Peter F. Rothermel
|Peter F. Rothermel|
Peter F Rothermel, ca. 1885.
July 8, 1817|
|Died||August 15, 1895
|Education||John Rubens Smith
Peter Frederick Rothermel (July 8, 1817 – August 15, 1895) was an American painter.
Rothermel was born in Nescopeck, Pennsylvania on July 8, 1812, although various sources give his birth year as 1813, 1814, and 1817. The artist's gravestone in Philadelphia gives the date as 1812. He had a common-school education, and studied land surveying. At age 20, he moved to Philadelphia and became a sign painter. Then at age 22, he took up the study of art. He was instructed in drawing by John Rubens Smith, and subsequently became a pupil of Bass Otis in Philadelphia.
His 1844 work De Soto discovering the Mississippi was purchased by the Art Union and marked his first success as an artist. He served as vice president of the Artists' Fund Society in 1844 and as director of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts from 1847 to 1855.
During 1856-1859 he was in Europe, residing for about two years in Rome, and visiting also the principal cities in England, France, Germany, Belgium, and Italy. On his return to the United States, he settled in Philadelphia again, and was elected a member of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.
He specialized in portraits and dramatic historical paintings. His most famous paintings include Patrick Henry before the Virginia House of Burgesses (1851) and a massive oil painting of the Battle of Gettysburg (finished in 1871) that hangs in the State Museum of Pennsylvania. This latter work was commissioned by Gettysburg lawyer David McConaughy. Another of his more popular historical works is Columbus Before the Queen, painted in 1844.
In 1877, he moved from Philadelphia to “Grassmere,” his country home near Linfield, Pennsylvania, where he resided until his death. His estate still exists today on Limerick Center Road; it is now a residential site. Rothermel's son, Peter F. Rothermel, Jr., was District Attorney of Philadelphia.
Besides those mentioned, other works of Rothermel include:
- Katherine and Petruchio
- De Soto discovering the Mississippi (1844)
- Embarkation of Columbus
- Christian Martyrs in the Colisseum
- a series of paintings illustrative of William H. Prescott's History of the Conquest of Mexico (about 1850)
- The Virtuoso (1855)
- Vandyke and Rubens (1856)
- King Lear (1856)
- St. Agnes (1858)
- Paul at Ephesus
- Paul before Agrippa
- St. Paul preaching on Mars Hill to the Athenians
- Trial of Sir Henry Vane
- The Landsknecht (1876)
- Bacchantes (1884)
- Art, Archives of American. "Summary of the Peter Frederick Rothermel papers, 1844-1895 - Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution". Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- "Peter Frederick Rothermel, I (1812 - 1895) - Find A Grave Memorial". Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Rothermel, Peter Frederick". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- Grafly, Dorothy (1935). "Rothermel, Peter Frederick". Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 187.
- See Picture of the Battle of Gettysburg, painted by P. F. Rothermel. Philadelphia: Dunk, Longacre & Co., 1877