9 April 1971|
Ballygawley, County Tyrone, Ireland
|Height||5 ft 8 in (1.73 m)|
Peter 'The Great',|
|Tyrone||49 (9–191 (218))|
|**Inter County team apps and scores correct as of (22:03, 21 December 2006 (UTC)).|
He played inter-county football for Tyrone, and is one of the most decorated players in the game's history, winning two All-Ireland Senior Football Championship medals, six All Stars Awards (more than any other Ulster player, and joint third overall), four provincial titles, and two National Leagues and several under-age and club championship medals. He represented Ireland in the International Rules Series on several occasions from 1998 until 2000. He is considered one of the great players of the last twenty years by commentators such as John Haughey of the BBC, and in 2009, he was named in the Sunday Tribune's list of the 125 Most Influential People in GAA History.
His scoring record of 218 points is the second highest of all time in the Ulster Senior Football Championship. His early high scoring rate, when he would often be Tyrone's best performer – particularly in the 1995 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final when he scored eleven of Tyrone's twelve points—led to claims that Tyrone was a "one-man show," and that the team was too dependent on him, particularly in his early career.
Since retiring as a player, he has managed the Fermanagh county team (2011–2013).
Early life and family
Canavan is from Glencull, near Ballygawley, County Tyrone and was the tenth of eleven children. His older brother, Pascal, played with him on the Tyrone panel for most of the 1990s. He is married to Finola (sister of former Tyrone team-McGarrity), and has four children, Aine, Claire, Darragh and Ruairi, and has been a physical education teacher in Holy Trinity College, Cookstown, throughout most of his career (Gaelic games are amateur sports). While there, he taught Owen Mulligan his point-taking technique, and the pair have been known in the media as 'master and student' ever since, particularly by television commentators.
In 2003, just over a week before Tyrone's Ulster final appearance against Down, Canavan's father, Seán, died. It came as a shock to Canavan, who had thought his father (who was already in hospital) was getting better. He decided to play in the match, stating that he knew, subconsciously "[he] was going to be playing in the Ulster final all along and Daddy certainly wouldn't have wanted [him] to do anything but play."
Canavan has suffered from asthma since he was a child, and has battled throughout his career to control the ailment. He told the Asthma Society of Ireland, "I thought to myself, this is something that I am just going to have to put up with." In later years, however, improved medication has afforded Canavan what he described as, "a better quality of life".
To play for an inter-county GAA team, Canavan had to work around a Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) bylaw, because of a dispute in his parish, Errigal Ciarán. Two clubs claimed to represent the parish, the established Ballygawley St. Ciaran's club and the newly formed club, then called Errigal Ciaran Naomh Malachai. Players from the Errigal team were not recognised as being GAA members, because the club failed to register correctly. Canavan registered as a member of the Killyclogher hurling club, even though he didn't play the sport, just so he would be eligible for selection for the Tyrone minors. Prior to that, he had not played legitimate club football, but had forged his way onto the Tyrone under-age teams with his performances at school level. The two clubs united under the banner of Errigal Ciaran two years later.
In 1988, Canavan won the Ulster minor Championship, an under eighteens tournament, but lost in the All-Ireland semi-final to Kerry. The crux of this team, including Adrian Cush, Ciaran Corr and others, would stay together as part of the senior team for most of the nineties. Canavan captained Tyrone to two All-Ireland Under-21 Football Championships titles in 1991 and 1992, having been on the team which lost the 1990 final, again to Kerry. In four years as an Under 21 player, Canavan scored 13–53 (13 goals and 53 points—each goal equals 3 points; 13 × 3 + 53 = 92 points, see GAA scoring rules) for Tyrone. By the time he was twenty, he was already an automatic choice in the senior panel.
Early senior career: 1993–1998
Canavan's name was already known around Tyrone because of his exploits for the Under 21 team, but he started to make an impact in the Ulster Senior Football Championship in 1994, as Tyrone lost to eventual All-Ireland champions, Down. He was the top scorer in the province, earning him his first All Star, at the age of 23.
