Peter A. Porter
|Peter Augustus Porter|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 34th district
March 4, 1907 – March 4, 1909
|Preceded by||James Wolcott Wadsworth|
|Succeeded by||James S. Simmons|
|Member of the New York Assembly from Niagara County|
January 1, 1886 – December 31, 1887
|Preceded by||Walter P. Horne|
|Succeeded by||Nelson D. Haskell|
|Village President of Niagara Falls|
January 1, 1878 – December 31, 1878
October 10, 1853|
Niagara Falls, New York
|Died||December 15, 1925
Buffalo, New York
|Resting place||Oakwood Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Alice Adelle Taylor
(m. 1877; his death 1925)
|Relations||See Breckinridge family|
|Parents||Peter A. Porter
Mary Cabell Breckenridge
|Education||St. Paul's School|
|Alma mater||Yale College (1874)|
Peter Augustus Porter (October 10, 1853 – December 15, 1925) was a U.S. Representative from New York, and grandson of Peter Buell Porter. Porter was the son of Colonel Peter A. Porter, the Civil War hero who bravely died in the bloody Battle of Cold Harbor. Porter was one of Niagara's first native poets.
Porter was born in Niagara Falls, New York on October 10, 1853, the only son of Mary Cabell Breckenridge (1826–1854) and Col. Peter Augustus Porter (1827–1864), who was the only son of Gen. Peter Buell Porter (1773–1844) with his first wife. His mother died in the cholera epidemic when he was four years old. He had a half-brother, George Morris Porter (1863–1907), by his father's second marriage to Josephine Matilda Morris (1831–1892), a daughter of George Washington Morris (1799–1834) and granddaughter of Lewis Morris (1754–1824) and great-granddaughter of Lewis Morris of Morrisania.
From 1880 to 1895, Porter owned the Niagara Falls Gazette, which had been founded in 1854, and converted it into a daily newspaper in 1893. He built the Arcade Building on Falls street in which the Gazette and the United States post office were housed for many years. He owned the famous old hostelry, the Cataract House, for many years. He was president of the Cataract Bank for some time.
In 1885, his family sold Goat Island and much of the mainland adjoining the river, which the Porter family had owned since 1816, to the Niagara Reservation, which New York State had established to create Niagara Falls State Park in the same year, becoming the first state park in the United States. He had estimated the value of the island at $1,000,000 in 1884. In 1889, Porter was elected secretary and treasurer, succeeding S. F. Rankine. He served as a director of the predecessor of the Niagara Falls Power Company, called Niagara River Hydraulic Tunnel, Power, and Sewer Company.
In 1886, Porter was elected a member of the New York State Assembly in the New York State Legislature, as a Republican, representing Niagara County's 2nd District. He served in 109th and 110th New York State Legislature until 1887. As Assemblyman, he introduced and brought about the passage of the celebrated Niagara Tunnel Bill, which sanctioned the State to utilize and develop electric power at Niagara Falls. Between 1886 and 1894, the New York State Legislature granted six charters to take water from above the Falls. One of these grants gave a company the right to develop 200,000 horse power and another grant ceded all the water which would pass through a canal 100 feet wide and 14 feet deep.
In 1888, he argued against a bill before Governor David B. Hill that would construct a 200 foot wide boulevard stretchign 20 miles from Niagara Falls to Buffalo, claiming that the $375,000 expense was too great for the communities affected. In 1903, he was successful in defeating Senator Irving L'Hommedieu's Niagara Falls Charter bill, along with W. Caryl Ely, George Urban, Jr., and Charles R. Huntley.
In 1907, he was elected as an Independent Republican to the 60th United States Congress, holding office from March 4, 1907, to March 3, 1909. He represented the 34th Congressional District, which comprised Niagara, Orleans, Genesee, Livingston and Wyoming counties. He declined to be a candidate for renomination.
Following his stint in politics, Porter engaged in the study and writing of history of the Niagara frontier, and was a prominent member of the Buffalo Historical Society. He was the founder, president, and later honorary president for life, of the Niagara Frontier Historical Society. He donated many of the collections relics and took an active interest in the Niagara County Pioneer Association, serving as its president for three terms. He was served as vice-president of the New York State Library Association in 1900.
In 1915, Porter presented a plan for developing 2,000,000 electrical horse power by damming the lower Niagara River and harnessing the power of Niagara Falls. He stated:
"I represented the Niagara District in the Sixtieth Congress. On the floor of the House of Representatives I stated that the people of my district were more interested in preserving the scenic beauty of the Falls of Niagara than were any people on earth. But we did ask that just as far as engineering science would decide that the water of the cataract could be safely used for commerce, without impairing the scenic beauty of Niagara Falls, to that extent power development should be not only permitted, but encouraged."
