Peter George Peterson
|Peter George Peterson|
|Chair of the Council on Foreign Relations|
September 1, 1985 – June 30, 2007
|Preceded by||David Rockefeller|
|Succeeded by||Carla Hills
|20th United States Secretary of Commerce|
February 29, 1972 – February 1, 1973
|Preceded by||Maurice Stans|
|Succeeded by||Frederick Dent|
June 5, 1926
Kearney, Nebraska, U.S.
|Died||March 20, 2018
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Kris Krengel (m. 1948; div. 1950)
Sally Hornbogen (m. 1953; div. 1979)
Joan Ganz Cooney (m. 1980)
|Children||5, including Holly|
|Education||Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Northwestern University (BA)
University of Chicago (MBA)
Peter George Peterson (born Peter Petropoulos;[contradictory] June 5, 1926 – March 20, 2018) was an American businessman, investment banker, philanthropist, and author, who served as United States Secretary of Commerce from February 29, 1972 to February 1, 1973 under the Richard Nixon administration. He was also known as founder and principal funder of The Peter G. Peterson Foundation.
Before serving as Secretary of Commerce, Peterson was Chairman and CEO of Bell & Howell, from 1963 to 1971. From 1973 to 1984 he was Chairman and CEO of Lehman Brothers. In 1985 he co-founded the private equity firm, the Blackstone Group, which went public in 2007. Peterson was Chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations until retiring in 2007, after being named chairman emeritus. In 2008, Peterson was ranked 149th on the "Forbes 400 Richest Americans" with a net worth of $2.8 billion.
Peterson was named the most influential billionaire in U.S. politics.
Peterson was born in Kearney, Nebraska, as the eldest of three children to Venet and George Peterson, both were immigrants from southern Greece. He had one younger sister, Elaine, who died of croup when she was one year old. His father arrived in the United States at the age of 17 and worked as a dishwasher for Union Pacific Railroad and roomed on a caboose. In 1923 George opened and then ran a Greek diner named Central Café in Kearney after changing his name from Georgios Petropoulos. Peter began working at the cash register at age 8. After college, Peterson was first married from 1948 to 1950 to Kris Krengel, a journalism student at Northwestern University.
After transferring out of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Peterson received an undergraduate degree from Northwestern University, graduating in 1947, summa cum laude. He joined Market Facts, a Chicago-based market research firm, in 1948. In 1951, he received an M.B.A. degree from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, before returning to Market Facts as an executive vice president.
Peterson joined advertising agency McCann Erickson in 1953, again in Chicago, where he served as a director. He joined movie-equipment maker Bell and Howell Corporation in 1958 as Executive Vice President. He later succeeded Charles H. Percy as Chairman and CEO, positions he held from 1963 to 1971.
In 1969, he was invited by philanthropist John D. Rockefeller III, CFR Chairman John J. McCloy, and former Treasury Secretary Douglas Dillon to chair a Commission on Foundations and Private Philanthropy, which became known as the Peterson Commission. Among its recommendations adopted by the government were that foundations be required annually to disburse a minimum proportion of their funds.
United States Secretary of Commerce (1972–73)
In 1972, he became the Secretary of Commerce, a position he held for one year. At that time he also assumed the Chairmanship of President Nixon’s National Commission on Productivity and was appointed U.S. Chairman of the U.S.–Soviet Commercial Commission. During his tenure, Peterson was a strong critic of the rising financial debt of the United States.
In 1985, he co-founded with Stephen A. Schwarzman the prominent private equity and investment management firm, the Blackstone Group, and was for many years its chairman. At Blackstone, he made a fortune including the $1.9 billion he received when it went public in 2007, that funded many of his charitable and political causes.
In 1992, he was one of the co-founders of the Concord Coalition, a bipartisan citizens' group that advocates reduction of the federal budget deficit. Following record deficits under President George W. Bush, Peterson commented in 2004, "I remain a Republican, but the Republicans have become a far more theological, faith-directed party, not troubling with evidence."
In February 1994, President Bill Clinton named Peterson as a member of the Bi-Partisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform co-chaired by Senators Bob Kerrey and John Danforth. He also served as Co-Chair of the Conference Board Commission on Public Trust and Private Enterprises (Co-Chaired by John Snow).
Peterson succeeded David Rockefeller as Chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations in 1985 and served until his retirement from that position in 2007. He served as Trustee of the Rockefeller family's Japan Society and of the Museum of Modern Art, and was previously on the board of Rockefeller Center Properties, Inc.
He was the founding Chairman of the Peterson Institute for International Economics (formerly the "Institute for International Economics", renamed in his honor in 2006), and a Trustee of the Committee for Economic Development. He was also Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York between 2000 and 2004.
In 2008, he founded the Peter G. Peterson Foundation (PGPF), an organization devoted to spreading public awareness on fiscal sustainability issues related to the national debt, federal deficits, Social Security policy, and tax policies. PGPF distributed the 2008 documentary film I.O.U.S.A., and did outreach to the 2008 presidential candidates.
Peterson funded The Fiscal Times, a news website that reports on current economic issues, including the federal budget, the deficit, entitlements, health care, personal savings, taxation, and the global economy. Fiscal Times contributors and editors include several veteran economics reporters for The New York Times and The Washington Post.
On August 4, 2010, it was announced that he had signed "The Giving Pledge." He was one of 40 billionaires, led by Bill Gates and Warren Buffett, who agreed to give at least half their wealth to charity. Most of his giving was to his own foundation, The Peter G. Peterson Foundation, which focuses on raising public awareness about long-term fiscal sustainability issues.
From 2007 through 2011, Peterson was reported to have contributed $458 million to the Peter G. Peterson Foundation, to promote the cause of fiscal responsibility.
