Peter Dervan

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Peter B. Dervan
Peter B. Dervan 2017 DSC8599.JPG
Born (1945-06-28)June 28, 1945
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Nationality USA
Alma mater Boston College, Yale University
Spouse(s) Jacqueline Barton
Awards National Medal of Science (2006)
Scientific career
Fields Organic chemistry
Institutions Yale, Stanford, Caltech
Doctoral students Peter Schultz, Alanna Schepartz, Scott Strobel, Eric Kool, Laura Kiessling
External video
"Science is the most fun in the whole wide world", Medal of Science 50 Videos -- Peter Dervan and Jacqueline Barton, National Science Foundation

Peter B. Dervan (June 28, 1945- ) is the Bren Professor of Chemistry at the California Institute of Technology. The primary focus of his research is the development and study of small organic molecules that can sequence-specifically recognize DNA,[1] a field in which he is an internationally recognized authority.[2] The most important of these small molecules are pyrrole–imidazole polyamides.[3] Dervan is credited with influencing "the course of research in organic chemistry through his studies at the interface of chemistry and biology" as a result of his work on "the chemical principles involved in sequence-specific recognition of double helical DNA".[4] He is the recipient of many awards, including the National Medal of Science (2006).[5][6]

Early life and education[edit]

Peter B. Dervan was born on June 28, 1945 in Boston, Massachusetts. Dervan received his B.S. degree from Boston College in 1967,[7] where professor Francis Bennett sparked his interest in synthetic organic chemistry.[5] He began graduate studies at the University of Wisconsin then moved with Jerome A. Berson's research group to Yale University where he completed his graduate research in physical organic chemistry,[8] studying ways in which chemical bonds are created and broken apart.[5] He received his Ph.D. degree from Yale in 1972, for The Stereochemistry of the Thermal Rearrangements of Trans-1,2-Dialkenylcyclobutanes and Cis-1,2-Dialkenylcyclobutanes.[9] He then became an NIH postdoctoral fellow at Stanford.[7]

Career[edit]

Dervan became an assistant professor of chemistry at Caltech in 1973,[7] joining John D. Roberts, Robert G. Bergman and Robert Ellsworth Ireland in the organic chemistry group.[3] He became an associate professor in 1979, and professor in 1982. He was appointed as the first Bren Professor of Chemistry in 1988.[10][7] He served as Chair of Caltech's Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering from 1994 to 1999.[11] Dervan has published more than 325 papers and taught hundreds of students.[8]

Dervan is a member of the National Academy of Sciences (1986),[12] the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1987),[13] and the American Philosophical Society (2002).[14] He is an elected member of the French Academy of Sciences (2000)[15] and the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (2004- ).[16]

Dervan is a co-founder and founding member of the Scientific Advisory Board for Gilead Sciences (1987).[17][18][19][20] He served on the Board of Directors for Beckman Coulter beginning in 1997.[21] He served as a Trustee of Yale University (2008-2017).[11][8] He serves as a member of the Board of Scientific Governors of The Scripps Research Institute.[22] In 2014, he presented the ACS Chemical Biology Lecture.[23] As of 2016 he became chair of the scientific advisory board of the Robert A. Welch Foundation.[24]

Research[edit]

While teaching a class at Caltech in Advanced Organic Chemistry, Dervan came to a realization that would guide his future career: rather than working to "close" a classic problem that had been previously defined, he would seek to define and "open" a new research area that could be studied for many years.[3] The problem he chose was molecular recognition in biological systems.[5] At the time, DNA sequencing was in its infancy and the human genome project was undreamt of. Dervan chose to apply ideas from synthetic chemistry to biology and the study of DNA, creating novel binding molecules to be used for DNA recognition.[3]

"I would study weak noncovalent bonds in the most challenging of solvents, water. Therefore, the ‘synthetic objective’ would be the three dimensional assembly of multiple specific noncovalent bonds in aqueous media. Biological molecules, such as proteins or nucleic acids, would be my target and small molecule synthesis combined with physical characterization and the methods of biology would provide the experimental foundation. I would move from the gas phase world of hydrocarbon rearrangements to the aqueous world of nucleic acids and molecular recognition." [3]

