PetMed Express

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PetMed Express, Inc.
S&P 600 Component
IndustryOnline pharmacy
FounderMarc Puleo
HeadquartersDelray Beach, Florida[1]
Key people
Menderes Akdag (CEO)
ProductsAnimal drugs

PetMed Express, Inc., also known as 1-800-PetMeds,[2] is an online pet pharmacy based in the United States. It is publicly traded and sells prescription and non-prescription pet medication.

Business model[edit]

PetMed Express is an online pharmacy that sells prescription and non-prescription pet medication and nutritional supplements.[3][4] It can only fill prescriptions written by veterinarians, and competes with veterinarians who derive some of their income from selling pet medication.[3][5]


Petmed Express was founded in Florida in 1996 by Marc Puleo.[6] Puleo was an anesthesiologist who wanted to open a mail-order business for human prescriptions that also sold pet accessories.[7] He shifted his focus to pet medicines due to Merck already heavily controlling the human prescription market. The company initially grew through word of mouth, television commercials, and its catalogs.[7]

Its stock was traded on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol PETS from September 1997 until March 2000; in March 2000 the company began the process of becoming listed on the National Quotation Bureau Electronic Quotation Service and became responsible for reporting to the SEC.[8][9]

Until 2002 PetMed Express and a company called Savemax Inc. operated in the same premises, shared staff, and operated under the same pharmacy licenses. According to the lawyer for both companies, Savemax was formed because of "a concern over PetMed's liability, and whether it [would] continue."[10] From 1999 to 2002, PetMed Express and SaveMax were charged with violating the pharmaceutical law in several states. In one instance it was fined by the Environmental Protection Agency for selling drugs in metric doses, and has also received a warning letter from the FDA for selling misbranded drugs.[8][11] In 1999, PetMed Express settled charges with the Florida Pharmacy Board for selling drugs that did not have prescriptions, false advertising, poor record keeping, and not labelling drugs correctly.[10]

In addition to pet medications, PetMed Express also sold pet accessories such as leashes. In 2000, Tricon Holdings invested $2 million into the company.[12] The company also hired Menderes Akdag as CEO in 2001. It discontinued 5,000 products and began focusing strictly on medicine related items.[12]

In 2002, PetMed Express and Savemax were fined by the EPA for selling prescription drugs illegally.[11] The drugs were made by Novartis for sale in Europe and Australia and the doses and labelling were not FDA-approved.[13] Also in 2002, PetMed Express, this time with Savemax, the company reached a settlement with the Florida Pharmacy Board for contracting with veterinarians to write prescriptions for animals they had never examined.[10] The Florida board provided information to national boards and encouraged other state boards to take actions against veterinarians who had worked with PetMed Express to provide prescriptions for animals they had not examined.[10] In the same year, the company settled similar charges in Ohio.[14] In November 2002 the pharmacy board in Texas filed a lawsuit charging PetMed Express with dispensing veterinary drugs without prescriptions.[11] The case was settled in 2006 with a $50,000 fine and three years probation.[15]

In 2004 a securities class action lawsuit was filed against the company, claiming that the company was not candid about the difficulty in getting prescriptions authorized by veterinarians.[16] In 2005, the lawsuits were voluntarily dismissed by the plaintiffs.[17] Puleo stepped down from executive leadership with the company the same year.[6] Another shareholder lawsuit was filed against the company in 2018, claiming that it marketed dangerous animal drugs to humans. The lawsuit was later dismissed by plaintiffs after investigation of the claims.[18]


The company was picked 4th among Forbes magazine's 200 Best Small Business Companies in 2006 and number 6 in 2007.[19][20] BusinessWeek named PetMed Express number 27 of its top 100 "Hot Growth Companies" in 2006.[21]


  1. ^ Ostrowski, Jeff (1 February 2016). "PetMed Express moving headquarters to Delray Beach". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Fido's Drug Dealer". Kiplinger's. September 2004. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b Burns, Katie (March 1, 2012). "Panel offers forum on PetMed Express". JAVMA News.
  4. ^ "Web site has answers to your pet problems". The Palm Beach Post via 13 May 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  5. ^ Fiala, Jennifer (January 16, 2012). "Veterinarians confront Internet pharmacy PetMed Express". Veterinary Information Network, Inc.
  6. ^ a b Keller, Amy (26 June 2012). "PetMedExpress markets like an attack dog". Florida Trend. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  7. ^ a b Martinez, Draeger (30 December 1998). "You've got mail! PetMed finds success through mail order". The News Leader via Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Petmed Express: Form 10-KSB". SEC EDGAR. July 16, 2001.
  9. ^ "PetMed Express: Amendment No. 2 to Form 10-SB". SEC EDGAR. March 13, 2000.
  10. ^ a b c d O'Rourke, Kate (June 1, 2002). "Florida Board of Pharmacy disciplines PetMed Express, Savemax". JAVMA News.
  11. ^ a b c Fiala, Jennifer (November 1, 2002). "Texas slaps PetMed Express with lawsuit". dvm360.
  12. ^ a b "PetMed vies with vets". South Florida Sun Sentinel via 26 August 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Novartis sues Internet pharmacies for prescription drug violations". JAVMA News. May 1, 2002.
  14. ^ "PetMed Express disciplined by Ohio State Board of Pharmacy". JAVMA News. August 1, 2002.
  15. ^ "PetMed Express settles legal battle with Texas". dvm360. UBM Life Sciences. September 1, 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  16. ^ Cohen, Karen-Janine (19 August 2004). "Shareholders sue PetMed". South Florida Sun Sentinel via Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Case Page: PetMed Express Inc. Securities Litigation". Securities Class Action Clearinghouse. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  18. ^ Larsen, Keith (24 January 2018). "Shareholder lawsuit against PetMed Express over short seller report voluntarily dismissed". South Florida Business Journal. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  19. ^ "Forbes 200 Best Small Companies of 2006". Retrieved 3 Nov 2014.
  20. ^ "Forbes 200 Best Small Companies of 2007". Retrieved 3 Nov 2014.
  21. ^ "Top 100 Hot Growth Companies for 2006". Retrieved 2007-12-17.