mehdi Mahdavikia, Mehrdad Minavand, Ali Karimi and many more were among the players who played for the club in those years.

After the World Cup 1998, several of Persepolis' best players were transferred to European clubs, but Persepolis was able to keep a talented squad. Future national team members Ali Karimi and Hamed Kavianpour would join the team at this time. They won the 1998–99 championship as well as the Hazfi Cup that season. They also won the 1999–2000 league championship, finishing third again in the Asian Champions Cup. This would be their last championship in the Azadegan League era.

Most of Persepolis' championships at the time were won while Ali Parvin was the manager, and Amirali Abedini was the chairman.

IPL era (2001–present)[edit]

Persepolis entered the newly established IPL looking to dominate once again, but near the end of the season they were in a very close race with their rival Esteghlal. Esteghlal led the league by two points going into the final day of the regular season. Esteghlal's loss to Malavan and Persepolis' 1–0 win against Fajr Sepasi in their last games of the season gave Persepolis a one-point lead and another championship. Their 2001–02 season championship made them the first-ever IPL champions. The 2002–03 season proved to be extremely difficult and Persepolis finished third, never managing to come close to the eventual winners, Sepahan. They also fell apart in the newly created AFC Champions League, failing to advance out of the group stage.

When Akbar Ghamkhar took over as club chairman, he made several changes in an effort to improve the team. He made public the amount of player and staff salaries, severely angering Parvin, the highest paid player on the team. Ghamkhar hired coach Vinko Begović, and entered into contracts with several prominent players. Persepolis started off very well in the 2003–04 season but things deteriorated. Begovic left the team and German manager Rainer Zobel was bought in. Parvin was brought back, taking the position of technical director. The club finished fifth in the standings in the 2004–05 season.

Ghamkhar was replaced with Hojatollah Khatib. He decided to bring back Parvin. The club experienced major financial problems as some of the spending decisions made in previous years had overextended the club. Persepolis finished the 2005–06 season in ninth place, the lowest it had ever placed. Parvin left the club in February 2006, vowing to never return to Persepolis, after a 4–2 loss to Fajr Sepasi in Azadi Stadium. After the game, the fans began cursing at Ali Parvin and the players.

Khatib resigned as chairman and Mohammad Hassan Ansarifard was elected to the post by the club council. Arie Haan was brought in as the new manager,[24][25] helping the team make it to the 2005–06 Hazfi Cup final, but he was fired by the club just before the 2006–07 season began. Turkish manager Mustafa Denizli signed with the team on 17 August 2006.[26][27] With the final cup match being his first one as the club's manager, Denizli was not able to help the club win the Hazfi Cup in 2006, a cup that the team needed to gain entry into the Asian Champion's League and to receive financial benefits by doing so.

The club did not win the Hazfi Cup the next year either, losing to Sepahan in the semifinals in June 2007. The club finished third in the IPL 2006–07, and Denizli left the club after Ansarifard resigned as chairman in June 2007.

Emperor epoch[edit]

17 May 2008: After winning the title in the 2007–08 season

Habib Kashani became the club chairman in June 2007 and selected Afshin Ghotbi as head coach of Persepolis for the 2007–08 season.[28] Ghotbi Promised to lead Persepolis to the IPL championship[29] and started the IPL with a 3–2 win over Sanat Naft. Persepolis was undefeated until the 17th round, where they sufered a 2–1 loss to Sepahan.[30] On 9 January 2008, the disciplinary committee of the Iranian Football Federation announced because of a serious injury to a security soldier by the Sepahan fans, Sepahan would be charged with a five-point deduction. This was later reduced to three points. Persepolis was also docked six points by FIFA because of unpaid wages to a number of former players.[31] This placed Persepolis behind Sepahan in the standings.[32] Near the end of the season Sheys Rezaei and Mohammad Reza Mamani were expelled by the team after both players showed poor behavior towards club players, coaches, and management as well as other non-football-related issues.[33] Habib Kashani and Mahmoud Khordbin both suffered heart attacks.[34] Persepolis cut Sepahan's seven-point lead to two points by the last game of the season.

