Persian Iraq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Persian Iraq (Persian: عراق عجم‎‎; Arabic: عراق العجم‎‎), also spelled Persian Irak, is a historical term for the western parts of Iran. From the 11th to 19th centuries, the name Iraq referred to two neighbouring regions: Arabic Iraq (ʿIrāq-i ʿArab) and Persian Iraq (ʿIrāq-i ʿAjam). Arabic Iraq corresponded with ancient Babylonia (now Iraq) and Persian Iraq corresponded with ancient Media (now western Iran). The two regions were separated by the Zagros Mountains.[1][2]

Later, until the beginning of the 20th century, the term Iraq in Iran was used to refer to a much smaller region south of Saveh and west of Qom. This region was centered on Sultanabad, which was renamed later as Arāk.[3]

See also[edit]