Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth
|Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth|
North American cover art, showing the respective casts of Persona 3 (right) and Persona 4 (left), and new characters Zen and Rei (center).
|Series||Megami Tensei (Main)
Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth (Japanese: ペルソナQ シャドウ オブ ザ ラビリンス Hepburn: Perusona Kyū: Shadō Obu Za Rabirinsu?) is a crossover role-playing video game developed by Atlus for the Nintendo 3DS handheld video game console. It is a spin-off set within the Persona series, itself part of the larger Megami Tensei franchise. It was published across all territories in 2014: it released in June in Japan, November in North America and Europe, and December in Australia. Atlus published the title in Japan and North America, while NIS America published the title in PAL regions.
The story of Persona Q, which is canon to the Persona timeline, is set within an isolated dimensional pocket where the full casts of Persona 3 and Persona 4 are drawn from their respective time periods by an unknown force and sent into a replica of Persona 4's Yasogami High School. Meeting with Zen and Rei, two people whose memories were taken, the groups must unite and explore four labyrinths to recover treasures hidden within which can restore Zen and Rei's memories and release them. The gameplay, which fuses elements of the Persona and Etrian Odyssey, focuses on first-person dungeon crawling through labyrinths and combat using the titular Personas against hostiles known as Shadows.
Development on the game began after the success of fighting game spin-off Persona 4 Arena in 2012, based on the wish to create a collaborative spin-off with the Etrian Odyssey and fan demands for a Persona title on the 3DS. The development team was made up of staff from the main Persona series and Etrian Odyssey IV: Legends of the Titan. Series character designer Shigenori Soejima designed the cast's new deformed Chibi appearances, while the music was composed by Atsushi Kitajoh and Toshiki Konishi with supervision by series composer Shoji Meguro. First announced in 2013 alongside both Persona 4: Dancing All Night and Persona 5, it was the first Persona title to be developed for a Nintendo platform. It released to strong sales and positive reviews from critics.
Persona Q is a crossover video game, containing characters from both Persona 3 and Persona 4. However, different from the source games, Persona Q's gameplay focuses further on being a dungeon crawler, comparable to the Etrian Odyssey series of games also produced by Atlus on Nintendo handhelds. Players choose to play from the perspective of either the Persona 3 protagonist or the Persona 4 protagonist, with each side featuring slight differences in the main story. As with prior Persona games, the player's choices alter the flow of the game.
The game comprises two main areas, Yasogami High and the labyrinths. Players can explore Yasogami High to converse with characters, heal their party, or purchase new weapons and equipment, or visit the Velvet Room where they can fuse new Personas. Labyrinths are the main portion of the game, in which the player's party, consisting of up to five party members, explores various dungeons fighting dangerous enemies to grow stronger and find treasures. As the player explores each labyrinth, a map is filled out on the bottom screen, which the player can manually edit to fill in more details, such as the location of walls and chests. When a floor is fully explored, a special treasure chest appears on that floor. The game features two types of enemies: Shadows, which appear randomly, and Field On Enemy-types (F.O.E.), more challenging enemies that move about on the field as the player moves, which can be avoided with the right planning. The game also offers several options to change the layout of the dungeons and quickly return to previous areas.
When an enemy is encountered, players battle against them using their Personas. Battles follow the same system as Etrian Odyssey with elements taken from the Persona games, as opposed to using the One More system of the main Persona games. Unlike the main games, in which characters besides the protagonists only had access to a single Persona, each character can equip one of multiple sub-Personas in addition to their main one, allowing them to use more skills. During the combat, players can take advantage of an enemy's weakness, which knocks them down and allows that character to use a skill without using up SP or HP on their next turn, as well as occasionally creating the opportunity for an all-out attack if all enemies are knocked down.
