Peter Andreyevich Arshinov (Russian: Пётр Андре́евич Арши́нов), also P. Marin (Russian: П. Ма́рин) (1886–1937), was a Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary and intellectual who chronicled Nestor Makhno's 1919–1921 uprising.
Peter Arshinov was born in Yekaterinoslav. In 1905 he worked as a locksmith in the railway workshops of Kizyl-Arvat (now Serdar in Turkmenistan), where he joined the Bolshevik party. From here he led the organization of the RSDLP and was the editor of the illegal Bolshevik newspaper Molot. Hiding from the police, he soon returned to Ukraine where he joined the workers at a factory in Yekaterinoslav. Disappointed with the minimalist program and the indecision of the Bolsheviks, in the autumn of 1906 Arshinov became an anarcho-communist. In December 1906, after the autumn defeat, he united the militant anarchist survivors of Yekaterinoslav into a terrorist group and organized a series of attacks - including the assassination of a ruthless railroad boss and the bombing of a village police station on 23 December 1906, in which a number of Cossack and police officers were killed.
In 1907 he escaped from prison, where he awaited a death sentence. Arshinov then traveled throughout Europe for two years, but within a year, he was again imprisoned for a 20-year sentence in Moscow's Butyrka prison. There he met fellow convict and anarchist leader Nestor Makhno. They were released seven years later, in 1917, during the February Revolution. While Makhno returned to Ukraine, Arshinov joined the Moscow Federation of Anarchist Groups. Arshinov returned to Ukraine to participate in Makhno's 1919 Makhnovist insurrection, which lasted until 1921.
Arshinov emigrated to Germany in 1922, later moving to France and the United States. In 1923 he published his "History of the Makhnovist Movement", which was used as evidence for defence in the court proceedings against Nestor Makhno in Paris, and helped obtain his exoneration. After breaking up with anarchism  Arshinov returned to the USSR in 1934 with permission of the Soviet authorities. He was arrested in 1937, accused of creation of anarchist underground network, and was summarily executed.
- History of the Makhnovist Movement (1921)
- The Two Octobers (1927)
- Graham, Robert, ed. (2005). Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas. 1. Montreal: Black Rose Books. p. 304. ISBN 978-1-55164-250-5.
- Peters 1970, p. 27.
- Alexandre Skirda, "Anarchy Cossack" p.283
- Peter Arshinov, History of the Makhnovist Movement (1918-1921), 1923.
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