Peru at the FIFA World Cup

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This is a record of Peru's results at the FIFA World Cup. The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

After making their FIFA World Cup debut at Uruguay 1930, Peru next made an impact on the finals at Mexico 1970 where they beat Bulgaria and Morocco to start off the tournament with a surprising bang. The Brazil of Rivelino, Tostao, Jairzinho and Pelé put an end to that adventure 4-2 in the quarter-finals. The World cup of Argentina 1978 saw Peru end up first in their group during the first phase of the tournament, but they were later eliminated after losing all their games in the second phase. Their last World Cup appearance was in that of Spain 1982, a tournament in which Peru was viewed as a favorite. Yet, the problem came when the team basically trained too much and were tired even before the tournament had begun. They were eliminated last in their group, with 2 ties and 1 loss.

History[edit]

Finals[edit]

As one of the 13 national sides that accepted the invitation to the inaugural World Cup, Peru was placed in Group 3 with Romania and hosts Uruguay.[1] With a mere 300 spectators, Peru's match against Romania holds the record of lowest attendance in a World Cup game.[2] Peru lost (1–3) in a violent game where, in the second half, a fight broke out and a Peruvian became the first player sent off in a World Cup.[A] A few days later, Peru and Uruguay played the inaugural match of the Estadio Centenario. The Peruvians were lauded by the spectators for their defense and the impressive ability of forward José María Lavalle; Peru lost by one goal to the eventual champions, who defeated their subsequent opponents by scoring at least 4 goals per game.[1]

Photo of eleven men, six standing and five crouching, inside a stadium
Peru's 1970 World Cup team. Sports historian Richard Henshaw describes them as "the surprise of the 1970 competition, showing flair and a high level of skill".[5]

The Peruvian squad next participated in the Mexico 1970 World Cup, where they were placed in Group 4 with West Germany, Bulgaria, and Morocco.[6] In the first game, Peru's "psychological reaction" to the 1970 Ancash earthquake caused the team to quickly concede two goals to Bulgaria. However, as Brian Glanville stated, "the elusive dribbling of Cubillas, the powerful breaks from the back four of Héctor Chumpitaz, the running of [Hugo] Sotil and [Alberto] Gallardo, turned the tide"; Peru won 3–2.[7] The team proceeded to the quarterfinals as group runner-up after defeating Morocco (3–0) and losing to West Germany (1–3);[6] there, Peru were eliminated by Brazil (2–4) in "a spectacular and effervescent game, a game in which both sides delighted in attack and scorned caution",[8] and where both teams displayed "a feast of open play and goals".[9]

In the Argentina 1978 World Cup, Peru participated as part of Group 4 with Scotland, Iran, and the Netherlands.[10] With a midfield identified "as the best in the world" by Argentine sports magazine El Gráfico,[11] Peru advanced to the second round as group leaders after defeating Scotland (3–1) and Iran (4–1) and drawing with the Netherlands (0–0).[12] The second round was divided into two groups, and Peru's results placed it in Group B with Poland, Brazil, and Argentina. After losing to Brazil (0–3) and Poland (0–1), Peru was practically "out of contention" despite having one more game to play against Argentina.[13] This last match proved controversial because the Peruvians lost by a margin (0–6) that allowed the hosts to reach the final instead of Brazil. Rumors circulated that the match had been fixed,[B] but nothing was ever proved.[15]

Lastly, Peru participated in the Spain 1982 World Cup as part of Group 1 with Italy, Poland, and Cameroon.[16] Prior to the competition, Peru embarked on a practice tour that included victories against Hungary (1–2) in Budapest and France (0–1) in Paris, a tie with Algeria (1–1) in Algiers, and, upon returning home, a victory over Romania (2–0).[17] In the World Cup finals, Peru's opening match against Cameroon ended a scoreless draw. Against Italy, Peru "put on a mix of solid defending and spectacular attacking" that resulted in a draw (1–1) against the eventual champions.[18] Peru only needed another draw to advance in the tournament, and it managed to maintain a favorable scoreless first half against Poland, but a "mixup in the midfield" and a "tired defense" during the second half led to Peru's defeat (1–5) and early elimination.[19]