1995 All-Ireland Final
Throughout the 1995 championship, Canavan had spearheaded Tyrone's march to the final, with round after round of massive scoring exploits. Against Derry in the Ulster Semi-final, he scored 0–8, and against Galway in the All-Ireland semi-final, he scored 1–7.
Tyrone reached their second All-Ireland Final in 1995, and were up against Dublin who hadn't won a Championship since the 1980s. In a turgid match, Canavan scored eleven of Tyrone's twelve points in the, but still ended up on the losing side. The game was remembered as contentious for Tyrone fans, for the fact that a point that would have equalised the match in the dying seconds was controversially disallowed, because the blind-sided referee deemed Canavan to have touched the ball on the ground. The referee, Paddy Russell stated in his autobiography that he was certain the ball was on the ground, but Canavan contested in the same book that he managed to get elevation on the ball as he punched, which would have been very difficult to do if it was touching the ground. He was the top scorer in Ireland that year, with a total of 1–38, earning him the inaugural Footballer of the Year title. The fact that Canavan's scoring tally was so far ahead of his peers on the team led to suggestions that Tyrone were depending too heavily on him.
For the 1996 championship, Canavan was handed the captaincy of Tyrone, and was Ulster's leading scorer for the third year in a row, and subsequently awarded his third successive All Star. Tyrone reached the All-Ireland semi-final against Meath, but Canavan was one of six Tyrone players to sustain injuries that day, which some Tyrone fans attribute to Meath's heavy-handedness. Canavan's injury was so severe that he was still feeling the effects for over a year, and there was speculation as to whether he had been playing on a broken foot.
1998–2000: International stage
During a weak period for Tyrone Seniors in the late 1990s, Canavan represented Ireland in the inaugural International Rules Series in 1998 against Australia. In 1999, he was named vice-captain of the team for the tour to Australia, and Ireland came away convincing winners, with Canavan scoring eleven points in the first test in Adelaide, South Australia. In 2000, In the first test Australia's Jason Akermanis gave Canavan a bloody nose 20 seconds into the game. Canavan was sent off in the second test, after fighting with Akermanis. He was banned for one match, which wouldn't be played until the next year, so he ruled himself out of the next series. In five tests Canavan scored 37 points, becoming one of the few Irish players to leave their mark on the Australian supporters.
Late senior career
Tyrone were one of the favourites for the 2002 All-Ireland, having won their first National Football League in the spring, but ended up losing a qualifying match to Sligo, even though Canavan scored six points on the day. That particular defeat stunned him so much, he considered retiring Inter County football. Despite that, he won his fourth All Star that year, the only Tyrone player to do so, which made him Tyrone's most represented player on the All Star Roll of Honour, overtaking Eugene McKenna, his manager at the time.
2003: Championship glory
In 2003, Canavan shook off his tag as 'the greatest player never to win an All-Ireland', captaining Tyrone to their first All-Ireland Senior Football Championship. As he approached the podium on Croke Park's Hogan Stand after the final, his nervousness was visible, and after being handed the trophy, he made an emotional speech about how he had to enviously watch other Ulster teams lift the Sam Maguire Cup, but "to eventually win it is something else."
His appearance in the final was remarkable for the fact that he was the top scorer of the day with five points, despite having suffered an ankle injury in the previous match, and was not expected (or advised) to play. He started the final and was taken off before half time. During the break, and even some way into the second half, he was receiving treatment to his ankle, including pain-killing injections.
With ten minutes remaining, he was reintroduced by manager Mickey Harte, likely due to his experience as the only member of the team who had played in an All-Ireland final before. This reintroduction, while not the first time it had happened (blood substitutions had been used sporadically, for example), was seen as one of the greatest moments in the GAA in the last forty years.
In the drawn Ulster final against Down, Canavan was playing a week after the death of his father. He remarked in his autobiography that he feared Tyrone were going to lose by one of the biggest margins in Ulster Championship history, if they didn't stem the flow of the Down attack. When Tyrone were awarded a penalty, Canavan stepped up, due to Stephen O'Neill (the first choice penalty-taker) being on the bench. He took the kick, and managed to find the net, later describing it as "the most important [kick] of my career," citing the fact that if Tyrone had been heavily beaten, they probably wouldn't have been able to pick themselves up to play in the 'back door' qualifier series.
