|No. 4 (1922)
|Date of birth||May 13, 1892|
|Place of birth||Valley Center, California|
|Date of death||January 30, 1968(aged 75)|
|Place of death||Canton, Ohio|
|Height||5 ft 10 in (178 cm)|
|Weight||190 lb (86 kg)|
|College||Carlisle Indian School
West Virginia Wesleyan
|1916–1920||Canton Bulldogs (OL)/(NFL)|
|1921||Cleveland Indians (NFL)|
|1921||Union Quakers (Ind.)|
|1921||Washington Senators (NFL)|
|1922–1923||Oorang Indians (NFL)|
|1924||Buffalo Bisons (NFL)|
|1925–1926||Canton Bulldogs (NFL)|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Battles/wars||World War I
Pedro "Pete" Calac (May 13, 1892 – January 30, 1968) was a professional football player who played in the Ohio League and during the early years of the National Football League. Over the course of his 10-year career he played for the Canton Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators, Oorang Indians and the Buffalo Bisons.
Calac was born on May 13, 1892 to Francisco and Felicidad Molino Calac of Valley Center, California. Two of Pete's brothers had died of typhoid fever and he had a brother and two sisters living in 1908. A Mission Indian, he was born on a reservation and attended grammar school in nearby Fallbrook, California. While there, he was selected to attend the Carlisle Indian School.
Carlisle Indian School
Calac came to the Carlisle Indian School located across the country in Carlisle, Pennsylvania on November 16, 1908 at the age of 15. He came to the school via the Union Pacific Railroad with only a third-grade education. Calac left Carlisle in June 1911 and returned to California. He asked to return to Carlisle and was re-enrolled September 22, 1912. At the school, he excelled at football. In 1914 and 1915, he was captain of the football team. He was first elected as the team's captain in 1914 when the team's current captain, Elmer Busch, was forced to resign. Until attending the school, Calac had never played football before and had no knowledge of the game. Calac recalled in Robert W. Wheeler's book, Jim Thorpe: World's Greatest Athlete, that the other players took an interest in him because of his large size. It was then that Jim Thorpe, who would later be recognized as being one of the Top Athletes of the 20th Century. Thorpe and Calac soon became friends and would later play professional football with the Canton Bulldogs and the Oorang Indians.
After attending West Virginia Wesleyan, Pete returned to California for a visit to family and tribe and enlisted in the Army. He served with the 91st Division, known as the "Wild West Division," in France and Belgium during World War I. He returned from the war without a wound. He later stated that "I guess I dug in too much". However, in article by the Professional Football Researchers Association, Calac was reported to have suffered career threatening wounds during the war but was back at the top of his game by 1922.
In 1916 with Calac and former Carlisle teammate Jim Thorpe starring, Canton went 9-0-1, won the Ohio League championship, and was acclaimed the pro football champion. The Bulldogs had a repeat of their 1916 season, by winning the 1917 Ohio League championship. Then in 1919 Thorpe and Calac were joined in the backfield by future Hall of Famer Joe Guyon and won their third Ohio League Championship.
Calac and Guyon joined the backfield of the Union Quakers over the 1921 Thanksgiving weekend for the games against the Conshohocken Athletic Club and the pre-NFL version of the Frankford Yellow Jackets. The 1921 Quakers team won the Philadelphia City Championship.
The Washington Senators franchise spent only 1 season in the NFL. Once the team left the league at the end of the 1921 season, only three of the team's players would play in the NFL following the very next season. Those players were Benny Boynton, Guyon and Calac.
In the winter of 1921, Walter Lingo, an Airedale terrier breeder, brought Thorpe and Calac, to his plantation in LaRue, Ohio to hunt for possum. During that meeting Lingo decided to purchase a franchise in the National Football League. Called the Oorang Indians. The team was composed only of Native Americans and was mostly used as tool to for Lingo to promote his Airedales. The team was not considered to be very good, despite having two future Hall of Famers in the lineup. Lingo was more interested in selling his dogs instead of quality football. As a result, the Indians became more of a novelty act, known for their halftime shows instead of a football team. Calac played the team's halfback for both years of the Indians existence.
After the Indians folded in 1923. Calac was left in need of a team. He was scooped up by the Buffalo Bisons, who were previously known as the Buffalo All-Americans. The team was sold to a group led by local businessman Warren D. Patterson and Tommy Hughitt, the team’s quarterback, for $50,000. The new owners changed the name of the team to Bisons, and committed themselves to signing big name players in an effort to improve performance both on the field and in attendance. As part of this big name spending spree, Calac was offered a contract to serve as the team's fullbck. The combination of Hughitt, Boynton, Eddie Kaw, and Calac gave Buffalo the most potent offensive backfield in the league. In a 13-0 opening day victory over the Columbus Panhandles, managed by future NFL President Joe Carr, Calac was knocked out of the game with a broken nose.
While with the Bisons, the team had to travel to Philadelphia for a game against the Frankford Yellow Jackets. Philadelphia, being a large metropolitan area, was unfamiliar territory for several of the rural players. That night several players including Calac and rookie Jim Ailinger (best known as being the last surviving player from the NFL's early era) went out to a restaurant for dinner. According to Ailinger, he was unfamiliar with what to order in a restaurant, so he sat right next to Calac, who was a veteran player. The waiter asked Pete what he wanted and he said, "A lot of meat and a lot of potatoes."
Pete and his wife were reported to have been married since 1924. They had a son, 2 daughters and 7 grandchildren. Their son, following in Pete's footsteps, played high school football in Canton. Afterwards he became a member of the police force. According to his obituary, Pete Calac died on January 30, 1968.
Grantland Rice, Dean of American Sportswriters, once wrote, "I believe an All-American, All-Indian Football team could beat the All-Time Notre Dame Team, the All-Time Michigan Team, or the All-Time anything else. Take a look at a backfield like Jim Thorpe, Joe Guyon, Pete Calac and Frank Mount Pleasant."
- Available Biographies of California Natives At Carlisle
- Calac Succeeds Busch
- Indians Again Elect Calac
- What's an Oorang?
- Peterson, Robert W. (1997). Pigskin: The Early Years of Pro Football. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-511913-4.
- Wheeler, Robert W. (1981). Jim Thorpe: World's Greatest Athlete. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1745-1.
- Miller, Jeffrey (2003). "Ben Lee Boynton:The Purple Streak" (PDF). Coffin Corner (Professional Football Researchers Association) 25 (3): 1–3.
- Braunwart,Bob; Bob Carroll; Joe Horrigan (1981). "The Oorang Indians" (PDF). Coffin Corner (Professional Football Researchers Association) 3 (1): 1–17.
- The Team That Invented Football
- Jim Allinger Buffalo Legend
- Ghosts of the Gridiron Union Quakers
- American Indian Hall of Fame Joe Guyon
- Ongoing Research Project Uniform Numbers of the NFL Pre-1933
- "Indians Again Elect Calac". The New York Times. December 18, 1914.
- "Calac Succeeds Busch at Carlisle". The New York Times. October 19, 1914.