In the last week, Persepolis defeated Sepahan when Sepehr Heidari scored a 90+6th-minute goal in front of over 110,000 fans in Azadi Stadium to give Persepolis its second championship in the IPL and a berth in the Asian Champions League.[35][36] In the 2007–2008 Golden Ball award ceremony Persepolis, Afshin Ghotbi, and Mohsen Khalili won the Team, Manager, and Player of the year titles.[37][38]

Ghotbi's contract expired at the end of the season and he decided to leave the club.[39][40] His assistant, Hamid Estili, was very close to management but, Kashani and other club officials resigned because of conflicts between them and the Iran Physical Education Department.[41][42] Dariush Mostafavi was selected as club chairman.[43] Mostafavi promised to bring Ghotbi back. Negotiations were successful, and on 4 July 2008, Ghotbi signed a two-year contract with Persepolis.[44][45] Ghotbi had many problems with Mostafavi and resigned on 19 November 2008. When talking to the popular Iranian show 90, Ghotbi showed tears before leaving Persepolis and the fans that loved him who had given him the nickname Emperor.[46]

However, Ghotbi left the team in mid-season after a series of losses and eventually became head coach of the Iran national football team.[47]

Due to the mismanagement of the club, Persepolis had underachieved in the recent seasons of the Iran Pro League. The selection of incompetent coaches, and the acquisition of low quality players have enhanced the present deep in form. After the resignation of Ghotbi, his assistant Afshin Peyrovani was named as interim head coach of the club, led the team in 11 matches in Iran Pro League but he was replaced with former Portugal and Saudi Arabia manager, Nelo Vingada. Vingada's contract was terminated at the end of the season.

Daei years[edit]

Persepolis players celebration after winning the 2010–11 Hazfi Cup

After Vingada was sacked as head coach of the club, former Croatia and Dinamo Zagreb manager, Zlatko Kranjčar was hired as his successor but he was soon replaced with former Persepolis and Iran national football team captain, Ali Daei. Daei previously managed Saipa and Iran national football team and had won the league with Saipa in 2006–07 season. At the end of the 2009–10 Season, Persepolis finished fourth in the league but they became Hazfi Cup champions. In the Hazfi Cup final, Persepolis defeated Azadegan League side Gostaresh Foolad Tabriz 4–1 on aggregate to qualify for the 2011 AFC Champions League. In the 2010–11 season, Persepolis finished fourth in the league and was eliminated in the group stage of the 2011 AFC Champions League but at the end of the season Persepolis won the 2010–11 Hazfi Cup after defeating rivals Sepahan, Foolad and Malavan. Daei had many people against him while at Persepolis including the chairman Habib Kashani and after a contention with Kashani, he stated that "I won't work with Kashani Anymore".[48] On 20 June 2011, Technical committee of Persepolis re-appointed Daei as Persepolis's head coach[49] but he resigned on 21 June.[50] The technical committee chose Hamid Estili as Daei's successor on that day.[51] During his time at Persepolis, Daei brought up many youngsters such as Hamidreza Ali Asgari and Saman Aghazamani and other players such as Hadi Norouzi and Maziar Zare were chosen for Team Melli thanks to Daei. Despite the fact that many challenges and difficulties such as the leaders of fans and the clubs' Chairman Kashani were in Daei's way, Persepolis was crowned Hazfi Cup Champions for two successive years and the fans themselves always loved and cheered Daei but at the same time they did not cheer for any player. Under the management of Daei, Persepolis won back to back trophies for the first time in 13 seasons.

After Daei's resignation, Hamid Estili, Mustafa Denizli, Manuel José and most recently Yahya Golmohammadi managed Persepolis for a record 4 head coaches in only two seasons. Golmohammadi led Persepolis to the final of the Hazfi Cup, but losing to Sepahan on penalties. After the Hazfi Cup, Golmohammadi announced that he would not be managing Persepolis the following season.