The game's story is split into two campaigns, which follow either the team of characters from Persona 3 or Persona 4; each campaign begins partway through the events of the characters' original games. Dialogue and events vary depending on the player's choice of protagonist. At Yasogami High School in Inaba, during the culture festival, a strange bell rings, trapping the Investigation Team inside a bizarre alternate version of the school. Meanwhile, the members of the Specialized Extracurricular Execution Squad (SEES) are on a mission into the mysterious Tartarus fortress when they are transported to the Velvet Room elevator, which suddenly winds up at the alternate Yasogami as well. Upon arrival in the alteranate dimension, the Velvet Room is warped into a strange and unstable configuration, and two doors appear that lead to different times. Discovering a labyrinth hidden below the school, the two groups meet amnesiac students Zen and Rei and decide to explore the area, fighting "shadows" along the way, in order to restore their memories and hopefully find a way to escape. Along the way, SEES and the Investigation Team realize that they come from two different time periods.
The combined group eventually explores all four labyrinths, successfully unlocking the doors in the Velvet Room and restoring Zen's memories. He reveals that his true identity is the human avatar of Chronos, a manifestation of death created by the Collective Unconscious, and Rei is really a girl named Niko who died of illness twelve years prior. When Chronos came to escort her to the afterlife, he was intrigued by her descent into nihilism as a result of having lived an apparently meaningless life. Chronos created the alternate Yasogami High, split himself into Zen and a powerful being known as the Clockwork God, and sealed both of their memories in order to try to bring Rei happiness. The Clockwork God is the one responsible for trapping SEES and the Investigation Team in the alternate Yasogami, hoping for them to traverse the labyrinths and recover Zen's memories so they can merge and become Chronos once again: this would result in the teams being erased from time when their tasks were completed. The Clockwork God abducts Rei and transports her to the top of a clock tower outside the school. SEES and the Investigation Team decide to help Zen rescue Rei, and they ascend the tower and defeat the Clockwork God. After spending some carefree time together before the pocket dimension collapses, Zen and Rei vanish into the afterlife, while SEES and the Investigation Team promise to meet again someday and return home, although their memories of the incident are erased.
Persona Q began development in 2012 after the release of Persona 4 Arena, a fighting game co-developed by Atlus and Arc System Works. After this successful external collaboration, series producer Katsura Hashino wanted to create other collaborations. Based on fan requests for a Persona title on the Nintendo 3DS, Hashino created the game's concept. The development team was made up of the main Persona development team and the Etrian Odyssey team, which had created the larger body of Atlus' work for the 3DS: the Etrian Odyssey team, led by director and former Persona team member Daisuke Kaneda, had just finished development of Etrian Odyssey IV: Legends of the Titan for the platform. Hashino wanted to continue the trend of creating unusual entries in the series, in addition to making Persona Q a "festive" collaboration between the two teams in honor of the series' 25th anniversary. Its title was indicative of that wish for originality. The main aim was to create something for fans of the Persona series. The opening animation was directed by Tomohisa Taguchi, who also served as director for Persona 4: The Golden Animation. The scenario was written by Azusa Kido, who had been a writer for the Persona series since Persona 3. When creating the storyline, Kido felt pressured due to the strong fan liking for both main game's cast, in addition to creating a narrative which would suitably use and combine both casts. She had to make sure that none of the characters ended up as bystanders in scenes, which was difficult for the more taciturn characters. An element that was taken into consideration when portraying the main protagonists of each represented game was the additional media created around their games: while the respective protagonists of Persona 3 (the "Protagonist") and Persona 4 (dubbed Yu Narukami in additional media and later spin-offs) were blank slates representing the players, the later media expansions had given them set personalities which were reflected in Persona Q. Despite being a crossover between the two game's casts, the story of Persona Q is considered canon to the Persona timeline.
According to Kaneda, the two teams faced a delicate balancing act when combining the first-person exploration and user-created mapping of dungeons from Etrian Odyssey with the combat and style of the Persona series, as the two were seen as direct opposites. The two teams were fiercely opposed to making compromises on either side, with them eventually settling on choosing the incorporate the closest paralleling elements from both series. When development first started, the team were going to use the 3D dungeon design and battle system from the Persona series, but as development progressed, it shifted towards the viewpoint and battle system of Etrian Odyssey. An element carried directly from the Etrian Odyssey series was the FOEs, whose behaviors patterns were designed to be unique to each labyrinth's floors and structures. The battle system was based primarily on that used in Etrian Odyssey, with the most recognizable elements from the Persona series added: these included the Persona systems and elements such as "One More Turn" and exploitable weaknesses. The Sub-Persona system was based on the Etrian Odyssey series' subclass system, some stat-reducing spells were a combination of elements from both Persona and Etrian Odyssey, while the "Boost" feature was an entirely new addition suggested by the staff. Persona Q was the first entry in the Persona series to appear on a Nintendo platform, which offered challenges to both teams. The gameplay systems were ultimately created so that people familiar with both series would find common appeal, and multiple comprehensive tutorials were added so players would not be confused by the new features.
