Peter Gabriel (1977 album)

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Peter Gabriel
Peter Gabriel (self-titled album, 1977 - cover art).jpg
Studio album by
Released25 February 1977 (1977-02-25)[1]
RecordedAutumn 1976[1]
StudioThe Soundstage, Toronto, Canada
Morgan Studios, London
Olympic Studios, London[1]
Genre
Length41:42
LabelCharisma
ProducerBob Ezrin
Peter Gabriel chronology
Peter Gabriel
(1977)
Peter Gabriel
(1978)
Singles from Peter Gabriel
  1. "Solsbury Hill"
    Released: 21 March 1977 [4]
  2. "Modern Love"
    Released: 20 June 1977 [5]

Peter Gabriel is the debut studio album by the English singer-songwriter and producer Peter Gabriel, released on 25 February 1977 by Charisma Records. After his departure from the progressive rock band Genesis was made public in 1975, Gabriel took a break to concentrate on his family life. In 1976, he began writing material for a solo album and met producer Bob Ezrin, who agreed to produce it. Gabriel hired several additional musicians to play on the album, including guitarist Robert Fripp and bassist Tony Levin. The album was later known as Peter Gabriel I or Car, referring to the album's artwork produced by Hipgnosis.

Upon the album's release, it peaked at No. 7 on the UK Albums Chart and No. 38 on the US Billboard 200. It has since reached Gold certification in both countries for selling 100,000 and 500,000 copies, respectively. The song "Solsbury Hill" was the first single which peaked at No. 13 in the UK. Gabriel supported the album with a tour of Europe and the US through 1977, featuring a seven-piece band including Fripp and Levin. The album was remastered in 2002 and 2011.

Background and recording[edit]

In August 1975, Gabriel's departure from the progressive rock band Genesis was made public. He had announced the decision to the band early into their tour supporting The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway (1974),[6] citing estrangement from the other members, the strains on his marriage, and his wish to spend more time with his family.[7] He also wanted to avoid giving the impression of quitting Genesis "to run off and do my solo album", and took a break.[8] Genesis drummer Phil Collins, who later replaced Gabriel as lead vocalist, said the band had known about Gabriel's departure for some time.[9] When they learned that Gabriel was to make a solo album, they sent a telegram wishing him luck.[8]

By mid-1976, Gabriel had recorded a collection of demos for his album. He considered several producers, including Todd Rundgren and Jack Nitzsche.[10] Someone suggested Canadian producer Bob Ezrin, known for working with Alice Cooper, Lou Reed and Kiss.[8] Gabriel played his demo of "Here Comes the Flood" to Ezrin, who enjoyed the track so much he went to bed that night singing the song.[8] He said: "We understood each other. We talked. There was an excellent rapport immediately – a human rapport – and that was what I was looking for above all."[11] The pair agreed to share production duties; Ezrin led the "American rhythm sections" and "very rock passages", while Gabriel led the "more European things" and "quiet parts".[11]

Peter Gabriel was recorded at The Soundstage in Toronto in the autumn of 1976,[1] with additional sessions at Morgan and Olympic Studios in London. Gabriel was uncertain of what parts he could and could not perform, so he agreed to Ezrin's choice of musicians, including bassist Tony Levin and guitarist Robert Fripp to cover Gabriel's soundscape-oriented ideas. Gabriel recalled the Toronto sessions as "fast, exciting and hot".[12] After two days of hearing Levin play, Gabriel invited him to play on the tour.[8] Other musicians involved were drummer Allan Schwartzberg, percussionist Jimmy Maelen, guitarist Steve Hunter, keyboardist Jozef Chirowski, and Larry Fast on synthesisers and programming.