However, Daei returned to the club and signed a three years contract before the start of 2013–14 season. Under Daei Persepolis finished second with 55 points, 2 points behind Champions Foolad. Persepolis retained its place in the AFC Champions League after a two-year absence.

In April 2014 the Ministry of Sports announced that Alireza Rahimi would be replacing Ali Parvin as the club chairman. Rahimi announced that Daei would continue as manager of Persepolis for the upcoming season.

After a poor start to the 2014–15 season which left Persepolis in 9th place, Daei was sacked and was replaced by Hamid Derakhshan. Club's CEO Alireza Rahimi also left his office and was replaced by the club deputy chairman Behrouz Montaghami. On 1 November 2014, board secretary and sponsor representative Hamid Reza Siasi was elected as new chairman. However, Siasi was arrested on 29 December because of corruption scandal. After that, the club faced financial problems and is set to sold out in mid-March 2015.

Ivanković years[edit]

Persepolis players celebrating winning 2017–18 season

On 5 April 2015, Hamid Derakhshan resigned as head coach of Persepolis and was temporarily replaced by Hossein Abdi.[52] [53] On the following day, former Iran national football team manager Branko Ivanković was named as new head coach of the club.

On 15 May 2015 Ivanković won his first Tehran derby after a 1–0 victory over Esteghlal. Later that week on 19 May 2015 Persepolis defeated Al-Hilal 1–0 in the first leg of AFC Champions League round of 16. In the second leg they lost 3–0 against Al-Hilal and were eliminated.

After the departure of Mohammad Nouri, the club named Hadi Norouzi as the captain for the 2015–16 season. Persepolis was also very active in the summer transfer season, adding Iranian international Ramin Rezaeian, Croatian defender Luka Maric and Honduras international Jerry Bengtson.

On 1 October 2015, the club captain Hadi Norouzi died in his sleep at the age of 30 after an apparent heart attack.[54] His death caused a profound shock in Iranian sports.

After the death of Hadi Norouzi Persepolis improved their form and their long unbeaten streak propelled them to the top 3 midway through the season. After a historic 4–2 win against Esteghlal in the Tehran derby, the team moved into first place. However, after a loss to Naft Tehran on 28 April, the team dropped down to third place. Persepolis won the following week match against Gostaresh Foolad and moved into second place, behind Esteghlal Khuzestan on goal difference. A final day win on 13 May 2016 against Rah Ahan was not enough for Persepolis as Esteghlal Khuzestan also won and were crowned champions of Persian Gulf Pro League 2015–16.

Before the 2016–17 season, Persepolis added national team members Alireza Beiranvand, Jalal Hosseini, and Vahid Amiri. Persepolis started the season strong and never dropped below third place. They set records for least ever goals conceded and most ever points accumulated after 17 weeks in a Persian Gulf Pro League season. On April 15, 2017, Persepolis became the champions of the 2016-2017 season with three weeks remaining to the end of the season. After a victory against Machine Sazi, Persepolis claimed its third championship in the Persian Gulf Pro League and its 10th championship in total.[55]

On 30 May 2017 Persepolis made history again after advancing to the Quarterfinals after defeating Qatari club Lekhwiya 1–0 in the AFC Champions League Round of 16. This was the first time in club history that Persepolis made Quarterfinals in the current Champions League format. Persepolis beat Saudi club Al Ahli 5–3 on aggregate to make it to the Semifinals, where they lost to Al Hilal 6–2 on aggregate.

Colours and crest[edit]

The Persian column from Persepolis serves as a symbol for the team.

Persepolis Football Club was named after the historical landmark, Persepolis, the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. The club logo incorporates elements from the location. The first design of Persepolis' crest used the Faravahar, an ancient Persian and Zoroastrian symbol.[56] The Faravahar is a man with falcon wings, each with three feathers. This version of the crest used in early years. After that there was not a crest on the shirt until the 1980s. In the middle of the 1980s the design of the crest changed. This version had two bull heads attached to one body as seen on a column at Apadana.[56] A cup is designed on the top of the body and Olympic rings are seen under the cup. The bull is the symbol of productivity in ancient Persian beliefs and Persian Literature and the cup on the top of the column represents the championship. In the mid 1990s the crest changed again and became more stylized; the crest became bent and the Olympic rings were dropped, the cup became more explicit while bull heads leaned to the cup.[56] This version used until 2004;[56] the following crest was simpler still. The Olympic rings returned to the crest and the bull of past versions was turned into Homa, another mythological creature and symbol used in the architecture of Persepolis.[56] In 2012, during 2011–2012 season, and before 74th Tehran derby, club released a new version of its logo[57] This current version of the club's logo incorporates the previous version into a whole red shield shaped frame entailing the name of Persepolis in Persian and English.[56]

