Peter Stephen Paul Brook
21 March 1925
|Died||2 July 2022 (aged 97)|
|Occupation(s)||Theatre and film director|
(m. 1951; died 2015)
Peter Stephen Paul Brook CH CBE (21 March 1925 – 2 July 2022) was an English theatre and film director. He worked first in England, from 1945 at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, from 1947 at the Royal Opera House, and from 1962 for the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC). With them, he directed the first English-language production in 1964 of Marat/Sade by Peter Weiss, which was transferred to Broadway in 1965 and won the Tony Award for Best Play, and Brook was named Best Director. He also directed films such as an iconic version of Lord of the Flies in 1963.
He was based in France from the early 1970s, where he founded an international theatre company, playing in developing countries, in an approach of great simplicity. He was often referred to as "our greatest living theatre director". He won multiple Emmy Awards, a Laurence Olivier Award, the Japanese Praemium Imperiale, the Prix Italia and the Europe Theatre Prize. In 2021, he was awarded India's Padma Shri.
Brook was born on 21 March 1925 in the Bedford Park area of Chiswick, the second son of Simon Brook and his wife Ida (Judelson), both Lithuanian Jewish immigrants from Latvia. The family home was at 27 Fairfax Road, Turnham Green. His elder brother Alexis became a psychiatrist and psychotherapist. His first cousin was Valentin Pluchek, chief director of the Moscow Satire Theatre. Brook was educated at Westminster School, Gresham's School, and Magdalen College, Oxford, where he studied languages until 1945. Brook was excused from military service during World War II due to childhood illness.
Brook directed Marlowe's Dr Faustus, his first production, in 1943 at the Torch Theatre in London, followed at the Chanticleer Theatre in 1945 with a revival of Cocteau's The Infernal Machine. He was engaged from 1945 as stage director at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre (BRT). Hired by BRT direct Barry Jackson when he was just twenty years old, Jackson described Brook as "the youngest earthquake I've known".
In 1947, Brook went to Stratford-upon-Avon as assistant director on Romeo and Juliet and Love's Labour's Lost for the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre. From 1947 to 1950, he was Director of Productions at the Royal Opera House in London. His work there included an effective re-staging of Puccini's La bohème using sets dating from 1899, in 1948, and a highly controversial staging of Salome by Richard Strauss with sets by Salvador Dalí in 1949. A proliferation of stage and screen work as producer and director followed. Howard Richardson's Dark of the Moon at the Ambassadors Theatre, London, in 1949 was an early, much admired production. From 1962, he was director of the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), together with Peter Hall. With them, he directed the first English-language production in 1964 of Marat/Sade by the German playwright Peter Weiss. It transferred to Broadway in 1965 and won the Tony Award for Best Play, and Brook was named Best Director. In 1966, they presented US, an anti-Vietnam War protest play.
Brook was influenced by the work of Antonin Artaud and his ideas for his Theatre of Cruelty.
In England, Peter Brook and Charles Marowitz undertook The Theatre of Cruelty Season (1964) at the Royal Shakespeare Company, aiming to explore ways in which Artaud's ideas could be used to find new forms of expression and retrain the performer. The result was a showing of 'works in progress' made up of improvisations and sketches, one of which was the premier of Artaud's The Spurt of Blood.
- – Lee Jamieson, Antonin Artaud: From Theory to Practice, Greenwich Exchange, 2007
His greatest influence, however, was Joan Littlewood. Brook described her as "the most galvanising director in mid-20th century Britain". Brook's work was also inspired by the theories of experimental theatre of Jerzy Grotowski, Bertolt Brecht, Chris Covics and Vsevolod Meyerhold and by the works of G. I. Gurdjieff, Edward Gordon Craig, and Matila Ghyka.
Brook collaborated with actors Paul Scofield as Lear, John Gielgud in Measure for Measure, and Glenda Jackson; designers Georges Wakhévitch and Sally Jacobs; and writers Ted Hughes and William Golding. Brook first encountered Wakhévitch in London when he saw the production of Jean Cocteau's ballet Le Jeune Homme et la Mort which Wakhévitch designed. Brook declared that he "was convinced that this was the designer for whom I had been waiting".
