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Henkel's Persil logo
|Product type||Self-activating laundry detergent|
|Owner||Henkel, licensee: Unilever|
|Country||Germany (Henkel) & United Kingdom (Unilever)|
|Related brands||Wipp |
Le Chat or Skip (France)
Bailan (白蘭) (Taiwan)
|Markets||Albania, Austria, Canada, China, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Lebanon, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Ukraine, Russia, Philippines|
|Previous owners||Henkel & Cie|
Persil is a German brand of laundry detergent manufactured and marketed by Henkel around the world except in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Latin America (except Mexico), China, Australia and New Zealand, where it is manufactured and marketed by Unilever. Persil was introduced in 1907 by Henkel. It was the first commercially available "self-activated" laundry detergent. The name was derived from two of its original ingredients, sodium perborate and sodium silicate.
The chore of washing the laundry began to change with the introduction of washing powders in the 1880s. These new products originally were simply pulverized soap. New cleaning product marketing successes, such as the 1890s introduction of Gold Dust Washing Powder (created by industrial chemist James Boyce for the N. K. Fairbank Company in the United States), proved that there was a ready market for better cleaning agents. Henkel & Cie, founded in Düsseldorf in 1876, pursued the opportunity, and on 6 June 1907 launched the first of its kind product, Persil. The manufacturer had found a method to add sodium perborate—a bleaching agent—to its base washing agents (silicate), creating what the marketing department called a "self-activating powder" detergent. During the washing process, oxygenated perborate forms small bubbles, doing the "work of the washboard"—saving consumers time and rendering the historic method of "sun-bleaching" (by laying clothes out in the sun) unnecessary.
Persil was the first commercially available self-activated laundry detergent (combining bleach with the detergent). The invention of Persil was a significant breakthrough. The name, "Persil", is derived from two of the original ingredients, sodium perborate and silicate. The original name was deemed unsuitable as an international brand because it is hard to pronounce in some languages. Coincidentally, persil is the French word for the herb, parsley.
In France, the Marseillais Jules Ronchetti, launched a soap under the brand Le Persil in 1906. During the 1st World War, the company of Electro-Chimie, concessionaire for France of the Henkel laundry, signed an agreement with Ronchetti by which it no longer sells detergents under the Persil brand. A legal battle ensued which resulted in an agreement in 1927 reserving the use of the mark to the English company Lever Brothers (which bought the company from Jules Ronchetti) in France and the United Kingdom, and to the German company Henkel in the rest of the world .
Persil is sold in powder, liquid detergent, liquid capsule, gel, and tablet forms. There are enzymatic, non-enzymatic, and colour care (containing enzymes, but bleach-free) formulations as well. The Persil line also includes specialist care products for wool and silk items. In the UK, Unilever markets a wide range of washing up liquids and dishwasher detergents under the Persil brand.
Markets, licensing and distribution
Henkel AG manufactures, distributes, and markets Persil in Germany, Poland and most of Europe, Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria and the United States.
Henkel markets Persil under the name "Dixan" in Greece, Italy and Cyprus; and under the name "Wipp" in Spain and China. In Belgium, where both Henkel's Persil and Dixan can be found at major retailers, the Persil brand name is given priority by Henkel in its marketing. Henkel sells its Persil formulation in France under the name "Le Chat", as Unilever owns the licence to the Persil trademark in that country.
For a time,[when?] upscale German appliance manufacturer Miele acted as a direct importer of Henkel's Persil products into Canada and the United States, where they could be purchased only at licensed appliance dealers. It was marketed as a premium German detergent that was the "officially recommended" detergent for its washing machines. Due to this exclusive import agreement and specialty positioning at appliance dealerships, it retailed for up to $40/box in Canada. It was later replaced by Miele's own brand laundry products.
In April 2007, Henkel announced a global relaunching of the Persil brand and packaging to mark its 100th anniversary. Persil's other sub-brands (Le Chat, Dixan, and Wipp) were to be redesigned shortly afterward. The anniversary also marked 100 years of self-acting detergents—of which Persil was a pioneer.
Persil was introduced to Mexico in 2011.
In March 2015, Henkel introduced Persil ProClean in the United States, a line of premium detergents available in Power-Liquid, Power-Caps and Power-Pearls. It was initially sold exclusively at Walmart stores.
Persil ProClean was released in Canada in 2016. Power Pearls and liquid are available, including a Canada-only cold water liquid version. Caps are also available.
Unilever markets Persil in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Latin America (except Mexico), Malaysia, Singapore, China, and New Zealand (but not Australia) since acquiring rights to the brand (one of its first such acquisitions) in 1931. (The "Small and Mighty" product line—a highly concentrated liquid detergent formulation—is found only in these markets.) Unilever also sells Persil in France. In this market, the brand focuses on "natural" ingredients and "skin-friendly" formulations. It is competitively sold alongside Unilever's biggest selling detergent brand in France, "Skip".
In 2007 Unilever launched its new Persil Small and Mighty variant in the UK and Ireland. A 2013 update showcased a new design of bottle that enabled consumers to use the flexible plastic ball as a measurer and stain removal pre-treatment device. The ball is contained in a circular cutout in the centre of the bottle and is simply filled and placed directly into the drum. Because it's made of soft heat resistant plastic, it can be washed with the laundry and makes no banging noises. This campaign was launched with the tagline "For whatever life throws".
- "100 Years of Persil". Henkel AG & Co. December 22, 2006. Archived from the original on December 14, 2010. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- The Holland Evening Sentinel; Holland, MI; obituary, 4 June 1935
- la revue des marques
- Parker Sandford. "Persil Dishwashing".
- "Historia" (in Spanish).
- "Persil Pro Clean". Facebook.
- "Wisk". www.wisk.com.
- "Persil ProClean Laundry Detergents". Henkel Corporation. 2016. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- In French, Persil means "Parsley", which lends itself to being a more herbal, natural product.
- "Laundry Detergents – Things to Do with Kids – Persil". Persil.
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