Peruvian Army

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Peruvian Army
Ejército del Perú
Emblem of the Peruvian Army.svg
Country Peru
Allegiance President of Peru
Size78,400 active
Motto(s)Hasta quemar el último cartucho (English: "Until the last cartridge has been fired")
ColorsRed and white
March"Himno del Ejército del Perú"[1]
AnniversariesDecember 9, Army Day
June 7, Battle of Arica and National Flag Day
EngagementsPeruvian War of Independence
Peruvian intervention in Bolivia of 1828
Gran Colombia–Peru War
War of the Confederation
War between Perú and Bolivia 1841-42
Ecuadorian–Peruvian territorial dispute of 1857–60
Chincha Islands War
War of the Pacific
Insurrection from Loreto
The conflict of the Pedrera 1911
Colombo-peruvian war
Ecuadorian–Peruvian War
Paquisha War
Internal conflict in Peru
Cenepa War
Commanding General of the ArmyCésar Astudillo Salcedo
José de San Martín
(founding Commanding General)
FlagFlag of the Peruvian Army.svg

The Peruvian Army (Spanish: Ejército del Perú, abbreviated EP) is the branch of the Peruvian Armed Forces tasked with safeguarding the independence, sovereignty and integrity of national territory on land through military force. Additional missions include assistance in safeguarding internal security, conducting disaster relief operations and participating in international peacekeeping operations. It celebrates the anniversary of the Battle of Ayacucho (1824) on December 9.


Military traditions in Peruvian territory go back to prehispanic times, ranging from small armed bands to the large armies assembled by the Inca Empire. After the Spanish conquest, small garrisons were kept at strategic locations but no standing army existed until the Bourbon reforms of the 18th century. The main purpose of this force was the defense of the Viceroyalty from pirates and corsairs as well as internal rebellions.


Peruvian Army
Emblem of the Peruvian Army.svg

History of the Peruvian Army
Battles of the Peruvian Army
Senior officers
Officer rank insignia
Enlisted rate insignia
Military Academy

The Ejército del Perú was officially established on August 18, 1821 when the government of general José de San Martín established the Legión Peruana de la Guardia (Peruvian Guard Legion), although some militia units had been formed before. Peruvian troops were key participants in the final campaign against Spanish rule in South America, under the leadership of general Simón Bolívar, which ended victoriously in the battles of Junín and Ayacucho in 1824.

19th century[edit]

Battle of Arica, July 7, 1880.
Painting by Juan Lepiani

After the War of Independence the strong position of the Army and the lack of solid political institutions meant that every Peruvian president until 1872 held some military rank. The Ejército del Perú also had a major role in the definition of national borders by participating in several wars against neighbor countries. This included a conflict against Gran Colombia (1828-1829) where naval victories were obtained and the blockade of Guayaquil but had setbacks in Tarqui, after that an armistice is signed where it is indicated that it remains in statu quo, the Great Colombia dissolves months later product of the war with Peru, the wars of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation (1836-1839), two military invasions to Bolivia and the subsequent expulsion of Bolivian troops from Peruvian soil (1828 and 1841) and a successful occupation of Ecuador (1858-1860). Starting in 1842, increased state revenues from guano. Exports allowed the expansion and modernization of the Army, as well as the consolidation of its political power. These improvements were an important factor in the defeat of a Spanish naval expedition at the Battle of Callao (1866). However, continuous overspending and a growing public debt led to a chronic fiscal crisis in the 1870s which severely affected defense budgets. The consequent lack of military preparedness combined with bad leadership were major causes of Peru's defeat against Chile in the War of the Pacific (1879–1883). The reconstruction of the Army started slowly after the war due to a general lack of funds. A major turning point in this process was the arrival in 1896 of a French Military Mission contracted by president Nicolás de Piérola. By 1900 the peacetime strength of the army was evaluated at six infantry battalions (nearly 2,000 soldiers), two regiments and four squadrons and cavalry (between six and seven hundred soldiers), and one artillery regiment (just over 500 soldiers) for a total of 3,075 personnel.[2] A military school was reportedly operating in the Chorrillos District of Lima and French officers were continuing to assist in the army's reorganization.[3]