Over the course of the 2003 Championship, he amassed a total of 1–48 (a total of 51 points), and had won the National League in the spring, all of which earned him a fifth All Star. Among his more notable performances of the year included an eight-point haul in the replayed first round match against Derry, and in the replayed Ulster Final, Canavan scored eleven points.
He became the first GAA star to gain an honorary doctorate from the University of Ulster, and was also voted BBC Northern Ireland Sports Personality of the Year, a regional award of the BBC Sports Personality of the Year. Following an email campaign throughout Ireland, Canavan was an early forerunner for the national award, despite the fact that Gaelic games have very little exposure in Great Britain.
Following the 2003 final, Canavan relinquished the captaincy to Cormac McAnallen, but the 24-year-old died shortly after taking up the position. This tragedy adversely affected the mindset of the team, and they were unable to defend their All-Ireland.
2005: Championship swan song
Canavan was used mostly as an 'impact substitute' throughout the 2005 Championship—brought on to either unsettle the opposition, or rally his teammates. This backfired when he was controversially sent off within a minute of coming on as a substitute in the Ulster Final replay replay.
In the All-Ireland semi-final against Armagh (who were meeting Tyrone for the third time that year), Canavan scored with the last kick of the game, winning the match for Tyrone. Kevin McStay, a former Mayo player, described it as the point of the season, despite the free kick being from a relatively straightforward position.
Mickey Harte chose Canavan on the starting line-up of the All-Ireland final and went on to score Tyrone's only goal, winning on a scoreline of 1–16 to 2–10.
He retired from inter-county football following this performance with a sixth All Star, ending a sixteen-year tenure in Senior championship football. He said of his decision, "I have spent enough time on the treatment table", referring to the instances where he played while carrying potentially career-threatening injuries, as he had done in 1996 and 2003. Canavan's appearance in the 2005 final (his last game for Tyrone), was his forty-ninth Championship match.
Other inter-county successes
Canavan was part of both Tyrone sides that won the National Football League title two years in a row—in 2002 and 2003—and he competed in the 1994 final against Derry. His success in other competitions include five Railway Cups, two Vocational Schools titles, and one Dr. McKenna Cup.
After retiring from inter-county football, he continued to play at club level for Errigal Ciarán until 2007. During the seventeen years he played he won six Tyrone Senior Club titles and two Ulster Club Championships, and in 2006, he won his first Tyrone All Star for his performances in the club championship. In December 2008, he moved into management for the first time, by taking charge of Errigal Ciaran, leading them to win the Tyrone All County League final in 2009.
His career features many examples of indiscipline, including on-pitch scuffles with other players. which at times threatened to overshadow his achievements. Jack O'Connor, Kerry's manager in the 2005 All-Ireland final, suggested in his autobiography that Canavan tackled Colm Cooper off the ball, preventing him getting into a goal-scoring position, a claim backed up by Sunday Tribune journalist, Kieran Shannon.
Canavan was appointed manager of Fermanagh in November 2011 on a three-year term to be reviewed annually, with trainer Kieran Donnelly and selector Enda Kilpatrick joining him. His first game against Antrim, saw Fermanagh winning by a scoreline of 2 – 11 to 1 – 06.
He stepped down as Fermanagh manager in September 2013.
However, Canavan was not out of management for long. He was appointed manager of Cavan Gaels in December 2013. He guided them to their 1st Senior Championship in 3 years in October 2014, defeating Kingscourt Stars in the final by a point. This was seen as a huge success for Canavan and the Cavan Gaels Club.
After delivering the Oliver Plunkett trophy back to the Cavan town club, he then went on to become a selector with the Tyrone under-21 panel in 2015. He was part of the management team which consisted of Feargal Logan (manager) and Brian Dooher. They guided the under-21s to an Ulster Final victory against Donegal in Celtic Park, and subsequently, to the All-Ireland title, defeating Tipperary in the final.