By studying weak intermolecular interactions and creating creating novel synthetic molecules specific to particular DNA sequences, Dervan has been able to explore the complex biological systems underlying DNA's structure and function.[8] A human cell contains 35,000–50,000 genes, whose expression is controlled by the binding of protein transcription factors in the promoter region of each gene.[3] Through pioneering work in DNA recognition,[8] Dervan has determined many of the chemical principles underlying sequence-specific recognition of DNA,[3] and enabled researchers to better understand the mechanism of action of many anti-tumor, anti-viral and anti-biotic drugs.[10]

Dervan determined that small molecules could be synthesized and used to selectively bind DNA at the transcription factor/DNA interface, effectively rewriting the biological codes controlling transcription by acting on the promoters of selected genes.[5] The creation of synthetic small molecules with affinities and sequence specificities for predetermined DNA sequences makes it possible to design cell-permeable molecules for the regulation of gene expression.[7] The use of small molecules to regulate gene expression in living cells has possible application to human medicine.[3][25]

The most important of these small molecules are pyrrole–imidazole polyamides.[25][26] Dervan's lab has identified pairing rules to control the DNA sequence specificity of minor-groove binding polyamides that contain the aromatic ring amino acids hydroxypyrrole (Hp), imidazole (Im), and pyrrole (Py).[27][25][28]

Awards[edit]

Dervan has received a number of awards for both research and teaching,[7] including those listed below. He was awarded the 2006 National Medal of Science in 2007 from President George Bush at the White House for “his fundamental research contributions at the interface of organic chemistry and biology” as well as contributions to education and industry.[5][6][29][5] A minor planet has been named in his honor, (4314) Dervan.[30]

Personal[edit]

In 1990, Dervan married Jacqueline Barton, a fellow chemist and professor at Caltech. He is the father Andrew, from a previous marriage, and Elizabeth, from his marriage with Barton.[45][11] All four hold degrees from Yale University.[8]

