Persian Iraq (Persian: عراق عجم; Arabic: عراق العجم), also spelled Persian Irak, is a historical term for the western parts of Iran. From the 11th to 19th centuries, the name Iraq referred to two neighbouring regions: Arabic Iraq (ʿIrāq-i ʿArab) and Persian Iraq (ʿIrāq-i ʿAjam). Arabic Iraq corresponded with ancient Babylonia (now Iraq) and Persian Iraq corresponded with ancient Media (now western Iran). The two regions were separated by the Zagros Mountains.
Later, until the beginning of the 20th century, the term Iraq in Iran was used to refer to a much smaller region south of Saveh and west of Qom. This region was centered on Sultanabad, which was renamed later as Arāk.
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