Perth railway station

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This article is about the railway station in Western Australia. For the railway station in Scotland, see Perth railway station, Scotland.
Perth
Transperth Perth Train Station.jpg
Wellington Street entrance in March 2005
Location Wellington Street, Perth
Coordinates 31°57′05″S 115°51′38″E / 31.951493°S 115.860448°E / -31.951493; 115.860448Coordinates: 31°57′05″S 115°51′38″E / 31.951493°S 115.860448°E / -31.951493; 115.860448
Owned by Transperth
Operated by Transperth
Line(s)
Platforms 9 (1 island underground, 1 island above ground & 3 side above ground)
Tracks 9
Connections Buses from Roe Street bus station
Construction
Structure type Ground & underground
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Status Staffed
Station code MPH
Fare zone 1 / Free Transit Zone
History
Opened 1 March 1881
Electrified Yes

Perth railway station is the largest station on the Transperth network serving Perth's central business district. It serves as an interchange between the Armadale, Fremantle, Joondalup, Mandurah and Midland lines as well as Transwa's Australiand service.

History[edit]

View from Platform 6 in October 2007
Underground Platform 2

Establishment[edit]

The foundation stone for the George Temple-Poole designed Perth station was laid on 10 May 1880, with the station opening on 1 March 1881 part of the Eastern Railway from Fremantle to Guildford.[1][2][3] It had one through platform with terminating bay platforms at either end. The Neoclassical style building had a second storey added in 1894 that became the headquarters of the Western Australian Government Railways until 1976.[4] A planned third storey and clocktower were never built.[5][6] The building has been renovated and expanded numerous times since being built, as well as the forecourt entrance area.

The station was the centre of the Western Australian Government Railways system with most regional trains originating from the station. A collection of freight and administrative offices and tearooms were part of the railway station complex.

The railway building has at times housed various commercial operations as well as police offices. The WA Craft Council was a tenant in the 1980s.[7]

For a considerable length of time the forecourt area was used for car parking. This is now very limited except for official vehicles. The building had the Barrack Street and William Street bridges as limiting factors to its development, and in its current state is connected to both bridges by escalators and walkways, though the William Street entrance is fenced off.

Changes[edit]

As early as the 1950s, there were moves and suggestions for the redevelopment of the station area.[8]

Following the cessation of most regional services, the completion of standard gauge tracks to East Perth station, and the relocation of most administrative offices to the Westrail Centre alongside, by the late 1970s Perth station remained as a terminus for The Australind service to Bunbury, as well as Transperth suburban services.

In connection with the electrification of the Armadale line, a ninth platform was added in 1992.[9]

As part of the New MetroRail project, the station was refurbished with new underground platforms built at a 90 degree angle to the existing platforms beneath Gordon Stephenson House to the east of William Street, between Wellington and Murray Streets.[10] The new platforms opened on 15 October 2007.[11][12] The underground platforms, numbered 1 and 2, are known as Perth Underground, but are considered part of the overall Perth station. The existing platforms were refurbished with the above ground platforms reduced from nine to seven.[10]

The underground platforms were linked to the original Perth station via a walkway under Wellington Street, and also via an entrance from the west end of the Murray Street pedestrian mall that opened on 19 December 2013.[13][14]

In September 2013, a new Platform 9 on the Roe Street side of the station opened.[15] This new platform was temporarily used for special event services until mid-December 2013, before becoming part of the Midland line.[16]

Plaques formerly in entrance area to station[edit]

The railway station entrance area had plaques to commemorate the following events:

  • 1 March 1981 – centenary of Fremantle to Guildford railway
  • 14 November 1989 – Perth to Joondalup railway first spike driven
  • 28 September 1991 – introduction of electric trains
  • 11 April 1992 – commissioning of electric train services
  • 25 March 1994 – centenary of railway station

Platforms & services[edit]

Perth Station layout
and surrounding railyard

Platforms currently in use are as follows:

Stop No. Platform Line Stopping pattern(s) Notes
[2776] Perth Underground platforms
99601 Transperth platform 1W.svg Joondalup All, C, K, L, W Pattterns C, K and W only operate on weekdays.[17]
99602 Transperth platform 2W.svg Mandurah All, C, K, W Patterns C, K and W only operate on weekdays.[18]
[2776] Main platforms
99003 Transperth platform 3O.svg Australind All stations Transwa service to Bunbury[19]
99004 Transperth platform 4B.svg Thornlie T [20]
99005 Transperth platform 5B.svg Armadale All, B, C [20]
99006 Transperth platform 6B.svg Armadale C# Peak hours on weekdays only[20]
99007 Transperth platform 7W.svg Fremantle All, A, B, D, K, L, M, S+ [21]
99008 Transperth platform 8W.svg Midland All, A, B, P Services coming from Fremantle tunnel arrive at this platform, proceeding to Midland[22][23]
Joondalup Line pattern P terminates at this platform[17]
99009 Transperth platform 9W.svg Midland Special service platform

Transport links[edit]

Several Transperth bus routes stop at the Perth station. Buses operate from the nearby Roe Street bus station.