20th century[edit]

During the early years of the 20th century the Peruvian Army underwent a series of reforms under the guidance of the French Military Mission which operated in the periods 1896–1914, 1919–1924 and 1932–1939. Changes included the streamlining of the General Staff, the establishment of the Escuela Superior de Guerra (War College) in 1904, the creation of four military regions (North, Center, South and Orient) in 1905 and a general professionalization of the military career. Improvements such as these were fundamental for the good performance of the Army in the border skirmishes with Colombia (Colombian troops are expelled from the territory of La Pedrera in 1911 and the Peruvian Colombian war in 1933) and a victorious war against Ecuador (1941).

Even though the Peruvian Army was not involved in World War II, this conflict had a significant effect in its development, mainly through the replacement of French military influence by that of the United States. A US military mission started operations in 1945 followed by an influx of surplus American military equipment delivered as military aid or sold at a very low cost.

Washington also established itself as the leader of continental defense through the creation of the Inter-American Defense Board in 1942 and the signing of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance in 1947. A parallel development was the founding in 1950 of the Centro de Altos Estudios Militares (CAEM, Center of High Military Studies) for the formation of officers in the major problems of the nation beyond those related to its military defense.

The Peruvian Army was the main protagonist of the Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas (Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces), an institutionalized military government that ruled the country between 1968 and 1980. During this period, defense expenditures underwent exponential growth allowing a rapid expansion of the Armed Forces and an unprecedented level of weapon acquisitions. In the early 1970s, US influence over the Army was replaced by a massive influx of Soviet training and equipment, including T-55 tanks, the BM-21 Grad, AK series rifles and the BTR series APCs plus a new Soviet-styled national military strategy of regaining the lost southern provinces which were now part of Chile. Political power returned to the civilians in the 1980s, but the rise of the terrorist insurgent group Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path) prompted the deployment of several Army units in a counter-insurgency role. Human rights violations associated with this intervention and a sharp decrease in the defense budget due to a general economic crisis caused serious problems for the Army morale and readiness as well as a strain on civil-military relations.

In 1981 during the government of Belaúnde Terry, the Paquisha war broke out where 3 infiltrated bases from Ecuador were detected in Peruvian territory on the source of the Comaina River, ending with the eviction and bombardment of Ecuadorian bases.

The presidency of Alberto Fujimori (1990–2000) saw the Army regain protagonism in the public scene, but its increased political power led to some cases of corruption. The internal conflict ceased for the most part after the capture in 1992 of Abimael Guzmán, leader of the terrorist group Shining Path, but a brief border war with Ecuador broke out in 1995. During this period, women were incorporated into the Army first as conscripts in 1993 and then as officers in 1997. Army commandos had an important participation in operation Chavín de Huantar which put an end to the Japanese embassy hostage crisis. In 1999, one year after the signing of a peace treaty with Ecuador conscription was abolished and replaced by a voluntary military service for both genders.

21st century[edit]

Peruvian Infantry disembarking from Infantry Fighting Vehicles in the Cruz de Hueso Exercise, 2007

The downfall of the Alberto Fujimori regime left the Peruvian Army in a difficult state, with some of its senior officers compromised in scandals of corruption and human rights violations. Several reforms were undertaken during the presidencies of Valentín Paniagua (2000–2001) and Alejandro Toledo (2001–2006), among them the prosecution of criminal cases related to the military, the reorganization of the military rank system and an increased civilian supervision through a revamped Ministry of Defense. The outcome of this and other initiatives is a major factor of order, major preparation, new equipment and development of the Ejército del Perú. G-3 America (G3 and Associates International Corporation) facilitated the incorporation of new technology to eliminate or reduce terrorism. They have been working tenaciously in getting the right equipment for the Armed Forces while working with the US State Department and US companies to accomplish it.