Qualifiers[edit]

1970: Having eliminated Bolivia and Argentina in the qualifiers.[20][C]

1978: After eliminating Chile and Ecuador in the qualifiers,[17]

1982: Following another successful campaign, eliminating Colombia and favorites Uruguay (the 1980 Mundialito winners) in the qualifiers,[22][23]

Peru almost qualified for Mexico 1986 once more nearly eliminating Argentina. In the final qualifying match for qualifier . However, they were faced the Argentina of Maradona. Peru led 2-1 in Buenos Aires, but Diego Armando Maradona inspired his team to a 2-2 draw which sent Argentina into the World Cup which they would later win.

Peru was thus forced to face Chile in a play-off, they lost 4-2 on Santiago and 1-0 on Lima. This was to be Peru's closest chance of qualifying until 1998.

Peru was grouped for the 1990 World Cup qualification along with Bolivia and Uruguay. All their singles games were lost, and only two goals were scored (One by José del Solar and the other by Andres Gonzales). Julio César Uribe was considered one of the best players of the team at that time.

The campaign to reach France 1998 was settled only on goal difference, as they finished even on points with Chile. The qualifying system had changed and now all teams were to face each other, and Peru had been able to maintain the 4th spot until the next-to-last match when they faced Chile at Santiago. The game was quite humiliating, specially due to the aggressions the Peruvian team faced from the Chileans. As far as it currently goes, this is currently Peru's last closest chance to qualifying.

The preliminaries for Korea/Japan 2002 were certainly not any respite from that, as the team finished eighth in the group with just four wins in eighteen matches. The fact that they only managed to score 14 goals demonstrated how far the attack had fallen since the days of Cubillas. Particularly low points of the qualifying tournament included a 3-0 loss at Venezuela and defeats in over half of their home matches to Uruguay, Ecuador, Argentina, Colombia and Brazil.

During the years of 2004 and 2005, Peru participated in the qualifier for the Germany 2006 World Cup. Peru this time hit the ground hard as conflicts with the team's management soon showed poor results in the games that were to follow. Paulo Autuori managed the squad, but was not able to achieve popularity due to a disastrous campaign that led Peru into 8th place just above Bolivia and Venezuela. Freddy Ternero also momentarily managed the squad, but was dismissed due to problems with the FPF.

The 2010 qualifiers, beginning in 2007, resulted in another set of problems for the Peruvian team. In their first four games, the team had only achieved 2 ties (both at home) and 2 losses. Not only that, but controversies between the FPF and the IPD (Peruvian Sports Institute) caused problems outside of the field for the national team.

Furthermore, a scandal shook the team as it was discovered, with informational support of prominent figures such as Jaime Bayly, that several of the players had been partying during the time they were supposedly "concentrating" for a match against Brazil. Since then, Claudio Pizarro (SV Werder Bremen), Jefferson Farfán (Schalke 04), Andrés Mendoza (Diyarbakırspor) and Santiago Acasiete (UD Almería), important figures in the team, were never considered again for the national team by coach José del Solar.

The 2008 season resulted with 3 losses, including 6-0 loss against Uruguay, 2 draws against Argentina and Colombia, and only 1 game won against Venezuela.

In 2009 "la blanquirroja" couldn't revert the situation, being the first team eliminated, at the 14th round. They only won 2 matches during this year, against Uruguay and Bolivia .

Match records[edit]

Finals[edit]

