Pershing Square Building

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Coordinates: 40°45′06″N 73°58′39″W / 40.75167°N 73.97750°W / 40.75167; -73.97750

Pershing Square Building
Pershing Square Building 1936.jpg
The Pershing Square Building in 1936,
looking east from 41st Street
General information
Type Office
Architectural style Romanesque Revival
Location 100 East 42nd Street, Murray Hill, Manhattan, New York City, U.S.
Coordinates 40°45′06″N 73°58′39″W / 40.75167°N 73.97750°W / 40.75167; -73.97750
Construction started 1921
Completed 1923
Owner SL Green
Architectural 363 feet
Roof 329 feet
Technical details
Floor count 30
Design and construction
Architect John Sloan
Architecture firm Sloan & Robertson
York and Sawyer
Developer Henry Mandel
Main contractor
Designated 22 November 2016
Reference no. LP-2556

The Pershing Square Building is a 24-story office tower built in 1923, located on Park Avenue between East 41st and 42nd Streets in Manhattan, New York City. The building's address is listed as both 100 East 42nd Street and 125 Park Avenue, and it occupies a position directly across the street from Grand Central Terminal near Pershing Square.

The building was designed in the Romanesque Revival style by the firms of Sloan & Robertson and York and Sawyer;[3] Henry Mandel was the developer. It was erected on the site of the former Grand Union Hotel,[4] and takes its name from the open plaza planned in 1919 to honor World War I general John J. Pershing.[5]

The structure rises from a square 7-story base with 3-story high decorative arches and continues in a u-shaped configuration to the top floor. The building is clad in beige brick and noted for the elaborate decoration designed by Sloan and produced by the Atlantic Terra Cotta Company. One of the figures at the fifth-floor level represents a Roman caduceator, or peace commissioner. He holds a caduceus in one hand as an emblem of office and, in the other, a cornucopia to suggest the benefits of a prospective peace.[6]

The current owner, SL Green, purchased the building in 2010 from the Shorenstein Company.[7]

The Pershing Square Building was designated a New York City landmark by the Landmarks Preservation Commission on 22 November 2016.[8]


Notable current occupants as of 2012 included:



  1. ^ "Pershing Square Building" on Emporis
  2. ^ "PERSHING SQUARE BUILDING" (PDF). Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Pershing Square Building" on Emporis
  4. ^ "Pershing Square Building Financed; S.W. Straus & Co. Underwrite $6,000,000 Mortgage Covering Building and Old Grand Union Hotel Site. Twenty-four stories high; Mortgage Also Includes a First Lien on Income of Property, Estimated at $816,000 a Year". New York Times (April 25, 1922)
  5. ^ "Pershing Square Viaduct Designation Report", New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (September 23, 1980)
  6. ^ Gray, Christopher "Meet Me Beneath the War Angels". New York Times (March 31, 2010)
  7. ^ Agovino, Theresa. "SL Green snaps up 125 Park Avenue", Crain's New York Business (May 6, 2010)
  8. ^ "LANDMARKS COMMISSION PROTECTS ICONIC EAST MIDTOWN BUILDINGS". New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved 28 February 2017.