Petar Bojović

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Petar Bojović

VojvodaPetarBojovic.jpg
Deputy Commander in Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces
In office
3 April 1941 – 17 April 1941
MonarchPeter II
Preceded byPrince Paul
Succeeded byDušan Simović
Chief of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces
In office
21 January 1921 – 8 December 1921
MonarchPeter I
Alexander I
Preceded byŽivojin Mišić
Succeeded byPetar Pešić
Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command of the Serbian Army
In office
8 December 1915 – 1 July 1918
MonarchPeter I
Preceded byRadomir Putnik
Succeeded byŽivojin Mišić
Chief of the Serbian General Staff
In office
1906–1908
MonarchPeter I
Preceded byAleksandar Mašin
Succeeded byRadomir Putnik
Personal details
Born(1858-06-16)16 June 1858
Miševići, Nova Varoš, Ottoman Empire
Died19 January 1945(1945-01-19) (aged 86)
Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Resting placeNew Cemetery Belgrade
Spouse(s)Mileva Bojović (1893–1945; his death)
ChildrenBožidar Bojović
Vojislav Bojović
Jelica Bojović
Dobrosav Bojović
Rada Bojović
Radoslav Bojović
Alma materMilitary Academy Serbia
ProfessionArmy officer
AwardsOrder of the Karađorđe's Star rib.png Order of the Star of Karageorge
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords rib.png Order of the Star of Karageorge with Swords
Ordre de la Couronne de Yougoslavie (Royaume).png Order of the Yugoslav Crown
Cavaliere di gran Croce Regno SSML BAR.svg Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
UK Order St-Michael St-George ribbon.svg Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Military service
AllegianceSerbia Principality of Serbia
 Kingdom of Serbia
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Service/branchSerbian Army
Years of service1876–1921
1941
RankField Marshal
CommandsSerbian 1st Army
Battles/warsSerbo-Turkish War
Serbo-Bulgarian War
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
World War I
World War II

Field Marshal Petar Bojović GCLH, KCMG (Serbian: Петар Бојовић, pronounced [pɛ̂tar bɔ̂ːjɔʋitɕ]; 16 July 1858 in Miševići, Nova Varoš – 19 January 1945 in Belgrade) was a Serbian military commander who fought in the Serbo-Turkish War, the Serbo-Bulgarian War, the First Balkan War, the Second Balkan War, World War I and World War II. Following the breakthrough on the Thessaloniki Front he was promoted to fourth Field Marshal.

Life[edit]

Early[edit]

Bojović was born on 16 July 1858 in Miševići, Nova Varoš. He had distant ancestry from the Vasojevići.

He fought in Serbian-Ottoman Wars from 1876 to 1878 as a cadet of the Artillery school, as well as in wars that Serbia waged at the beginning of the 20th century.[1] He was Chief of the General Staff for the first time from 1905 to 1908.

Balkan Wars[edit]

In the Balkan Wars, he was the Chief of Staff of the 1st Army, which scored huge success in battles of Kumanovo, Bitola (First Balkan War) and Bregalnica (Second Balkan War). He took part in peace negotiations with Turkey, held in London in 1913, as a military expert in the Serbian Government delegation.

World War I[edit]

At the start of World War I, he was given command of the 1st Army. His army suffered huge losses at the Battle of Drina in 1914, but managed to stop the Austro-Hungarian offensive. Bojović was wounded in the battle, and was replaced at the army general position by Živojin Mišić. In January 1916, he was appointed Chief of General Staff for a second time in place of the ailing vojvoda Radomir Putnik, who was carried by his soldiers to the city of Skadar. He held that position until June 1918, when he resigned because of disputes with the allied generals on the issue of widening the Thessaloniki Front. He returned to his position Commander of the 1st Army, which broke the enemy lines and advanced deep into the occupied territory. He received the title of Field Marshal on 26 September [O.S. 13 September] 1918 for his contribution during the war.[1]

Post-war and last years[edit]

In 1921, he was appointed Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Army, and in 1922 he withdrew from active service. At the very beginning of World War II, Petar Bojovic was appointed Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces by the young King Petar II Karađorđević. However, because of his old age, he did not participate in the events that followed.

Death[edit]

Petar Bojović was beaten on 19 January 1945 by a group of partisans who came to forcibly evict him from his home in Trnska street in Belgrade.[1] According to an alleged testimony:[2]

Broz 'liberators' entered the house of the Bojović in Trnska street No. 25. They liked the house. Once inside, the noticeable Voivod robe was over a chair, and on the table lay the Voivod hat. The very fact that Bojović was 'King's Voivoda' was enough for the 'liberators' to use force. First, kicking his voivoda hat, and then, after harsh words, they rushed to the weak Bojović, at that time at his ninth decade of life. Petar's son Dobrosav jumped to protect his father, but was overcome by a strong shock, and soon after that he was sent to the penitentiary Sremska Mitrovica.

Bojović soon died of the injuries sustained. His body was transferred to the new cemetery in a wagon on 20 January 1945 and the burial was held privately.[1]

To prevent his being paid tribute, the Communists on Radio Belgrade announced that anyone who tried to come to Bojović's funeral would be arrested and prosecuted.[3]

The new Administration in 1945 named one of the important streets in Belgrade after Vojvoda Bojović.[4] It is a street previously called Donjogradski bulevar, which is today called Bulevar vojvode Bojovića. In 1990 a monument to Bojović was erected in the small park in the Kalenić neighborhood.[1] The park, which is encircled by the small roundabout, became known as the "Park of Vojvoda Bojović".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Nikola Belić (31 October 2012), "Dan sećanja na zaboravljeno oslobođenje Beograda" [Day of remembrance on the forgotten liberation of Belgrade], Politika (in Serbian)
  2. ^ "NAŠA POSLA: Slavimo one koji su pre 50 godina šutirali do smrti srpske heroje!". www.telegraf.rs.
  3. ^ "Славимо оне који су пре 50 година шутирали до смрти српске хероје! - СРБИН.ИНФО". srbin.info.
  4. ^ Leko 2006, pp. 165,168.

Literature[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Radomir Putnik
Chief of the General Staff
(acting)

1915–1916
Succeeded by
Continued service
Preceded by
Himself
Chief of the General Staff
1916–1918
Succeeded by
Živojin Mišić
Preceded by
Živojin Mišić
Chief of the General Staff of the Army of The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1921
Succeeded by
Petar Pešić
Preceded by
Prince Paul
Deputy Commander in Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces
1941
Succeeded by
Dušan Simović