Ajam of Iraq

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Iraqi Ajam
Total population
50,000[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
Karbalā', Najaf, Baṣrah
Shīʿa Islam
Related ethnic groups
Ajam of Bahrain

Ajam of Iraq are Iraqi citizens of Iranian national background or descent. Iranians have a long presence as a minority in Iraq, dating back to antiquity.

Saddam Hussein deported most Iraqi Ajam in the 1970s and 1980s.


In the 1970s, Saddam Hussein deported between 350,000[1] to 650,000 Shia Iraqis of Iranian ancestry (Ajam).[2] Most of them went to Iran. Those who could prove an Iranian ancestry in Iran's court received Iranian citizenship (400,000) and some of them returned to Iraq after Saddam.[2]


Persians in Iraq do not segregate themselves as an ethnic minority, but they integrate with the Iraqi society. Iraqi Persians belong to Twelver Shīʿa Islam – the same religion, sect, and school that most Iraqis belong to.

See also[edit]