One of Persepolis' nicknames is Sorkhpoushan ("The Reds", Persian: سرخپوشان‎), stemming from their traditional kit, which is predominantly red. From the foundation of the club, the common home kit includes a red shirt, red (in some seasons black or white) shorts, and red socks. White and black colours are also seen in the kit. In the early 1970s the shorts were black; white shorts were used in the late 1970s, and red shorts became predominant in the 1980s.[citation needed]

In the 2006–07 season, fans saw the team wear red and white striped shirts. The away kit of the club is commonly with a white background.

Persepolis' kits in 2015–16 season
Historical kits
1971–72 First National Title
1975–76 3rd National Title
2001–02 1st IPL Title and 8th National Title[58]
2007–08 2nd IPL Title and 9th National Title
2009–10 4th Hazfi Cup
2010–11 5th Hazfi Cup
2016–17 3rd IPL Title and 10th National Title
2017–18 4th IPL Title and 11th National Title

Stadium and facilities[edit]

17 May 2008: Persepolis-Sepahan match during the last week of the 7th IPL at the Azadi Stadium. Azadi Stadium hosted over 100,000 fans for this match.

When Persepolis F.C. was created, the sport club already had a number of buildings such as gymnasiums, swimming pools, and bowling alleys in the Bowling Abdo Complex. The facility is in the north of Tehran and was renamed Shahid Chamran Bowling after the revolution. There was initially no stadium for the football team. Ali Abdo bought some land in the Ekbatan area of Tehran and constructed a stadium there.[59] At the time it was known as Apadana stadium. Persepolis played only one game at the stadium[59] due to poor organization of the seating and a lack of co-operation with other Iranian clubs.[59] Persepolis only used the stadium as a training ground.[59]

Around the time of mid-1970s, Abdo had to sell much of the club's property to keep the club functioning due to its poor financial situation; he sold Apadana Stadium to Rah Ahan for 200,000 Tomans in 1975.[59] Apadana Stadium is now called Rah Ahan Stadium. Due to the Iranian Islamic Revolution in 1979 club properties were confiscated by the Oppressed and Veterans Foundation (Bonyad Mostazafan, Persian: بنیاد مستضعفان و جانبازان‎); Bowling Abdo, the club's original headquarters, burnt down, Abdo returned to the United States.

Azadi stadium[edit]

Before the construction of Azadi Stadium in 1971, Persepolis played its matches at Amjadieh (Shahid Shiroudi) Stadium. They have played almost all of their home games at Azadi Stadium, except for the 2002–03 season, when they played all but two of their home matches at Tehran's Takhti Stadium while renovations were taking place at Azadi.[60]

In mid-2006 Persepolis considered buying Shahre Ghods Stadium,[61] but the deal fell through due to Persepolis' poor financial situation and the long distance between the city center and the stadium.[62]

Derafshifar stadium[edit]

Derafshifar Stadium, training camp of Persepolis

This stadium is the training ground and Academy base of Iranian football club Persepolis. Inside the complex, there are training areas, Hotel and pools. There are also a sauna, steam and weight rooms, a restaurant, conference rooms and offices.

Derafshifar Stadium was given to Persepolis in 2013 and it was considered as the club's property. President Mohammad Rouyanian announced that after his efforts Iranian government accepted the assignment of Derafshifar Stadium to Persepolis and he said that it is an enterprise in order to increase the club's properties.[63] [64] [65] [66]

Shahid Kazemi Stadium[edit]

Persepolis became the owner of Shahid Kazemi Stadium in the winter of 2016. The stadium with a capacity of 15,000 is to be used for training sessions and friendly matches. The complex has a sauna, steam room, weight room, restaurant and conference room.