When Mickey Harte left as Tyrone senior manager in 2020, Canavan ruled himself out due to family involvement and did not join Logan and Dooher, who were subsequently appointed as Harte's successors.
Canavan has written a column for the Gaelic games magazine, Hogan Stand and the Northern Ireland edition of The Daily Mirror. and in 2008, he joined TV3 as a football pundit for their first year of broadcasting live GAA matches.
- In May 2020, a public poll conducted by RTÉ.ie named Canavan in the half-forward line alongside Pat Spillane and Diarmuid Connolly in a team of footballers who had won All Stars during the era of The Sunday Game.
- Also in May 2020, the Irish Independent named Canavan at number three in its "Top 20 footballers in Ireland over the past 50 years".
- O'Sullivan, Jim (19 June 2004). "Peter the Great ready to answer Tyrone's call". Irish Examiner. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007.
- Walsh, David (28 August 1996). "Gaelic games". The Sunday Times.
- "Player Profiles – Tyrone". 2005 All-Ireland Final Match Programme. DBA Publishing. 25 September 2005.
- "Ulster's hot-shots". BBC Sport. 18 July 2006. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- Curran, Kenny (September 2005). "Will this All-Ireland be the last chapter in the Canavan story?". Team Talk. All-Star Publications, Ltd. (45): 14–19.
- Martin Breheny (26 November 2005). "Big three sweep awards boards". Irish Independent Online. Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Ireland are go!". Hogan Stand. 30 October 1999. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- John Haughey (26 September 2005). "Canavan's remarkable career". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- Press Box Lad (3 October 2003). "Two Bald Eagles: Peter The Great and Lion Hearted Leo". An Fear Rua. Archived from the original on 6 April 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- McEvoy, Enda; Kieran Shannon, Dave Hannigan (and PJ Cunningham, Malachy Clerkin and Pat Nugent) (4 January 2009). "125 Most Influential People in GAA History". Sunday Tribune. Archived from the original on 9 August 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2009.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Jerome Quinn (27 May 2002). "Peter's loss lamented". BBC News. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
- Sean Ryan (7 August 2005). "Tyrone and Canavan came up short in 'eyesore' final". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Gormley chases double with help from Canavan". The Belfast Telegraph. 24 June 1996.
- Rodgers, Alan (17 October 2008). "Candid Canavan". Gaelic Life. pp. 20–21.
- "University To Honour Ulster Sporting Heroes Canavan And Humphreys". University of Ulster. 30 October 2003. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Learning at school". BBC Sport. 24 September 2003. Retrieved 2 May 2007.
- Canavan, Peter (2004). Every Step We Took. 2003 – A Football Odyssey. Omagh, Northern Ireland: All Star Print Ltd. p. 46. ISBN 0-9546616-0-5.
- "Peter Canavan – Life With Asthma". irishhealth.com. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Canavan biography in Hogan Stand magazine". Hogan Stand. 8 November 1991. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Football All Stars". Hogan Stand. Archived from the original on 4 February 2006. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "The Artful Manager". Culture Northern Ireland. 14 April 2006. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2007.
- Russell, Paddy; Jackie Cahill (2008). Final Whistle. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84596-391-0.
- Martin Breheny (4 August 2007). "Return of the Royals". Irish Independent. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- "Tyrone can maintain progress". BBC Sport. 21 July 2002. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- Rodgers, Alan (17 October 2008). "Five moments that define Peter the Great". Gaelic Life. p. 21.
- "Canavan out of Rules series". BBC Sport. 7 September 2001. Retrieved 22 February 2007.
- Peter P (7 January 2006). "GAA debates International Rules, AFL recruiting, and own international dimension". World Footy News. Retrieved 23 April 2007.
- "Tyrone stunned by Sligo". BBC Sport. 21 July 2002.
- "Tyrone win predicted in 1997". BBC Sport. 2 October 2003.
- "Tyrone Profile". Hogan Stand. Archived from the original on 10 April 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2007.
- Orla Bannon (26 September 2003). "GAA: Praying for Saint Peter". Daily Mirror.
- "Tyrone are All-Ireland champions". BBC Sport. 28 September 2003. Retrieved 17 May 2007.
