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Peter DeFazio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Peter DeFazio
Chair of the House Transportation Committee
In office
January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2023
Preceded byBill Shuster
Succeeded bySam Graves
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oregon's 4th district
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 2023
Preceded byJim Weaver
Succeeded byVal Hoyle
Personal details
Peter Anthony DeFazio

(1947-05-27) May 27, 1947 (age 77)
Needham, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseMyrnie Daut
EducationTufts University (BA)
University of Oregon (MA)
WebsiteHouse website
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Air Force
Years of service1967–1971
UnitAir Force Reserve Command

Peter Anthony DeFazio (/dɪˈfɑːzi/; born May 27, 1947) is an American politician who served as the U.S. representative for Oregon's 4th congressional district from 1987 to 2023. He is a member of the Democratic Party and is a founder of the Congressional Progressive Caucus. A native of Massachusetts and a veteran of the United States Air Force Reserve, he previously served as a county commissioner in Lane County, Oregon. On December 1, 2021, DeFazio announced he would not seek reelection in 2022.[1]

Early life, education, and pre-congressional career[edit]

DeFazio was born in 1947 in Needham, Massachusetts,[2] a suburb of Boston, graduating from Needham High School in 1965.[2] He credits his great-uncle with shaping his politics; that great-uncle almost never said "Republican" without adding "bastard" (or "bastud", as it sounded in a Boston accent).[3] He served in the United States Air Force Reserve from 1967 to 1971.[4] He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Tufts University in 1969[2] and a Master of Arts degree in gerontology from the University of Oregon in 1977.[2]

From 1977 to 1982, DeFazio worked as an aide to U.S. Representative Jim Weaver.[2] He was elected as a Lane County Commissioner in 1983 and served as chairman from 1985 to 1986.[2]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]


DeFazio during the
105th Congress (1997–1999)

In 1986, DeFazio ran for the U.S. House from Oregon's 4th congressional district, upon the retirement of incumbent Democratic congressman Jim Weaver.[2] DeFazio narrowly won a competitive three-way primary against State Senators Bill Bradbury and Margie Hendriksen, 34%–33%-31%.[5] He won the general election with 54% of the vote.[6]

DeFazio did not face another contest nearly that close until 2010, winning every election before then with at least 61% of the vote.[7] He has forged a nearly unbreakable hold on a district that is only marginally Democratic on paper. This is due almost entirely to the presence of his base in Lane County, which has almost half the district's population. The district narrowly voted for George W. Bush in 2000, John Kerry in 2004, and Hillary Clinton by 0.1 percentage point in 2016. In 2020, DeFazio defeated Alek Skarlatos by over 25,000 votes (5.4%). Pacific Green Party candidate Daniel Hoffay finished third with 2.2% of the vote.[8]


DeFazio won 82% of the vote over two minor-party candidates.

Earlier, he reportedly considered and reconsidered running against Gordon H. Smith in the 2008 Senate election.[9][10][11] On April 20, 2007, DeFazio announced he would not run for Smith's seat.[12]

After Barack Obama was elected president in 2008, it was reported that DeFazio was under consideration for Secretary of Transportation.[13] U.S. Representative Ray LaHood was named to the post in December 2008.


In 2010, DeFazio was challenged by Republican Art Robinson and Pacific Green candidate Michael Beilstein. As permitted by Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, a Super PAC group called The Concerned Taxpayers of America paid $300,000 for ads attacking DeFazio. It was not revealed until the mid-October 2010 quarterly FEC filings that the group was solely funded by Daniel G. Schuster Inc., a concrete firm in Owings Mills, Maryland, and New York hedge fund executive Robert Mercer, the co-head of Renaissance Technologies of Setauket, New York. According to Dan Eggen at The Washington Post, the group said "it was formed in September 'to engage citizens from every walk of life and political affiliation' in the fight against 'runaway spending.'" The only expenditures were for the ads attacking DeFazio and Democratic Representative Frank Kratovil of Maryland.[14][15][16][17]

DeFazio won with 54.5% of the vote, his lowest winning percentage since he was first elected in 1986.[18] The Oregonian said that DeFazio's reelection to his 13th term was notable more for the amount of outside money spent on the campaign than for the candidates themselves.[19]


In September 2011, the National Journal cited DeFazio as an example of "swing-district Democrats seeking reelection in 2012", and who, in "begin[ning] to focus on their reelection bids after Labor Day...are increasingly calculating how close is too close to an unpopular President Obama." It also noted that DeFazio's district "nearly went for Republican George W. Bush in 2004."[20]

Redistricting made the 4th slightly friendlier for DeFazio. He picked up almost all of Benton County, including all of Corvallis, home to Oregon State University.