The Ollanta Humalla administration has also had the Army engaged in training members of Peru's indigenous peoples for the duties of national defense as well as, through the BECA 18 program, helping to reduce poverty while teaching the youth of the values of national service. His term also saw the revival of the Army's modernization process with the arrival of the Type 81 MRL, pushing its BM-21s into retirement.


Cavalry Regiment of the Chorrillos Military School.

The current Commanding General of the Peruvian Army is General Ricardo Moncada Oblitas.Land forces are subordinated to the Ministry of Defense and ultimately to the President as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. They are organized as follows:

Operational units are assigned to one of the following military regions, which are directly subordinate to the Army General Command through the Ground Operations Command.

Región Militar del Norte[edit]

North Military Region and 1st Division, headquartered at Piura

Región Militar del Centro[edit]

Peruvian Special Forces marching in 2016.

Central/North Central Military Region and 2nd Division, headquartered at Lima

Región Militar del Sur[edit]

Peruvian Army March – Cusco, Peru

South Military Region and 3rd division, headquartered at Arequipa

  • 3rd Armored Brigade (Moquegua)
  • 6th Armored Brigade
  • 3rd Cavalry Brigade (Tacna)
  • 4th Mountain Brigade (Puno)
  • 5th Mountain Brigade (Cuzco)
  • 6th Special Forces Brigade
  • 3rd Divisional Communications Brigade
  • 3rd Divisional Air Defense Artillery

Región Militar del Oriente[edit]

Eastern Military Region and 5th Division, headquartered at Iquitos

  • 5th Jungle Brigade (Iquitos)
  • 35th Jungle Brigade
  • 115th Logistics Brigade

Region Militar V[edit]

4th (South Central) Military Region and Division

  • 2nd Infantry Brigade
  • 31st Infantry Brigade
  • 32nd Engineering Brigade
  • 33rd Infantry Brigade


Order of battle (click to enlarge)
Personnel (as of 2001)[4]
Commissioned Officers 6,231
Non-commissioned officers 13,586
Cadets 1,090
NCO in training 1,000
Enlisted 54,321
Civilians 11,480
Total 76,228 (excl. civilians)


  • Ranks of the officers, sub-officers and others enlisted of the Army. [1]
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Peru Peru
Army General
Divisional General
Brigade General
No equivalent
Lieutenant Colonel
Gran Mariscal del Peru General de Ejército General de División General de Brigada Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitán Teniente Subteniente Cadete EMC
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Peru Peru
EP SUBOF1.png EP SUBOF2.png EP SUBOF3.png EP SGTPRI.png No equivalent EP SGTSEG.png EP CABO.png No equivalent EP SOLD.png
Sergeant major
Suboficial Primero
Master sergeant
Suboficial Segundo
Sergeant first class
Suboficial Tercero
Sargento Primero
Sargento Segundo
Lance Corporal


Infantry weapons[edit]


Model Image Caliber Origin Type Details
Beretta 92 Beretta 92 FS.gif 9×19mm Parabellum  Italy Semi-automatic pistol
Browning Hi-Power Browning High-Power 9mm IMG 1526.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum  Belgium Semi-automatic pistol
FN Five-seveN FNUSG01.jpg FN 5.7×28mm  Belgium Semi-automatic pistol
Smith & Wesson M&P9 Smith & Wesson M&P 9.png 9×19mm Parabellum  United States Semi-automatic pistol


Model Image Caliber Origin Type Details
Winchester 1300 Winchester 1200 Defender.png 12-gauge  United States Pump-action shotgun Parachute Commandos and Special Forces[5]

Assault rifles and carbines[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Type Details
AKM Akm rifle fullstock.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union Assault rifle Standard issue rifle of military police.[5]
F2000 FN F2000.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium Assault rifle Special forces
FAD 5.56×45mm NATO  Peru Modular Assault Rifle Limited prototype production of 2090 rifles.
FN FAL 50.62 Un FN FAL version Para.png 7.62×51mm NATO  Belgium Battle rifle Standard issue rifle[5]
FN SCAR-L - FN SCAR-H.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×51mm NATO
 Belgium Assault rifle
Battle rifle
8,000 SCAR-H for army, 250 SCAR-L for special forces[6][7]
Galil ACE 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel Assault rifle
Galil SAR Galil SAR sideview.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel Assault rifle Special forces[5]
M16A2 M16a2-final.png 5.56×45mm NATO  United States Assault rifle
M4A1 Coltm4a1.jpeg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States Assault rifle
SAR-21 SAR 21 (cropped).png 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore Assault rifle Special forces
Zastava M21 5.56×45mm NATO  Serbia Assault rifle [8]

