Persian Gulf Pro League

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Persian Gulf Pro League
لیگ برتر خلیج فارس
crest
Founded1970; 49 years ago (1970)
(since 2001 as Pro League)
CountryIran
ConfederationAFC
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toAzadegan League
Domestic cup(s)Hazfi Cup
Iranian Super Cup
International cup(s)AFC Champions League
Current championsPersepolis (12th title)
(2018–19)
Most championshipsPersepolis (12 titles)
Most appearancesJalal Hosseini (454)
Top goalscorerReza Enayati (149 goals)
TV partners
WebsiteIranLeague.ir
2019–20 Persian Gulf Pro League

The Persian Gulf Pro League (Persian: لیگ برتر خلیج فارس‎), formerly known as the Iran Pro League (Persian: لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران‎), is the highest division of professional football in Iran. The league was also known as the Persian Gulf Cup (Persian: جام خلیج فارس‎) from 2006. It is the top-level football league in Iran since its foundation in 2 November 2001. Each year, the top finishing team in the Persian Gulf Pro League becomes the Iranian football champion, and the lowest finishing teams are relegated to Azadegan League.

Since 2013, the league comprises 16 teams. The winner and runner-up of the Persian Gulf Pro League and the Hazfi Cup champion are automatically qualified for the AFC Champions League group stage. The third of the Persian Gulf Pro League is qualified for the AFC Champions League Play-off round. The bottom two teams in the league are relegated to Azadegan League. In the past, the format and number of teams were changed for various times. Persepolis is the most successful club with five titles, two runners-up, and two third places. Persepolis also holds the Iranian record champion, with 12 titles.

History[edit]

League Trophy, A symbol of the Achaemenid shield.[1] Being crafted to be used in 2017 title and onward.

To the turn of the millennium the Iranian Football Federation decided to create a new professional football league. In 2001 the Iran Pro League was founded as the new top-level football league in Iran.[2] With the foundation of the Iran Pro League also professional football was finally established in Iran. After the Iran Pro League was established as the professional football league of Iran, Azadegan League was declared as the second-highest league in the Iranian football league system.[2] The Iran Pro League comprised 14 clubs until the 2003–04 season.

Persian Gulf Pro League champions
Season Champions Runners-up
2001–02 Persepolis Esteghlal
2002–03 Sepahan PAS Tehran
2003–04 PAS Tehran Esteghlal
2004–05 Foolad Zob Ahan
2005–06 Esteghlal PAS Tehran
2006–07 Saipa Esteghlal Ahvaz
2007–08 Persepolis Sepahan
2008–09 Esteghlal Zob Ahan
2009–10 Sepahan Zob Ahan
2010–11 Sepahan Esteghlal
2011–12 Sepahan Tractor Sazi
2012–13 Esteghlal Tractor Sazi
2013–14 Foolad Persepolis
2014–15 Sepahan Tractor Sazi
2015–16 Esteghlal Khuzestan Persepolis
2016–17 Persepolis Esteghlal
2017–18 Persepolis Zob Ahan
2018–19 Persepolis Sepahan

The first winner of the Iran Pro League was Persepolis, who beat archrival Esteghlal by one point on the final match day. Esteghlal was the leading team after 25 matchdays, but they lost their last match away against Malavan 0–1, while Persepolis could beat Fajr Sepasi with the same score at home. Esteghlal Rasht and East Azerbaijan's famous club Tractor Sazi had been relegated to the Azadegan League. Tractor Sazi needs eight years when they returned finally back to Iran's highest division. The first top goal scorer of the Iran Pro League was Reza Enayati of Aboumoslem with 17 goals. The next season was won by Sepahan, the most supported team of Isfahan. Sepahan was the first Iranian football champion based outside of the capital Tehran. At the end of the season three traditional teams were relegated to Azadegan League: Aboumoslem, Malavan and Sanat Naft Abadan.

