Peruvian general election, 2016

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Peruvian general election, 2016
Peru
2011 ←
10 April 2016
5 June 2016 (run off)
→ 2021

Turnout 81.8% (first round) [1] Decrease 1.9%
80.06% (run off) [1] Decrease 1.74%
  Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.jpg Keiko Fujimori 2.jpg
Nominee Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Keiko Fujimori
Party Peruvians for Change Popular Force
Running mate Martín Vizcarra
Mercedes Araóz
José Chlimper
Vladimiro Huaroc [a]
States carried 12 [b] 15 [c]
Popular vote 8,596,937[1] 8,555,880[1]
Percentage 50.12% 49.88%

Balotaje2016regional.png

Ballotage results by region.

President before election

Ollanta Humala
Peru Wins

Elected President

Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Peruvians for Change

Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Peru
Constitution

General elections took place in Peru on 10 April 2016 to determine the president, vice-presidents, composition of the Congress of the Republic of Peru and the Peruvian representatives of the Andean Parliament.

In Congress, Popular Force won in a landslide, taking more than a third of the vote and an absolute majority of 73 out of 130 seats. Behind them in opposition, Peruvians for Change with 18 seats and Broad Front with 20 seats.

In the race for the presidency, incumbent President Ollanta Humala was ineligible to run due to constitutional term limits. Popular Force candidate Keiko Fujimori, daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori, won the first round with almost 40 per cent of the vote but fell short of the 50 per cent majority required to avoid a second round. Peruvians for Change candidate Pedro Pablo Kuczynski narrowly beat Broad Front candidate Verónika Mendoza to compete in the second round, which took place on 5 June 2016. With support from those opposing Fujimori, Kuczynski overturned the first round result and won by a narrow margin of less than half a percentage point. He was sworn in as President on 28 July.

Background[edit]

The President of Peru is elected using the two-round system. The first round was held on 10 April and the second on 5 June. The 130 members of the Congress of the Republic are elected in 25 multi-member constituencies using closed list proportional representation.[2]

On 13 November 2015, incumbent President Ollanta Humala called for a general election to be held on 10 April 2016. He said that he would respect the constitutional term limit restrictions and would not seek to run again for the presidency in this election.[3]

Candidates[edit]

Campaign highlights[edit]

President Ollanta Humala officially inaugurated the campaign in November 2015. The presidential tickets were to be inscribed by late January 10, 2016. The congressional candidacies were to be inscribed by late February 10, 2016.

In March 2016, presidential candidates Julio Guzmán from All for Peru and César Acuña Peralta from Alliance for Progress were barred from the election. The first candidate was barred due to the violation of party rules in the internal election. The second candidate was barred for giving money during a campaign trail, which is a violation of the electoral law enacted by Congress in November 2015.[4]

Keiko Fujimori was a highly polarizing figure during the election. She is the daughter of the controversial former president Alberto Fujimori, who was sentenced to prison. She is popular among the poor people, and the loyalists who credit Fujimori with the defeat of Shining Path. This popularity allowed her to win in the first round of the presidential elections. She is resisted by the people who reject Fujimori for human rights abuses and corrupt practices, and fear that her victory would mark a return of Fujimorismo. Mendoza, who placed third and could not stand in the runoff election, gave her full support to Kuczynski, in order to prevent the victory of Keiko.[5]

Main presidential candidates[edit]

in alphabetical order

Candidates included in this section have received more than 5% in approval ratings in recent national polls.[6]
Alfredo Barnechea Keiko Fujimori Alan García Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Verónika Mendoza
Barnechea.jpg
Keiko Fujimori 2.jpg
Garciaalan09112006.jpg
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.jpg
Verónika Mendoza (cropped).jpg
Member of Congress
(1985–1990)
Member of Congress
(2006–2011)
President of Peru
(1985–1990 / 2006–2011)
Prime Minister of Peru
(2005–2006)
Member of Congress
(2011–2016)
Popular Action Popular Force Popular Alliance (APRA-PPC) Peruvians for Change Broad Front
4th Place (6.97%) To run off, 39.85% 5th Place (5.82%) To run off, 21.00% 3rd Place (18.82%)

Other candidates[edit]

The following have gained less than 5% in the last approval ratings, below the Election threshold or valla electoral.