DeFazio faced a challenge in 2020 from Alek Skarlatos, a Roseburg High School graduate, a former Oregon National Guard soldier who helped subdue a terrorist in the 2015 Thalys train attack. DeFazio won the election by 5.3 points, his narrowest victory since taking office.[21][22]


DeFazio speaks at Oregon State University in 2014

DeFazio has a progressive voting record. In 1992, he co-founded the Congressional Progressive Caucus with Bernie Sanders, Ron Dellums, Lane Evans, Thomas Andrews, and Maxine Waters,[23] and was its chair from 2003 to 2005. During the 1999 World Trade Organization meetings in Seattle, DeFazio marched with protesters who opposed the WTO's new economic globalization policies.[24]

Political positions[edit]


DeFazio spent his entire career on the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, becoming its chairman when Democrats won the House in 2018. During his time on the committee, he has served as chair or ranking member of four of the six subcommittees: Aviation, Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation, Highways and Transit, and Water Resources and Environment.[25]

In 2020, DeFazio sponsored H.R. 2, the Moving Forward Act.[26] This bill invested $1.5 trillion in highways, rail, transit, airports, ports and harbors, wastewater and drinking water infrastructure, brownfields, broadband, and more.

DeFazio felt shunted aside when Senate negotiators secured a deal on the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act which became law largely without input from the House. He blasted the legislation in closed-door meetings, earning the moniker the "Tiger of the House".[27][28]

DeFazio eventually supported and helped pass the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and joined President Biden a number of times to promote it.[29][30]

Investigation into Boeing and 737 MAX crashes[edit]

As chair of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, DeFazio led an investigation into the causes of the crashes of two Boeing 737 MAX planes, which resulted in 346 deaths. DeFazio's 18-month investigation laid out serious flaws and missteps in the design, development, and certification of the aircraft. The committee's Majority Staff prepared a 238-page report[31] outlining the repeated and serious failures made by Boeing and the Federal Aviation Administration.

DeFazio helped pass comprehensive aircraft certification reform and safety legislation in the wake of his committee's report[32] as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021,[33][34] which President Donald Trump signed into law on December 27, 2020.

In 2022, Netflix premiered Downfall: The Case Against Boeing, a documentary film by Rory Kennedy that details DeFazio's investigation.[35][36]


In October 2011, DeFazio demanded that the U.S. Department of Labor strengthen restrictions on the hiring of foreign guest workers for forestry jobs intended for unemployed U.S. citizens.[37]

DeFazio issued a statement condemning President Donald Trump's January 2017 executive order suspending all refugee admissions to the U.S. for 120 days and barring entry for 90 days to immigrants from Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.[38]

In January 2018, DeFazio's guest for the State of the Union Address was Jesus Narvaez, a "Dreamer", DACA activist, and member of Movimiento Estudiantil Chicanx de Aztlán (MEChA).[39]

In June 2018, DeFazio and other members of Congress from Oregon demanded that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) permit individuals held at a federal prison in Sheridan, Oregon, under the Trump administration's "zero-tolerance policy" to make free telephone calls to arrange legal representation.[40][41]


DeFazio supports legal abortion.[42]


DeFazio has voted against legislation that would increase U.S. military power. In 2000, he voted against legislation to create a national missile defense network, calling the system a "comic book fantasy".[43] He has consistently voted against the Patriot Act, including its inception after 9/11 and the recurring reauthorization bills, arguing that it infringes on Americans' civil rights.[44] He also voted against the USA Freedom Act,[45] which reauthorized certain provisions of the Patriot Act in modified form. He voted multiple times to set an itinerary for bringing U.S. troops home from Iraq.[46]

Postal Service[edit]

In 2013, DeFazio introduced the Postal Service Protection Act, a bipartisan proposal to comprehensively reform the United States Postal Service.[47] The legislation included a provision that would eliminate the retiree health benefits fund prefunding mandate, which required the Postal Service to set aside billions each year for retiree health benefits.[48]

In 2019, DeFazio introduced the USPS Fairness Act, which would have solely repealed the prefunding mandate.[49] In February 2020, the legislation passed the House, 309 to 106.[50]

U.S. Representative Carolyn Maloney, chair of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, included DeFazio's provision to repeal the prefunding mandate in the Postal Service Reform Act,[51] which President Biden signed into law on April 6, 2022.