The vice champion of the 2002–03 season, PAS Tehran, became the Iranian football champion of the 2003–04 Iran Pro League. It was the last Iranian championship for PAS Tehran as one of the most successful Iranian football clubs of all time. PAS Tehran's professional football team was dissolved in 2007. Ali Daei, who returned to Persepolis, became the top goal scorer with 16 goals. The 2003–04 season was the last edition of the league with 14 teams.

In 2004 the number of teams were increased from 14 to 16 teams. Foolad of Ahvaz became the first champion from Khuzestan Province after winning the 2004–05 Iran Pro League six points ahead of Zob Ahan. Reza Enayati of Esteghlal became the league's top goal scorer for the second time in his career after scoring 20 goals in 24 matches. He repeated his success with 21 goals in the 2005–06 Iran Pro League when Esteghlal celebrated their first championship since 2001. They defeated Bargh Shiraz in front of over 100,000 fans at Azadi 4–1 and won the league one point ahead of PAS Tehran. Shamoushak Noshahr and Shahid Ghandi (today known as Tarbiat Yazd) relegated to Azadegan League.

Persian Gulf Cup[edit]

Persepolis fans during the dramatic league final against Sepahan in 2008

On 12 August 2006, the Iranian Football Federation decided to give the league another name.[3] Since then the league primarily had been known in Iran as Persian Gulf Cup. The Football Federation decided this to promote the Persian naming. The name of the Persian Gulf has been disputed by some Arab countries since the 1960s due to political and ethnic differences between Iran and Arab countries. The football Federation decided also to change the logo of the league. The finally logo was selected from over 130 designs and unveiled on 14 November 2006.[4] Under the leadership of Iranian football legend Ali Daei, Saipa won the 2006–07 Persian Gulf Cup two points ahead of Esteghlal Ahvaz. Until 2007 six different teams won the league title successively. For the first time in history a foreign player became the league's top goal scorer. Nigerian striker Daniel Olerum scored 17 goals in 27 matches for Aboumoslem. The winner of only two seasons before, Foolad, had to relegated to Azadegan League.

Before the start of the 2007–08 season the number of teams were increased from 16 to 18 teams. The professional football team of PAS Tehran was also dissolved before the start of the season. Instead of PAS Tehran a new club was founded in Hamadan and named PAS Hamedan. This was part of the strategy by the Iranian Football Federation to locate more teams in cities outside of Tehran. In 2008 also Saba Battery was moved from Tehran to Qom. Since then the club is known as Saba Qom. The championship of the 2007–08 season was decided on the last macthday. Persepolis defeated Sepahan in front of an incredible crowd of 110,000 fans at Azadi 2–1. Sepehr Heidari scored the decisive goal in a dramatic match in the sixth minute of additional time. Sanat Naft and Shirin Faraz (today known as Rahian Kermanshah) relegated to Azadegan League. The next season was dominated by Perspolis archrival Esteghlal and the two surprising teams Zob Ahan and Mes Kerman. Zob Ahan was the leading team after 75 minutes on matchday 34 before they lost their match against Foolad due to three conceded goals in the last 15 minutes with 1–4. In the meantime Esteghlal saved their 1–0 lead against Payam Mashhad and won the league due to better goal difference. Last but not least Payam Mashhad had to relegated alongside Bargh Shiraz and Damash.

Persepolis players celebrating winning 2017–18 season

The 2009–10 Persian Gulf Cup was dominated by the two Isfahan based clubs Sepahan and Zob Ahan. Ultimately Sepahan won the league six points before Zob Ahan. Sepahan Iraqi striker Emad Mohammed became the second foreign player, who won the league's top goal scorer award. He scored 19 goals, one more as teammate Ibrahima Touré. Sepahan repeated their success by winning the 2010–11 and 2011–12 Persian Gulf Cup. For the first time in history of Iranian football a team became the Iranian champion three times in a row. Esteghlal broke Sepahan's success finally in 2013. Esteghlal won the 2012–13 Persian Gulf Cup and became for the eight time in their history the Iranian champion. During an exciting championship battle between Esteghlal and Sepahan, they faced each other in Tehran's Azadi Stadium on week 32. Moharram Navidkia scored the opening goal for Sepahan, however Esteghlal equalized in the 94th minute due to an own goal by Sepahan defender Mohsen Irannejad. On week 33 Sepahan lost their away game against Damash 1–2 while Esteghlal could beat Foolad in Ahvaz with 1–0 and became the 2013 champion.