The character designs were handled by Shigenori Soejima, who had been involved in the Persona series since its inception and was in charge of character designs since Persona 3. Soejima's biggest concern with the characters was that fans had expectations about their portrayal, but their standard designs would not fit either with the typical Etrian Odyssey artstyle or with the limited visuals and screen size of the 3DS. Because of these, the characters were redesigned in a deformed Chibi style. When looking at how to scale the characters down, Soejima focused on what made each character stand out visually, then make that the new versions' key feature. For this, the team did research as to what fans felt was a character's defining trait, and many of the alterations were done based on feedback. Because of this fan familiarity, Soejima was able to take risks with character portrayals, such as dressing the "very sophisticated, more otherworldly" character of Velvet Room attendant Elizabeth in a pink nurse's outfit. The redesigns gave Soejima the chance to reevaluate and refine his designs in this new style. In addition to standard enemy designs carried over from the Persona series, unique enemies were created by Etrian Odyssey monster artist Shin Nagasawa. Zeus, a character referred to in Etrian Odyssey III: The Drowned City, made a cameo appearance as an optional boss and Persona. Zeus' Persona design was created by Etrian Odyssey character designer Yuji Himukai.
The music of Persona Q was composed by Atsushi Kitajoh, composer for the Trauma Team series, and Toshiki Konishi, who had worked on the remakes of Persona 2: Innocent Sin and its sequel Eternal Punishment. Their work was supervised by Shoji Meguro, the main composer for the Persona series. Meguro also worked on the soundtrack, composing the opening theme "Maze of Life". Addition arrangements were done by Kitajoh and Konishi. While the gameplay and aesthetics mingled both Persona and Etrian Odyssey, the music stayed firmly within the traditions of the Persona series while still having unique elements: an example given by Meguro was a request by the staff for a track evocative of the occult. Kitajoh and Konishi were cautious with the music as they needed to be faithful to the musical legacy of Persona 3 and Persona 4 while creating something original. They received many pieces of advice from both Hashino and Meguro, mainly the fact that the Persona series was themed around the supernatural and so to draw from that. The Persona 3 version of the game's normal battle theme, "Light the Fire Up in the Night", was one of the first tracks to be completed and influenced the general direction of the soundtrack. Two versions of the battle theme were created, each with instrumentation and vocals related to the respective casts. After the style was solidified, composing tracks went smoothly. A point of contrast with the main series was the dungeon themes: while the main Persona games had upbeat and frenetic tunes, Persona Q used gentler themes due to the more relaxed pace of exploration. A track which received a lot of effort from the sound staff was the ending theme "Changing Me", the lyrics of which were written by Kido based on the game's story and themes. Lyrics and vocals for multiple tracks were provided by Lotus Juice, a band with a long history of collaborating with Meguro on the Persona series: one of their prominant contributions was to "Laser Beam", the main boss battle theme. Multiple Meguro-composed tracks from Persona 3 and Persona 4 were remixed for use in Persona Q. A guest composer was Yuzo Koshiro, a famous video game composer who had worked on the Etrian Odyssey series: he composed the track for the boss battle with Zeus.
Persona Q was first announced in 2013 alongside the mainline entry Persona 5, fellow spin-off title Persona 4: Dancing All Night, and the PlayStation 3 port of Persona 4 Arena Ultimax. The game was released in Japan on June 5, 2014. People who pre-ordered the game received a special soundtrack sampler CD. The CD features select original music from the game, in addition to special re-arrangements by the Atlus sound team that can only be heard on this CD. The full soundtrack was released on July 16. There is also a Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth Famitsu DX Pack with the game itself, a B2-size tapestry illustrated by the Persona Q anime staff, an A3-size clear poster illustrated by Atlus, a set of five different visual clear file folders, an original mug cup, and a Graphig paper figure of Rei. A manga adaptation illustrated by Akaume will begin serialization in ASCII Media Works' Dengeki Maoh magazine in its October 2014 issue. In 2015, two manga adaptations were released. Side: P4 written by Mizunomoto centeres on Persona 4 protagonist. It launched in Kodansha's Monthly Shōnen Sirius magazine in January. Side: P3 written by Sō Tobita centeres on Persona 3 protagonist. It was launched in Kodansha's Bessatsu Shōnen Magazine in February. Side: P3 will end in November. Like previous games such as Catherine, Atlus posted a statement requesting that players refrain from posting video spoilers of the game's later story events on sharing sites upon its release in Japan.