In January 2017, the club announced they would renovate the complex by adding a second natural grass pitch, adding parking lots, and a cafeteria. As well as upgrading the already existing conference room, changeroom, gym and swimming area.[67]

Persepolis university[edit]

It is first Iranian sport university which opened in 2013. Dariuosh Soudi was appointed as the first president of the university and Mehdi Mahdavikia was the first student of this university. This university has 600 students and accepts students in thirteen different fields.[68] [69][70][71][72][73]

Some fields provided by the university:[74][75]

  • Football Coaching
  • Futsal Coaching
  • Fitness
  • Sport Reporting
  • Match Commentary

Persepolis TV[edit]

In June 2013 Persepolis launched their first full-time television channel, with the channel to be available on Hot Bird satellites across the world. The manager of Persepolis TV was Reza Rashidpour.[76][77] However the channel closed in October of 2013.

During the 2017–18 season, Persepolis reopened its channel with the name of Persepolis TV.

Persepolis internet radio[edit]

The radio of the club started working after revealing new version of Persepolis official website. This radio worked through recording programs and make them ready for fans to download from the club's official website. The number of recordings and programs was more than thirty different entertaining parts and the number of downloads of each program was more than one million. President Rouyanian came on an agreement with "Iran Seda" internet radio to put its link in the official website of the club and make it possible to listen to the live commentary of the 77th Tehran derby through it. The commentator of this match was Eskandar Koti one of the most famous commentators in Iran.[78]

Persepolis energy drinks[edit]

The club started producing energy drinks since 2013. This product is advertised widely in IRIB TV channels.[79]

Persepolis restaurants[edit]

The club established these restaurants as an economic movement in order to improve its fans feeling of living with the club through their routine life. Persepolis restaurants chain based in different cities of Iran. The first Persepolis restaurant opened in Shiraz where the Iranian precious historical places "Takhte Jamshid" and "Persepolis" are located.[80] As of May 2014, there are four branches of Persepolis restaurants open in Iran.

Supporters and rivalries[edit]

Persepolis is one of the highest supported teams in Iranian football. It is said in unofficial counts that the club has over 40 million fans.[81][82] The club is based in Tehran and is popular in all parts of country. Persepolis also has a fan base in Afghanistan[83] and Persian Gulf countries.[84]

Famous fans[edit]

The peoples below are little part of the Persepolis most famous fans:[85]

Rivalries[edit]

Sorkhabi Derby[edit]

Persepolis is one side of Iran's and Asia's most important club football match which is called The Sorkhabi derby. The rivalry between Persepolis and Esteghlal was derived from the previous significant derby between Shahin and Taj.

This match was declared as the most important derby in Asia and 22nd most important derby in the world in June 2008 by World Soccer magazine.[94][95][96]

After the departure of Shahin players to Persepolis, the club became too popular and its arch-rival Taj (meaning "crown" in Persian) was the royal team supported by the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza. As the two biggest and most successful clubs in Iran, nowadays the rivalry continues on an annual basis with both teams often challenging each other for the championship. In each transfer season, both clubs try to attract rival team players.

Esteghlal has the most wins in the derby, but Persepolis has the largest margin of victory. Historically defeating Esteghlal 6–0 on 7 September 1973.

Persepolis vs Sepahan[edit]

Another Persepolis rival is Sepahan, the club based in Esfahan. Both clubs were dependent upon Shahin; one hired most of the Shahin players in its early years and the other was the branch of Shahin F.C. in Esfahan. The rivalry renewed in the early 2000s (decade), when Esfahan rose in Iran football. Sepahan and Zob Ahan became strong, replacing Tehran popular teams in the 2002–2003 season. Both of Iran's important football competitions, IPL and the Hazfi Cup, were won by Esfahan teams that season. Persepolis also had a derby against the now dissolved club, Pas Tehran.