The League was scaled down from 18 to 16 teams before the beginning of the next season. Foolad won the 2013–14 Persian Gulf Cup after an exciting, though a very defensive season at the same time. At the end Foolad ranged just 36 goals for the title. On the last matchday four other teams, Esteghlal, Naft Tehran, Persepolis and Sepahan, had the chance to win the championship alongside Foolad. While Esteghlal were defeated by Tractor Sazi at home with 1–3 and lost their AFC Champions League spot, Persepolis won their away game against Esteghlal Khuzestan with 1–0. Sepahan and Naft Tehran faced each other directly. Also Sepahan lost their AFC Champions League spot although they won the match with 1–0. Both teams had the same goal difference but Naft Tehran scored more goals in the season. Finally Foolad saved their championship after they defeated Gostaresh Foulad away by a goal of Mehrdad Jama'ati.

Persian Gulf Pro League[edit]

Esteghlal Khuzestan celebrate their championship in 2016.

The league changed its name from Persian Gulf Cup to Persian Gulf Pro League in 2014. The Iranian Football Federation decided also to change the logos of the Persian Gulf Pro League and of the Azadegan League. The 2014–15 Persian Gulf Pro League was embossed by an exciting championship battle between Sepahan, Tractor Sazi and Naft Tehran. Tractor Sazi was ahead of their opponents Naft Tehran on goal difference, and a point of Sepahan. Tractor Sazi and Naft Tehran faced each other at Sahand, while Sepahan had to play Saipa at home. Tractor Sazi were in front 3–1 after an hour thanks to goals from Brazilian striker Edinho, Andranik Teymourian and Farid Karimi. But then the game started to turn worse for Tractor Sazi. A very controversial red card for national team captain Andranik Teymourian and two goals by the visitors destroyed Tractor Sazi dreams. Furthermore, there were strange events in the stadium, including a lot of misinformation and disturbed telecommunication. Although Sepahan secured their title with a 2–0 victory over Saipa, thousands of Tractor Sazi supporters celebrated on the pitch, believing that they won the league for the first time in club's history.[5][6]

Also the 2015–16 Persian Gulf Pro League was not decided until the last matchday. Thanks to two goals from Rahim Zahivi at the last matchday against Zob Ahan, the Ahvaz based team Esteghlal Khuzestan won the league sensational in front of Persepolis and Esteghlal.[7] Persepolis missed their big opportunity winning the league after eight years. They were shocked on matchday 28 as they lost their match against Naft Tehran 0–2 at a packed Azadi. However Persepolis dominated the next season and won the 2016–17 Persian Gulf Pro League clear before Esteghlal and Tractor Sazi.[8]

Format[edit]

In the past, the number of teams were changed for various times. Since 2013, the league comprises 16 teams. Over the course of a season, which runs annually from July to the following May, each team plays twice against the others in the league, once at home and once away, resulting in each team competing in 30 games in total. Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. The teams are ranked in the league table by points gained, then goal difference, then goals scored and then their head-to-head record for that season.

At the end of the season, the club with the most points becomes the Iranian champion. Currently, the Championand the Hazfi Cup champion qualify automatically for the group phase of the AFC Champions League, while the second and third-place teams enter the AFC Champions League at the Play-off round. The bottom two teams are relegated to Azadegan League. Furthermore, all teams in the Persian Gulf Pro League can participate in the Hazfi Cup.