Battle and sniper rifles[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Type Details
Accuracy International Arctic Warfare

Accuracy International AW50

Accuracy International AW.png .50 BMG  United Kingdom Sniper rifle

Anti-material rifle

Barrett M82 M82A1 barrett.jpeg .50 BMG  United States Anti-materiel rifle
FAL 50.00
FAL 50.41 / FALO
FN-FAL belgian.jpeg 7.62×51mm NATO  Belgium Battle rifle
G3 G3a3.gif 7.62×51mm NATO  Germany Battle rifle
SR-99 Galatz Galil-Sniper-Galatz-r001.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Israel Sniper rifle [5]
Steyr SSG 69 Steyr SSG 69.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Austria Sniper rifle [5]

Submachine guns[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Type Details
Beretta PM12S Beretta mod12s scheda.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum  Italy Submachine gun
BXP 9×19mm Parabellum  South Africa Submachine gun
Heckler Koch MP5.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum  Germany Submachine gun
P90 FN-P90 2.jpg 5.7×28mm  Belgium Submachine gun Parachute Commandos and Special Forces[5]
Uzi Uzi of the israeli armed forces.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum  Israel Submachine gun

Machine guns[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Type Details
FN MINIMI Standard Right.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium Light machine gun [5]
Ultimax 100 Ultimax100.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore Light machine gun
Mini-SS 5.56×45mm NATO  South Africa Light machine gun
Browning M1919A4
Browning M1919A4A6
Browning M1919a.png .30-06 Springfield  United States Medium machine gun
Heckler & Koch HK21E HK 21 LMG RIGHT SIDE.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Germany General purpose machine gun
PKM DD-ST-85-01257 (1).jpg 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union General purpose machine gun [5]
MAG FN MAG.png 7.62×51mm NATO  Belgium General purpose machine gun
M2 M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg .50 BMG (12.7×99mm NATO)  United States Heavy machine gun
DShK Doushka desert.jpg 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union Heavy machine gun

Portable anti-materiel weapons[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Type Details
M-32 Grenade Launcher.jpg 40mm  South Africa Grenade launcher
Type 87 grenade launcher Type 87 Grenade Launcher.jpg 35x32mm  China Grenade launcher
M203 grenade launcher PEO M203A2 Grenade Launcher.jpg 40mm  United States Grenade launcher
RPG-22 Neto RPG-22 at exhibition «Presence».png 72.5 mm  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade [5]
RPG-7V Rpg-7.jpg 85mm  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade Airtronic RPG-7[9] and RPG-7V variants[5]
Alcotán-100 Alcotán-100.png 100mm  Spain Anti-tank rocket launcher 74 launchers with 660 rockets, for cavalry, mountain infantry, special forces[10]
Panzerfaust 3 Panzerfaust3.jpg 110mm  Germany Anti-tank rocket launcher 181 launchers with 1,700 rockets, for armored infantry and special forces[10]


Armoured Vehicles[edit]

Name Image Type Version Quantity Origin Details
T-54/T-55 T-55 Peru 2019 Pentagonito 1.jpg MBT T-55 50 (300)[11]  Soviet Union From the total of 300, only 50 in service.
AMX-13 ALACRAN.JPG Light tank 96[12]  France
M-113A1 M-113A1-A2-A3.jpg APC M-113A1 120[13]  United States
M3 Half-track M3-Halftrack-with-Bambino-crane-latrun-1.jpg APC M-3A1 50  United States
UR-416 UR416PNP.JPG APC UR-416 150[14]  Germany
Fiat 6614 FIAT Tipo 6614.jpg APC Fiat 6614-G 60  Italy
BRDM-2/Malyutka BRDM-2-Command-latrun-2.jpg Armored car 30  Soviet Union
Fiat 6616 FIAT-6616.JPG Armored car Fiat 6616-H 70  Italy
M8 Greyhound
(M-20 Greyhound )
M8 Greyhound Mrakovica.JPG Armored car 60 (6)  United States
BTR-60 BTR-60-latrun-3.jpg APC 12  Soviet Union

