Perth (Scottish Parliament constituency)
||This article needs to be updated. (May 2016)|
|Former county constituency
for the Scottish Parliament
|Council area||Perth and Kinross|
|Replaced by||Perthshire North
Perthshire South and Kinross-shire
Perth was a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality (first past the post) method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.
The region covers all of the Clackmannanshire council area, all of the Fife council area, all of the Perth and Kinross council area, all of the Stirling council area and parts of the Angus council area.
Constituency boundaries and council area
The constituency was created at the same time as the Scottish Parliament, in 1999, with the name and boundaries of a pre-existing Westminster (House of Commons) constituency. The area has been covered by Westminster constituencies with differing names but similar boundaries since 1918, but in 2005 Scottish Westminster constituencies were mostly replaced with new constituencies. Most of the Perth Westminster constituency was merged into Ochil and South Perthshire. Part, including the town of Perth, was merged into Perth and North Perthshire.
The Holyrood constituency of Perth covers a central portion of the Perth and Kinross council area. The rest of the council area is covered by two Mid Scotland and Fife constituencies, Ochil and Tayside North, and one North East Scotland constituency, Angus.
Tayside North, to the north of the Perth constituency, also covers a northern portions of the Angus council area.
The Angus constituency, to the north-east of the Perth constituency, also covers a southern portion of the Angus council area and north-western and north-eastern portions of the City of Dundee council area.
Following their First Periodic review of constituencies to the Scottish Parliament in time for the next election in 2011, the Boundary Commission for Scotland has created two newly drawn seats to replace Perth. These will be known as Perthshire North and Perthshire South and Kinross-shire.
The constituency covered a combination of small prosperous towns and rich agricultural land. It included the town of Perth and the towns of Bridge of Earn, Auchterarder, Crieff and Comrie. It was a relatively prosperous, largely rural, Lowland seat on the fringe of the Highlands, with successful livestock farming, fruit-growing and tourism interests. Unemployment is relatively low and half the electorate lived in the town of Perth itself.
At Westminster elections the area is traditionally Conservative, and Conservatives have held seats representing the area during most of the period since World War II. Scottish National Party (SNP) tradition is also strong in the area, however, and the SNP has contested every parliamentary election in the area in the same post war period. In the Perth and Kinross Westminster by-election in 1995, the SNP's Roseanna Cunningham won the Perth and Kinross Westminster seat from the Conservatives with an 11.5% swing. She then held the seat in the 1997 United Kingdom general election and went on to be elected to Holyrood in the 1999 Scottish Parliament election. She has represented the Scottish Parliamentary constituency and its equivalent successor constituency since. Before the constituency's abolishment at the British Parliament in 2005, the Perth Westminster constituency became the most marginal constituency in Scotland in 2001, with the SNP's Annabelle Ewing narrowly holding the constituency for the SNP, with the Conservatives missing out by 48 votes.
The constituency's successor seat of Perthshire South and Kinross-shire, established by the 2011 First Periodic Review of Scottish Parliamentary constituencies, was comfortably held by the SNP's Roseanna Cunningham at the 2011 Scottish Parliamentary election, who polled ahead of Conservative challenger Elizabeth Smith by 22.96% of the vote. At the 2016 Scottish Parliamentary election there was a 9.5% swing in the constituency from the SNP to the Conservatives, with Elizabeth Smith missing out by just 3.93% of the vote.
Member of the Scottish Parliament
|1999||Roseanna Cunningham||Scottish National Party|
|2011||constituency abolished: replaced by Perthshire South and Kinross-shire|
|Scottish Parliament election, 2007: Perth|
Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Barret||4,767||13.7||+2.5||3,854||11.02|
|Free Scotland||Jim Fairlie||575||1.6||+1.6||157||0.45|
|Scottish Senior Citizens||687||1.96|
|Total Valid votes||34,862||34,972|
|Liberal Democrats||Gordon Campbell||3,530||11.2||+1.7|
|Scottish Socialist||Philip Stott||982||3.1||+3.1|
|Scottish People's||Kenneth Buchanan||257||0.8||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Chic Brodie||3,558||9.5||N/A|
- See The 5th Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission for Scotland
- Regional votes 2007
- Constituency votes 2007