Number of teams Period
14 2001–02 until 2003–04
16 2004–05 until 2006–07, since 2013–14
18 2007–08 until 2012–13

[edit]

Ranking[edit]

As of 21 March 2018

Ranking Member Association Total Points FIFA Points Club Points 2018 2017 2016 2015
2018 2017 Mvmt Points (10%) Points (90%)
1 3 2 +2 China China 96.414 508 6.414 63.267 90.000 8.200 24.567 14.750 15.750
2 6 4 +4 Qatar Qatar 93.812 332 4.192 63.000 89.620 8.600 13.400 22.000 19.000
3 1 -2 -2 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 87.865 430 5.429 57.950 82.436 3.600 11.350 18.000 25.000
4 2 -2 -2 South Korea South Korea 83.883 554 6.995 54.050 76.888 6.600 9.950 20.750 16.750
5 7 1 +1 Iran Iran 76.575 792 10.000 46.800 66.575 6.350 16.200 13.000 11.250
6 5 0 Japan Japan 82.455 593 7.487 52.700 74.968 5.100 21.850 10.500 15.250
7 4 -3 -3 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 75.017 494 6.237 48.350 68.780 5.000 18.600 9.500 15.250
8 8 0 Australia Australia 53.726 740 9.343 31.200 44.383 3.800 5.900 14.000 7.500
9 10 1 +1 Thailand Thailand 48.882 238 3.005 32.250 45.877 6.200 15.050 1.000 10.000
10 9 -1 -1 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 41.186 451 5.694 24.950 35.492 5.400 5.050 9.750 4.750

Current clubs[edit]

Team Location Stadium Capacity
Esteghlal Tehran Azadi 78,116
Esteghlal Khuzestan Ahvaz Ghadir 38,900
Foolad Ahvaz Foolad Arena 30,655
Machine Sazi Tabriz Bonyan Diesel 12,000
Naft Masjed Soleyman Masjed Soleyman Behnam Mohammadi 8,000
Nassaji Mazandaran Qaemshahr Vatani 15,000
Padideh Mashhad Imam Reza 27,700
Pars Jonoubi Jam Jam Takhti Jam 15,000
Paykan Shahr-e Qods Shahre Qods 25,000
Persepolis Tehran Azadi 78,116
Saipa Tehran Dastgerdi 8,250
Sanat Naft Abadan Takhti Abadan 8,000
Sepahan Isfahan Naghsh-e-Jahan 75,000
Sepidrood Rasht Sardar Jangal 15,000
Tractor Sazi Tabriz Sahand 66,833
Zob Ahan Fuladshahr Foolad Shahr 15,000

Champions[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons
Persepolis
12
9
1971–72, 1973–74, 1975–76, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2007–08, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19
Esteghlal
8
9
1970–71, 1974–75, 1989–90, 1997–98, 2000–01, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2012–13
Pas Tehran
5
5
1976–77, 1977–78, 1991–92, 1992–93, 2003–04
Sepahan
5
3
2002–03, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2014–15
Saipa
3
0
1993–94, 1994–95, 2006–07
Foolad
2
0
2004–05, 2013–14
Esteghlal Khuzestan
1
0
2015–16

All-time table[edit]