Affiliated clubs[edit]

Players[edit]

First-team squad[edit]

See also: 2018–19 Persepolis F.C. season
As of 3 July 2017.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Iran GK Alireza Beiranvand
2 Iran MF Omid Alishah (3rd Captain)
3 Iran DF Shoja' Khalilzadeh
4 Iran DF Jalal Hosseini (Captain)
5 Iraq MF Bashar ResanU23
8 Iran MF Ahmad Nourollahi (4th Captain)
10 Iran FW Mehdi Sharifi
11 Iran MF Kamal Kamyabinia
12 Iran GK Abolfazl DarvishvandU23
13 Iran DF Hossein Mahini (Vice Captain)
15 Iran DF Mohammad Ansari
18 Iran MF Mohsen Rabiekhah
20 Iran DF Shahin AbbasianU23
No. Position Player
21 Iran MF Adam HematiU25
23 Iran FW Mohammad Amin AsadiU21
25 Iran FW Saeid KarimiU19
26 Iran MF Saeid HosseinpourU21
27 Iran MF Ehsan AlvanzadehU25
37 Iran MF Hamidreza TaherkhaniU21
38 Iran DF Ehsan HosseiniU21
39 Iran FW Ahmad BaharvandU21
44 Croatia GK Božidar Radošević
69 Iran DF Shayan Mosleh
70 Iran FW Ali AlipourU25
88 Iran MF Siamak Nemati
90 Nigeria FW Godwin Mensha

Loan list[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
7 Iran MF Soroush Rafiei (at Foolad till January 2019)
9 Iran MF Mehdi Torabi (at Saipa till January 2019)
17 Iran DF Mehdi Shiri (at Paykan till January 2019)

For recent transfers, see List of Iranian football transfers summer 2018.
For more on the reserve and academy squads, see Persepolis B, Persepolis Academy, Persepolis Shomal & Persepolis Qaem Shahr.

Retired numbers[edit]

No. Player Position Persepolis debut Last match ref
24 Iran Hadi Norouzi MF/FW 24 Oct 2008 25 Sep 2015 [112][113][114][115]

On 6 October 2015, the club decided to retire the squad number 24 in memory of Hadi Norouzi, who died while playing for Persepolis on 1 October 2015.

Notable players[edit]

For notable players see List of Persepolis F.C. players.
For details on former players see Category:Persepolis F.C. players.

Club captains[edit]

# Name Nat Career in
Persepolis
Captaincy Shirt
Num
1 Hamid Jasemian Iran 1967–70 1967–70 5
2 Buyuk Vatankhah Iran 1967–74 1971–72 6
3 Homayoun Behzadi Iran 1967–74 1972–74 10
4 Jafar Kashani Iran 1967–74 1974 4
5 Ebrahim Ashtiani Iran 1967–76 1974–75 2
6 Ali Parvin Iran
Iran
1970–88 1975–88 7
7 Mohammad Panjali Iran 1976–94 1988–92 5
8 Farshad Pious Iran 1985–88
1989–98
1992–96 17
9 Mojtaba Moharrami Iran 1988–97 1996 8
10 Ahmad Reza Abedzadeh Iran 1994–00 1996–00 1
11 Afshin Peyrovani Iran 1993–04 2000–03 5
12 Ali Daei Iran 1994–96
2003–04
2003–04 10
13 Karim Bagheri Iran 1996–97
2002–10
2004–10 6
14 Alireza Haghighi Iran 2006–12
2013–14
2010–11 1
15 Sepehr Heidari Iran 2007–11 2011 3
16 Ali Karimi Iran 1998–01
2008–09
2011–13
2011–12 8
17 Mehdi Mahdavikia Iran 1995–98
2012–13
2012–13 2
18 Mohammad Nouri Iran 2010–15 2013–15 14
19 Hadi Norouzi Iran 2008–15 2015 24
20 Alireza Nourmohammadi Iran 2010–2016 2015–2016 20
21 Jalal Hosseini Iran 2012–2014
2016–
2016– 4

Managers[edit]

Notable managers[edit]

The table below shows Persepolis managers that have won noteworthy titles or had a great impact on the team. For a more detailed and chronological list of Persepolis managers from 1964 onwards with their trophies, see List of Persepolis F.C. managers.

