Peru, Kansas

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Peru, Kansas
City
Location within Chautauqua County and Kansas
Location within Chautauqua County and Kansas
KDOT map of Chautauqua County (legend)
KDOT map of Chautauqua County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°4′53″N 96°5′47″W / 37.08139°N 96.09639°W / 37.08139; -96.09639Coordinates: 37°4′53″N 96°5′47″W / 37.08139°N 96.09639°W / 37.08139; -96.09639[1]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Chautauqua
Area[2]
 • Total 0.32 sq mi (0.83 km2)
 • Land 0.32 sq mi (0.83 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[1] 784 ft (239 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 139
 • Estimate (2015)[4] 130
 • Density 430/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67360
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-55525 [1]
GNIS feature ID 0469138 [1]

Peru is a city in Chautauqua County, Kansas, United States.[1] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 139.[5]

History[edit]

Peru was founded in 1870.[6] It was named by E. R. Cutler, president of the town company, for his hometown of Peru, Illinois.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

Peru is located at 37°4′53″N 96°5′47″W / 37.08139°N 96.09639°W / 37.08139; -96.09639 (37.081299, -96.096277).[1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.32 square miles (0.83 km2), all of it land.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 135
1910 575
1920 570 −0.9%
1930 628 10.2%
1940 487 −22.5%
1950 368 −24.4%
1960 340 −7.6%
1970 289 −15.0%
1980 286 −1.0%
1990 206 −28.0%
2000 183 −11.2%
2010 139 −24.0%
Est. 2015 130 [4] −6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 139 people, 67 households, and 36 families residing in the city. The population density was 434.4 inhabitants per square mile (167.7/km2). There were 99 housing units at an average density of 309.4 per square mile (119.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.0% White, 8.6% Native American, 0.7% from other races, and 8.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population.

There were 67 households of which 19.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.3% were non-families. 43.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the city was 49.3 years. 16.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.4% were from 25 to 44; 35.3% were from 45 to 64; and 22.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.7% male and 45.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 183 people, 87 households, and 50 families residing in the city. The population density was 485.3 people per square mile (185.9/km²). There were 101 housing units at an average density of 267.9 per square mile (102.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.35% White, 1.64% African American, 4.37% Native American, and 1.64% from two or more races.

There were 87 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 40.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,208, and the median income for a family was $31,875. Males had a median income of $15,625 versus $12,143 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,810. About 6.4% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 8.3% of those sixty five or over.

Education[edit]

Peru is served by USD 286 Chautauqua County.[10]

Peru High School was closed through school unification. The Peru High School mascot was Bobkittens.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Highway U.S. Route 166 runs through Peru.

Notable people[edit]

  • Madelyn Dunham (1922-2008), maternal grandmother of Barack Obama, was born in Peru. She died on November 2, 2008, two days before her grandson was elected president.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Peru, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  4. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  6. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 155. 
  7. ^ Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 98 & 280. ISBN 0-8061-0994-7. 
  8. ^ "Profile for Peru, Kansas". ePodunk. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Chautauqua County Community USD 286". USD 286. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Peru High School". classmates.com. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Maps