Pos. Club Seasons Matches Win Draw Loss GF GA GD Pts Champions Runners-up Third place Relegated Best rank
1 Esteghlal1 18 552 266 174 107 813 505 +308 972 3 4 6 1st
2 Persepolis3 4 5 18 552 254 179 119 777 534 +243 941 5 2 2 1st
3 Sepahan2 18 552 245 179 127 787 535 +252 914 5 2 1 1st
4 Zob Ahan6 18 552 219 188 145 682 553 +129 845 4 1 2nd
5 Foolad 17 518 195 177 146 607 541 +66 762 2 2 1 1st
6 Saipa 18 552 176 192 184 617 632 −15 720 1 1 1st
7 Saba Qom 13 414 128 159 127 468 460 +8 543 1 1 3rd
8 Malavan7 14 436 121 145 170 403 502 −99 507 2 7th
9 Tractor Sazi8 11 342 129 108 75 415 322 +96 494 3 1 1 2nd
10 Paykan 14 398 122 113 163 413 495 −81 489 4 5th
11 Fajr Sepasi 12 368 101 135 132 347 406 −59 438 2 4th
12 Rah Ahan 11 428 91 114 149 353 447 −94 387 1 8th
13 Naft Tehran 8 252 91 88 73 284 258 +27 361 2 1 3rd
14 Mes Kerman 8 264 85 99 80 310 292 +18 354 1 1 3rd
15 Aboumoslem 9 270 83 90 97 295 304 −9 339 1 4th
16 Esteghlal Ahvaz 9 274 80 78 116 327 402 −75 318 1 2 2nd
17 Sanat Naft 8 259 68 77 107 269 347 −78 281 3 9th
18 PAS Tehran9 6 168 72 59 37 263 181 +82 274 1 2 1st
19 Bargh Shiraz 8 236 60 78 98 250 335 −85 258 1 7th
20 Damash10 8 248 56 81 111 228 344 −116 248 2 7th
21 Esteghlal Khuzestan 6 180 45 68 64 174 219 −45 197 1 1 1st
22 Padideh 5 150 50 51 49 146 145 +1 195 4th
23 Gostaresh Foulad 5 150 39 60 51 147 161 −14 177 8th
24 PAS Hamedan 4 136 38 48 50 143 165 −22 162 1 5th
25 Shahin Bushehr 3 102 23 38 41 96 118 −22 107 1 13th
26 Steel Azin11 2 68 19 23 26 85 112 −27 80 1 5th
27 Pars Jonoubi Jam 2 60 18 23 19 62 57 +5 77 5th
28 Shamoushak Noshahr 3 86 16 26 44 64 118 −54 74 1 14th
29 Siah Jamegan 3 90 15 27 48 64 117 −53 72 1 13th
30 Shahrdari Tabriz 2 68 14 29 25 79 97 −18 71 1 12th
31 Sepidrood 2 60 11 17 32 48 92 −44 50 1 13th
32 Machine Sazi 2 60 7 24 29 37 71 −34 45 1 16th
33 Naft Masjed Soleyman 2 60 6 26 28 35 73 −38 44 1 14th
34 Nassaji Mazandaran 1 30 7 15 8 29 29 0 36 10th
35 Aluminium Hormozgan 1 34 7 14 13 26 40 −14 35 1 15th
36 Payam Mashhad 1 34 9 8 17 33 52 −19 35 1 16th
37 Mes Sarcheshmeh 1 34 5 9 20 23 54 −31 24 1 18th
38 Rahian Kermanshah12 1 34 3 12 19 25 59 −34 21 1 18th
39 Tarbiat Yazd13 1 30 4 7 19 21 43 −22 19 1 16th
40 Gahar Zagros14 1 34 3 10 21 24 59 −35 19 1 18th
41 Gol Gohar Sirjan
2019–20 Persian Gulf Pro League
2019–20 Azadegan League
2019–20 League 2
Dissolved

Source: iplstats.com
Notes:
Only league matches; play-offs are not included in the all-time table.
1 Esteghlal was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season.
2 Sepahan was deducted three points in the 2007–08 season.
3 Persepolis was deducted six points in the 2005–06 season.
4 Persepolis was deducted six points in the 2007–08 season.
5 Persepolis was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season.
6 Zob Ahan was deducted one point in the 2005–06 season.
7 Malavan was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season.
8 Tractor Sazi was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season.
9 PAS Tehran was deducted one point in the 2006–07 season.
10 Damash was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season.
11 Steel Azin was formerly known as Ekbatan.
12 Rahian Kermanshah was formerly known as Shirin Faraz.
13 Tarbiat Yazd was formerly known as Shahid Ghandi.
14 Gahar Zagros was formerly known as Damash Lorestan.

