Perth railway station

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This article is about the railway station in Western Australia. For the railway station in Scotland, see Perth railway station, Scotland.
Perth railway station
Transperth Perth Train Station.jpg
Wellington Street entrance in March 2005
Location Wellington Street, Perth
Coordinates 31°57′05″S 115°51′38″E / 31.951493°S 115.860448°E / -31.951493; 115.860448Coordinates: 31°57′05″S 115°51′38″E / 31.951493°S 115.860448°E / -31.951493; 115.860448
Owned by Transperth
Operated by Transperth
Line(s)
Platforms 9 (1 island underground, 2 island above ground & 3 side above ground)
Tracks 9
Connections Bus transfer at Perth Busport
Construction
Structure type Ground & underground
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Status Staffed
Station code MPH
Fare zone 1 / Free Transit Zone
History
Opened 1 March 1881
Electrified Yes

Perth railway station is the largest station on the Transperth network serving the central business district of Perth, Western Australia. It serves as an interchange between the Armadale, Fremantle, Joondalup, Mandurah and Midland lines as well as Transwa's Australind service.

History[edit]

View from Platform 6 in October 2007
Underground Platform 2

Establishment[edit]

The foundation stone for the George Temple-Poole designed Perth station was laid on 10 May 1880, with the station opening on 1 March 1881 part of the Eastern Railway from Fremantle to Guildford.[1][2][3] It had one through platform with terminating bay platforms at either end. The Neoclassical style building had a second storey added in 1894 that became the headquarters of the Western Australian Government Railways until 1976.[4] A planned third storey and clocktower were never built.[5][6] The building has been renovated and expanded numerous times since being built, as well as the forecourt entrance area.

The station was the centre of the Western Australian Government Railways system with most regional trains originating from the station. A collection of freight and administrative offices and tearooms were part of the railway station complex.

The railway building has at times housed various commercial operations as well as police offices. The WA Craft Council was a tenant in the 1980s.[7]

For a considerable length of time the forecourt area was used for car parking. This is now very limited except for official vehicles. The building had the Barrack Street and William Street bridges as limiting factors to its development, and in its current state is connected to both bridges by escalators and walkways, though the William Street entrance is fenced off.

Changes[edit]

As early as the 1950s, there were moves and suggestions for the redevelopment of the station area.[8]

Following the cessation of most regional services, the completion of standard gauge tracks to East Perth station, and the relocation of most administrative offices to the Westrail Centre alongside, by the late 1970s Perth station remained as a terminus for The Australind service to Bunbury, as well as Transperth suburban services.

In connection with the electrification of the Armadale line, a ninth platform was added in 1992.[9]

As part of the New MetroRail project, the station was refurbished with new underground platforms built at a 90-degree angle to the existing platforms beneath Gordon Stephenson House to the east of William Street, between Wellington and Murray Streets.[10] The new platforms opened on 15 October 2007.[11][12] The underground platforms, numbered 1 and 2, are known as Perth Underground, but are considered part of the overall Perth station. The existing platforms were refurbished with the above ground platforms reduced from nine to seven.[10]

The underground platforms were linked to the original Perth station via a walkway under Wellington Street, and also via an entrance from the west end of the Murray Street pedestrian mall that opened on 19 December 2013.[13][14]

In September 2013, a new Platform 9 on the Roe Street side of the station opened.[15] This new platform was temporarily used for special event services until mid-December 2013, before becoming part of the Midland line.[16]

Plaques formerly in entrance area to station[edit]

The railway station entrance area had plaques to commemorate the following events:

  • 1 March 1981 – centenary of Fremantle to Guildford railway
  • 14 November 1989 – Perth to Joondalup railway first spike driven
  • 28 September 1991 – introduction of electric trains
  • 11 April 1992 – commissioning of electric train services
  • 25 March 1994 – centenary of railway station

Platforms & services[edit]

Perth Station
 Track layout and
surrounding railyard
[needs update]
 

Platforms currently in use are as follows:

[2776] Perth Underground station platforms
Stop Platform Line Stopping pattern Destination Notes
99601 1 Joondalup All stations Butler
K Clarkson Pattern K only operates on weekdays.[17]
W Whitfords Pattern W only operates on weekdays.[17]
99602 2 Mandurah All stations Mandurah
K Rockingham Pattern K only operates on weekdays.[17]
W Cockburn Central Pattern W only operates on weekdays.[17]
[2776] Main platforms
Stop Platform Line Stopping pattern Destination Notes
99603 3 Australind All stations Bunbury Transwa service[18]
99604 4 Thornlie T Thornlie [19]
99605 5 Armadale All stations, B, C Armadale [19]
99606 6 Armadale C# Armadale Peak hours on weekdays only.[19]
99607 7 Fremantle All stations, A, B, S Fremantle [20]
D Shenton Park Pattern D only operates on weekdays.[20]
S+ Showgrounds Pattern deviations to All, A, and B patterns to stop at Showgrounds.
99608 8 Midland All stations, A, B, P Midland Services coming from Fremantle tunnel arrive at this platform, proceeding to Midland[21][22]
Joondalup Line pattern P terminates at this platform[17]
99609 9 Midland Midland Special service platform

Transport links[edit]

Several Transperth bus routes stop at the Perth station. Buses operate from the nearby Roe Street bus station.