International Centre for Theatre Research
In 1971, with Micheline Rozan, Brook founded the International Centre for Theatre Research, a multinational company of actors, dancers, musicians and others, which travelled widely in the Middle East and Africa in the early 1970s. It has been based in Paris at the Bouffes du Nord theatre since 1974. The troupe played at immigrant hostels, in villages and in refugee camps, sometimes for people who had never been exposed to theatre. In 2008 he resigned as its artistic director, beginning a three-year handover to Olivier Mantei and Olivier Poubelle.
In the mid-1970s, Brook, with writer Jean-Claude Carrière, began work on adapting the Indian epic poem the Mahabharata into a stage play, which was first performed in 1985 and later developed into a televised mini series.
In a long article in 1985, The New York Times noted "overwhelming critical acclaim", and that the play "did nothing less than attempt to transform Hindu myth into universalized art, accessible to any culture". However, many post-colonial scholars have challenged the claim to universalism, accusing the play of orientalism. Gautam Dasgupta wrote that "Brook's Mahabharata falls short of the essential Indianness of the epic by staging predominantly its major incidents and failing to adequately emphasize its coterminous philosophical precepts."
In 2015, Brook returned to the world of The Mahabharata with a new Young Vic production, Battlefield, in collaboration with Jean-Claude Carrière and Marie-Hélène Estienne.
In 2005, Brook directed Tierno Bokar, based on the life of the Malian sufi of the same name. The play was adapted for the stage by Marie-Hélène Estienne from a book by Amadou Hampâté Bâ (translated into English as A Spirit of Tolerance: The Inspiring Life of Tierno Bokar). The book and play detail Bokar's life and message of religious tolerance. Columbia University produced 44 related events, lectures, and workshops that were attended by over 3,200 people throughout the run of Tierno Bokar. Panel discussions focused on topics of religious tolerance and Muslim tradition in West Africa.
In 1951, Brook married actress Natasha Parry. They had two children: Irina, an actress and director, and Simon, a director. Parry died of a stroke in July 2015, aged 84.
Brook died in Paris on 2 July 2022, aged 97.
Sources for Brook's productions are held by the Academy of Arts in Berlin, the Princess of Asturias Foundation, and others.
Brook was fascinated with the works of Shakespeare which he produced in England and elsewhere, in films, and adaptation. In 1945, he began with King John, with designer Paul Shelving at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre. At the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, he directed Measure for Measure in 1950 and The Winter's Tale in 1952, both with John Gielgud, followed there by Hamlet Prince of Denmark in 1955, with Paul Scofield (Hamlet), Alec Clunes (Claudius), Diana Wynyard (Gertrude), Mary Ure (Ophelia), Ernest Thesiger (Polonius), Richard Johnson (Laertes), Michael David (Horatio), and Richard Pasco (Fortinbras). Titus Andronicus, with Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh, was played there the same year, and also on a European tour in 1957.
Brooks's 1953 staging of King Lear, for the American TV show Omnibus, starred Orson Welles in Welles's first-ever television production.
His first work for the Royal Shakespeare Company was in 1962 King Lear, with Paul Scofield. He created a legendary version of A Midsummer Night's Dream, with designer Sally Jacobs (designer), John Kane (Puck), Frances de la Tour (Helena), Ben Kingsley (Demetrius) and Patrick Stewart (Snout) in 1970. He directed the film King Lear, again with Scofield, in 1971.
He kept producing works by Shakespeare for the Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord, in French, including Timon d'Athènes, adaptated by Jean-Claude Carrière, 1974, Mesure pour mesure in 1978 and as a film a year later, La Tempête, adaptated by Carrière, with Sotigui Kouyaté in 1990.
