Ajam of Iraq

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Iraqi Ajam
Total population
(~ 600,000 - 700,000[citation needed])
Regions with significant populations
Karbalā', Najaf, Baṣrah
Shīʿa Islam[citation needed]
Related ethnic groups
Ajam of Bahrain

Ajam of Iraq are Iraqi citizens of Persian Iranian national background or descent. Iranians have had a long presence in Iraq, dating back to antiquity.

Saddam Hussein deported many Iraqi Ajam in the 1970s and 1980s.


In the 1970s, Saddam Hussein deported between 350,000[1] to 650,000 Shia Iraqis of Iranian ancestry (Ajam).[2] Most of them went to Iran. Those who could prove an Iranian/Persian ancestry in Iran's court received Iranian citizenship (400,000) and some of them returned to Iraq after Saddam.[2]


Iraqi Persians belong to Twelver Shīʿa Islam . The same religion, sect, and school that most Iraqis belong. Even today there are millions of Iraqis that are of Persian descent.

See also[edit]