Name Nat Period Trophies
Parviz Dehdari Iran 1967–69 Tehran Hazfi Cup: 1969 Runner-up
Alan Rogers England 1971–76 Iran local league: 1971-72 Winner
Takht Jamshid Cup: 1973–74 Winner – 1974–75 Runner-up
Tehran Provincial League: 1972 Winner
Buyuk Vatankhah Iran 1976 Takht Jamshid Cup: 1975–76 Winner
Ali Parvin Iran 1982–93
1998–03
2005–06
Iran Pro League: 2001–02 Winner
Azadegan League: 1998–99, 1999–00 Winners – 1992–93, 2000–01 Runners-up
17th of Shahrivar league: 1989 Winner
Qods League: 1990 Runner-up
Tehran Provincial League: 1983, 1987, 1988, 1989 Winners – 1982, 1984, 1992 Runner-up
Tehran Hazfi Cup: 1982, 1987 Winners – 1981 Runner-up
Hazfi Cup: 1988, 1992, 1998–99 Winners
Asian Cup Winners' Cup: 1991 Winner – 1993 Runner-up
Stanko Poklepović Croatia 1994–97 Azadegan League: 1995–96, 1996–97 Winners
Mustafa Denizli Turkey 2006–07
2011–12
Hazfi Cup: 2005–06 Runner-up
Afshin Ghotbi Iran 2007–08 Persian Gulf Cup: 2007–08 Winner
Ali Daei Iran 2009–11
2013–14
Persian Gulf Cup: 2013–14 Runner-up
Hazfi Cup: 2009–10, 2010–11 Winner
Branko Ivanković Croatia 2015– Persian Gulf Pro League: 2016–17, 2017–18 Winners, 2015–16 Runner-up
Super Cup: 2017, 2018 Winner
AFC Champions League: 2017 Semifinals

Personnel[edit]

Technical staff[edit]

Branko Ivanković, current head coach of Persepolis
Position Staff
Manager Branko Ivanković
Assistant managers Zlatko Ivanković
Karim Bagheri
Fitness coach Marko Stilinović
Goalkeeping coach Igor Panadić
Interpreter Asghar Niksirat
Analyst Farzad Habibollahi
Club doctor Alireza Haghighat
Physiothreapist Meysam Alipour
Academy director Mohammad Panjali
U21 manager Manouchehr Abdollahnejad
U19 manager Jamshid Shahmohammadi
U16 manager Mansour Hashemi
U14 manager Faramarz Soltani
Team manager Mostafa Ghanbarpour

Last updated: 16 October 2017
Source: Persepolis F.C.

Management[edit]

Hamidreza Garshasbi, acting chairman of Persepolis
Office Name
Chairman Hamid Reza Garshasbi
Deputy chairman Mahmoud Khordbin
Board secretary Jafar Kashani
Board members Ali Akbar Taheri
Jafar Kashani
Hamid Reza Garshasbi
Abolfazl Golpayegani
Mohammad Hajibeigi
Treasurer Hamid Reza Garshasbi
Director of social area Pendar Khomarlo

Last updated: 8 December 2015
Source: Persepolis F.C.

Honours[edit]

Persepolis F.C. honours
Type Competition Titles Seasons
Domestic League[2][116][117][118][119][120] 11 1971–72, 1973–74, 1975–76, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99 *, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2007–08, 2016–17, 2017–18
Hazfi Cup 5 1987–88, 1990–91, 1998–99 *, 2009–10, 2010–11
Super Cup 2 2017, 2018
Espandi Cup 1 1979
Tehran Football League 7 1971–72, 1982–83, 1986–87 , 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91
Tehran Hazfi Cup 2 1981–82, 1986–87
Continent Asian Cup Winners' Cup 1 1991¤
  •   record
  • ¤First ever winners
  • * Won League title and Hazfi Cup
  • Won Tehran League title and Tehran Hazfi Cup
  • s shared record
The Persepolis's positions