He directed The Tragedy of Hamlet, with Adrian Lester (Hamlet), Jeffery Kissoon (Claudius / Ghost), Natasha Parry (Gertrude), Shantala Shivalingappa (Ophelia), Bruce Myers (Polonius), Rohan Siva (Laertes / Guildenstern), Scott Handy (Horatio) and Yoshi Oida (Player King / Rosencrantz) in 2000, followed by a TV film version in 2002. In 2009, he directed a theatrical version of sonnets, Love is my Sin. In 2010, Shakespeare was among the authors for the production Warum warum (Why Why), written by Brook and Marie-Hélène Estienne after also Antonin Artaud, Edward Gordon Craig, Charles Dullin, Vsevolod Meyerhold and Motokiyo Zeami.
Works with RSC
- 1946: Love's Labour's Lost (Shakespeare Memorial Theatre)
- 1947: Romeo and Juliet (Shakespeare Memorial Theatre)
- 1950: Measure for Measure, with John Gielgud (Shakespeare Memorial Theatre)
- 1952: The Winter's Tale, with John Gielgud (Shakespeare Memorial Theatre)
- 1955: Titus Andronicus, with Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh (Shakespeare Memorial Theatre)
- 1957: The Tempest, with John Gielgud (Shakespeare Memorial Theatre)
- 1962: King Lear with Paul Scofield
- 1964: Marat/Sade
- 1966: US, an anti-Vietnam War protest play with The Royal Shakespeare Company, documented in the film Benefit of the Doubt
- 1970: A Midsummer Night's Dream, with John Kane (Puck), Frances de la Tour (Helena), Ben Kingsley (Demetrius) and Patrick Stewart (Snout)
- 1978: Antony and Cleopatra, with Glenda Jackson, Alan Howard, Jonathan Pryce, Alan Rickman, Juliet Stevenson, Patrick Stewart and David Suchet
Other major productions
- 1951: A Penny for a Song, by John Whiting
- 1955: Hamlet, with Paul Scofield
- 1956: A View from the Bridge, by Arthur Miller
- 1958: The Visit, with Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne
- 1964: Marat/Sade, by Peter Weiss
- 1968: Oedipus with John Gielgud and Irene Worth, adapted by Ted Hughes, National Theatre
- 1971: Orghast, by Ted Hughes
- 1974: Timon d'Athènes, adaptation by Jean-Claude Carrière, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord
- 1975: Les Iks, by Colin Turnbull, adaptation Jean-Claude Carrière, Théâtre des Bouffes
- 1977: Ubu aux Bouffes, after Alfred Jarry, Théâtre des Bouffes
- 1978: Mesure pour mesure, by William Shakespeare, Théâtre des Bouffes
- 1979: La Conférence des oiseaux (The Conference of the Birds), after Farid al-Din Attar, Festival d'Avignon; Théâtre des Bouffes
- 1979: L'Os de Mor Lam, by Birago Diop, Théâtre des Bouffes
- 1981: La Tragédie de Carmen, after Prosper Mérimée, Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy, Viviane Beaumont Theater, Lincoln Center, New York City
- 1981: La Cerisaie, by Anton Chekhov, Théâtre des Bouffes
- 1984: Tchin-Tchin, by François Billetdoux, directed with Maurice Bénichou, with Marcello Mastroianni, Théâtre Montparnasse
- 1985: Le Mahabharata (The Mahabharata), Festival d'Avignon
- 1988: The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov, Majestic Theatre, Brooklyn
- 1989: Woza Albert!, by Percy Mtawa, Mbongeni Ngema and Barney Simon
- 1990: La Tempête, by William Shakespeare, adaptation by Jean-Claude Carrière, with Sotigui Kouyaté, Théâtre des Bouffes
- 1992: Impressions de Pelléas, after Claude Debussy, Théâtre des Bouffes
- 1993: L'Homme Qui, after The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat by Oliver Sacks
- 1995: Qui est là, after texts by Antonin Artaud, Bertolt Brecht, Edward Gordon Craig, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Konstantin Stanislavski and Motokiyo Zeami