Route Destination / Description
[12129] Beaufort Street
 1 CAT  0to Esplanade BusportNorthbridge → Esplanade Busport (Circular service)
[26788] Wellington Street Eastbound
009500 0to Morley Bus Station Beaufort Street
[12901] Wellington Street[24][25][26] Eastbound Red/Yellow CAT
 2 CAT  0to East PerthWest Perth → East Perth (Circular service)
 3 CAT  0Rail replacement service to Wellington Street
[12902] Wellington Street[24][25][26] Eastbound
 160 0to Dianella William Street, North Street, Wood Street, Crawford Road, Browning Street & Alexander Drive
 280 0to WACA Ground, East Perth
 410 0to Bayswater Lord Street, Eight Avenue, Maylands, Caledonian Street, Stone Street & Frington Street
 420 0to Maylands Lord Street & Peninsula Road
 430 0to Bayswater Lord Street, Central Avenue, Maylands, Caledonian Street, Stone Street & Frington Street
 480 0to Morley Bus Station Lord Street, Guildford Road, Bayswater, Langley Road & Embleton
 550 0to Bassendean Lord Street, Guildford Road, Ashfield, Hardy Road & West Road
 600 0to Morley Bus Station William Street, North Street, Dundas Road & Walter Road West
 660 0to Morley Bus Station Beaufort Street & Russell Street (limited stops)
[12924] Wellington Street[24][25][26] Westbound Red/Yellow CAT
 2 CAT  0to East Perth → West Perth → East Perth (Circular service)
 3 CAT  0to West Perth Wellington Street
[26201] Wellington Street[25][26] Westbound
 160 0to Esplanade Busport
 410
 420
 430
 480
 550
 600
 660
 670
 680
 280 0to Claremont Hay Street & Mount Claremont
009500 0to QEII Medical Centre Mounts Bay Road, University of Western Australia & Hampden Road
[10221] William Street[27][28] on Horseshoe Bridge
 1 CAT  0to Esplanade Busport → Northbridge → Esplanade Busport (Circular service)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newland, Andrew; Quinlan, Howard (2000). Australian Railway Routes 1854 - 2000. Redfern: Australian Railway Historical Society. p. 64. ISBN 0-909650-49-7. 
  2. ^ Higham, Geoffrey (2007). Marble Bar to Mandurah: A history of passenger rail services in Western Australia. Bassendean: Rail Heritage WA. pp. 10, 77. ISBN 978 0 9803922 0 3. 
  3. ^ History of Perth Only Perth
  4. ^ Affleck, Fred (1978). On Track: The making of Westrail 1950 - 1976. Western Australian Railways Commission. p. 171. ISBN 0 7244 7560 5. 
  5. ^ Nock, Ossie (1971). Railways of Australia. London: Charles & Black. p. 226. ISBN 0 7136 1190 1. 
  6. ^ Perth Railway Precinct Stage Heritage Office
  7. ^ O'Connor, Porter and Salmon (1987). Challenges : fine Western Australian crafts : Crafts Council of Western Australia, Crafts Council Centre, Perth City Railway Station. Perth, W.A: Crafts Council of W.A. 
  8. ^ New Heart for Perth Society (1953–1974). New Heart for Perth Society records, 1953-1974 (manuscript).  See specifically the section 'Biography'.
  9. ^ Lifting of northern pedestrian overpass at Perth station Government of Western Australia 12 June 1992
  10. ^ Perth CBD's first underground train station in operation ABC News 15 October 2007
  11. ^ Annual Report for year ended 30 June 2008 Public Transport Authority
  12. ^ Pedestrian underpass Public Transport Authority March 2012
  13. ^ Annual Report for year ended 30 June 2014 Public Transport Authority
  14. ^ September 2013 works update Public Transport Authority
  15. ^ Midland Line permanent platform change Transperth 11 December 2013
  16. ^ a b Joondalup Line timetable Transperth 21 September 2014
  17. ^ Mandurah Line timetable Transperth 22 April 2012
  18. ^ Timetables Transwa
  19. ^ a b c Armadale/Thornlie Line timetable Transperth 27 October 2014
  20. ^ Fremantle Line timetable Transperth 18 July 2013
  21. ^ Midland Line Timetable Transperth 18 July 2013
  22. ^ Midland Line - Platform Change Transperth 25 August 2014
  23. ^ a b c Routes 28, 81, 84, 85, 91, 92, 95, 213, 220, 401, School Specials, Blue, Red and Yellow CAT services - Forrest Place disruptions, Transperth website, accessed 10 March 2010
  24. ^ a b c d Routes 28, 81, 84, 91, 92, 213, 220, 401, Red and Yellow CATs – Forrest Place bus stops reintroduction, Transperth website, accessed 1 September 2011
  25. ^ a b c d Routes 23, 28, 30, 31, 34, 78, 79, 81, 92, 102, 107, 213, 220, 401, 881, 940, school specials, Red and Yellow CAT - service disruptions, Transperth website, accessed 20 May 2012
  26. ^ Routes 16, 21, 22, 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 48, 55, 60, 66, 67, 68, 69, 401 and Blue CAT – service disruption, Transperth website, accessed 23 November 2009.
  27. ^ Routes 16, 21, 22, 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 48, 55, 60, 66, 67, 68, 69, 401 and Blue CAT – William Street Horseshoe Bridge completion, Transperth website, accessed 25 June 2010.

Further reading[edit]

  • Finlayson, Don (1986) Steam around Perth ARHS WA - has photos of the earlier forms of the station - page 55 for example

External links[edit]


Perth
SmartRider Free Transit Zone

Preceding station   Transperth Trains network   Following station
Terminus Armadale Line
All, B, C
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
towards Armadale
Fremantle Line
All, A, B, D, K, L, M, S
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
towards Fremantle
Midland Line
All, A, B, P
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
towards Midland
Mandurah Line
All, C, K, W
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
Thornlie Line
T
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
towards Thornlie
SmartRider Free Transit Zone
Terminus
Joondalup Line
All, K, W
Zone 1
Joondalup Line
C, L
Zone 2
towards Clarkson or Butler
Preceding station   Transwa Trains network   Following station
Terminus Australind
towards Bunbury