Although mainly happy with the music, Gabriel felt that the album, particularly "Here Comes the Flood", was overproduced. Piano-only or piano with synth versions of that song appear on Fripp's album Exposure and his appearance on Kate Bush's television special in December 1979, in which Gabriel and Bush sang "Another Day" by Roy Harper.[13] A third version appeared on the 1990 compilation album Shaking the Tree: Sixteen Golden Greats. Gabriel often performs the song live, accompanied by only himself on keyboard, either in German or English, depending on the audience.[14] The song was debuted during an appearance on Thames Television's Good Afternoon in the summer of 1976.[13]

Artwork[edit]

The front cover depicts Gabriel sitting in the front passenger seat[nb 1] of a 1974 Lancia Flavia owned by Storm Thorgerson, co-founder of Hipgnosis and the cover's designer. For the shoot, which took place in Wandsworth, London, the car was sprayed with water from a hose. The black-and-white image was then hand-coloured, and reflections modified using a scalpel by artist Richard Manning.[15][16] Because Gabriel's first four albums were not titled or numbered, the album later became informally known as Car. An alternative proposal was to feature a photograph of Gabriel wearing contact lenses intended to give his eyes the appearance of metallic ball bearings; this was included on the inner sleeve.[16]

Release[edit]

The album was released on 25 February 1977 on Charisma Records and in the US and Canada on Atco Records, and reached No. 7 in the UK and No. 38 in the US. The first single taken from it, "Solsbury Hill", became a Top 20 hit in the UK and reached No. 68 on the Billboard Hot 100.[17] The second single, "Modern Love", did not chart.

After Peter Gabriel's release, Gabriel assembled a touring band, consisting of Fripp (occasionally using the pseudonym "Dusty Rhodes", and sometimes performing from offstage) and Hunter on guitar, Levin on bass, Fast on synthesisers, Schwartzberg on drums, Phil Aaberg on keyboards and Jimmy Maelen on percussion. The first leg of his debut solo tour, entitled "Expect the Unexpected", started on 5 March 1977 in the United States and continued until April. The UK portion of the tour concluded on 30 April. A second leg assembled a different band, which included Sid McGinnis on guitar, Levin on bass, Jerry Marotta on drums and Bayette on keyboards. The "Sightings in the Test Area During Autumn" leg began on 30 August and saw the band play throughout England and Europe before concluding on 1 November 1977.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[18]
Chicago Sun-Times[19]
Classic Rock9/10[20]
Entertainment WeeklyA[21]
Q[22]
Record Mirror[23]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide[24]
Sounds[25]
Uncut7/10[26]
The Village VoiceB+[27]

Rolling Stone critic Stephen Demorest described Peter Gabriel as "a grab bag collection of songs that bear little resemblance to one another" and called it "an impressively rich debut album".[28] Robert Christgau of The Village Voice found it "a lot smarter" than Gabriel's past work in Genesis, and despite noting that "every time I delve beneath its challenging textures to decipher a line or two I come up a little short", felt that the album was "worth considering".[27] Nick Kent, writing in NME in 1978, said that Peter Gabriel was "a fine record with at least one 24-carat irresistible classic in 'Solsbury Hill' and a strong supporting cast of material that, all in all, in a year besmeared with great albums was, in retrospect, sorely underrated".[29] The album received the prize of the French Académie Charles Cros.[30]

Track listing[edit]

All songs by Peter Gabriel, except where indicated.

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Moribund the Burgermeister" 4:20
2."Solsbury Hill" 4:21
3."Modern Love" 3:38
4."Excuse Me"Peter Gabriel, Martin Hall3:20
5."Humdrum" 3:25
Side two
No.TitleLength
6."Slowburn"4:36
7."Waiting for the Big One"7:15
8."Down the Dolce Vita"5:05
9."Here Comes the Flood"5:38

Personnel[edit]

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
France (SNEP)[43] Gold 100,000*
Germany (BVMI)[44] Gold 250,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[45] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[46] Gold 500,000^

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Being British, the car has the steering wheel on the right