Disqualified candidates[edit]

Voluntarily withdrawn[edit]

Results[edit]

First round results by Regions. Orange = Fujimori, Pink = Kuczynski, Green = Mendoza, Yellow = Santos
Second round results by Regions. Orange = Fujimori, Pink = Kuczynski

Presidential election[edit]

The first round was held on 10 April. Exit polls indicated that Keiko Fujimori placed first in the first round of voting with approximately 40% of the vote, with Pedro Pablo Kuczynski and Veronika Mendoza each receiving approximately 20%.[12]

The second round was held on 5 June. Exit polls indicated that Pedro Pablo Kuczynski held a slight lead over Keiko Fujimori. As counting continued, the gap narrowed significantly. Preliminary results gave Kuczynski a 0.25 per cent advantage over Fujimori, with less than 50,000 votes between them. Approximately 50,000 votes were challenged during the count.[13] Fujimori conceded the election to Kuczynski on 10 June.[14]

e • d Preliminary results for the Peruvian presidential elections, 2016
< 2011  Flag of Peru.svg  Next >
Party Candidate First round[15] Second round[16]
Votes  % Votes  %
Popular Force
Fuerza Popular
Keiko Fujimori 6,115,073 39.86 8,555,880 49.88
Peruvians for Change
Peruanos Por el Kambio
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski 3,228,661 21.05 8,596,937 50.12
Broad Front
Frente Amplio
Verónika Mendoza 2,874,940 18.74
Popular Action
Acción Popular
Alfredo Barnechea 1,069,360 6.97
Popular Alliance
Alianza Popular
Alan García 894,278 5.83
Direct Democracy
Democracia Directa
Gregorio Santos 613,173 4.00
Hope Front
Frente Esperanza
Fernando Olivera 203,103 1.32
Possible Peru
Perú Posible
Alejandro Toledo 200,012 1.30
Developing Peru
Progresando Perú
Miguel Hilario 75,870 0.49
Order Party
Partido Político Orden
Antero Flores Aráoz 65,673 0.43
Totals and voter turnout 18,734,130 81.80 18,335,385 80.06

Congressional election[edit]

Popular Force won in a landslide, taking more than a third of the vote and an absolute majority of 73 out of 130 seats. Behind them in opposition, Peruvians for Change with 18 seats and Broad Front with 20 seats. Other parties which gained representation in Congress include Alliance for the Progress of Peru (9 seats), Popular Alliance (5 seats) and Popular Action (5 seats).[17]

Congreso Peru elecciones 2016.svg
Parties Popular vote Percentage
of vote
Seats
 
Fuerza popular.jpg
Popular Force 4,431,077 36.34% 73
Peruanos Por el Kambio.png
Peruvians for Change     2,007,710 16.47% 18
LOGO FRENTEAMPLIO.png
Broad Front for Justice, Life, and Liberty 1,700,052 13.94% 20
Logoapp.png
Alliance for the Progress of Peru 1,125,682 9.23% 9
Alianza popular.jpg
Popular Alliance 1,013,735 8.31% 5
Acción Popular emblema.jpg
Popular Action 877,734 7.20% 5
Direct Democracy 528,301 4.33%
Peru-Posible-624x624.jpg
Possible Peru 286,980 2.35%
Hope Front 139,634 1.15%
Partido Político Orden.png
Order Party 68,474 0.56%
Logo Progresando Peru.jpg
Developing Peru 14,663 0.12%
Total 12,194,042 100.00% 130

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Elecciones Generales 2016 Segunda Elección Presidencial. resultadoselecciones2016.onpe.gob.pe. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  2. ^ Electoral system IPU
  3. ^ "Ollanta Humala convoca a elecciones generales para el 2016". El Comercio (in Spanish). 13 November 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Peru presidential candidates Guzman and Acuna banned from election". BBC. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  5. ^ Dan Collyns (June 7, 2016). "Kuczynski ahead in Peru election, but will he be able to govern?". The Guardian. Retrieved May 22, 2016. 
  6. ^ Redacción. "Encuesta Datum: Keiko, PPK, Barnechea y Mendoza lideran intención de voto". rpp.pe. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Partido Nacionalista retira candidatura de Daniel Urresti". El Comercio (in Spanish). 11 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016. 
  8. ^ "Vladimir Cerrón abandonó las Elecciones Generales del 2016". El Comercio (in Spanish). 24 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  9. ^ "Yehude Simon anuncia retiro de su candidatura presidencial". La República (in Spanish). 28 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "Francisco Diez-Canseco renunció a su candidatura presidencial". El Comercio (in Spanish). 29 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Solidaridad Nacional retira candidatura de Nano Guerra García". El Comercio (in Spanish). 29 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "Peru election: Keiko Fujimori wins first round, say exit polls – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  13. ^ "Peru election: Kuczynski wins, but Fujimori has yet to concede". BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2016. 
  14. ^ "Peru elections: Keiko Fujimori concedes to Kuczynski". BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2016. 
  15. ^ "ONPE – ELECCIONES GENERALES 2016: RESULTADOS PRESIDENCIALES". Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  16. ^ "ONPE – SEGUNDA ELECCIÓN PRESIDENCIAL 2016: RESULTADOS PRESIDENCIALES". Retrieved 10 July 2016. 
  17. ^ "ELECTION FOR CONGRESO DE LA REPÚBLICA 2016". Retrieved 1 June 2016.