Peter Glenville

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Peter Glenville
Born Peter Patrick Brabazon Browne
(1913-10-28)28 October 1913
Hampstead, London, England, UK
Died 3 June 1996(1996-06-03) (aged 82)
New York City, New York
Occupation Actor, stage director

Peter Glenville (born Peter Patrick Brabazon Browne; 28 October 1913 – 3 June 1996) was an English film and stage actor and director.

Biography[edit]

Born in Hampstead, London, into a theatrical family, Glenville was the son of Shaun Glenville (born John Browne, 1884–1968), an Irish-born comedian, and Dorothy Ward, both pantomime performers.[1][2]

He attended Stonyhurst College and then studied Law at Christ Church, Oxford. He was President of the Oxford University Dramatic Society, and performed in many roles for them.[2]

Career[edit]

Glenville appeared as an actor in the UK, where he also started directing. Between 1934 and 1947 he appeared in various leading roles "ranging from Tony Pirelli in Edgar Wallace's gangster drama 'On the Spot' and Stephen Cass in Mary Hayley Bell's horror thriller 'Duet For Two Hands' to Romeo, Prince Hal and... Hamlet in a production which he also directed for the Old Vic company in Liverpool..."[2]

Glenville's directorial debut on Broadway was Terence Rattigan's The Browning Version in 1949, which starred Maurice Evans.[3][4]

Other notable productions which followed included The Innocents (1950), the stage adaptation of Henry James' The Turn of the Screw, Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, which starred Douglass Watson, Jack Hawkins and marked the Broadway debut of Olivia de Havilland (1951),[5]Rattigan's Separate Tables (1954) and Georges Feydeau's Hotel Paradiso (1957).[6][7]

Glenville directed the Bridget Boland play The Prisoner at the Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh in March 1954 and then at the Globe Theatre in London, starring Alec Guinness.[8] Glenville directed the 1955 film version of The Prisoner, his film directorial debut. The film also starred his friend Alec Guinness.[9]

In the 1960s, Glenville and Smith moved from London to New York and continued to work in the theatre and in films.[citation needed] From that period he directed the musical Take Me Along (1959–60), based on Eugene O'Neill's play Ah, Wilderness!, with Jackie Gleason, Walter Pidgeon, Robert Morse, Una Merkel and Eileen Herlie.[10] In 1960, Glenville also directed Barbara Bel Geddes and Henry Fonda on Broadway in Silent Night, Lonely Night by Robert Anderson.[11]

In 1961, he directed Jean Anouilh's play Becket which starred Laurence Olivier as Thomas Becket and Anthony Quinn as Henry II. An erroneous story arose in later years that during the run, Quinn and Olivier switched roles and Quinn played Becket to Olivier's King.[citation needed] Critic Howard Taubman, in his book The Making of the American Theatre, supports this story, as does a biographer of Laurence Olivier. In fact, Quinn left the production for a film, never having played Becket, and director Glenville suggested a road tour with Olivier as Henry. Olivier happily acceded and Arthur Kennedy took on the role of Becket for the tour and brief return to Broadway.[12][13]

On Broadway, in 1962–63, he directed Quinn and Margaret Leighton in Tchin-Tchin. This was followed by the musical Tovarich (1963) with Vivien Leigh and Jean-Pierre Aumont. For Dylan, based on the life of Dylan Thomas (1964), Glenville worked once again with his frequent collaborator, Sir Alec Guinness. He also directed Edward Albee's adaptation of Giles Cooper's play Everything in the Garden (1967), John Osborne's A Patriot for Me (1969) with Maximilian Schell, Salome Jens and Tommy Lee Jones in his Broadway debut, and Tennessee Williams' Out Cry (1973). [14]

He directed the films Me and the Colonel (1958) with Danny Kaye, Summer and Smoke (1961) with Geraldine Page and Laurence Harvey, Term of Trial (1962) with Laurence Olivier, Simone Signoret and Sarah Miles, Becket (1964) with Richard Burton and Peter O'Toole, Hotel Paradiso (1966)[7] with Guinness and Gina Lollobrigida and The Comedians (1967) with Elizabeth Taylor, Burton, Guinness and Peter Ustinov.[15]

In 1970 Glenville directed another new Terence Rattigan play in the West End, A Bequest to the Nation[16] In 1971 he began work on the film project of Man of La Mancha, but when he failed to agree with United Artists on the production, he bowed out. In 1973 he directed the original production of Tennessee Williams's Out Cry on Broadway[17] after which he retired and eventually moved to San Miguel de Allende, Mexico.[citation needed]

Glenville was nominated for four Tony Awards,[14] two Golden Globe Awards (Becket and Me and the Colonel), one Academy Award (Becket) and one Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival for Term of Trial.[18][citation needed]

Personal[edit]

He died in New York City on 3 June 1996, aged 82, from a heart attack.[19][2]

Glenville met Hardy William Smith (1916-2001) after the end of World War II. Smith, a United States Navy veteran, wanted a career in the theater in the UK. According to his biography at the University of Texas (where his papers are kept), "Glenville and Smith became professional and life partners, with Smith producing and Glenville directing plays for the London stage."[20]

Selected filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Profile of Glenville's parents, John and Dorothy (née Ward) Browne. its-behind-you.com
  2. ^ a b c d Granger, Derek. "Obituary: Peter Glenville" Independent, 10 June 1996, retrieved 13 January 2017
  3. ^ " 'The Browning Version' Broadway" Playbill, retrieved 13 January 2017
  4. ^ Hischak, Thomas S. "Glenville" Enter the Playmakers: Directors and Choreographers on the New York Stage, Scarecrow Press, 2006, ISBN 0810857472, p. 48
  5. ^ " 'Romeo and Juliet' Broadway" Playbill, retrieved 13 January 2017
  6. ^ " 'Hotel Paradiso' Broadway" Playbill, retrieved 13 January 2017
  7. ^ a b Stevens, Christopher (2010). Born Brilliant: The Life Of Kenneth Williams. John Murray. p. 365. ISBN 1-84854-195-3. 
  8. ^ Kabatchnik, Amnon. The Prisoner, Blood on the Stage, 1950-1975: Milestone Plays of Crime, Mystery, and Detection, Scarecrow Press, 2011, ISBN 0810877848, pp. 145-146
  9. ^ Crowther, Bosley. "Movie Review. 'The Prisoner' " The New York Times, 12 December 1955, retrieved 13 January 2017
  10. ^ " 'Take Me Along' Broadway" Playbill, retrieved 13 January 2017
  11. ^ " 'Silent Night, Lonely Night' Broadway" Playbill, retrieved 13 January 2017
  12. ^ Time Magazine, 7 April 1961.
  13. ^ Spoto, Donald, Laurence Olivier: A Biography, New York: HarperCollins, pp. 360-368.
  14. ^ a b "Peter Glenville Broadway" Playbill, retrieved 13 January 2017
  15. ^ "Peter Glenville Overview" tcm.com, retrieved 13 January 2017
  16. ^ The Collected Plays of Terence Rattigan, Vol. 4, Hamish Hamilton, London, 1978 ISBN 0-241-89996-6
  17. ^ Gussow, Mel. "Catharsis for Tennessee Williams?" The New York Times, March 11, 1973, retrieved January 13, 2017
  18. ^ Term of Trial at the Internet Movie Database
  19. ^ Guinness, Alec, My Name Escapes Me, Penguin Books, 1996.
  20. ^ "Peter Glenville: An Inventory of His Papers at the Harry Ransom Center" norman.hrc.utexas.edu, retrieved 13 January 2017

External links[edit]