- 1995: Oh les beaux jours, by Samuel Beckett
- 1998: Je suis un phénomène, after prodigieuse mémoire by Alexander Luria
- 1998: Don Giovanni by Mozart, for the 50th Festival International d'Art Lyrique d'Aix-en-Provence
- 1999: Le Costume, by Can Themba
- 2000: Hamlet by William Shakespeare, with Adrian Lester
- 2002: Far Away, by Caryl Churchill
- 2002: La Mort de Krishna, extract from Mahabharata de Vyasa, adaptation by Jean-Claude Carrière and Marie-Hélène Estienne
- 2003: Ta main dans la mienne, by Carol Rocamora
- 2004: Tierno Bokar, after Vie et enseignement de Tierno Bokar-Le sage de Bandiagara by Amadou Hampâté Bâ, with Sotigui Kouyaté
- 2004: Le Grand Inquisiteur, after The Brothers Karamazov by Dostoyevsky
- 2006: Sizwe Banzi est mort, by Athol Fugard, John Kani and Winston Ntshona, Festival d'Avignon
- 2008: Fragments, after Samuel Beckett
- 2009: Love is my sin, sonnets by William Shakespeare
- 2009: 11 and 12, after Vie et enseignement de Tierno Bokar-Le Sage de Bandiagara by Amadou Hampâté Bâ
- 2010: Warum warum, by Peter Brook and Marie-Hélène Estienne after Antonin Artaud, Edward Gordon Craig, Charles Dullin, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Motokiyo Zeami and William Shakespeare
- 2011: A Magic Flute, an adaptation of Mozart's The Magic Flute, directed with Marie-Hélène Estienne, composer Franck Krawczyk to positive reviews at the Gerald W. Lynch Theater of John Jay College.
- 2013: The Suit, after Can Themba's tale, directed with Marie-Hélène Estienne and Franck Krawczyk
- 2015: Battlefield, from The Mahabharata and Jean-Claude Carrière's play, adapted and directed by Peter Brook and Marie-Hélène Estienne
- 2018: The Prisoner, written and directed by Peter Brook and Marie-Hélène Estienne
- 2019: 'Why?' . Written and directed by Peter Brook and Marie-Hélène Estienne
- 1953: The Beggar's Opera
- 1960: Moderato Cantabile (UK title Seven Days... Seven Nights) with Jeanne Moreau and Jean-Paul Belmondo
- 1963: Lord of the Flies
- 1967: Ride of the Valkyrie
- 1967: Marat/Sade
- 1968: Tell Me Lies
- 1971: King Lear
- 1979: Meetings with Remarkable Men
- 1979: Mesure pour mesure
- 1982: La Cerisaie
- 1983: La Tragédie de Carmen
- 1989: The Mahabharata
- 2002: The Tragedy of Hamlet (TV)
- 2012: The Tightrope (documentary film, co-written and directed by Simon Brook)
- Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play for Marat/Sade, 1966
- Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play for A Midsummer Night's Dream, 1971
- Brigadier Prize, 1975, for Timon of Athens
- Grand Prix Dominique, 1981
- Laurence Olivier Award, 1983
- Emmy Award, 1984, for La tragédie de Carmen
- Prix Italia, 1984
- Europe Theatre Prize, 1989
- International Emmy Award, 1990, for The Mahabharata
- Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy, 1991
- Praemium Imperiale, 1997
- Dan David Prize, 2005
- The Ibsen Award for 2008, first winner of the prize of NOK 2.5 mill (approximately £200,000).
- Critics' Circle Award for Distinguished Service to the Arts 2008
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1965
- Induction into the American Theater Hall of Fame, 1983
- Honorary DLitt, University of Birmingham, 1990
- Honorary Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1991
- Honorary DLitt, University of Strathclyde, 1990
- Honorary DLitt, University of Oxford, 1994
- Officier de l'Ordre de la Légion d'honneur (France), 1995
- Companion of Honour, 1998 (He previously declined a knighthood.)