In February 2014, Atlus announced that the game would see an English release in the second half of 2014. The localization was handled internally by Atlus, and followed the precepts of their policy for the Persona series: they kept the text as close as possible to the Japanese original, except where some aspects such as humor would be difficult for a Western audience to understand. They also sought to avoid the localization adjustments that would seem out of context with the visuals, citing the changes to the Ace Attorney games as a type of localization they wished to avoid. As Persona Q was a spin-off from two popular games, the team were extra careful that they remained faithful to both the original and fan expectations for the characters. A compromise that was made was that players did not have enough space in the naming screen to use the "Yu Narukami" title for the Persona 4 protagonist. In Europe, the game was published by NIS America.
Atlus noted that in stores there might be a shortage of units due to their other recent releases, which have sold out at launch or shortly after. The game topped Japanese game charts following its release, selling 186,856 units. By August 2014, the game had sold 255,597 units, becoming the fortieth best-selling game in that period. Upon its release in North America, the game sold 40,000 units, which was noted as a high sales figure given its release late in the month alongside other notable games. NIS America had high hopes for the game, feeling it would boost sales for their new online store. Famitsu gave the game a score of 35/40. In an import preview, Kotaku's Richard Eisenbeis praised the game's old school elements and fanservice, whilst also remarking on the game's high level of difficulty.
Samantha Nelson from The A.V. Club listed it among her favorite games of 2014. Aaron Riccio from Slant Magazine gave the game a 10/10. They later awarded the game as their Game of the Year.
- "3DS News: Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth announced for 3DS in Japan". Official Nintendo Magazine. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth Announced for 3DS - News". Nintendo World Report. 2013-11-21. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth announced for 3DS, First Trailer Released". GearNuke. 2013-05-13. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth Trailer Gives A First Look At The Game". Siliconera.com. 2013-11-24. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- "Elizabeth and Theodore have new roles in Persona Q". Gematsu. April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "Persona Q: Shadow Of The Labyrinth Looks Cheerful But Has A More Serious Tone". Siliconera. April 30, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
- Janes, Thomas (March 12, 2014). "Persona Q has F.O.E. enemies, dungeon mapping". Gematsu. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- "Persona Q 3DS Game's Summoning Promo Streamed". Anime News Network. April 11, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- "Persona Q 3DS Game's Weak Point, Group Attack Promos Streamed". Anime News Network. April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth announced for 3DS". Gematsu. 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- 『ペルソナQ』がいっそう味わい深くなる開発者インタビュー【週刊ファミ通より全文掲載】. Famitsu. 2014-06-21. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-11-14.
- Sato (2013-11-25). "Persona Director Talks Persona Q, Persona Dancing, And The Future". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2015-08-17. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- 『ペルソナQ』インタビュー完全版！ 金田ディレクターに聞く『ペルソナ』＆『世界樹の迷宮』のコラボが生み出す新たな可能性とは？. Dengeki Online. 2014-06-19. Archived from the original on 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- Parish, Jeremy (2014-10-17). "How You Helped Design Persona Q". USGamer. Archived from the original on 2015-04-16. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- Yip, Spencer (2014-06-20). "Persona Q: Shadow Of The Labyrinth's Story Is Canon". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2016-02-28. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- Kemps, Heidi (August 2008). "Game King: An Interview with Kazuma Kaneko". Otaku USA. Sovereign Media (Vol. 2, Issue 1): 120–123.
- Wallace, Kimberley (2014-07-18). "A Glimpse Into The Mind of Persona's Art Director". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 2014-11-10. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- James, Thomas (2014-04-23). "Persona Q has StreetPass Personas and Sacrificial Fusion". Gematsu. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2014-05-26.