Light Utility Vehicles[edit]

Name Image Type Version Quantity Origin Details
HMMWV Humvee M-1165A1.jpg Light utility vehicle M1165 112  United States
Jeep J8 Jeep J8.jpg Light utility vehicle 38[15]  United States


Name Image Type Version Quantity Origin Details
OTO Melara Mod 56 Hellenic Army - Airmobile gun - 7220.jpg 105 mm pack howitzer M56 24  Italy
M101 howitzer M2-105-mm-howitzer-batey-haosef-1.jpg 105 mm howitzer M-2A1 63  United States
Yugoimport M56 M-56 Howitzer on display.jpg 105 mm howitzer M-56 72  Yugoslavia Copy of the M101A1
D30 D-30-122mm-beyt-hatotchan-1.jpg 122 mm howitzer D30 Lyagushka 36  Soviet Union
M46 130 mm gun M-46-4615.JPG 130 mm gun M46 36  Soviet Union
Mk F3 155mm AMX-13-155mm img 2332.jpg 155 mm howitzer Mk F3 12  France
M109 howitzer Brasschaat M109A2 howitzer 01.jpg 155 mm self-propelled howitzer M109A2 12  United States
9K132 Portable single-tube launcher Grad-1P Partisan 20  Soviet Union
RO-107 107 mm multiple rocket launcher Denel RO-107 Mechem 4  South Africa
BM-21 Grad Реактивная система залпового огня БМ-21 «Град» в Музее отечественной военной истории.jpg 122 mm multiple rocket launcher BM-21 24  Soviet Union only 14 in service.
Type 81 Type 90B Peru.jpg 122 mm multiple rocket launcher Type 90B 40  China Replacing BM-21[16][17]
BM-13 Katyusha BM-13-Katjuscha Berlin.JPG 132 mm multiple rocket launcher BM-13 Katyusha 2  Soviet Union

Anti-tank weapons[edit]

Name Image Type Version Quantity Origin Details
M40A2 Ammunition-Hill-106mm-recoilless-rifle-M40-1.jpg 106 mm recoilless rifle M40A2 36  United States
Carl Gustav M2 Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg 84 mm recoilless rifle Gustav M2 6  Sweden
SPG-9 SPG-9M rus.jpeg 73 mm recoilless rifle SPG-9 (Копё) 2  Soviet Union Very small quantity[5]
9K11 Malyutka AT-3A Sagger missile.JPG Anti-tank guided weapon AT-3 Sagger B 1800 missiles  Soviet Union Being replaced by Kornet and Spike ATGMs
Kornet 9M133 Kornet.JPG Anti-tank guided weapon Kornet-E 288 missiles  Russia
Spike SPIKE ATGM.jpg Anti-tank guided weapon MR
288 missiles[18]  Israel

Air-defense systems[edit]

Name Image Type Version Quantity Origin Details
ZSU-23-4 Shilka SHILKA.JPG 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 32  Russia
ZU-23-2 Zu-23 30 M1-3 - InnovationDay2013part1-40.jpg 23mm towed anti-aircraft twin autocannon 80  Soviet Union
Bofors 40 mm Bofors-40mm-batey-haosef-1.jpg Anti-aircraft autocannon L/60 40 28  Sweden
9K38 Igla SA-18 misil y lanzador.jpg MANPADS SA-18 Grouse
SA-16 Gimlet
200 missiles  Russia
QW-1 Vanguard MANPADS CPMIEC QW-18 18  China
Grom PZR-Grom-02.jpg MANPADS 150 on order  Poland 150 sets of missiles and firing systems, plus another 96 missiles in launch containers. To be delivered March 2014.[19]
Poprad AA system POPRAD 01.jpg Self-propelled anti-aircraft vehicle 6 on order  Poland Each equipped with 4 Grom missiles. To be delivered March 2014.[19]
S-125 Neva/Pechora SA-3 EP 2006.JPG SAM 14  Russia
SPYDER SPYDER.jpg SAM 1 battery on order  Israel Includes 6 launcher trucks, 1 radar truck, and 1 resupply truck. To be delivered March 2014.[19][20]

