Petar Chaulev

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Petar Chaulev
P CHAULE.jpg
Born 1882
Ohrid, Manastir Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (present-day Republic of Macedonia)
Died December 23, 1924
Milano, Italy

Petar Chaulev (Bulgarian: Петър Чаулев Petǎr Čaulev) (1882, Ohrid, Manastir Vilayet, Ottoman empire, present-day Republic of Macedonia – 1924, Milan) was a Bulgarian revolutionary in Ottoman Macedonia.[1][2][3] He was a local Bulgarian leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO). In the Republic of Macedonia, Chaulev is considered Ethnic Macedonian.

He graduated from the Bulgarian gymnasium in Bitola, moving in revolutionary circles. He participated in the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising and later became a Bulgarian teacher and secretary within the local revolutionary organization. After the Young Turks Revolution in 1908 he associated with the left wing of IMRO - People's Federative Party (Bulgarian Section). During the Balkan Wars Chaulev supported the Bulgarian Army. After the Second Balkan War he led the Ohrid-Debar Uprising in 1913 against the Serbs. During the First World War he served as a sergeant in the Bulgarian army and later was appointed as governor of Ohrid.

After the First World War Chaulev rejoined the IMRO. In 1924 IMRO forged connections with the Comintern. Chaulev later signed the "May Manifesto" in Vienna along with Alexandar Protogerov concerning the formation of a Balkan Communist Federation and cooperation with the Soviet Union.[4] They did this in secrecy despite the position of IMRO leader Todor Alexandrov. Chaulev was assassinated for this action in Milano in December 1924.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Освободителнитѣ борби на Македония, том II, Хр.Силянов, стр. 404-405.
  2. ^ Георгиев, Величко, Стайко Трифонов, История на българите 1878 - 1944 в документи, том 1 1878 - 1912, част втора, стр. 475-481. „Българските революционни чети в Македония според доклад на А. Тошев до министъра на външните работи и изповеданията Д. Станчов“.
  3. ^ Илюстрация Илинден, бр. 132, стр.11.
  4. ^ Rothschild, Joseph (1959). The Communist Party of Bulgaria; Origins and Development, 1883-1936. Columbia University Press. p. 171. 
  5. ^ Ministry of Foreign affairs of Bulgaria - Chronological table(Bulgarian)