Stop Route Destination / description Notes
[12129] Beaufort Street 1 Blue CAT to Elizabeth Quay Bus StationNorthbridge → Elizabeth Quay Busport Circular service
[26788] Wellington Street Eastbound 950 Morley Bus Station via Beaufort Street High frequency[23]
[12901] Wellington Street Eastbound Red/Yellow CAT[24][25][26] 2 Red CAT to East PerthWest Perth → East Perth Circular service
3 Yellow CAT to East Perth via Wellington Street
[12902] Wellington Street Eastbound[24][25][26] 16 to Dianella via William Street, North Street, Wood Street, Crawford Road, Browning Street & Alexander Drive
28 WACA Ground, East Perth
41 to Bayswater via Lord Street, Eight Avenue, Maylands, Caledonian Street, Stone Street & Frington Street
42 to Maylands via Lord Street & Peninsula Road
43 to Bayswater via Lord Street, Central Avenue, Maylands, Caledonian Street, Stone Street & Frington Street
44 to Morley Bus Station via Lord Street, Guildford Road, Bayswater, Langley Road & Embleton
55 to Bassendean via Lord Street, Guildford Road, Ashfield, Hardy Road & West Road
60 to Morley Bus Station via William Street, North Street, Dundas Road & Walter Road West
66 to Morley Bus Station via Beaufort Street & Russell Street Limited stops
[12924] Wellington Street Westbound Red/Yellow CAT[24][25][26] 2 Red CAT to East Perth → West Perth → East Perth Circular service
3 Yellow CAT to West Perth via Wellington Street
[26201] Wellington Street Westbound 16, 41, 42,
43, 48, 55,
60, 66, 67, 68
to Elizabeth Quay Bus Station
28 to Claremont via Hay Street & Mount Claremont
950 to QEII Medical Centre via Mounts Bay Road, University of Western Australia & Hampden Road High frequency[23]
[10221] William Street on Horseshoe Bridge 1 Blue CAT to Elizabeth Quay Busport → Northbridge → Elizabeth Quay Busport Circular service

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newland, Andrew; Quinlan, Howard (2000). Australian Railway Routes 1854 - 2000. Redfern: Australian Railway Historical Society. p. 64. ISBN 0-909650-49-7. 
  2. ^ Higham, Geoffrey (2007). Marble Bar to Mandurah: A history of passenger rail services in Western Australia. Bassendean: Rail Heritage WA. pp. 10, 77. ISBN 978 0 9803922 0 3. 
  3. ^ History of Perth Only Perth
  4. ^ Affleck, Fred (1978). On Track: The making of Westrail 1950 - 1976. Western Australian Railways Commission. p. 171. ISBN 0 7244 7560 5. 
  5. ^ Nock, Ossie (1971). Railways of Australia. London: Charles & Black. p. 226. ISBN 0 7136 1190 1. 
  6. ^ Perth Railway Precinct Stage Heritage Office
  7. ^ O'Connor, Porter and Salmon (1987). Challenges : fine Western Australian crafts : Crafts Council of Western Australia, Crafts Council Centre, Perth City Railway Station. Perth, W.A: Crafts Council of W.A. 
  8. ^ New Heart for Perth Society (1953–1974). New Heart for Perth Society records, 1953-1974 (manuscript). Retrieved 2016-02-19.  See specifically the section 'Biography'.
  9. ^ Lifting of northern pedestrian overpass at Perth station Government of Western Australia 12 June 1992
  10. ^ Perth CBD's first underground train station in operation ABC News 15 October 2007
  11. ^ Annual Report for year ended 30 June 2008 Public Transport Authority
  12. ^ Pedestrian underpass Public Transport Authority March 2012
  13. ^ Annual Report for year ended 30 June 2014 Public Transport Authority
  14. ^ September 2013 works update Public Transport Authority
  15. ^ Midland Line permanent platform change Transperth 11 December 2013
  16. ^ a b c d e Joondalup Line timetable Transperth 21 September 2014
  17. ^ Timetables Transwa
  18. ^ a b c Armadale/Thornlie Line timetable Transperth 27 October 2014
  19. ^ a b Fremantle Line timetable Transperth 31 January 2016
  20. ^ Midland Line Timetable Transperth 18 July 2013
  21. ^ Midland Line - Platform Change Transperth 25 August 2014
  22. ^ a b Bus Timetable 202 Transperth
  23. ^ a b c Routes 28, 81, 84, 85, 91, 92, 95, 213, 220, 401, School Specials, Blue, Red and Yellow CAT services - Forrest Place disruptions, Transperth website, accessed 10 March 2010
  24. ^ a b c Routes 28, 81, 84, 91, 92, 213, 220, 401, Red and Yellow CATs – Forrest Place bus stops reintroduction, Transperth website, accessed 1 September 2011
  25. ^ a b c Routes 23, 28, 30, 31, 34, 78, 79, 81, 92, 102, 107, 213, 220, 401, 881, 940, school specials, Red and Yellow CAT - service disruptions, Transperth website, accessed 20 May 2012

Further reading[edit]

  • Finlayson, Don (1986) Steam around Perth ARHS WA - has photos of the earlier forms of the station - page 55 for example

External links[edit]


Perth
SmartRider Free Transit Zone

Preceding station   Transperth Trains network   Following station
Terminus Armadale Line
All, B, C
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
towards Armadale
Fremantle Line
All, A, B, D, S
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
towards Fremantle
Midland Line
All, A, B, P
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
towards Midland
Mandurah Line
All, K, W
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
Thornlie Line
T
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
towards Thornlie
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
Terminus
Joondalup Line
All, K, W
Zone 1
Preceding station   Transwa Trains network   Following station
Terminus Australind
towards Bunbury