- ペルソナQ シャドウ オブ ザ ラビリンス 公式設定資料集 [Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth Official Design Materials] (in Japanese). Enterbrain . 2014-09-09. p. 120. ISBN 4-0472-9941-3.
- Greening, Chris (2014-05-22). "Music and soundtrack details for Persona Q". Video Game Music Online. Archived from the original on 2014-05-29. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Sato (2013-12-30). "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth's Music Will Be Different, Yet Familiar". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2014-03-06.
- Atlus. "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth Original Soundtrack liner notes." (in Japanese) Mastard Records. 2014-07-16 LNCM-1053~4 Retrieved on 2016-08-25.
- 『ペルソナQ』の音楽は喜多條敦志氏＆小西利樹氏からこうして生まれた！ 目黒将司氏や土屋憲一氏の話題も飛び出す濃厚インタビューをお届け. Dengeki Online. 2014-07-16. Archived from the original on 2016-08-07. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- Farokhmanesh, Megan (2013-11-24). "Persona 5 coming to Japan winter 2014, spin-off titles announced". Polygon. Archived from the original on 2016-05-07. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- Schulenberg, Thomas (2013-11-19). "Atlus reveals Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth after countdown on NicoNico". Joystiq. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- "News Bulletin - Atlus Announces a Plethora of Personas". RPGamer. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth 3DS Game Gets Manga Adaptation". Anime News Network. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth Game Gets 2 New Manga". Anime News Network. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Persona Q - Shadow of the Labyrinth - Side: P3 Manga Ends". Anime News Network. 11 October 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Please Don't Spoil the New Persona Game, Begs Atlus". Kotaku. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- "Those nifty Persona spin-offs for the 3DS & Vita are coming to North America". Pocket Gamer. 2014-02-25. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- Ward, Robert (2015-07-20). "Localizing Persona: An Interview With Atlus's Yu Namba". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2015-07-20. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
- Madnani, Mikhail (2015-04-06). "Atlus Interview: Localisation, Localisation, Localisation". God is a Geek. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
- Seedhouse, Alex (2014-09-29). "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth launches in Europe on November 28th". Nintendo Insider. Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "Persona Q:Shadow of the Labyrinth for 3DS". GameRankings. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "Persona Q:Shadow of the Labyrinth for 3DS Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- MacGregor, Kyle (24 November 2014). "Review: Persona Q: Shadow of Labyrinth". Destructoid. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Patterson,Eric L. (25 November 2014). "EGM Review: Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth". Electronic Gaming Monthly. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Sal Romano (May 27, 2014). "Famitsu Review Scores: Issue 1329". Gematsu. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Wallace, Kimberley (25 November 2014). "Bringing Out The Best In Each Other - Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth - 3DS". Game Informer. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Sullivan, Meghan (20 November 2014). "Persona Q:Shadow of the Labyrinth Review". IGN. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Arendt, Susan (20 November 2014). "Persona Q review: When worlds collide". Joystiq. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Farokhmanesh, Megan (20 November 2014). "Persona Q: Shadow of Labyrinth review: High school reunion". Polygon. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Thew, Geoff (20 November 2014). "Review: Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth". Hardcore Gamer. Hardcore Gamer. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "Atlus Expect Persona Q Shortages At Launch In Japan". Siliconera. March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
- "Japan's Video Game Rankings, June 2–8". Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "電撃 - 【週間ソフト販売ランキング TOP50】3DS『妖怪ウォッチ2 元祖/本家』の勢い続く！ 4週連続で1位と2位を獲得（7月28日～8月3日）". Dengekionline.com. 2014-08-07. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
- Jarvis, Matthew. "NIS America: 'We want to be the big fish in the small pond' | Games industry news | MCV". Mcvuk.com. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
- Richard Eisenbeis (June 24, 2014). "Persona Q is a Mixture of Old School Gameplay and Fanboy Joy". Kotaku. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- "Our favorite games of 2014, part two". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
- Aaron Riccio (November 22, 2014). "Persona Q: Shadow of the Labyrinth review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
- "The 25 Best Video Games of 2014". Slant Magazine. December 8, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2015.