Israel and Palestine[edit]

In 2015, DeFazio was one of 19 members of Congress to sign a letter urging Secretary of State John Kerry to "prioritize the human rights of Palestinian children living in the Occupied West Bank in the bilateral relationship with the Government of Israel." The letter called Israel's treatment of Palestinian children "cruel, inhumane and degrading" and an "anomaly in the world".[52] In 2017, he was one of 10 members of Congress to introduce a bill that would "require the Secretary of State to certify that United States funds do not support military detention, interrogation, abuse, or ill-treatment of Palestinian children".[53]


In 2008, DeFazio and Representative Pete Stark signed a letter to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi proposing a 0.25% transaction tax on all trades in financial instruments, including stocks, options, and futures. Subsequently, DeFazio introduced the "No BAILOUT Act."[54][55]

Somewhat controversially, DeFazio declined to support the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, voting against it on February 13, 2009. He was one of only seven Democratic House members to vote against the bill.[56][57] DeFazio said that his vote was due to his frustration over compromises made to win support from moderate Republicans in the Senate. "I couldn't justify borrowing money for tax cuts", he said, referring to a bipartisan group's decision to cut funding for education and infrastructure initiatives he had supported in favor of steeper tax reductions.[58] He also advocated that the U.S. Senate change its cloture rules, doing away with the filibuster.[59]

DeFazio made headlines in mid-November 2009 when he suggested in an interview with MSNBC commentator Ed Schultz that Obama should fire Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and National Economic Council Director Lawrence Summers. "We may have to sacrifice just two more jobs to get back millions for Americans", DeFazio said.[60] The comment made top headlines at The Huffington Post.[61] DeFazio also suggested that a formal call by the Congressional Progressive Caucus for Geithner and Summers to be removed might be forthcoming. A year later he called for the impeachment of Chief Justice John Roberts because of the Supreme Court ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission.

In 2009, DeFazio proposed a financial transaction tax.[62]

During his tenure, DeFazio has butted heads with fellow Democratic politicians, including Obama, on key Democratic legislation. In December 2010, he told CNN that the White House was "putting on tremendous pressure" about legislation extending the Bush tax cuts, with Obama "making phone calls saying this is the end of his presidency if he doesn't get this bad deal." White House spokesman Tommy Vietor told The Hill that Obama hadn't "said anything remotely like that" and had "never spoken with Mr. DeFazio about the issue".[63]

Occupy Wall Street[edit]

In August 2011, DeFazio said that Obama lacked the fight to follow through on ending the Bush tax cuts, citing the pressure placed on him by the Republicans.[64] DeFazio, Representative Dennis Kucinich and Senator Bernie Sanders said that it would be good for the Democratic Party if Obama faced a meaningful primary in which all the issues would be aired out.[65]

In October 2011, Think Progress noted that DeFazio was echoing the demands of the Occupy Wall Street protesters by proposing to tax the trading of stocks, bonds, and derivatives.[66]

Fuel prices[edit]

DeFazio opposed the Lowering Gasoline Prices to Fuel an America That Works Act of 2014 (H.R. 4899; 113th Congress), a bill that would revise existing laws and policies regarding the development of oil and gas resources on the Outer Continental Shelf.[67] The bill was intended to increase domestic energy production and lower gas prices.[68][69] DeFazio argued that the bill would not solve the true cause of high gas prices, which he blamed on "Big Oil in the United States and speculation on Wall Street".[68] DeFazio called the bill the "drill everywhere" bill.[69]

In 2022, following a report from Accountable.US that showed the largest oil and gas companies in the United States made a record $205 billion profit in 2021,[70] DeFazio introduced the Stop Gas Price Gouging Tax and Rebate Act. This legislation would impose a windfall profits tax on excessive corporate profits and return the revenue to Americans in monthly payments.[71]

Health insurance reform[edit]

In 2020, DeFazio introduced legislation to repeal a law that allows insurance companies an exemption from antitrust enforcement. The Competitive Health Insurance Reform Act.[72] It gives the Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission the authority to apply federal antitrust laws to any potential anti-competitive behavior by health insurance companies. President Trump signed the legislation into law in January 2021.[73]

Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund[edit]

In December 2020, DeFazio helped pass the bipartisan Water Resources Development Act of 2020. This legislation included a measure he fought for for decades which would allow Congress to appropriate any funds collected from the Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund for authorized harbor maintenance needs.[74] This unlocked billions in already collected fees to support the infrastructure of federal ports and harbors.[75]

