|Born||25 March 1911|
|Died||5 July 1992(aged 81)|
|Years of service||1932–45|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Peter-Erich Cremer was born in Metz, Alsace-Lorraine, on 25 March 1911. After high school, Cremer enlisted in the Reichsmarine in 1932. After serving on cruisers and destroyers, Cremer became captain in February 1940. He received the Iron Cross 2nd class. On August 1940, Cremer was promoted to the rank of commander of submarine. After a perilous sea trip, his crew gave him the nickname "Ali". After this epic trip, "Ali" Cremer commanded the U-152. Then, Cremer commanded the U-333 from 25 August 1941 to 6 October 1942 and again from 18 May 1943, to 19 July 1944. On 31 January 1942 he mistakenly attacked and sunk the SS Spreewald. Subsequently he was court-martialed and found not guilty.
After several victorious trips, he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 5 June 1942. The same year, Cremer was severely wounded. He sailed again from 1943 until July 1944, before giving his boat to his lieutenant. On November 1944, Cremer, now Lieutenant Commander, aimed to convey the new submarine U-2519 Class XXI. Citing "several design flaws", Cremer scuttled the submarine at Kiel, on May 1945. As the War drew to a close, he was attached to the personal security unit of Karl Dönitz. In this role he was involved in the incident in which Kapitän zur See Wolfgang Lüth was shot to death by a German sentry.
Peter-Erich Cremer appeared in the British television documentary, "The World at War" in the early 1970s. Later he recounted his life in his books "U-333: The story of a u-boat ace" and "U-Boat Commander: a periscope view of the Battle of the Atlantic.". He died in Hamburg on 5 July 1992.
Summary of career
Ships sunk and damaged
Peter-Erich Cremer as commander of U-333 sank six merchant ships totalling 26,873 GRT, damaged another of 8,327 GRT, and also engaged and damaged the 925 long tons (940 t) Flower-class corvette HMS Crocus.
|Date||Ship||Nationality||Tons||Convoy||Fate and location|
|22 January 1942||Vassilios A. Polemis||Greece||3,429||ON-53||Sunk at|
|24 January 1942||Ringstad||Norway||4,765||ON-55||Sunk at|
|31 January 1942||Spreewald||Nazi Germany||5,083||Sunk at|
|6 May 1942||Amazone||Netherlands||1,294||Sunk at|
|6 May 1942||Halsey||United States||7,088||Sunk at|
|6 May 1942||Java Arrow||United States||8,327||Damaged at|
|10 May 1942||Clan Skene||United Kingdom||5,214||Sunk at|
|6 October 1942||HMS Crocus||Royal Navy||925||Damaged at|
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Destroyer War Badge ( 19 October 1940 )
- U-boat War Badge (1939) ( 26 May 1942 )
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 5 June 1942 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-333
- Wound Badge in Silver ( 11 November 1942 )
- U-boat Front Clasp ( 27 September 1944 )
- Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 11 May 1942 and 25 April 1945
|15 August 1932:||Offiziersanwärter (Officer Candidate)|
|1 January 1934:||Fähnrich zur See (Officer Cadet)|
|1 September 1935:||Oberfähnrich zur See (Senior Ensign)|
|1 January 1936:||Leutnant zur See (Second Lieutenant)|
|1 October 1937:||Oberleutnant zur See (First Lieutenant)|
|2 February 1940:||Kapitänleutnant (Captain Lieutenant)|
|11 July 1944:||Korvettenkapitän (Corvette Captain)|
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945] (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.