Peshawar District

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Peshawar
District
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Districts Peashwar.svg
Country  Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Capital Peshawar
Area
 • Total 1,257 km2 (485 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 3,575,000
 • Density 2,800/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Time zone PKT (UTC+5)

Peshawar District (Urdu: ضلع پشاور‎) is in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, located at the north-west end of Pakistan about 160 km west of the federal capital Islamabad.

History[edit]

Peshawar has a geo-strategically important location and an enriched history. This city has seen the rise and fall of many civilizations. It was once the center of Gandhara civilization and has subsequently been ruled by Persians, Greeks, Buddhists, Kushans, Afghans, Mughals, Sikhs and the British. The original district of Peshawar was a district of the North-West Frontier Province of British India.[1] At independence in 1947 the old Peshawar District became Peshawar Division, containing the current district of Peshawar.

The former tehsil of Charsadda was split off as the separate district of Charsadda in 1988,[2] and in 1990 the former Nowshera tehsil became the separate Nowshera District.[3] Under the latest revision of Pakistan's administrative structure, promulgated in 2001, Peshawar was also given the status of a city district.

Administration[edit]

The district is represented in the provincial assembly by eleven elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies:[4]

  • PK-1 (Peshawar-1)
  • PK-2 (Peshawar-2)
  • PK-3 (Peshawar-3)
  • PK-4 (Peshawar-4)
  • PK-5 (Peshawar-5)
  • PK-6 (Peshawar-6)
  • PK-7 (Peshawar-7)
  • PK-8 (Peshawar-8)
  • PK-9 (Peshawar-9)
  • PK-10 (Peshawar-10)
  • PK-11 (Peshawar-11)

There is only one tehsil in the district i.e. Peshawar tehsil. District Peshawar has been divided into 279 mouzas (Revenue Villages), out of which 236 are rural, 15 are urban and 28 mouzas are partly urban. Also, there are 30 police stations in the district. The district is represented in the provincial assembly by two elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies:[5]

Demographics[edit]

Native languages of Peshawar tehsil
(according to the 1981 census)
Pashto
  
79.84%
Hindko
  
12.59%
Urdu
  
3.81%
Punjabi
  
3.31%
Others
  
0.67%

In 1998, the population of the district was 2,019,000, of which 49% were urban.[6]

According to the 1981 census results for Peshawar tehsil, Pashto was the first language in 80% of households, Hindko – in 13%, Urdu – in 3.8% and Punjabi – in 3.3%.[7] In the 1998 census results for the district, Pashto was the fist language of 86% of the population.[8]

According to 1897 records during British Raj, most people living in Peshawar valley were Pathans and belonged to an agriculture community but there was also an admixture of Punjabi community living in the valley religiously belonging to both Islam and Hinduism. Most people in Peshawar city spoke and understood Urdu. Elite belonging to small towns such as big feudal Khan families, traders and almost all of Hindus also spoke Urdu. Persian was also spoken by elites of Peshawar city and by traders from Kabul. Majority of the population of the district especially the agriculturists and Pathans only spoke Pashto. 92% of the total population of Peshawar valley practiced religion of Islam and remainder 8% practiced Hinduism, Sikhism and other religions. People belonging to these minority religions only lived in major cities such as Peshawar, Charsadda (now in Charsadda District) and Hoti (now in Mardan District) and mostly in cantonment areas of these cities. 97% of the population living in rural towns practiced Islam.[9]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • 1981 District census report of Peshawar. District census Report. 26. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 86. 
  • 1998 District census report of Charsadda. Census publication. 68. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000. 
  • 1998 District census report of Nowshera. Census publication. 55. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999. 
  • 1998 District census report of Peshawar. Census publication. 33. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999. 

Coordinates: 34°00′N 71°45′E / 34.000°N 71.750°E / 34.000; 71.750