Army aviation[edit]

The Peruvian army aviation (Aviación del Ejército Peruano) was formed in 1971 to support army ground units. A large number of MI-8 Hip Cs were purchased in the mid-1970s to provide an airborne assault assets. This led to the purchase of the MI-17 which now makes up much of the army transport fleet. A number of Aerospatiale SA 315Bs are used for training purposes, also used in the training role are nine Enstrom F28F Falcons that were received in 1992. The mainstay of long range army logistics are three AN-32s acquired in 1994.

Aircraft Inventory
Aircraft Image Origin Type Version In service Details
Hawker Beechcraft 1900D B1900D AEP.jpg  United States Custom, VIP, MEDEVAC Beechcraft 1900D 1 Acquisition 2010 for 1, and the amount was $2,694,500.[6]
Cessna 150 Cessna.fa150k.g-aycf.arp.jpg  United States Training 150/152 3
Cessna 172 Skyhawk C172 AEP.jpg  United States Training 172 Skyhawk 2 Acquisition 2010 for 2, and the amount was $249,500, each.[6]
Cessna 182 C182 AEP.jpg  United States Training 172 Skyhawk 1 Acquisition 2010 for 1.
Robinson R-44 Robinson R44 EP.JPG  United States Training R44 3
Enstrom F-28 Enstrom F-28.JPG  United States Training helicopter Enstron F-28F Falcon 4 Acquisition 2010 for 2 new factory, $400,000 each. Acquisition 2011 for 2 used, $250,000 each.[6]
Cessna 208 Caravan C208B AEP.jpg  United States Liaison 208B Amphibious 1 Acquisition 2009, for $1,550,000
Cessna 303 Crusader Cessna.crusader.arp.jpg  United States Liaison T303 Crusader 2
Piper PA-31T PA31T AEP.jpg  United States Liaison Cheyenne II 2
Piper PA-34T PA-34-220T Seneca III.jpg  United States Liaison Seneca III 1
Ilyushin Il-103 Il-103.jpg  Russia Trainer Il-103 5 All in storage
Antonov An-28 Antonov An-28.jpg  Poland Transport An-28 2 All in storage
Antonov An-32 AN32B AEP.jpg  Ukraine Transport An-32B 2
Beechcraft Super King Air B350 AEP.jpg  United States VIP transport B300 1
Agusta A109 A109K AEP.jpg  Italy Light attack helicopter A-109K 4 In storage
Mil Mi-2 Mi-2EP347.jpg  Poland Training helicopter Mi-2 6 All in storage
Mil Mi-17 MI171ShP AEP.jpg  Russia Transport helicopter Mi-17 23 only 9 in services
Mil Mi-171

MI17-1B AEP.jpg

 Russia Transport helicopter Mi-171Sh – Mi 171Sh-P 3 + 24 16 in services
Mil Mi-26 MI26T AEP.jpg  Russia Heavy transport helicopter Mi-26 3 All in storage

Future Equipment[edit]

Peru is expected to acquire between 120 and 170 tanks, Russian T-90S, US M1A1 Abrams, Spanish Leopard 2A4s and Dutch Leopard 2E6s, as well as Ukrainian T-64E and T-84 MBTs are under consideration.[21] By September 2013, the Leopard 2A4/6 entries were disqualified due to logistical complexities. Current contenders are the Ukrainian T-84, Russian T-90S or T-80, and the American M1A1 Abrams.[22] In late September 2013, the South Korean K2 Black Panther was entered in the competition.[23] In October 2015, China offered the MBT-3000 tank for the competition.[24]

