The Persian Empire is any of a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia (modern–day Iran). The first of these was established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC with the conquest of Media, Lydia and Babylonia. Several later dynasties "claimed to be heirs of the Achaemenids".
In the modern era, a series of Islamic dynasties ruled Persia independently of the universal caliphate. Since 1979 Persia has been an Islamic republic.
List of dynasties described as a Persian Empire
- Median Empire (728-549 BC)
- Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BC)
- Seleucid Empire (312–63 BC)
- Parthian Empire (247 BC–224 AD), also called the "Arsacid Empire"
- Sasanian Empire (224–651), also called the "Empire of Empires"
Muslim conquest of Persia (633–654)
- Samanid Empire (819-999)
- Saffarid Empire (861-1000)
- Seljuk Empire (1037–1194)
- Khwarazmian dynasty (1077-1231), centered in Khwarezm
- Timurid Empire (1370-1507)
- Safavid dynasty (1501–1736)
- Afsharid dynasty (1736–1796)
- Zand dynasty (1750–1794)
- Qajar dynasty (1785–1925)
- Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979)
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- Iranian monarchy
- Persia (disambiguation)
- Persian (disambiguation)
- List of kings of Persia
- Iranian people
- Persian people
- List of Iranian dynasties and countries
- List of tombs of Persian poets and leaders
- History of the World in 1,000 Objects (DK Publishing, 2014), p. 71.