FIFA World Cup History
Year Round Score Result Scorers
1930 Round 1  Peru 1 – 3  Romania Lost Souza Ferreira Goal 75'
Round 1  Peru 0 – 1  Uruguay Lost
1970 Round 1  Peru 3 – 2  Bulgaria Won Gallardo Goal 50'
Chumpitaz Goal 55'
Cubillas Goal 73'
Round 1  Peru 3 – 0  Morocco Won Cubillas Goal 65' Goal 75'
Challe Goal 67'
Round 1  Peru 1 – 3  Germany Lost Cubillas Goal 44'
Quarterfinals  Peru 2 – 4  Brazil Lost Gallardo Goal 28'
Cubillas Goal 70'
1978 Round 1  Peru 3 – 1  Scotland Won Cueto Goal 43'
Cubillas Goal 70' Goal 76'
Round 1  Peru0 – 0  Netherlands Drawn
Round 1  Peru 4 – 1  Iran Won Velásquez Goal 2'
Cubillas Goal 36' (pen.) Goal 39' (pen.) Goal 79'
Round 2  Peru 0 – 3  Brazil Lost
Round 2  Peru 0 – 1  Poland Lost
Round 2  Peru 0 – 6  Argentina Lost
1982 Round 1  Peru 0 – 0  Cameroon Drawn
Round 1  Peru 1 – 1  Italy Drawn Díaz Goal 83'
Round 1  Peru 1 – 5  Poland Lost La Rosa Goal 83'

Qualifiers[edit]

