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|Born||May 17, 1955|
|Sub-discipline||History of science, philosophy of science|
|Doctoral students||Alex Wellerstein|
|Notable works||Image and Logic (1997)|
"Einstein's Clocks, Poincaré's Maps" (2003)
Peter Louis Galison (born May 17, 1955, New York, New York) is an American historian and philosopher of science. He is the Joseph Pellegrino University Professor in history of science and physics at Harvard University.
Galison received his Ph.D. at Harvard University in both physics and in the history of science in 1983. His publications include Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics (1997) and Einstein's Clocks, Poincaré's Maps: Empires of Time. His most recent book (2007), co-authored with Lorraine Daston, is titled Objectivity.
Before moving to Harvard, Galison taught for several years at Stanford University, where he was professor of history, philosophy, and physics. He is considered a member of the Stanford School of philosophy of science, a group that also includes Ian Hacking, John Dupré, and Nancy Cartwright.
Galison developed a film for the History Channel on the development of the hydrogen bomb, and has done work on the intersection of science with other disciplines, in particular art (along with his wife, Caroline A. Jones) and architecture. He is on the editorial board of Critical Inquiry and was a MacArthur Fellow in 1996.
In Image and Logic, Galison explored the fundamental rift rising in the physical sciences: whether singular, visual accounts of scientific phenomena would be accepted as the dominant language of proof, or whether statistically significant, frequently repeated results would dominate the field. This division, Galison claims, can be seen in the conflicts amongst high-energy physicists investigating new particles, some of whom offer up statistically significant and frequently replicated analysis of the new particle passing through electric fields, others of whom offer up a single picture of a particle behaving—in a single instance—in a way that cannot be explained by the characteristics of existing known particles. This image/logic distinction has been applied to explore the development of other disciplines, for example, archaeology.
His work with Lorraine Daston developed the concept of mechanical objectivity which is often used in scholarly literature, and he has done pioneering work on applying the anthropological notion of trading zones to scientific practice.
Galison has been involved in the production of several documentary films. The first, The Ultimate Weapon: The H-Bomb Dilemma, was about the political and scientific decisions behind the creation of the first hydrogen bomb in the United States, and premiered on the History Channel in 2000. The second, Secrecy, which Galison directed with Harvard filmmaker Robb Moss, is about the costs and benefits of government secrecy, and premiered at the 2008 Sundance Film Festival. Also from Harvard, Ruth Lingford worked on the animation for Secrecy. Galison completed his third documentary film Containment, also directed with Robb Moss, in 2015. It premiered at the 2015 Full Frame Documentary Film Festival, and has been shown at film festivals around the world including in Brazil, Switzerland, and Australia. This documentary investigates governments' attempts to contain a hundred million gallons of deadly radioactive sludge for 10,000 years: how can people warn future generations across this immense time span during which languages, cultures and the environment will continually transform?
Galison's fourth documentary, Black Holes: The Edge of All We Know, about the Event Horizon Telescope, appeared in 2021 on Netflix and Apple TV.
- Galison, Peter (1987). How experiments end. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-27915-2.
- Galison, Peter; Hevly, Bruce (1992). Big science: the growth of large-scale research. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-2335-0.
- Galison, Peter; Stump, David J. (1996). The disunity of science: boundaries, contexts, and power. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-2562-0.
- Galison, Peter (1997). Image and logic: a material culture of microphysics. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-27917-6.
- Galison, Peter; Jones, Caroline A. (1998). Picturing science, producing art. New York, New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-91912-8.
- Galison, Peter (2003). Einstein's clocks and Poincaré's maps: empires of time. New York, New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-02001-4.
- Galison, Peter; Daston, Lorraine (2007). Objectivity. New York Cambridge, Massachusetts: Zone Books Distributed by the MIT Press. ISBN 978-1-890951-79-5.
- Galison, Peter; Holton, Gerald; Schweber, Silvan S. (2008). Einstein for the 21st century: his legacy in science, art, and modern culture. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-13520-5.
- The Ultimate Weapon: The H-Bomb Dilemma (2000) Writer/producer, 44 minutes. Premiere: The History Channel, 2000.
- Secrecy (2008) Producer/Director (with Robb Moss), 85 minutes. Premiere: The Sundance Film Festival (2008).
- Containment (2015) Producer/Director (with Robb Moss), 81 minutes. Premiere: Full Frame Documentary Film Festival, Durham, North Carolina (2015).
- Black Holes: The Edge of All We Know (2021) Director, 99 minutes.
- ^ Marwick, Ben (15 October 2019). "Galisonian logic devices and data availability: revitalising Upper Palaeolithic cultural taxonomies". Antiquity. 93 (371): 1365–1367. doi:10.15184/aqy.2019.131. S2CID 211672039.
- ^ Schmidt, Sophie C.; Marwick, Ben (28 January 2020). "Tool-Driven Revolutions in Archaeological Science". Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology. 3 (1): 18–32. doi:10.5334/jcaa.29.
- ^ "Press & Industry — Sundance Film Festival". 2007-12-07. Archived from the original on 2007-12-07. Retrieved 2019-04-12.
- ^ "Black Holes: The Edge of All We Know". blackholefilm.com. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
- Galison's history of science homepage
- Galison's physics homepage Archived 2006-06-28 at the Wayback Machine
- Article about Galison from the New York Times
- Interview with Galison about his Einstein book
- Galison appointed University Professor Harvard Gazette
- Peter Galison at IMDb
- SECRECY — homepage for previous Galison and Moss documentary
- CONTAINMENT — homepage for latest Galison and Moss documentary
- 2015 Video Interview with Peter Galison by Atomic Heritage Foundation Voices of the Manhattan Project
- Galison's "Removing Knowledge"
- MacArthur Fellows
- Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences alumni
- Harvard University faculty
- American historians of science
- Philosophers of science
- Living people
- 21st-century American physicists
- 1955 births
- Stanford University Department of History faculty
- Stanford University Department of Philosophy faculty
- Stanford University Department of Physics faculty
- 20th-century American historians
- American male non-fiction writers
- 21st-century American historians
- 20th-century American male writers