In 1922, Porter and his associate in the plan, T. Kennard Thomson, toured the prospective site for the power dam with members of the New York State Water Power Board. The plan called for immense power development at Foster Flats by means of a huge dam which would back up the waters of the Lower Niagara River, obliterating the upper and lower rapids of the whirlpool and utilizing the entire flow of the river.
On February 13, 1877, Porter married Alice Adelle Taylor (1853–1934), daughter of Virgil Corydon Taylor (1817–1889) and Harriett C. Dunlap (1832–1900). Alice was descended from Richard Taylor, who came from England to Massachusetts Colony in 1643. Together, Peter and Alice had three sons:
- Peter A. Porter, Jr. (b. 1877), who married married Geneva Thompson in 1907
- Cabell Breckinridge Porter (b. 1881), an illustrator who married Grace S. Sizer
- Preston Buell Porter (1891–1978), who married Margaret Ransom (b. 1894)
- Pitcher, Thomas (August 1, 2016). "A picture of Niagara History". Niagara Gazette. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "Site of the Home of Peter A. Porter, Elizabeth Porter, and Josephine Porter1" (PDF). niagarafallsundergroundrailroad.org. Niagara Falls Underground Railroad Heritage Area Commission. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- University of Michigan Alumni Association (1910). The Michigan Alumnus. UM Libraries. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Obituary 2 -- PORTER". The New York Times. April 1, 1907. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Obituary 1 -- PORTER". The New York Times. 13 May 1892. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- 1874, Yale University Class of (1912). Biographical Record of the Class of 1874 in Yale College: Part Fourth, 1874-1909. New Haven, Connecticut: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Company. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- Williams, Edward Theodore (1923). Official record of the Niagara Falls Memorial Commission, in succession to the William B. Rankine Memorial Commission : together with biographical sketches of ... distinguished citizens of Niagara Falls, the memory of whose outstanding accomplishments is being perpetuated by monuments erected in front of the City Hall. Niagara Falls, NY: Niagara Falls Memorial Commission. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "PETER A. PORTER DEAD". The New York Times. 16 December 1925. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Niagara Falls Gazette Changes Hands.". The New York Times. 30 August 1895. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- Glynn, Don (October 18, 2015). "Gazette's storied past at 310 Niagara St.". Niagara Gazette. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "THE VALUE OF GOAT ISLAND.; TESTIMONY GIVEN BEFORE THE STATE COMMISSION.". The New York Times. 10 April 1884. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "STATE PARK APPRAISERS.; THREE MEN SELECTED TO PLACE A VALUE ON THE NIAGARA FALLS LANDS.". The New York Times. 27 January 1884. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Niagara State Reservation Election.". The New York Times. 10 December 1899. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Niagara Falls New York Township History - The City of Niagara Falls, New York, USA". Niagarafallsinfo.com. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "Porter, Peter Augustus (1853-1925)". politicalgraveyard.com. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
- Samuelsen, W. David (1906–1908). Memorial and family history of Erie County, New York. New York and Buffalo: New York : Genealogical Publ. Co. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "A NEW PLAN TO HARNESS NIAGARA; Former Congressman Peter A. Porter Proposes to Dam River Below Falls and Get Mighty Power". The New York Times. 22 August 1915. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "SIGNED BY THE GOVERNOR.". The New York Times. 24 May 1888. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- Times, Special To The New York (22 April 1903). "SENATOR L'HOMMEDIEU ANGRY.; He Complains of Corporate Influence When His Niagara Falls Charter Bill Is Killed.". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "PORTER, Peter Augustus - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "NOTES AND NEWS.; New York (State) Library Association.". The New York Times. 1 September 1900. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Examine Niagara Power Dam Site.". The New York Times. 5 August 1922. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- Kostoff, Bob (August 2, 2005). "Porters Prominent Locally". Niagara Falls Reporter. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "OCEAN TRAVEL.". The New York Times. 20 April 1926. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "A Legend of Goat Island". gutenberg.org. Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- United States Congress. "Peter A. Porter (id: P000445)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Works by Peter A. Porter at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Peter A. Porter at Internet Archive
- Peter A. Porter at Find a Grave
|New York Assembly|
Walter P. Horne
|New York State Assembly
Niagara County, 2nd District
Nelson D. Haskell
|United States House of Representatives|
James Wolcott Wadsworth
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 34th congressional district
James S. Simmons
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.