Peter Aaby

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Peter Aaby
Born(1944-11-06)6 November 1944
CitizenshipDanish
Alma materUniversity of Copenhagen
Known forNon-specific effects of vaccines
AwardsNovo Nordisk Prize (2000)
Scientific career
FieldsHealth, epidemiology
InstitutionsBandim Health Project

Peter Aaby (Danish, born 1944 in Lund, Sweden) is trained as an anthropologist but also holds a doctoral degree in medicine.[1] In 1978, Peter Aaby established the Bandim Health Project, a Health and Demographic Surveillance System site in Guinea-Bissau in West Africa, which he has run ever since.[2] In 2000, Peter Aaby was awarded the Novo Nordisk Prize, the most important Danish award within health research.

Aaby is credited for the discovery of non-specific effects of vaccines – i.e. effects of vaccines, which go beyond the specific protective effects against the targeted diseases.[3] The theory of non-specific effects of vaccines was established in 1991 and later documented in several trials on measles vaccine, BCG, oral polio vaccine, DTP vaccine and smallpox vaccine.[4] As a consequence of Aaby’s work on non-specific effects of vaccines it has been recommended the WHO vaccination program in low income countries should be changed.[5] WHO recently reviewed the evidence for non-specific effects of BCG vaccine, measles vaccine and DTP vaccine, and concluded that it would "keep a watch on the evidence of nonspecific effects of vaccination".[6]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Winkel, Klaus (2011). Danskere i tropisk Afrika : fra slavehandler til bistandsarbejder (1. udgave. ed.). Århus: Klim. ISBN 8779559271.
  2. ^ "Background". Bandim Health Project. SSI. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  3. ^ Prentice, AM; Savy, M; Darboe, MK; Moore, SE (April 2009). "Commentary: Challenging public health orthodoxies--prophesy or heresy?". International Journal of Epidemiology. 38 (2): 591–3. doi:10.1093/ije/dyn363. PMC 2663722. PMID 19174540.
  4. ^ Benn, CS; Netea, MG; Selin, LK; Aaby, P (September 2013). "A small jab - a big effect: nonspecific immunomodulation by vaccines". Trends in Immunology. 34 (9): 431–9. doi:10.1016/j.it.2013.04.004. PMID 23680130.
  5. ^ Shann, F (February 2013). "Nonspecific effects of vaccines and the reduction of mortality in children". Clinical Therapeutics. 35 (2): 109–14. doi:10.1016/j.clinthera.2013.01.007. PMID 23375475.
  6. ^ "Meeting of Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety, 18-19 June 2008". Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 83 (32): 287–92. Aug 2008. PMID 18689006.

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