Attendances[edit]

Average league attendances[edit]

Season Average Highest attended club Club average Lowest attended club Club average
2005–06 9,179 Esteghlal 33,467 Shamoushak Noshahr 3,542
2006–07 10,119 Esteghlal 35,000 Rah Ahan 4,073
2007–08 11,235 Persepolis 60,000 Rah Ahan 2,647
2008–09 8,954 Persepolis 40,688 PAS Hamedan 3,706
2009–10 12,298 Tractor Sazi 57,647 Paykan 2,313
2010–11 9,383 Tractor Sazi 42,000 Paykan 1,941
2011–12 9,488 Tractor Sazi 39,533 Mes Sarcheshmeh 1,706
2012–13 7,964 Esteghlal 34,250 Rah Ahan 1,942
2013–14 7,631 Persepolis 29,467 Rah Ahan 1,664
2014–15 6,921 Tractor Sazi 27,488 Saba Qom 1,365
2015–16 8,048 Persepolis 47,036 Naft Tehran 1,594
2016–17 8,086 Persepolis 48,567 Gostaresh Foulad 1,018
2017–18 9,060 Persepolis 39,786 Gostaresh Foulad 817
2018–19 12,212 Tractor Sazi 46,963 Esteghlal Khuzestan 1,507

Notes:
Matches with spectator bans are not included in average attendances.

Highest attended season matches[edit]

Season Home team Score Away team Attendance Date Week Stadium
2005–06 Esteghlal 4–1 Bargh Shiraz 100,000 21 April 2006 (2006-04-21) 30 Azadi
2006–07 Persepolis 2–1 Esteghlal 95,000 3 November 2006 (2006-11-03) 8 Azadi
2007–08 Persepolis 2–1 Sepahan 110,000 17 May 2008 (2008-05-17) 34 Azadi
2008–09 Persepolis 2–0 Damash 90,000 25 September 2008 (2008-09-25) 8 Azadi
Persepolis 1–1 Esteghlal 90,000 3 October 2008 (2008-10-03) 9 Azadi
Esteghlal 1–1 Persepolis 90,000 13 February 2009 (2009-02-13) 26 Azadi
2009–10 Tractor Sazi 0–0 Moghavemat 95,000 22 January 2010 (2010-01-22) 24 Sahand
2010–11 Esteghlal 1–0 Persepolis 100,000 15 October 2010 (2010-10-15) 11 Azadi
2011–12 Persepolis 0–2 Esteghlal 100,000 16 September 2011 (2011-09-16) 7 Azadi
2012–13 Esteghlal 0–0 Persepolis 100,000 25 January 2013 (2013-01-25) 23 Azadi
Esteghlal 1–2 Damash 100,000 10 May 2013 (2013-05-10) 34 Azadi
2013–14 Esteghlal 0–0 Persepolis 100,000 6 September 2013 (2013-09-06) 8 Azadi
2014–15 Tractor Sazi 3–3 Naft Tehran 80,000 15 May 2015 (2015-05-15) 30 Sahand
2015–16 Persepolis 4–2 Esteghlal 100,000 15 April 2016 (2016-04-15) 26 Azadi
2016–17 Persepolis 4–0 Padideh 80,000 19 April 2017 (2017-04-19) 28 Azadi
2017–18 Esteghlal 1–0 Persepolis 100,000 1 March 2018 (2018-03-01) 25 Azadi
2018–19 Persepolis 0–0 Sepahan 90,000 26 April 2019 (2019-04-26) 27 Azadi

Records[edit]

All-time top scorers[edit]

As of 16 May 2019
No. Player Goals Years
1 Iran Reza Enayati 149 2001–2017
2 Iran Mehdi Rajabzadeh 116 2001–2018
3 Iran Arash Borhani 114 2002–2017
4 Iran Fereydoon Fazli 85 2001–2010
5 Brazil Édinho 82 2008–present
6 Iran Jalal Rafkhaei 79 2005–present
7 Iran Karim Ansarifard 77 2007–2014
8 Iran Mohammad Reza Khalatbari 74 2004–present
9 Brazil Luciano Periera 73 2012–present
Iran Mohammad Gholami 2001–present
11 Iraq Emad Mohammed 70 2005–2012

Players in bold are still active in the league.

