Peter Brooke, Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville
This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (February 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Peter Leonard Brooke, Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville, CH, PC (born 3 March 1934) is a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he served in the Cabinet under Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher and John Major, and was a Member of Parliament (MP) representing the Cities of London and Westminster from 1977 to 2001.
Brooke is the son of Henry Brooke, Baron Brooke of Cumnor, a former Home Secretary, and Barbara Brooke, Baroness Brooke of Ystradfellte. His parents were one of the few married couples where both partners held noble titles in their own right. His younger brother was the judge Sir Henry Brooke. He was educated at Marlborough College and Balliol College, Oxford, (where he was President of the Oxford Union) before going on to the Harvard Business School in the United States. After leaving university he worked as a headhunter and was Chairman of Spencer Stuart.
After unsuccessfully challenging Neil Kinnock at the Labour stronghold of Bedwellty in October 1974, he was elected as MP for the Cities of London and Westminster in a by-election in 1977. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1988. He was made Chairman of the Conservative Party in 1987, and then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in 1989.
In January 1992, Brooke appeared on the Irish chat show, The Late Late Show. After a pleasant interview, the presenter, Gay Byrne, coaxed and goaded the unwilling Brooke into singing "Oh My Darling, Clementine", on a day when seven Protestant construction workers had been killed by an IRA bomb. Many unionists were outraged at what seemed to be a moment clearly out of touch with grieving families, and requested the resignation of Brooke. The incident was a factor in Brooke's being dropped from his position after the April 1992 general election, although Brooke claimed he had offered his resignation after the incident.
After leaving the Cabinet, Brooke stood unsuccessfully for the position of Speaker of the House of Commons. The House instead elected the Labour MP Betty Boothroyd to the role, with several Conservative MPs voting against Brooke on the grounds that he had too recently been in the Cabinet and was thus insufficiently close to the backbenches. Brooke then remained on the backbenches for a short time, before being brought back into the Cabinet later in the year as Secretary of State for National Heritage, a role he held until 1994. During his time as Heritage Secretary, he oversaw the restoration of Windsor Castle following the fire that had struck the State Apartments in 1992.
Brooke stepped down as an MP at the 2001 general election and was made a life peer as Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville, of Sutton Mandeville in the County of Wiltshire, in October 2001. He was Chairman of the Association of Conservative Peers. He was appointed Companion of Honour, as his father had been, in 1992. He retired from the House of Lords in September 2015.
Lord Brooke is one of several peers and MPs with an abiding interest in the works of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, especially the Sherlock Holmes adventures.
Styles and arms
Styles of address
- 1934–1964: Mr Peter Brooke
- 1964–1977: The Hon Peter Brooke
- 1977–1988: The Hon Peter Brooke MP
- 1988–1992: The Rt Hon Peter Brooke MP
- 1992–2001: The Rt Hon Peter Brooke CH MP
- 2001: The Rt Hon Peter Brooke CH
- 2001–: The Rt Hon The Lord Brooke of Sutton Mandeville CH PC
Coat of arms
- The Guardian, obituary of Henry Brooke
- Coogan, Tim Pat (2002). The troubles: Ireland's ordeal, 1966-1996, and the search for peace. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 239. ISBN 0-312-29418-2.
- Brooke / Mayhew Talks (April 1991 to November 1992) - A Chronology of Main Events, CAIN Web Service, University of Ulster
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Peter Brooke
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for the City of London and Westminster South
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for the Cities of London and Westminster
|Party political offices|
| Chairman of the Conservative Party
| Paymaster General
The Earl of Caithness
| Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
| Secretary of State for National Heritage