Organic Farming Standards[edit]

DeFazio and Senator Patrick Leahy are credited with helping establish the National Organic Program in the 1990 Farm Bill.[76]

DeFazio co-chairs the bipartisan House Organic Caucus.[77]

In 2022, following news of his retirement, the Organic Trade Association honored DeFazio with the Organic Champion Award for his career-long work to support a strong organic label.[78][79]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

U.S. Senate elections[edit]

DeFazio during the
109th Congress


After Senator Bob Packwood resigned in early September 1995, DeFazio ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate in a special primary, losing to 3rd district Congressman Ron Wyden.[87]


DeFazio had been mentioned as a possible candidate for the seat of Senator Mark Hatfield, who announced after the special primary election that he would not seek reelection in 1996. Faced with the prospect of having to take on well-funded millionaires in both the primary and general election, DeFazio announced in February 1996 that he would not run.[citation needed]


DeFazio again considered running for the United States Senate. At the time he was considered a top-tier candidate, but he later defused such talk, citing seniority and monetary concerns about a potential campaign.[88]

Personal life[edit]

DeFazio is a member of the Roman Catholic Church. He and his wife, Myrnie L. Daut,[4] reside in Springfield.

Electoral history[edit]

Oregon's 4th congressional district: Results 1986–2020[89]
Year Democratic Votes % Republican Votes % Third Party Party Votes % Third Party Party Votes % Other %
1986 Peter DeFazio 105,697 54% Bruce Long 89,795 46% 56 0%
1988 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 108,483 72% Jim Howard 42,220 28% 32 0%
1990 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 162,494 86% No candidate Tonie Nathan Libertarian 26,432 14% 426 0%
1992 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 199,372 71% Richard Schulz 79,733 29% 194 0%
1994 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 158,981 67% John Newkirk 78,947 33% 273 0%
1996 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 177,270 66% John Newkirk 76,649 28% Tonie Nathan Libertarian 4,919 2% Bill Bonville Reform 3,960 1% 7,058 3%
1998 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 157,524 70% Steve Webb 64,143 29% Karl Sorg Socialist 2,694 1% 276 0%
2000 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 197,998 68% John Lindsey 41,909 31% David Duemler Socialist 3,696 1% 421 0%
2002 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 168,150 64% Liz VanLeeuwen 90,523 34% Chris Bigelow Libertarian 4,602 2% 206 0%
2004 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 228,611 61% Jim Feldkamp 140,882 38% Jacob Boone Libertarian 3,190 1% Michael Marsh Constitution 1,799 0% 427 0%
2006 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 180,607 62% Jim Feldkamp 109,105 38% 532 0%
2008 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 275,133 82% No candidate Jaynee Germond Constitution 43,133 13% Mike Beilstein Pacific Green 13,162 4% 2,708 1%
2010 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 162,416 54% Art Robinson 129,877 44% Mike Beilstein Pacific Green 5,215 2% 524 0%
2012 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 212,866 59% Art Robinson 140,549 39% Chuck Huntting Libertarian 6,205 2% 468 0%
2014 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 181,624 59% Art Robinson 116,534 38% Mike Beilstein Pacific Green 6,863 2% David L. Chester Libertarian 4,676 2% 482 0%
2016 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 220,628 55% Art Robinson 157,743 40% Mike Beilstein Pacific Green 12,194 3% Gil Guthrie Libertarian 6,527 2% 476 0%
2018 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 208,710 56% Art Robinson 152,414 41% Mike Beilstein Pacific Green 5,956 2% Richard Jacobson Libertarian 5,370 1% 443 0%
2020 Peter DeFazio (incumbent) 240,950 52% Alek Skarlatos 216,018 46% Daniel Hoffay Pacific Green 10,118 2%

See also[edit]


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  88. ^ Blake, Aaron (4 January 2007). "Rep. DeFazio pulls name from 2008 Senate-bid speculations". The Hill.
  89. ^ "Election Statistics, 1920 to Present". History, Art and Archives United States House of Representatives. United States House of Representatives Office of the Historian. Retrieved March 25, 2019.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oregon's 4th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Ranking Member of the House Natural Resources Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by Ranking Member of the House Transportation Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the House Transportation Committee
Party political offices
Preceded by Chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former US Representative Order of precedence of the United States
as Former US Representative
Succeeded byas Former US Representative