Perunad

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Ranni-Perunad
റാന്നി-പെരുനാട്
Village
Coordinates: 9°22′0″N 76°52′15″E / 9.36667°N 76.87083°E / 9.36667; 76.87083Coordinates: 9°22′0″N 76°52′15″E / 9.36667°N 76.87083°E / 9.36667; 76.87083
Country  India
State Kerala
District Pathanamthitta
Government
 • Body Perunad grama panchayath
Area
 • Total 82.06 km2 (31.68 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 22,130
 • Density 270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 689711
Telephone code 04735
Vehicle registration KL-03, KL-62
Nearest city Ranni and Vadasserikkara
Lok Sabha constituency Pathanamthitta
Vidhan Sabha constituency Ranny
Website lsgkerala.in/

Perunad (Ranni-Perunad) is a scenic hilly village in Pathanamthitta district, Kerala state, India[1] It's located on the banks of Pamba River and Kakkadu River.

Perunad is located on the main road to Sabarimala, the Mannarakkulanji-Chalakkayam State Highway. National Highway 183A (Adoor to Vandiperiyar) also passes through Perunad. It is surrounded by the villages Chittar, Vadasserikkara and Naranammoozhy. The road to Gavi, Angamoozhy, Kakki and Moozhiyar passes through the village. A part of the famous Periyar Tiger Reserve is situated in this Panchayat. R-Perunad Panchayath Office is based at Perunad village. Perunad police station , Perunad village office , KSEB office and Community health centre are all situated close to each other near Perunad Ambalam junction.

Perunad is chiefly a plantation village, the important cash crop being rubber, pepper, ginger, coconut and food crops like tapioca, banana, pineapple, Rambuttan. The economy of Perunad has gone for a toss with dip in rubber prices going below 100. People are now moving to newer areas like mixed farming with cattle breeding, fruits yielding trees like Rambutan ,Pineapple, Banana,Tapioca etc.

Administration[edit]

Perunad comes under the Ranni block of Ranni taluk in Pathanamthitta district. The current president of the panchayath is Smt. Beena Saji.

Wards in Perunad panchayath[edit]

  • Mukkam
  • Perunad
  • Madathummoozhy
  • Puthukkada
  • Arayanjilimon
  • Thulappally
  • Naranamthodu
  • Kisumom
  • Sabarimala
  • Manakkayam
  • Kannanumon
  • Nedumon
  • Mambara
  • Kakkad
  • Madamon

Pilgrim centers[edit]

Kakkattu koikkal sastha temple[edit]

Perunad is noted for the Kakkattu Koikkal Sree Dharma Sastha Temple. The processions of Thiruvabharanam and "Thanka Anki" - The Royal Ornaments of Lord Ayyappa halt here. The Ayyappa idol in the temple used to get decorated with "Thiruvabharanam" for a day (Jan 21) during its return trip from Sabarimala to Pandalam palace. This gives an opportunity for the women to witness Lord Ayyappa decorated with Thiruvabharanam as young women do not enter the Sabarimala temple. Thousands of people turn up for this annual event from all parts of south Kerala. Also a temple for Malikapurathamma is situated near the Ayyappa temple in Perunad.

Bethany St. Thomas orthodox church[edit]

Bethany Ashram And The Parish (Bethany Pally) was Founded in the same Year 1928, The First Parish in Eastern Area of Malankara Orthodox Syrian church under the Nilakkal diocese. The land for the parish was donated by Bethany ashram foundation stone of the first church was lais in 1918 by Ref. Fr. P. T Geevargheese and Dn. Alexious.

Renovation & Extension of the present Church was started on 23rd November 2008 by Very Rev. Fr. Christophorus Remban. Foundation stone was laid by Rev. Fr. F. K Thomas Tharayath on 1st December 2008 and Consecrated by, H. G Mathews Mar Theodosious on 8th March 2009. The Church provides opportunities for people to worship which includes praise, thanks giving, confession, petition, reading of the Scriptures, and dedication. The Holy Eucharist is offered every Sunday. The church has M. G. O. C. S. M, Prayer Groups, Marthamariam Samajam, Youth League and Sunday school and regularly conducts Bible study classes, retreats, evangelistic meetings, social and charitable activities. The parish with a strength of more than 150+ families grows in faith day by day.

  • One of the most important pilgrim centres in India- Sabarimala Sree Sastha Temple- is located in Perunad Panchayat. Perunad is an important resting and stopping point for pilgrims to take bath in Pampa/Kakkad rivers and is a major stop over for food/fuel/ATM/hospitals/police station etc. before moving into forest areas on the way to Sabarimala hills.
  • Malankara Catholic Pilgrim Centre is of religious importance. Bethany CMS Anglican Church is also an ancient Church in Perunad. St. Jude Catholic Church. Also Pentecostal Churches (IPC, Koonamkara, Church of God in India and Assemblies of God) have their churches in Perunad village.
  • Juma Masjid and Madrassa at Vayaramaruthy is an Islamic prayer mosque and educational centre for Muslims in Perunad
  • A temple with Sree Narayana Guru as deity is located at Velliya Paalum junction.
  • A 100-year-old Malankara Marthoma Syrian church (renovated on January 2017) in Madathumoozhy.
  • A famous pilgrim centre is the Bethany ashramam which is located on the Bethany Hills.

Educational institutions[edit]

  • Believers Church Caarmel Engineering College, Koonamkara - just 2 km from Perunad village office.
  • Perunad High School- Just 0.5 km from Perunad village office.
  • Bethany St. Mary's GHS- Just 1 km from Perunad Village office.
  • Perunad LP school - Just 0.2 km from Perunad village office.
  • Kisumam Govt H. S. S
  • Govt U P School Madamon.- Just 3 km from Perunad village office.