In 1953, he married psychologist Sally Hornbogen Peterson with whom he had four sons: John Scott, James, David and Michael; and one daughter, the writer Holly Peterson. They divorced in 1979. The following year, Peterson married Joan Ganz Cooney, a creator of Sesame Street.
In his autobiography he recalled his business and private life in which he blamed himself for the failure of two of his three marriages but expressed pride for having grown close to his children.
In 2006, Peterson was honored with the Woodrow Wilson Award for Corporate Citizenship by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars of the Smithsonian Institution. The same year he was elected as a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
- "Why I’m Giving Away $1 Billion", Newsweek, May 30, 2009
- "You Can't Take It with You", Newsweek, April 7, 2008
- "Old habits must change", The Banker, 3 January 2005
- Articles published in "Foreign Affairs" 1994–2004.
- Facing Up: How to Rescue the Economy from Crushing Debt and Restore the American Dream. Simon & Schuster; First Edition (November 8, 1993). ISBN 978-0-671-79642-6
- Will America Grow up Before it Grows Old: How the Coming Social Security Crisis Threatens You, Your Family and Your Country. Random House; 1 edition (October 8, 1996). ISBN 978-0-679-45256-0
- Gray Dawn: How the Coming Age Wave Will Transform America—and the World. Three Rivers Press (September 26, 2000). ISBN 978-0-8129-9069-0
- On Borrowed Time: How the Growth in Entitlement Spending Threatens America's Future with Neil Howe. Transaction Publishers (May 1, 2004). ISBN 978-0-7658-0575-1
- Running on Empty: How the Democratic and Republican Parties Are Bankrupting Our Future and What Americans Can Do About It. Picador (June 16, 2005). ISBN 978-0-312-42462-6
- The Education of an American Dreamer: How a Son of Greek Immigrants Learned His Way from a Nebraska Diner to Washington, Wall Street, and Beyond. Twelve (June 8, 2009). ISBN 978-0-446-55603-3
- Stout, David (March 20, 2018). "Peter G. Peterson, financier who warned of rising national debt, dies at 91". Washington Post.
- "Resource Library Search - Peter G. Peterson Foundation".
- "Peter Peterson, Blackstone Co-Founder, Dies At 91". The Wall Street Journal. March 20, 2018. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- "Pete Peterson, Lehman Exile, Blackstone Billionaire, Dies at 91". Bloomberg. March 20, 2018. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- Hiltzik, Michael (October 2, 2012). "Unmasking the most influential billionaires in U.S. politics". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- Vexler, Robert I (1975). "The Vice-Presidents and Cabinet members: Biographies arranged chronologically by Administration". ISBN 9780379120905.
- "Peter G. Peterson, a Power From Wall St. to Washington, Dies at 91". The New York Times. March 20, 2018. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- Peterson, Peter G. (June 8, 2009). The Education of an American Dreamer. Twelve. pp. 52–68. ISBN 0446556033.
- "Peter G. Peterson". Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum.
- Ken Auletta, Greed and Glory on Wall Street: The Fall of the House of Lehman, search pages, (Random House, December 12, 1985), ISBN 1-58567-088-X[page needed]
- David Carey & John E. Morris, King of Capital: The Remarkable Rise, Fall and Rise Again of Steve Schwarzman and Blackstone, (Crown 2010), pp. 45–56
- Blackstone IPO Prospectus
- King of Capital, p. 5
- Robert Kuttner (December 26, 2004). "What Killed Off The GOP Deficit Hawks?". Bloomberg.
- Bryan Bender, Movement warns of US bankruptcy, Seeks support for overhaul of federal budget, The Boston Globe, July 10, 2008.
- Grim, Ryan; Blumenthal, Paul (May 15, 2012). "What Half A Billion Dollars Buys You In Washington". Huffington Post.
- Sicilia, David A. (August 30, 2003). Robert Sobel, ed. The United States Executive Branch: A Biographical Directory of Heads of State and Cabinet Officials. M–Z. Greenwood Press. p. 407. ISBN 978-0313325946.
- "WEDDINGS; Holly Peterson, Richard A. Kimball Jr". The New York Times. 1994-09-11. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Answers - The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions".
- Hurt, Hary (June 20, 2009). "Go East, Young Man, and Make Your Fortune". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- James G. McGann (Director) (January 20, 2012). "The Global Go To Think Tank Report, 2011" (PDF). Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program, University of Pennsylvania. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 31, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- Biography from Blackstone Group
- The Concord Coalition biography
- Brandt 21 Forum biography
- Hess, John L. (March–April 1997). "A Crusader in Clover". Extra!. Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "Transcript: Conversation with a Conservative: Peter G. Peterson". Mother Jones. October 26, 2004. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "Transcript: Bill Moyers Interviews Peter Peterson". NOW on PBS. September 26, 2003. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "The Tri-Deficits: Why They Matter and What to Do About Them". John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum. October 5, 2005. Archived from the original on July 18, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- Audio-Interview with Peter Peterson by German Journalist Wolfgang Blau, a.k.a. Harrer, Deutsche Welle, November 2004 (English interview with short German intro)
- Pete Peterson on Charlie Rose (PBS), 1994–2009.
- A Conversation with Peter Peterson at charlierose.com
- I.O.U.S.A.: The Movie a Peter G. Peterson Foundation-supported documentary
- A film clip "The Open Mind – After the Fall (1987)" is available at the Internet Archive
- A film clip "The Open Mind – "The Wealth of Nations" (2008)" is available at the Internet Archive
- Krugman's views on Peterson's efforts with the national debt
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|United States Secretary of Commerce