Cosey in the mid 1970s
|Birth name||Peter Palus Cosey|
October 9, 1943|
|Died||May 30, 2012
|Occupation(s)||Chess session musician|
|Associated acts||Miles Davis, Burnt Sugar|
Peter Palus "Pete" Cosey (October 9, 1943 – May 30, 2012) was an American guitarist most famous for playing with Miles Davis' band between 1973 and 1975. His fiercely flanged and distorted guitar bore comparisons to Jimi Hendrix. Cosey kept a low profile for much of his career and released no solo recorded works. His unique guitar rhythms were showcased on Davis' albums Get Up with It (1974), Agharta (1975), Pangaea (1976), Dark Magus (1977), and The Complete On the Corner Sessions (2007).
Cosey was born in Chicago, Illinois. He was the only child of a musical family. His father and mother wrote for Louis Jordan and Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson and his father played for Sidney Bechet and Josephine Baker. Following the death of his father, Cosey and his mother moved to Phoenix, Arizona, where he spent his teenage years and began developing his guitar style.
Prior to joining the Miles Davis band in 1973, Cosey was a busy session guitarist with Chess Records, playing on records by Etta James, Fontella Bass ("Rescue Me"), Rotary Connection, Howlin' Wolf (The Howlin' Wolf Album) and Muddy Waters (Electric Mud, After the Rain).
Cosey was also an early member of Chicago's Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM). He was an early member of the Pharaohs, and a group with drummer Maurice White and bassist Louis Satterfield that eventually evolved into Earth, Wind & Fire. Some of his pre-Miles jazz playing is available on albums by Phil Cohran's Artistic Heritage Ensemble.
After joining Davis, Cosey performed on the albums Get Up with It, Dark Magus, Agharta and Pangaea. By 1975, Cosey had developed a remarkably advanced guitar approach—involving numerous alternate tunings, guitars restrung in unusual patterns and a post-Hendrix palette of distortion, wah-wah and guitar synth effects—that has influenced many adventurous guitarists, including Henry Kaiser and Vernon Reid.
Following the 1975 break-up of the Miles Davis band, Cosey largely disappeared from public view. He played on the title track of Herbie Hancock's Future Shock album, but did not appear on record again until Akira Sakata's album Fisherman's.com (with Sakata, Bill Laswell and Hamid Drake) in 2000. Throughout the '80s, he was involved in a number of Chicago- and New York-based groups with various musicians, but no recordings have been released. In 1987, he replaced Bill Frisell in the trio Power Tools with bassist Melvin Gibbs and drummer Ronald Shannon Jackson (a live recording is available through RSJ's website).
In 2001, he started a group called Children of Agharta to explore the electric Miles Davis repertoire. The first line-up was Cosey, Gary Bartz, John Stubblefield, Matt Rubano, J. T. Lewis, and DJ Johnny Juice Rosado (studio DJ for Public Enemy). The group's booking agency was listing the band as a quartet of Cosey, Bartz, Melvin Gibbs and Doni Hagen.
In 2003, Cosey appeared on an episode of American television's The People's Court, successfully suing a promoter for failing to pay fully for a Children of Agharta gig.
Cosey was also a featured soloist with the group Burnt Sugar on their album The Rites.
In 2004, Cosey appeared in the Godfathers and Sons episode of Martin Scorsese's documentary series The Blues. The episode followed Marshall Chess and Chuck D (of Public Enemy) reuniting the musicians from Muddy Waters' Electric Mud album to record a new track.
In July 2006, Cosey was fleetingly glimpsed during the finale of Bill Laswell's PBS Soundstage concert (his performance having been edited out of the broadcast).
In 2003, Cosey scored a short film, directed by Eli Mavros, entitled Alone Together. Cosey and Mavros had met the previous year during production of Mark Levin's episode for the PBS Blues series. After appearing on Eli's college blues radio show, Shake Em On Down, on New York University's radio station, 89.1 FM WNYU, he agreed to score the film. In the spirit of jazz and spontaneity, the soundtrack to the film was improvised by Cosey in real time over several takes, with several different instruments; no two takes were the same. He played guitar (using several distortion pedals, often bowing the strings like a violin), African thumb piano, and a zither given to him by Miles Davis. The film went on to show at several small film festivals.
From September through October 2007, Pete Cosey briefly appeared playing his guitar (no sound, due to narrative voiceover) in two scenes of a national thirty-second television commercial for AARP's Senior Advantage Complete Care Healthcare Insurance.
In 2007-08, Cosey contributed to the CD Miles from India, which celebrates the music of Miles Davis. It features many former Miles sidemen and Indian musicians, with Cosey playing on five tracks: "Ife (Fast)", "It's About That Time", "Miles Runs the Voodoo Down", "Great Expectations", and "Ife (Slow)".
Pete Cosey died on May 30, 2012 of complications following surgery at Vanguard Weiss Memorial Hospital in Chicago. Although he had spent most of his life in Chicago, he had been living in Evanston, Illinois. He is survived by five children and six grandchildren.
Instruments and equipment
Cosey was known for playing in a variety of guitar tunings; a friend commented he had a different tuning for each song. With Davis, he played an SG-like Guild (Agharta, Pangaea) and two 1950s Gibson Les Pauls (Dark Magus). Live he also used a Vox Phantom 12-string guitar and a Morris Mando Mania. He used a variety of effects (on stage he had those set up on a table in front of him, with assorted percussion instruments) including two wah pedals. An early fan of the guitar synthesizer, he played a EMS Synthi A synthesizer and later an Ibanez MIDI controller, a Roland guitar synth, and a Yamaha TX81Z.
- Margasak, Peter (2012-05-30). "Chicago guitar genius Pete Cosey dead at 68". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- Ratliff, Ben (2012-06-06). "Pete Cosey, Guitarist With Miles Davis, Dies at 68". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
- Reidelberger, Eric Colin (June 26, 2012). "Pete Cosey 1943-2012". Ugly Things. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
- Allmusic credits
- Lentz, Harris M. (2013). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2012. McFarland. p. 68. ISBN 0786470631. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
- Megan, Graydon (2012-06-06). "Pete Cosey, 1943-2012". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
- Megan, Graydon (6 June 2012). "Pete Cosey, innovative jazz guitarist, dies". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Litweiler, John (1984). The Freedom Principle: Jazz After 1958. Da Capo. p. 192. ISBN 0-306-80377-1.
- Longley, Martin (2008-05-30). "More Encore: Pete Cosey". All About Jazz. Retrieved 2010-12-12.
- Gluckin, Tzvi (19 November 2015). "Forgotten Heroes: Pete Cosey". Premier Guitar. Retrieved 13 October 2016.