Russia is pushing for the sale of 110 BTR-80A armored personnel carriers to Peru. Peru is also looking to replace its SA-3 air defense systems.[25] Peru has requested information from Russia about the BTR-80A and BMP-3.[26]

The Peruvian Ministry of Defence has awarded a USD$67 million contract to General Dynamics Land Systems-Canada for 32 Light Armoured Vehicles (LAVs) for the Peruvian Marines. The contract was signed through the Canadian Commercial Corporation, a Crown corporation of the Government of Canada.[27]

Heroes and Patrons[edit]

Anthem of the Army[edit]

Spanish lyrics

El ejército unido a la historia
por fecunda y viril tradición,
se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.
El ejército unido a la historia
por fecunda y viril tradición,
se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.
Se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.
Evocando un pasado glorioso
del Incario su antiguo esplendor,
Ayacucho, Junín, Dos de Mayo
libertad conquistó con valor.
Zarumilla, La Breña y Arica
gestas son que a la historia legó
Bolognesi ¡oh, sublime soldado!
por patrono ejemplar te aclamó.
El ejército unido a la historia
por fecunda y viril tradición,
se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.
El ejército unido a la historia
por fecunda y viril tradición,
se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.
Se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.
Las fronteras altivo defiende
cual guardián del honor nacional
de su pueblo recibe las armas
y es bastión de justicia social.
Soy soldado que en filas milito
y un deber tengo yo que cumplir,
a la patria vivir consagrado
y por ella luchar a morir.
El ejército unido a la historia
por fecunda y viril tradición,
se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.
El ejército unido a la historia
por fecunda y viril tradición,
se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.
Se corona con lauros de gloria
al forjar una libre nación.

English translation

The army united to history
by a fecund and virile tradition,
is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.
The army united to history
by a fecund and virile tradition,
is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.
Is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.
Evoking a glorious past
from the Incas its ancient splendor,
Ayacucho, Junín, Dos de Mayo
liberty conquered with bravery.
Zarumilla, La Breña and Arica
The heroic deeds are bequeathed to history
By Bolognesi, oh, sublime soldier!
As exemplary patron, you're acclaimed.
The army united to history
by a fecund and virile tradition,
is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.
The army united to history
by a fecund and virile tradition,
is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.
Is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.
The borders he proudly defends
like a guardian of national honor
from his people receives the arms
and is bastion of social justice.
I am soldier who in these militate ranks
and a duty I have to fulfill,
to the Fatherland I shall live consecrated
and for it I will fight to the death.
The army united to history
by a fecund and virile tradition,
is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.
The army united to history
by a fecund and virile tradition,
is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.
Is being crowned with laurels of glory
by forging a free nation.

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Keltie, J.S., ed. The Stateman's Year Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1900. New York: MacMillan, 1900. p 887. (Retrieved via Google Books 3/4/11.)
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  • (in Spanish) Cobas, Efraín, Las Fuerzas Armadas Peruanas en el Siglo XXI. CESLA, 2003.
  • Cruz, César, "Latin America Air Forces Survey – Peru". Air Forces Monthly 220: 77–78 (July 2006).
  • International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2000–2001. IISS, 2000.
  • (in Spanish) Mejía, Lewis and César Cruz, "La Aviación del Ejército del Perú".
    Defensa 290: 42–48 (June 2002).
  • (in Spanish) Ministerio de Defensa del Perú, Libro blanco de la defensa nacional.[permanent dead link]
  • (in Spanish) Rial, Juan, Los militares tras el fin del régimen de Fujimori-Montesinos.
  • (in Spanish) Tecnología Militar, N°1/2006 ISSN 0722-2904
  • (in Spanish) Marchessini, Alejo, "Plan Bolognesi: Actualidad y Futuro del Ejército del Peru". Defensa 347 (March 2007).
  • Aircraft information files Brightstar publishing File 344 sheet 4

External links[edit]