All-time top appearances in Iran league[edit]

As of 21 May 2019
No Player Appearance Years
1 Iran Jalal Hosseini 454 2002–present
2 Iran Mehdi Rahmati 444 2001–present
3 Iran Ebrahim Sadeghi 438 2000–2017
4 Iran Mehdi Rajabzadeh 381 2001–2018
5 Iran Morteza Asadi 380 2005–2018
6 Iran Amir Hossein Sadeghi 379 2003–2018
7 Iran Mohsen Bengar 372 2003–2018
8 Iran Khosro Heydari 370 2002–2019
9 Iran Pejman Nouri 367 2001–2016
10 Iran Reza Enayati 358 2001–2017

Broadcasting and sponsorship[edit]

Broadcasting[edit]

Logo of IRIB TV3, the league's important TV partner

The state-owned television channel IRIB has the broadcasting rights for the most matches of the Persian Gulf Pro League, Azadegan League and Hazfi Cup. Each match of Esteghlal and Persepolis is broadcasting by IRIB TV3, IRIB's popular channel. In addition to that Esteghlal and Persepolis playing not at the same time with the exception of the Sorkhabi derby and the last two matchdays of each season. IRIB Varzesh shows other important matches, while the remaining games are shown on IRIB regional channels. Furthermore, Navad, a popular weekly football program broadcast by IRIB TV3, shows highlights of all Persian Gulf Pro League and Azadegan League matches.

Sponsorship[edit]

The Persian Gulf Pro League has been sponsored since 2005. There have been four sponsors since the league's formation.

  • 2001–2005: no sponsor
  • 2005–2007: Zamzam
  • 2007–2009: Padideh
  • 2009–2014: Irancell
  • 2014–2016: Sun Star
  • 2016–present: Fanap

According to a study from November 2012, clubs in the 2010–11 Persian Gulf Cup on average obtained 15% of their income from sponsorships.[9]

Ownership[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "خبرگزاری فارس - سه جام قهرمانی برای لیگ برتر هجدهم ساخته شد+ عکس". خبرگزاری فارس. 2019-05-10. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  2. ^ a b "Foundation of the Iran Pro League". iranleague.ir. Retrieved 2017-09-23.
  3. ^ برنامه‌ي كامل دور رفت ششمين دوره‌ي ليگ برتر فوتبال؛ ليگ برتر به "خليج فارس" تغيير نام داد (in Persian). ISNA. Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2006-08-14.
  4. ^ برترين طرح ارائه شده براي ليگ برتر انتخاب شد (in Persian). IRIFF Official Website. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2006-11-24.
  5. ^ Hurrey, Adam (18 May 2015). "Iranian side mistakenly celebrate winning the league title" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  6. ^ "Sepahan Wins Iran Professional League - Tasnim News Agency".
  7. ^ "Esteghlal Khuzestan crowned IPL champion, Malavan and Rah Ahan relegated(VIDEO)".
  8. ^ "Persepolis Crowned Champion of Persian Gulf Pro League 2016/17". 19 April 2017.
  9. ^ Mahsa Qorbani; Mohammad Javad Sheikh; Meysam Bagheri (November 2012). "A comparative study of how to finance professional football premier leagues in Iran and England" (PDF). Scholarly Journal of Business Administration. 2 (9): 147. Retrieved 12 January 2013.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]