Petenia splendida

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Petenia splendida
Cichlidae - Petenia splendida .JPG
Petenia splendida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Subfamily: Cichlasomatinae
Genus: Petenia
Günther, 1862
Species: P. splendida
Binomial name
Petenia splendida
Günther, 1862

Petenia splendida, the Bay snook, is a species of cichlid from Mexico and northern Central America. It is important to local commercial fisheries.


This piscivorous species can reach a length of 50 centimetres (20 in) SL.[1] These fishes have a laterally compressed body, with an elongated head and a prominent jaw. The fins are large and rounded. The basic coloration varies from pale pink to deep red to gold. Males are a bit larger than females, with a more accentuated red coloration. Females are usually rounder.[2] The special feature of this species is in the jaws that are extensible to more than 1/4 of the length of the entire body, which allows to prey fishes of considerable size but also to suck small fishes directly into the mouth.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This species is native to the Atlantic slope of tropical Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. It prefers slower-moving areas of rivers and lakes.


Petenia splendida
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, California, USA. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Fenner, Robert M.: The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune City, New Jersey, USA : T.F.H. Publications, 2001.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette y D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, USA, 1997.
  • Hoese, D.F. 1986: . A M.M. Smith y P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Maugé, L.A. 1986. A J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse y D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Bruxelles; MRAC, Tervuren; y ORSTOM, Paris, France. Vol. 2.
  • Moyle, P. y J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4th. Ed., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3rd ed. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2nd. Ed., London: Macdonald.


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Petenia splendida" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
  2. ^ Borstein Info

External links[edit]