Persicaria affinis

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Persicaria affinis
Polygonum affine2.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Persicaria
Species: P. affinis
Binomial name
Persicaria affinis
Wall. ex Meisn.
  • Polygonum affine D. Don 1825
  • Bistorta affinis (D. Don) Greene
  • Polygonum donianum Spreng.

Persicaria affinis is a synonym for the accepted species name Polygonum affine, the Himalayan bistort,[3] fleece flower, or knotweed, is a species of flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to the Himalayas (Tibet, Nepal, northern India, Pakistan, Kashmir).


Persicaria affinis is a creeping, densely tufted, mat-forming perennial, growing to 25 cm (10 in) tall by 60 cm (24 in) broad. The narrow elliptic leaves are white on the underside because of a waxy coating. Leaves are mostly at the base, 3–8 cm long, with the base narrowed to a short stalk. Leaf margins are entire or very finely toothed. The mid-vein is prominent. Cylindrical spikes of many pale pink or rose-red flowers are borne at the top of short erect stems, from midsummer to Autumn. Flower-spikes are 5–7.5 cm (2–3 in) long, with densely crowded flowers. Stamens protrude slightly out of the flowers. Flowering stems are several, 5–25 cm tall, with very few smaller leaves. When the flowers have died, they tend to persist on the plant into winter.[4][5]


Persicaria affinis is found in the Himalayas, from Afghanistan to eastern Nepal, at altitudes of 3,000–4,800 m (9,843–15,748 ft).[6]


Persicaria affinis is used ornamentally as groundcover.[7] The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

  • 'Darjeeling Red'[8]
  • 'Donald Lowndes'[9]
  • 'Superba'[10]


  1. ^ Tropicos, Polygonum affine D. Don
  2. ^ The Plant List, Polygonum affine D. Don
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  5. ^ Flora of China, Polygonum affine D. Don, 1825. 密穗拳参 mi sui quan shen
  6. ^ "Kew Gardens - Plants & fungi - Persicaria affinis". Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Pink, A. (2004). Gardening for the Million. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Persicaria affinis 'Darjeeling Red'". Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Persicaria affinis 'Donald Lowndes'". Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Persicaria affinis 'Superba'". Retrieved 25 May 2013.