Selected publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dervan1986, P.B. (1986). "Design of sequence-specific-DNA-binding molecules". Science. 232: 464–471. PMID 2421408. 
  2. ^ "Caltech Chemist Peter Dervan to Deliver Lecture". Southwestern Newsroom. Retrieved 15 June 2017. “Professor Dervan is an internationally renowned chemist and recognized pioneer in chemical biology." 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Dervan, Peter B. (2001). "Molecular Recognition of DNA by Small Molecules (personal essay in acceptance of the Tetrahedron Prize)" (PDF). Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 9: 2215–2235. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Avery, John (March 29, 1996). "Chemist Wins 1996 Grand Prize from la Maison de la Chimie". Caltech News. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Mantell, Suzanne. "A day at the races". Boston College Magazine. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c "2006 National Medal of Science Winners". United States Government. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Carl Shipp Marvel Lecturer 2002-03 - Peter B. Dervan". The Department of Chemistry at the University of Illinois. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Wohl, Shirlee (November 16, 2011). "Peter Dervan, GRD '72". Yale Scientific. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Peter B. Dervan". Chemistry Tree. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  10. ^ a b "For Your Information". Analytical Chemistry. 60 (6): 379A–379A. 30 May 2012. doi:10.1021/ac00157a715. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Pioneering Organic Chemist Elected to Yale Board of Trustees". Yale News. June 4, 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  12. ^ "Chemists elected to National Academy of Sciences". Chemical & Engineering News. 64 (18): 6. 5 May 1986. doi:10.1021/cen-v064n018.p006a. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "NEWS". Analytical Chemistry. 60 (18): 1029A–1029A. September 1988. doi:10.1021/ac00169a711. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "Peter B. Dervan". American Philosophical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  15. ^ "Peter Dervan". Institute de France Académie des Sciences. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  16. ^ Schnitzer-Ungefug, Jutta (December 8, 2004). "Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina wählt neue Mitglieder Prof". Informationsdienst Wissenschaft. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  17. ^ Jones, Stephanie (1992). The biotechnologists and the evolution of biotech enterprises in the USA and Europe. Basingstoke: Macmillan. p. 39. ISBN 978-0333550212. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  18. ^ Patrick, Margaret (August 19, 2015). "Gilead Sciences: Investor's Overview of a Leading Biotech Company". Market Realist. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  19. ^ "gilead sciences inc (GILD:NASDAQ GS)". Bloomberg. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  20. ^ "10-K405 GILEAD SCIENCES INC filed this Form 10-K405 on 03/31/1998". Investors - Gilead Sciences, Inc. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  21. ^ "DEF 14A 1 ddef14a.htm DEFINITIVE PROXY STATEMENT FOR BECKMAN COULTER, INC". UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  22. ^ "Board of Scientific Governors". The Scripps Research Institute. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  23. ^ "ACS Chemical Biology Lecture" (PDF). Division of Biological Chemistry. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  24. ^ "Peter B. Dervan" (PDF). Robert A. Welch Foundation. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  25. ^ a b c Dervan, Peter B; Edelson, Benjamin S (June 2003). "Recognition of the DNA minor groove by pyrrole-imidazole polyamides". Current Opinion in Structural Biology. 13 (3): 284–299. doi:10.1016/S0959-440X(03)00081-2. Retrieved 15 June 2017. 
  26. ^ Dervan, PB; Edelson, BS (June 2003). "Recognition of the DNA minor groove by pyrrole-imidazole polyamides". Current Opinion in Structural Biology. 13 (3): 284–99. PMID 12831879. 
  27. ^ Swalley, Susanne E.; Baird, Eldon E.; Dervan, Peter B. (October 1997). "A Pyrrole-Imidazole Polyamide Motif for Recognition of Eleven Base Pair Sequences in the Minor Groove of DNA". Chemistry - A European Journal. 3 (10): 1600–1607. doi:10.1002/chem.19970031009. Retrieved 15 June 2017. 
  28. ^ White, Sarah; Baird, Eldon E.; Dervan, Peter B. (August 1997). "On the pairing rules for recognition in the minor groove of DNA by pyrrole-imidazole polyamides". Chemistry & Biology. 4 (8): 569–578. doi:10.1016/S1074-5521(97)90243-X. 
  29. ^ National Science Foundation - The President's National Medal of Science
  30. ^ Schmadel, Lutz (2014). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names: Addendum to 6th Edition: 2012-2014. New York: Springer. p. 48. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  31. ^ "Past Recipients of the Harrison Howe Award". Rocherster Section ACS. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  32. ^ "Arthur C. Cope Award". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  33. ^ "The Willard Gibbs Meda" (PDF). American Chemical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  34. ^ "AWARDS". Chemical & Engineering News. 72 (13): 48. 28 March 1994. doi:10.1021/cen-v072n013.p048. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  35. ^ "Remsen Award". American Chemistry Society. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  36. ^ "1998 Remsen Award" (PDF). The Chesapeake Chemist. LIV (5): 1, 4. 1998. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  37. ^ "Alfred Bader Award in Bioinorganic or Bioorganic Chemistry". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  38. ^ "Max Tishler Prize Lecturers". Harvard University. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  39. ^ "The Pauling Medal Awardees". The Pauling Blog. April 27, 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  40. ^ "Tolman Award". SCALACS. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  41. ^ "Prize Winners". Harvey Prize. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  42. ^ "Ronald Breslow Award for Achievement in Biomimetic Chemistry". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  43. ^ "Medalists by Year". Yale Alumni Association. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  44. ^ "Frank H. Westheimer Prize Lecturers". Harvard University. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  45. ^ "Meet Jacqueline K. Barton, 2015 Priestley Medalist". Chemical & Engineering News. 93 (12). Mar 23, 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 

External links[edit]