FIFA World Cup Qualification History
Year Round H/A Score Result
1958 Group 1 H  Peru 1 – 1  Brazil Drawn
Group 1 A  Peru 0 – 1  Brazil Lost
1962 Group 3 A  Peru 0 – 1  Colombia Lost
Group 3 H  Peru 1 – 1  Colombia Drawn
1966 Group 1 H  Peru 1 – 0  Venezuela Won
Group 1 A  Peru 6 – 3  Venezuela Won
Group 1 H  Peru 0 – 1  Uruguay Lost
Group 1 A  Peru 1 – 2  Uruguay Lost
1970 Group 1 H  Peru 1 – 0  Argentina Won
Group 1 A  Peru 1 – 2  Bolivia Lost
Group 1 H  Peru 3 – 0  Bolivia Won
Group 1 A  Peru 2 – 2  Argentina Drawn
1974 Group 3 H  Peru 2 – 0  Chile Won
Group 3 A  Peru 0 – 2  Chile Lost
Play Off N  Peru 1 – 2  Chile Lost
1978 Group 3 A  Peru 1 – 1  Ecuador Drawn
Group 3 A  Peru 1 – 1  Chile Drawn
Group 3 H  Peru 4 – 0  Ecuador Won
Group 3 H  Peru 2 – 0  Chile Won
Final Round A  Peru 0 – 1  Brazil Lost
Final Round H  Peru 5 – 0  Bolivia Won
1982 Group 2 A  Peru 1 – 1  Colombia Drawn
Group 2 H  Peru 2 – 0  Colombia Won
Group 2 A  Peru 2 – 1  Uruguay Won
Group 2 H  Peru 0 – 0  Uruguay Drawn
1986 Group 1 A  Peru 0 – 1  Colombia Lost
Group 1 A  Peru 1 – 0  Venezuela Won
Group 1 H  Peru 0 – 0  Colombia Drawn
Group 1 H  Peru 4 – 1  Venezuela Won
Group 1 H  Peru 1 – 0  Argentina Won
Group 1 A  Peru 2 – 2  Argentina Drawn
Play Off A  Peru 2 – 4  Chile Lost
Play Off H  Peru 0 – 1  Chile Lost
1990 Group 1 A  Peru 1 – 2  Bolivia Lost
Group 1 H  Peru 0 – 2  Uruguay Lost
Group 1 H  Peru 1 – 2  Bolivia Lost
Group 1 A  Peru 0 – 2  Uruguay Lost
1994 Group 1 H  Peru 0 – 1  Argentina Lost
Group 1 H  Peru 0 – 1  Colombia Lost
Group 1 A  Peru 1 – 2  Paraguay Lost
Group 1 A  Peru 1 – 2  Argentina Lost
Group 1 A  Peru 0 – 4  Colombia Lost
Group 1 H  Peru 2 – 2  Paraguay Drawn
1998 A  Peru 1 – 4  Ecuador Lost
H  Peru 1 – 1  Colombia Drawn
H  Peru 0 – 0  Argentina Drawn
A  Peru 0 – 0  Bolivia Drawn
H  Peru 4 – 1  Venezuela Won
A  Peru 0 – 2  Uruguay Lost
H  Peru 2 – 1  Chile Won
A  Peru 1 – 2  Paraguay Lost
H  Peru 1 – 1  Ecuador Drawn
A  Peru 1 – 0  Colombia Won
A  Peru 0 – 2  Argentina Lost
H  Peru 2 – 1  Bolivia Won
A  Peru 3 – 0  Venezuela Won
H  Peru 2 – 1  Uruguay Won
A  Peru 0 – 4  Chile Lost
H  Peru 1 – 0  Paraguay Won
2002 H  Peru 2 – 0  Paraguay Won
A  Peru 1 – 1  Chile Drawn
H  Peru 0 – 1  Brazil Lost
A  Peru 1 – 2  Ecuador Lost
H  Peru 0 – 1  Colombia Lost
A  Peru 0 – 0  Uruguay Drawn
H  Peru 1 – 0  Venezuela Won
H  Peru 1 – 2  Argentina Lost
A  Peru 0 – 1  Bolivia Lost
A  Peru 1 – 5  Paraguay Lost
H  Peru 3 – 1  Chile Won
A  Peru 1 – 1  Brazil Drawn
H  Peru 1 – 2  Ecuador Lost
A  Peru 1 – 0  Colombia Won
H  Peru 0 – 2  Uruguay Lost
A  Peru 0 – 3  Venezuela Lost
A  Peru 0 – 2  Argentina Lost
H  Peru 1 – 1  Bolivia Drawn
2006 H  Peru 4 – 1  Paraguay Won
A  Peru 1 – 2  Chile Lost
H  Peru 1 – 1  Brazil Drawn
A  Peru 0 – 0  Ecuador Drawn
H  Peru 0 – 2  Colombia Lost
A  Peru 3 – 1  Uruguay Won
H  Peru 0 – 0  Venezuela Drawn
H  Peru 1 – 3  Argentina Lost
A  Peru 0 – 1  Bolivia Lost
A  Peru 1 – 1  Paraguay Drawn
H  Peru 2 – 1  Chile Won
A  Peru 0 – 1  Brazil Lost
H  Peru 2 – 2  Ecuador Drawn
A  Peru 0 – 5  Colombia Lost
H  Peru 0 – 0  Uruguay Drawn
A  Peru 1 – 4  Venezuela Lost
A  Peru 0 – 2  Argentina Lost
H  Peru 4 – 1  Bolivia Won
2010 H  Peru 0 – 0  Paraguay Drawn
A  Peru 0 – 2  Chile Lost
H  Peru 1 – 1  Brazil Drawn
A  Peru 1 – 5  Ecuador Lost
H  Peru 1 – 1  Colombia Drawn
A  Peru 0 – 6  Uruguay Lost
H  Peru 1 – 0  Venezuela Won
H  Peru 1 – 1  Argentina Drawn
A  Peru 0 – 3  Bolivia Lost
A  Peru 0 – 1  Paraguay Lost
H  Peru 1 – 3  Chile Lost
A  Peru 0 – 3  Brazil Lost
H  Peru 1 – 2  Ecuador Lost
A  Peru 0 – 1  Colombia Lost
H  Peru 1 – 0  Uruguay Won
A  Peru 1 – 3  Venezuela Lost
A  Peru 1 – 2  Argentina Lost
H  Peru 1 – 0  Bolivia Won
2014 H  Peru 2 – 0  Paraguay Won
A  Peru 2 – 4  Chile Lost
A  Peru 0 – 2  Ecuador Lost
H  Peru 0 – 1  Colombia Lost
A  Peru 2 – 4  Uruguay Lost
H  Peru 2 – 1  Venezuela Won
H  Peru 1 – 1  Argentina Drawn
A  Peru 1 – 1  Bolivia Drawn
A  Peru 0 – 1  Paraguay Lost
H  Peru 1 – 0  Chile Won
H  Peru 1 – 0  Ecuador Won
A  Peru 0 – 2  Colombia Lost
H  Peru 1 – 2  Uruguay Lost
A  Peru 2 – 3  Venezuela Lost
A  Peru 1 – 3  Argentina Lost
H  Peru 1 – 1  Bolivia Drawn

