Burroughs initially ran a shop in his village at Yaxley, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom.
His first dramatic role was that of the character "Branic" in the 1979 television series The Legend of King Arthur. He also acted in the television shows Dick Turpin, The Goodies, Doctor Who and One Foot in the Grave.
Burroughs played roles in Hollywood movies such as Flash Gordon, George Lucas' Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi (a swinging ewok), Willow, The Dark Crystal, Labyrinth and The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.  In 1995, Burroughs set up Willow Management, an agency for short actors, along with co-actor Warwick Davis. He portrayed a bank goblin in the Harry Potter series (Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2).
- "Peter Burroughs". Yaxley History. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- "The founding of Willow management". Willow Management - official website. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- "Following in father's footsteps? Warwick Davis takes his children and wife on day out to television studios". Daily Mail. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- Gibler, Gerald (22 October 2011). "Size matters: Warwick Davis is no small talent". The Independent. Retrieved 23 April 2014.