- President's Medal by the British Academy, 2011
- Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur (France), 2013
- Princess of Asturias Award in Arts, 2019
- Padma Shri (India), 2021
Europe Theatre Prize
In 1989 he was awarded the II Europe Theatre Prize in Taormina, with the following motivation:
In the field of world theatre of the second half of our century, the long theoretical and practical work of Peter Brook has – without any doubt – unrivalled merits, which are – broadly speaking – unique. Brook's first merit is that of having always pursued an authentic research outside the sterile 'routine' of what he has defined as 'Deadly Theatre'. Brook's second merit is that of having been able to use different languages of contemporary scene; in the same way he has been able to unify the variety of languages. Brook's third merit is that of having discovered and given back a bright vitality to some great cultural and theatrical heritages which hitherto had remained distant from us both in space and time. Nevertheless – without any doubt – Brook's noblest and most constant merit is that of having never separated the strictness and finesse of research from the necessity that the result of those ones would have had the audience as their receiver and interlocutor; the audience which is also requested to renew its habits.
- Brook, Peter (1968). The Empty Space. Penguin (2008). ISBN 978-0-14-118922-2.
- — (1988). The Shifting Point. UK: Methuen Drama. ISBN 0-413-61280-5.
- — (1991). Le Diable c'est l'ennui. ISBN 2-86943-321-2. OCLC 708323104.
- — (1993). There Are No Secrets. Methuen Drama. ISBN 0-413-68140-8. OCLC 29389617.
- — (1995). The Open Door. ISBN 978-1-55936-102-6.
- — (1998). Threads of Time: Recollections. ISBN 978-1-887178-35-8.
- — (1999). Evoking Shakespeare. Nick Hern Books (2nd ed. 2002). ISBN 1-55936-169-7. OCLC 40830170.
- Brook, Peter; et al. (Alessandro Martinez and Georges Banu) (2004). La voie de Peter Brook [Peter Brook's journey] (in French and English). Translated by Tucciarelli, C.; Watkins, B.; Herbert, I. Premio Europa per il Teatro. ISBN 978-8-89010-141-0.
- Brook, Peter (23 April 2013). The Quality of Mercy: Reflections on Shakespeare. Nick Hern Books. ISBN 978-1-84842-261-2.
- — (14 September 2017). Tip of The Tongue: Reflections on Language and Meaning. Nick Hern Books. ISBN 978-1-84842-672-6.
- — (24 October 2019). Playing by Ear: Reflections on Sound and Music. Nick Hern Books. ISBN 978-1-84842-831-7.
- ^ a b c "Peter Brook". Encyclopedia Britannica (online ed.). 17 March 2022. Archived from the original on 18 March 2022.
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- ^ a b "II Edizione". Premio Europa per il Teatro (in Italian). Retrieved 18 December 2022.
- ^ Webb. "Peter Brook". jewishlivesproject.com. Archived from the original on 12 June 2021. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
- ^ Aronson, Arnold (25 May 2005). "Peter Brook: A Biography". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- ^ a b Kustow, Michael (17 October 2013). Peter Brook: A Biography. A & C Black. pp. 5–7. ISBN 978-1-4088-5228-6. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
- ^ Wittenberg, Isca (27 September 2007). "Obituary: Alexis Brook". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- ^ "Category Archives: Memorial Plaques to Theater Artists". russianlandmarks. Archived from the original on 19 November 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Peter Brook / Regisseur, Intendant". Academy of Arts, Berlin (in German). Archived from the original on 27 April 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ "Peter Brook Collection – Archives Hub". archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 4 July 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f Ratcliffe, Michael (3 July 2022). "Peter Brook obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 July 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ a b Nightingale, Benedict (3 July 2022). "Peter Brook, Celebrated Stage Director of Scale and Humanity, Dies at 97". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 3 July 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ Hartman, Martha (3 July 2022). "Visionary Director Peter Brook, 97, has Died". Opera News.