Economy[edit]

Perunad is known for its greenery and natural beauty, rivers flowing through Perunad are Pamba and Kakkad. Kakkad river joins river Pamba at Pothumoodu junction on its onward journey. Rubber, Pepper, Banana, coconut, ginger, pineapple, Rambutan are the main cultivations.

Transportation[edit]

1. By Air Chipsan Aviation helicopter service from Nedumbassery airport to Perunad Helipad (Kuttikayam helipad). 2. Both state-run KSRTC and private operated buses connect Perunad to Pathanamthitta and Ranni towns. 3. Auto rickshaws and taxis are available and generally hired for short distance (1–3 km) where bus service are non-existent or rare. 4. Jeep & Car is another preferred mode of transport.

Heliport[edit]

Perunad Heliport (helipad) is situated in Kuttikayam estate, Mampara road. Which is known as Sabarimala helipad. Chipsan Aviation Pvt Ltd, having service from various location. Most of the Sabarimala pilgrimages are using this heliport.

Railway[edit]

The nearest railway stations are at Thiruvalla (44 km) and Chengannur (40 km). Nearest busstand to Perunad is KSRTC stands in Pathanamthitta (17 km) and Ranni(13 km). There is a big chain of bus services from private and KSRTC. The KSRTC Pamba buses plies through the village 24 hours to Pamba during Sabarimala season from Pathanamthitta and Chengannur . You can reach perunad in 30–45 minutes by private bus from Pathanamthitta[17;km] and in 20–30 minutes from Ranni[13;km].

Airport[edit]

Trivandrum International Airport (123 km) and Cochin International Airport, at Nedumbassery (130 km), Kochi are the airports conveniently used to reach here. Proposed Sabarimala airport project is planning on perunad Panchayath at laha Estate which comes around 3 km from Madathummoozhy Junction . if it comes up will become the nearest airport in Pathanamthitta & Kottayam district.

Main places[edit]

Madathummoozhy, Perunad Market, Koonamkara, Kolamala, Puthukkada, Kannanumon, Lahai, Mampara, Pambavalley, Thulappally, Valiya palam, Poovathummoodu and Madamon are the major places in this village. Perunthenaruvi [13 km] from Perunad is an important tourist point near Perunad via Athikayam you reach these water falls . You need to walk a little to enjoy these falls. You need to take care from falling into these falls and you have to carry food/water in these unexplored forests. There are 2 hospitals in perunad. 1. Community Health Centre, near Perunad panchayath office 2. Bethany Hospital, near Bethanypally perunad.

Major nationalized banks in perunad is Central Bank of India at Madathummoozhy and an SBT, SBI and CBI ATM counters at Madathummoozhy. Perunad Sahakarana Bank and Pathanamthitta Cooperative Bank too have offices here so does Muthoot, Mulamootil and a few other non banking finance companies . Akshya E-centre (Paurnami Computers) is an important e-governance centre for people is in Madathumoozhy, Perunad. Nearest petrol/diesel pump between Pampa and Vadasserikkara is at Velliyapalam. . . Vishwanath fuels, Velliyapalam/Perunad. Perunad has offices for state treasury /kerala state beverages corporation outlets.

Government Hospital

Community Health Centre, Ranni-Perunad, situated near to Perunad gramapanchayath office, is 17 km away from Pathanamthitta. The institution is under the Department of Health Services, Government of Kerala. It caters to a population of nearly 22, 000. Primary health care services are delivered at this centre. The public health sector of the panchayath is solely under the control of community health centre. National health programs like UIP, NPCDCS, RNTCP, IDSP, etc. are implemented through the centre.

Climate[edit]

Like the rest of the state, Perunad has a wet and maritime tropical climate. The region receives most of the rain from the South-West monsoon from June to August and the North-East monsoon during October and November. Although the summer is from March to May, it receives locally developed thundershowers in May. Due to the higher elevation, the climate is cooler towards the eastern area. It's hot and humid throughout the year except for rainy season from June–August. Perunad has cool nights and mornings during October–December, generally it's hot and sweaty in 9-10 out of 12 months in a year. It's difficult to believe but true to learn that Perunad used to be cool place like Munnar or Ponmudi around a century back and Tea used to be the major crop then later on climatic changes led to coffee and much later on to rubber which continues to be the crop in presently hot and humid climate of Perunad.

Dam and projects[edit]

33kv sub Station at Perunad

There are two main dams

  • Maniyar dam
  • Perunad hydro electric project

One Hydal Electric Project is opened here in February 2012. Both government and private hospitals, libraries, recreation clubs are also here.

Religion[edit]

Hinduism and Christianity are the main religions followed here. People from all communities. Hindus, Christians and Muslims co-exist harmoniously in this village.

Politics[edit]

Pathanamthitta assembly constituency was part of the Idukki (Lok Sabha constituency) but now Pathanamthitta is a separate Lok Sabha constituency. Sri. Anto Antony of Indian National Congress is the MP from Pathanamthitta parliament and Sri. Raju Abraham of CPM is the MLA from Ranni assembly seat. R-Perunad panchayath a Communist stronghold but lost to its rivals Congress party led UDF for the first time in over 40 years. President of R-Perunad panchayath is Smt. Beena Saji of Congress. Vice President of R-Perunad panchayath Sri. Jiju Sreedhar of Kerala Congress (M).

Demographics[edit]

Perunad has a history of between 200–300 years of human inhabitation and first settlers were agriculturists and even stories of a Malayalis revolt against British is based on hearsay in a place near Mampara. As of 2011 India census, Perunad had a population of 15018 with 7192males and 7820 females.[1] 88% of people are literate in Perunad however 62% of them are not employed especially women.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Population Finder :Sub District-wise Details". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2009-09-15.