Peru, Maine

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Peru, Maine
Town
Bird's-eye View
Bird's-eye View
Peru, Maine is located in Maine
Peru, Maine
Peru, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 44°29′41″N 70°26′14″W / 44.49472°N 70.43722°W / 44.49472; -70.43722
Country United States
State Maine
County Oxford
Incorporated 1821
Area[1]
 • Total 47.60 sq mi (123.28 km2)
 • Land 46.68 sq mi (120.90 km2)
 • Water 0.92 sq mi (2.38 km2)
Elevation 807 ft (246 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,541
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,529
 • Density 33.0/sq mi (12.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04290
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-58270
GNIS feature ID 0582673

Peru is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,541 at the 2010 census. In 1970 the town had 1345 residents.

History[edit]

It was granted by the Massachusetts General Court to several residents from Falmouth, Maine. The first grantee to settle would be Merrill Knight in 1793. Organized in 1812 as Plantation Number 1 (also Thompsontown), it was incorporated on February 5, 1821 as the 240th town in Maine. Peru was named in the spirit of liberty and solidarity for Peru, the South American country which declared independence from Spain on July 28, 1821.[4]

With dark soil free from stones, farming was an early industry. The chief crop was hay, and raising sheep became a common occupation. In addition, there were five sawmills which manufactured long and short lumber, as well as specialty products like wooden bowls. In 1870, the population was 931.[5]

Formerly possessing an independent public school department, Peru joined Maine School Administrative District 21 in 2006.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.60 square miles (123.28 km2), of which, 46.68 square miles (120.90 km2) of it is land and 0.92 square miles (2.38 km2) is water.[1] Peru is drained by the Androscoggin River. Worthley Pond, 2 miles long by half a mile wide, is in the southern part of the town.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 343
1830 666 94.2%
1840 1,002 50.5%
1850 1,109 10.7%
1860 1,121 1.1%
1870 931 −16.9%
1880 825 −11.4%
1890 692 −16.1%
1900 773 11.7%
1910 746 −3.5%
1920 738 −1.1%
1930 826 11.9%
1940 965 16.8%
1950 1,080 11.9%
1960 1,229 13.8%
1970 1,345 9.4%
1980 1,564 16.3%
1990 1,541 −1.5%
2000 1,515 −1.7%
2010 1,541 1.7%
Est. 2014 1,514 [6] −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,541 people, 629 households, and 446 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.0 inhabitants per square mile (12.7/km2). There were 909 housing units at an average density of 19.5 per square mile (7.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.6% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.

There were 629 households of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.1% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the town was 47 years. 18.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.4% were from 25 to 44; 36.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,515 people, 585 households, and 436 families residing in the town. The population density was 32.3 people per square mile (12.5/km²). There were 849 housing units at an average density of 18.1 per square mile (7.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.27% White, 0.33% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population.

There were 585 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.98.

West Peru from Dixfield in 1906

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,083, and the median income for a family was $43,047. Males had a median income of $32,171 versus $23,214 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,383. About 3.4% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 44°30′24″N 70°24′19″W / 44.50667°N 70.40528°W / 44.50667; -70.40528