Pesaro

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Pesaro
Comune
Città di Pesaro
Piazza del Popolo
Piazza del Popolo
Coat of arms of Pesaro
Coat of arms
Pesaro is located in Italy
Pesaro
Pesaro
Location of Pesaro in Italy
Coordinates: 43°55′N 12°54′E / 43.917°N 12.900°E / 43.917; 12.900Coordinates: 43°55′N 12°54′E / 43.917°N 12.900°E / 43.917; 12.900
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province / Metropolitan city Pesaro e Urbino (PU)
Frazioni Santa Veneranda
Government
 • Mayor Luca Ceriscioli
Area
 • Total 126.77 km2 (48.95 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (21 October 2011)
 • Total 95,011
 • Density 750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pesaresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 61100
Dialing code 0721
Patron saint St. Terence
Saint day September 24
Website Official website

Pesaro (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpeːzaro]) is a town and comune in the Italian region of the Marche, capital of the Pesaro e Urbino province, on the Adriatic. According to the 2011 census, its population was 95,011, making it the second most populous city in the Marche, after Ancona.

Fishery, furniture industry and tourism are the main strengths of the local economy.

History[edit]

The city was founded as Pisaurum[1] by the Romans in 184 BC as colony in the territory of the Picentes, the people who lived on the northeast coast during the Iron Age. However, in 1737, 13 ancient votive stones were unearthed in a local farm field, each bearing the inscription of a Roman god; these were written in a pre-Estrucan script, indicating a much earlier occupation of the area[2] than the 184 BC Picentes colony.

A settlement of the Picentes tribe has been found at Novilara. The northern Picentes were invaded in the 4th century BC by the Gallic Senones, earlier by the Etruscans, and when the Romans reached the area the population was an ethnic mixture. Within it the Gauls at least were still distinct, as the Romans separated them out and expelled them from the country.

Under the Roman administration Pesaro, a hub across the Via Flaminia, became an important center of trading and craftmanship. After the fall of the Western Empire, Pesaro was occupied by the Ostrogoths, and destroyed by Vitigis (539) in the course of the Gothic War. Hastily rebuilt five years later after the Byzantine reconquest, it formed the so-called Pentapolis, part of the Exarchate of Ravenna. After the Lombard and Frankish conquests of that city, Pesaro became part of the Papal States.

During the Renaissance it was ruled successively by the houses of Malatesta (1285–1445), Sforza (1445–1512) and Della Rovere (1513–1631). Under the latter family, who selected it as capital of their duchy, Pesaro saw its most flourishing age, with the construction of numerous public and private palaces, and the erection of a new line of walls (the Mura Roveresche). In 1475, a legendary wedding took place in Pesaro, when Costanzo Sforza and Camilla D'Aragona married.[3]

On 11 September 1860 Piedmontese troops entered the city, and Pesaro was subsequently annexed to the new Kingdom of Italy (see also Battle of Castelfidardo).

Main sights[edit]

Civic Sites[edit]

Religious Sites[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Culture[edit]

Notable Pesaresi[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Pesaro is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ etymology - pi (π), plural, and aurum, reflecting gold http://www.italythisway.com/places/articles/pesaro-history.php
  2. ^ History of Pesarohttp://www.italythisway.com/places/articles/pesaro-history.php
  3. ^ A Renaissance Wedding: The Celebrations at Pesaro for the Marriage of Costanzo Sforza & Camilla Marzano D'Aragona (26–30 May 1475): (Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History). Harvey Miller Publ., 2013, ISBN 978-1905375936
  4. ^ Andrew Hopkins, 2002. Italian Architecture from Michelangelo to Borromini, p.23f.
  5. ^ Hopkins 2002 p 24.
  6. ^ Oliveriani Museum http://www.euromuse.net/en/museums/museum/view-m/museo-archeologico-oliveriano
  7. ^ "Pesaro film festival site". 
  8. ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". Mestna občina Ljubljana (Ljubljana City) (in Slovenian). Retrieved 2013-07-27. 

External links[edit]