Player records[edit]

Manager records[edit]

FIFA World Cup record[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to FIFA, the player was defender Plácido Galindo,[3] but forward Souza Ferreira and other sources contend that it was midfielder Mario de las Casas.[4]
  2. ^ The unproven allegations were that Peruvian goalkeeper Ramón Quiroga (who was born in Argentina) feared hatred from his birthplace, that Peru simply did not want Brazil to reach the final, and that a government deal between Peru and Argentina arranged the result.[13][14]
  3. ^ The 1970 World Cup qualifying match between Peru and Bolivia in La Paz is infamously remembered for being fixed by Argentina in favor of Bolivia. Match referee Sergio Chechelev annulled a valid goal from Peru without any justification. Years later, Chechelev admitted that Argentina had paid him to favor Bolivia.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jaime Pulgar-Vidal Otálora (24 February 2007). "Peru en El Mundial del 30" (in Spanish). Jaimepulgarvidal.blogspot.com. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Lennox 2009, p. 61.
  3. ^ "101 Facts" (PDF). FIFA Magazine. June–July 2006. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Pedro Canelo (11 May 2010). "El primer expulsado en la historia de los mundiales fue peruano" (in Spanish). El Comercio.pe. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Henshaw 1979, p. 572.
  6. ^ a b Henshaw 1979, p. 805.
  7. ^ Glanville 2010, p. 169.
  8. ^ Glanville 2010, p. 176.
  9. ^ Goldblatt 2008, p. 393.
  10. ^ Henshaw 1979, p. 810.
  11. ^ Panfichi & Vich 2005, p. 161.
  12. ^ Dunmore 2011, p. 101.
  13. ^ a b Christopher 2010, p. "Working the System?".
  14. ^ Edwards & Skinner 2006, p. 81.
  15. ^ Witzig 2006, p. 451.
  16. ^ Lisi 2011, p. 160.
  17. ^ a b José Luis Pierrend (6 March 2012). "Peru International Results". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  18. ^ Lisi 2011, p. 162.
  19. ^ Lisi 2011, p. 166.
  20. ^ "The Silence of the Bombonera". FIFA.com. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  21. ^ Horacio Zimmerman (8 March 2012). "Escándalos arbitrales que marcaron el futuro de equipos peruanos" (in Spanish). El Comercio.pe. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  22. ^ "Fuimos héroes: cuando Perú dio la sorpresa y sumó puntos memorables" (in Spanish). El Comercio.pe. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  23. ^ "World Cup 1982 qualifications: South America". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Christopher, Matt (2010). World Cup. New York: Little, Brown, and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-08857-2. 
  • Dunmore, Tom (2011). Historical Dictionary of Soccer. Plymouth: Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-8108-7188-5. 
  • Edwards, Allan; Skinner, James (2006). Sport Empire. New York: Meyer & Meyer Sport. ISBN 1-84126-168-8. 
  • Glanville, Brian (2010). The Story of the World Cup: The Essential Companion to South Africa 2010. London: Faber & Faber Limited. ISBN 978-0-571-23605-3. 
  • Goldblatt, David (2008). The Ball is Round. New York: Riverhead Trade. ISBN 1-59448-296-9. 
  • Henshaw, Richard (1979). The Encyclopedia of World Soccer. Washington, D.C.: New Republic Books. ISBN 0-915220-34-2. 
  • Lennox, Doug (2009). Now You Know Soccer. Toronto: Dundurn Press Limited. ISBN 978-1-55488-416-2. 
  • Panfichi, Aldo; Vich, Victor (2005). "Political and Social Fantasies in Peruvian Football: The Tragedy of Alianza Lima in 1987". In Darby, Paul; Johnes, Martin; Mellor, Gavin. Soccer and Disaster: International Perspectives. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5352-7. 
  • Witzig, Richard (2006). The Global Art of Soccer. Harahan: CusiBoy Publishing. ISBN 0-9776688-0-0. 
  • Lisi, Clemente Angelo (2011). History of the World Cup: 1930–2010. Plymouth: Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-8108-7753-5.