Individual honours[edit]

Asian Young Footballer of the Year

The following player have won the Asian Young Footballer of the Year award while playing for Persepolis:

IFFHS' World's Best Goal Scorers of the Year

The following players were worlds best International Goalscorer (national + Club) while playing for Persepolis:

Asian Footballer of the Year

The following players have won the Asian Footballer of the Year award after playing for Persepolis:
The following players were in contention for the Asian Footballer of the Year while playing for Persepolis:

Iran World Cup captains

The following players were captains of the Iranian National team at the World Cup while playing for Persepolis:
The following players were captains of the Iranian National team at the World Cup after playing for Persepolis:

AFC Asian Cup MVP Award

The following player have won the AFC Asian Cup MVP Award while playing for Persepolis:

Hall of Fame[edit]

The players below are part of the Persepolis F.C. Hall of Fame:[121][122][123][124]

1960s and 1970s

Statistics and records[edit]

Ali Parvin holds the record for Persepolis appearances with 341, having played between 1970 and 1988, while Afshin Peyrovani holds the league appearances records with 209, playing from 1993 to 2004.

The record for a goalkeeper is held by Vahid Ghelich, with 176 appearances. The record for total Persepolis appearances among current players is held by Hadi Norouzi with 175 appearances and 32 goals.

With 149 caps, Ali Daei of Iran is Persepolis' most capped international player. Farshad Pious is the club's all-time top goalscorer in all competitions with 153 goals in 211 matches,[125][126] playing between 1985 and 1998.

  • Persepolis set Iran the highest division League records for most titles (11) and most runners-up (9).
  • All-time top scorer: Farshad Pious with 153 goals (All Competitions)
  • Record of scoring in 36 consecutive matches in two seasons and a record 22 games unbeaten.(2014–2015)

Ownership[edit]

Though privatization of Persepolis, alongside Esteghlal, has been on the agenda of several administrations, it has not become materialized so far, most probably due to the government's lack of interest to bequeath the enormous social (and potentially financial) capital of the two clubs to private entities. In May 2009, in the run-up to the 2009 presidential election, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad stated that the club will be privatized,[127] however, this did not happen. A second much anticipated bid in May 2015 was called null and void after Persepolis fan and tycoon Hossein Hedayat was found unqualified by Iranian Privatization Organization.[128] It is expected that the transfer of the club to private investors will be a long process, largely due to problems with the club's financial documents and the debts that the club has accumulated that make it unable to be listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange. Shares for the club can be sold on the OTC market once it has removed all of its financial ambiguities.[129]

Sponsorship[edit]

Shirt sponsors and manufacturers[edit]

Persepolis League Sponsors
Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsor
1994–95 Shekari Mobliran
1995–96 NISCO
1996–97
1997–98 Nahangi Aiwa
1998–99
1999–2000 Jouraban
2000–01 Samsung
2001–02 NEC Tidi
2002–03 Samsung
2003–04 Jouraban Daei Pars Television
2004–05 Nahangi Perspower Jaguar Drink
2005–06 Bomba Dariush Hotel Shahr Aftab Giordano
2006–07 Hessari Irtoya Ecut Irancell
2007–08 Uhlsport City Credit Cooperative Shahrvand
2008–09 None Marrybrown
2009–10§ Behgol Tehran Municipality
2010–11 City Bank
2011–12 City Bank Opel Persepolis Card
2012–13 Sadra System Pasargad
2013–14 Tourism Bank
2014–15 Macron EJS Co. None EJS Co.
2015–16 Uhlsport T.T Bank None Hamrahe Aval
2016–17 Givova Joma Hamrahe Aval
2017–18 Joma Irancell
2018–19 Li-Ning
§ in 2009–10 Persepolis wear Hessari in first three matches.

See also[edit]

Reserve teams

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External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°46′23.95″N 51°23′35.15″E / 35.7733194°N 51.3930972°E / 35.7733194; 51.3930972