- ^ a b "Peter Brook: British stage directing great dies aged 97". BBC News. 3 July 2022. Archived from the original on 3 July 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ Gordon, David (3 July 2022). "Peter Brook, Legendary Theater Director Behind Landmark Midsummer and Marat/Sade, Dies at 97". TheaterMania. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ a b c Stadelmaier, Gerhard (4 July 2022). "Der Mann, der an das Theater glaubte". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ Brook, Peter (1968). The Empty Space. [New York] Discus Books.
- ^ Nicolescu, Basarab; Williams, David (1997). "Peter Brook and Traditional Thought". Contemporary Theatre Review. Overseas Publishers Association. 7: 11–23. doi:10.1080/10486809708568441. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
- ^ Holroyd, Michael (7 March 2009). "Michael Holroyd on Isadora Duncan and Edward Gordon Craig". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 July 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ Gibbons, Fiachra (17 January 2010). "The prayers of Peter Brook". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 June 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ Brook, Peter (1999). Threads of Time: A Memoir. p. 53. ISBN 0-413-73300-9.
- ^ Chambers, Colin The Continuum Companion To Twentieth Century Theatre (Continuum, 2002, ISBN 0-8264-4959-X), p. 384.
- ^ Chrisafis, Angelique (17 December 2008). "Interview: Peter Brook says a long goodbye to his Paris theatre". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
- ^ Morgenstern, Joe (17 April 1988). "Jean-Claude Pierre; the Mahabharata, the great history of mankind – interview about the stage adaptation". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2007.
- ^ Carriere, Jean-Claude (September 1989). "Jean-Claude Carriere; the Mahabharata, the great history of mankind – interview about the stage adaptation". UNESCO Courier. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2007.
- ^ Croyden, Margaret (25 August 1985). "Peter Brook transforms an Indian epic for the stage". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 12 December 2015. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- ^ Dasgupta, Gautam (1991). "The Mahabharata: Peter Brook's Orientalism". In Marranca, Bonnie; Gautam, Dasgupta (eds.). Interculturalism and Performance: Writings from PAJ. New York: PAJ Publications. p. 81. ISBN 9781555540579.
- ^ Brown, Mark (7 February 2016). "Peter Brook's return to the Mahabharata is breathtaking". The Guardian.
- ^ "Peter Brook: all the world's his stage". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 12 June 2021. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
- ^ "Tierno Bokar". tiernobokar.columbia.edu. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ Billington, Michael (26 July 2015). "Natasha Parry obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^ "Peter Brook – Princess of Asturias Awards – The Princess of Asturias Foundation". The Princess of Asturias Foundation. Archived from the original on 4 July 2022. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ "Chronology of Plays and Films of Peter Brook (taken from Kustow 2005)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 August 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ "Peter Brook". Theatricalia. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ "Production of King John". Theatricalia. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ "Production of The Winter's Tale". Theatricalia. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ "Peter Brook's production of King Lear, 1962". Royal Shakespeare Company. 11 November 1962. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ "Peter Brook, Timon d'Athènes". Festival d'Automne à Paris (in French). Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ "Collections". Retrieved 12 October 2022.
- ^ Rosenthal, Daniel. "You've all been wonderful, darlings". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 12 June 2021. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
- ^ Tommasini, Anthony (7 July 2011). "A Streamlined 'Magic Flute,' Reimagined by Peter Brook". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- ^ Green, Jesse (27 September 2019). "Review: Peter Brook Asks the Ultimate Question in 'Why?'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- ^ "Tony Awards". Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2008.
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- ^ a b "Peter Stephen Paul Brook". 京都賞. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ a b c Hoffman, Jorden (3 July 2022). "Peter Brook, Legendary British Stage Director, Dies at Age 97". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ "British Theater, Film Director Peter Brook Dies At Age 97". Bloomberg L.P. 3 July 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
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- ^ "British director wins the Ibsen Prize". Norway.org. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 21 August 2008.
- ^ Paddock, Terri (12 May 2009). "Peter Brook Receives UK's Critics Circle Award". TheaterMania. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ "No. 43529". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1964. pp. 1–36.