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mic, Smith (2002). Peter Gabriel (booklet). Peter Gabriel. Box, Wiltshire: Real World. p. 1.
  2. ^ a b Reed, Ryan (24 June 2013). "35 Years Ago: Peter Gabriel's Second Solo Album Released". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  3. ^ "50 Albums That Built Prog Rock". Classic Rock (146). July 2010.
  4. ^ "Solsbury Hill".
  5. ^ "Modern Love".
  6. ^ Mankowitz, Gered (April 2007). "Help!". Mojo. No. 161.
  7. ^ Gabriel, Peter (August 1975). "Out, Angels Out – an investigation" (Press release). Archived from the original on 18 June 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2007.
  8. ^ a b c d e Charone, Barbara (2 October 1976). "Peter Gabriel: Toronto Tales of the Overkill Kid". Sounds. Retrieved 10 April 2022 – via Rock's Backpages.
  9. ^ Welch, Chris (23 August 1975). "Peter Gabriel Quits Genesis". Melody Maker.
  10. ^ Kent, Nick. "Gabriel: The Image Gets a Tweak". New Musical Express. Retrieved 10 April 2022 – via Rock's Backpages.
  11. ^ a b Best magazine (France), circa February 1977, as translated by Fred Tomsett in Gabriel fanzine White Shadow #2, circa 1989
  12. ^ email to petergabriel.com mailing list on the album's fortieth anniversary, 25 February 2017
  13. ^ a b Smith, Mic (1990). "Peak Time Viewing: Peter Gabriel on British TV 1975–90". White Shadow. No. 3. p. 8.
  14. ^ youtube.com
  15. ^ Manning, Richard. "Hipgnosis Album Cover Art". richardmanning.co.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  16. ^ a b "Peter Gabriel 1 – Car". Real World Galleries. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  17. ^ https://www.billboard.com/artist/peter-gabriel/chart-history/
  18. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Peter Gabriel [1] – Peter Gabriel". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  19. ^ DeRogatis, Jim (4 July 1993). "A Solo Discography". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 19 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  20. ^ Beaumont, Mark (2 October 2015). "Peter Gabriel: Vinyl Reissues". Classic Rock. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  21. ^ Brunner, Rob (12 July 2002). "Peter Gabriel: Peter Gabriel 1 / Peter Gabriel 2 / Peter Gabriel 3 / Security / Plays Live / Birdy / So / Passion / Us". Entertainment Weekly. pp. 84–85.
  22. ^ "Peter Gabriel: Peter Gabriel". Q. No. 191. June 2002. p. 137.
  23. ^ Evans, Jim (26 February 1977). "And lo, the angel cometh". Record Mirror.
  24. ^ Considine, J. D. (2004). "Peter Gabriel". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 319–20. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  25. ^ Charone, Barbara (19 February 1977). "Peter Gabriel: Peter Gabriel (Charisma)". Sounds. Retrieved 25 October 2020 – via Rock's Backpages.
  26. ^ Thomson, Graeme (November 2015). "Peter Gabriel: Peter Gabriel 1 ('Car') / Peter Gabriel 2 ('Scratch') / Peter Gabriel 3 ('Melt') / Peter Gabriel 4 ('Security')". Uncut. No. 222. pp. 88–89.
  27. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (25 April 1977). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  28. ^ Demorest, Stephen (5 May 1977). "Peter Gabriel". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 24 January 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  29. ^ Kent, Nick (10 June 1978). "Gabriel: The Image Gets a Tweak". NME.
  30. ^ "Peter Gabriel (Car)".
  31. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 120. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  32. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  33. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  34. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  35. ^ "Charts.nz – Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel". Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  36. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel". Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  37. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel". Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  38. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  39. ^ "Peter Gabriel Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  40. ^ "Top Albums 1977" (PDF). Music Week. 24 December 1977. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 March 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2021 – via worldradiohistory.com.
  41. ^ "Peter Gabriel Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  42. ^ "Solsbury Hill" Official Charts Company
  43. ^ "French album certifications – Peter Gabriel" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved 18 November 2021. Select PETER GABRIEL and click OK. 
  44. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Peter Gabriel; 'Peter Gabriel - 1')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  45. ^ "British album certifications – Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel (4006)". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 25 July 2020.Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Peter Gabriel (4006) in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  46. ^ "American album certifications – Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 25 July 2020.

External links[edit]