- "Captain fantastic Canavan scoops readers' top award". Irish Independent. 20 January 2004. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
- "Wayback Machine cache of RTÉ Sport's announcements of the nominees". Archived from the original on 22 April 2005.
- "Clones thriller ends in draw". BBC Sport. 13 July 2003. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- Canavan, Peter (2004). Every Step We Took. 2003 – Football Odyssey. Omagh, Northern Ireland: All Star Print Ltd. p. 48. ISBN 0-9546616-0-5.
- Canavan, Peter (2004). Every Step We Took. 2003 – Football Odyssey. Omagh, Northern Ireland: All Star Print Ltd. p. 51. ISBN 0-9546616-0-5.
- "Tyrone destroy dismal Derry". RTÉ Sport. 24 May 2003. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2007.
- "Disappointing Down no match for silky Tyrone". RTÉ Sport. 20 July 2003. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2007.
- "Canavan wins BBC award". BBC News. BBC Sport. 6 December 2003. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Whole of Ireland Behind Peter Canavan's BBC Sports Personality of the Year Campaign". 10 December 2003. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "McAnallen death overshadows year". BBC News. 28 December 2004. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "Armagh take Ulster title in scrappy affair". RTÉ Sport. 23 July 2005. Retrieved 4 March 2007.
- "Armagh 1–12 1–13 Tyrone ALL-IRELAND SEMI-fINAL". BBC Sport. 4 September 2005. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Kevin McStay Column". Hogan Stand. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- "Tyrone triumph in Croker decider". BBC Sport. 25 September 2005. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Lawn joins Canavan in retirement". BBC Sport. 26 September 2005. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Canavan Runs for the Spirit of Paul McGirr". The Spirit of Paul McGirr website. 2008. Archived from the original on 6 January 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
- "Errigal Ciaran achievements". Archived from the original on 21 April 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Canavan wins first Tyrone All-Star". Hogan Stand. 20 December 2006. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- "Canavan to manage Errigal". The Irish Times. 29 December 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
- Kevin Kelly (12 November 2009). "Final flourish sees Errigal home". Ulster Herald.[permanent dead link]
- Keys, Colm (30 April 1998). "Tyrone ace Canavan's jaw broken". The Mirror. p. 36.
- Jerome Quinn (26 September 2001). "Jerome Quinn: My End of Season Awards". BBC Sport.
- O'Connor, Jack (4 July 2007). Keys to the Kingdom. Penguin Ireland. ISBN 978-1-84488-153-6.
- Shannon, Keiran (12 February 2006). "A history of violence". Sunday Tribune.[permanent dead link]
- "Canavan appointed Fermanagh manager". RTÉ Sport. 21 November 2011. Archived from the original on 23 November 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- Keys, Colm (3 September 2013). "Peter Canavan decides to opt out after two years as Fermanagh manager". Irish Independent. Independent News & Media. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "Peter Canavan ratified as new manager of Cavan Gaels". The42. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- "Lyng seals the deal to leave Kingscourt seeing stars". Independent. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- "Logan and Dooher team up as new Tyrone managers". Hogan Stand. 25 November 2020.
- "Canavan not interested in succeeding Harte". Hogan Stand. 15 November 2020.
- "Canavan's Hogan Stand column regarding the decision by the GAA to abolish Rule 42". Hogan Stand. 10 May 2005. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- Peter Canavan. "When Geezer exploded it shook us up". The Daily Mirror. Retrieved 26 August 2007.[dead link]
- TV3 press release (26 May 2009). "TV3 Announce GAA line up for the 2009 Championship season". TV3 (Ireland). Retrieved 15 January 2010. Cite journal requires
- "Dublin v Cavan semi-final should not be at Croke Park - Canavan". 22 November 2020.
- "14 live games confirmed as Sky Sports announce 2020 championship coverage". 7 October 2020.
- "The final XV". RTÉ Sport. 29 May 2020. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
- Breheny, Martin (30 May 2020). "Revealed: The Top 20 footballers in Ireland over the past 50 years". Irish Independent. Independent News & Media. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
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