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- ^ "Peter Brook". Magdalen College Oxford. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ a b Ratcliffe, Michael (3 July 2022). "Peter Brook obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- ^ AFP. "563 décorés de la Légion d'honneur pour Pâques". Libération (in French). Archived from the original on 12 June 2021. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
- ^ "The British Academy President's Medal". British Academy. Archived from the original on 26 May 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
- ^ IT, Desarrollado con webControl CMS por Intermark. "Peter Brook – Premiados – Premios Princesa de Asturias". Fundación Princesa de Asturias. Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
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- ^ "Europe Theatre Prize - II Edition - Reasons". 8 March 2016. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2022.
- Jamieson, Lee, Antonin Artaud: From Theory to Practice (Greenwich Exchange: London, 2007) Contains practical exercises on Artaud drawn from Brook's Theatre of Cruelty Season at the RSC; ISBN 978-1-871551-98-3
- Freeman, John, The Greatest Shows on Earth: World Theatre from Peter Brook to the Sydney Olympics. Libri: Oxford; ISBN 978-1-90747-154-4
- Heilpern, John, Conference of the Birds: The Story of Peter Brook in Africa, Faber, 1977; ISBN 0-571-10372-3
- Hunt, Albert and Geoffrey Reeves. Peter Brook (Directors in Perspective). Cambridge University Press. (1995)
- Kustow, Michael. Peter Brook: A Biography. Bloomsbury. (2005), ISBN 0-7475-7646-7 OCLC 57282992
- Moffitt, Dale (2000). Between two silences : talking with Peter Brook. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-75580-0. OCLC 44933150.
- Todd, Andrew; Lecat, Jean-Guy (2003). The open circle : Peter Brook's theater environments. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-6362-2. OCLC 52948936.
- Trewin, J. C. (1971). Peter Brook: a biography. London: Macdonald and Co. ISBN 0-356-03855-6. OCLC 292582.
- Trowbridge, Simon (2010). The Company : a biographical dictionary of the Royal Shakespeare Company. Oxford: Editions Albert Creed. ISBN 978-0-9559830-2-3. OCLC 668192625.
- Zohar, Ouriel, Meetings with Peter Brook, Zohar, Tel-Aviv 176 pp. (1990) (in Hebrew), OCLC 762802105.
- "Peter Brook: British stage directing great dies aged 97". BBC News. 3 July 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- Darge, Fabienne (3 July 2022). "British director Peter Brook dies aged 97". Le Monde. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- Tholl, Egbert (3 July 2022). "Leer ist der Raum: Der große Regisseur Peter Brook ist tot". Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- Spreng, Eberhard (3 July 2022). "Der poetische Erlöser". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- "Peter Brook ist tot: Der britische Theatertitan ist mit 97 Jahren gestorben". Der Spiegel (in German). 3 July 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
- Official website
- Dan David Prize laureate 2005
- Peter Brook biography and filmography at the BFI's Screenonline
- Peter Brook at IMDb
- Peter Brook at the Internet Broadway Database
- Peter Brook at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Peter Brook discography at Discogs
- Screener for Brook by Brook on YouTube
- Peter Brook Experimental Theatre Organization
- Brook's Mahabharata (review) Caravan Magazine
- Portraits of Peter Brook at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- 1925 births
- 2022 deaths
- 20th-century British male writers
- 21st-century British male writers
- Acting theorists
- Alumni of Magdalen College, Oxford
- British expatriates in France
- British opera directors
- British theatre directors
- Brook family
- Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
- Emmy Award winners
- English Jews
- English people of Latvian-Jewish descent
- English theatre directors
- Film directors from London
- Jewish film people
- Jewish theatre directors
- Kyoto laureates in Arts and Philosophy
- Members of the Academy of Arts, Berlin
- Members of the Order of the Companions of Honour
- Officiers of the Légion d'honneur
- Padma Shri Award
- People from Chiswick
- Prix Italia winners
- Recipients of the Praemium Imperiale
- Recipients of the President's Medal (British Academy)
- Royal Shakespeare Company members
- Theatre practitioners
- Tony Award winners
- Writers from London
- Students of George Gurdjieff