Peter Gluckman

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Sir Peter Gluckman
Peter Gluckman ONZ (cropped).jpg
Gluckman in 2016
Born (1949-02-08) 8 February 1949 (age 70)
Nationality New Zealand
CitizenshipNew Zealand
Alma materUniversity of Otago
University of Auckland
Known forFormer Director of Liggins Institute and Gravida
Inaugural Chief Science Advisor to the New Zealand Prime Minister
Chair, International Network for Government Science Advice
AwardsONZ
KNZM
FRS
FMedSc
FRSNZ
Scientific career
FieldsPaediatrics and perinatal biology
Evolutionary medicine
Science policy and diplomacy
InstitutionsUniversity of Auckland
Websitehttp://www.pmcsa.org.nz

Sir Peter David Gluckman, ONZ, KNZM, FRS, FMedSci, FRSNZ (born 8 February 1949) is a New Zealand scientist. Originally trained as a paediatrician, he served as the inaugural Chief Science Advisor to the New Zealand Prime Minister[1][2] from 2009 to 2018. He is a founding member and current Chair of the International Network for Government Science Advice, and is President-elect of the International Science Council.

Scientific career[edit]

Born in Auckland, Gluckman attended Auckland Grammar School before studying paediatrics and endocrinology at the University of Otago, gaining an MBChB in 1971 and an MMedSc in 1976 from the University of Auckland. After further training at the University of California, San Francisco, he returned to New Zealand in 1980 to establish a group in perinatal physiology as a career fellow of the Medical Research Council of New Zealand.

In 1988, Gluckman was appointed Professor of Paediatric and Perinatal Biology and was Head of the Department of Paediatrics. He obtained a DSc in 1989 from the University of Auckland. He then served as Dean of the university's Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences whilst also heading the Research Centre for Developmental Medicine and Biology.

In 2001, Gluckman became the founding Director of the Liggins Institute, and, a year later, Director of the National Research Centre for Growth and Development (now called 'Gravida: National Centre for Growth and Development'), hosted by the University of Auckland. He stepped down from both positions in mid-2009 to assume his role as the first Chief Science Advisor to the New Zealand Prime Minister.[3]

In 2007 Gluckman was appointed Programme Director for Growth, Development and Metabolism at the Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, where he is currently Chief Scientific Officer. He also holds honorary chairs at National University of Singapore and the University of Southampton. In 2014, he was appointed co-chair of the World Health Organization Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity (ECHO).[4]

Gluckman has made research contributions to the fields of perinatal physiology and biology, developmental neuroscience and neuroprotection, paediatric and experimental endocrinology, as well as at the interface between ecological, developmental and evolutionary biology as applied to human health. He is the only New Zealander elected to the Institute of Medicine of the United States National Academies of Science, and is a Fellow of Academy of Medical Sciences of Great Britain.[citation needed]

Contributions to science advice and diplomacy[edit]

In June 2009 Gluckman was appointed as the first Chief Science Advisor to the Prime Minister of New Zealand. This appointment has since been extended twice to end in June 2018. During this time, Gluckman has made national and international contributions to science advice, science policy, and science diplomacy. He established departmental science advisory roles in major departments, and this group has been increasingly used by Government as a formal process of advice on matters relating to evidence and policy. He was given the additional appointment of Special Science Envoy for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade in 2010 to assist his role in science diplomacy.

Gluckman has extensively explored the principles of science advice through a blog, lectures, and in the scientific press.[5][6] In 2012 he established and chaired the first formalized regional network of Chief Science Advisors and Equivalents of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation. He also established the Small Advanced Economies Initiative (SAEI) as a mechanism to bring together policy makers from small, advanced countries where science and innovation are core tools of development, to work collaboratively on shared issues and ideas. In 2013 he was requested by the International Council for Science (ICSU; now the International Science Council) to consider the development of an international network of science advisors. This led Gluckman to host and chair the inaugural Science Advice to Governments Conference, convened by the International Council for Science, in August 2014 in Auckland, New Zealand. It was the first global meeting of high-level science advisors, academies, and academics.[7]

In June 2018, Gluckman stepped down from his role as the Prime Minister's Chief Science Advisor, and was replaced by Juliet Gerrard.[8] On 5 July he was elected to the position of President-elect of the International Science Council at its inaugural meeting in Paris.[9]He is head of the newly established Centre for Science in Policy, Diplomacy and Society (SciPoDS), a research centre and think-tank hosted in association with the Public Policy Institute of the University of Auckland.

Awards[edit]

Gluckman is a Fellow of the Royal Society of London, an honour bestowed on just 42 New Zealand-born scientists since the Society's establishment in 1660.[10] In 2001, Gluckman received New Zealand's top science award, the Rutherford Medal.[11]

In 2004 Gluckman was named as the New Zealand Herald New Zealander of the Year, also winning the KEA/NZTE World Class New Zealander Award in 2006.[12] In the 2008 New Year Honours, he was appointed a Distinguished Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit (later reassigned to Knight Companion in 2009) for services to medicine, having previously been made a CNZM in 1997.[13]

Gluckman was appointed Member of the Order of New Zealand, the highest New Zealand honour that is restricted to 20 living New Zealanders, in 2015.[14]

Gluckman received the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Award for Science Diplomacy, in 2016.

In 2019 he was named New Zealand Communicator of the Year by BlacklandPR.[15]

Books[edit]

  • Gluckman, Peter; Beedle, Alan; Buklijas, Tatjana; Low, Felicia; Hanson, Mark (2016), Principles of Evolutionary Medicine (Second ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780199663934
  • Gluckman, Peter; Hanson, Mark (2012), Fat, Fate & Disease: Why exercise and diet are not enough, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-964462-9

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Office of the Prime Minister's Science Advisory Committee, New Zealand". Pmcsa.org.nz. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  2. ^ "PM appoints Chief Science Advisor". Beehive.govt.nz. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  3. ^ "National Centre for Growth and Development, New Zealand". Gravida.org.nz. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  4. ^ "WHO | Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity". Who.int. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  5. ^ Gluckman, Peter (13 March 2014). "Policy: The art of science advice to government". Nature News. 507 (7491): 163. doi:10.1038/507163a.
  6. ^ "Peter D. Gluckman". Science & Diplomacy. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  7. ^ Sato, Yasushi; Koi, Hirokazu; Arimoto, Tateo (22 September 2014). "Building the Foundations for Scientific Advice in the International Context". Science & Diplomacy. 3 (3).
  8. ^ "University of Auckland professor announced as new Chief Science Advisor – The University of Auckland". www.science.auckland.ac.nz. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Royal Society Te Apārangi – Sir Peter Gluckman named President-elect of International Science Council". royalsociety.org.nz. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  10. ^ Clark, Robin JH; Kelly, Michael J. (2012). "Special Issue: The Transit of Venus". Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 42 (2): 121–130. doi:10.1080/03036758.2012.673496.
  11. ^ "Ernest Rutherford – Scientist Supreme". Rutherford.org.nz. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  12. ^ Collins, by Simon Collins (18 December 2004). "Herald New Zealander of the Year: Dr Peter Gluckman – National – NZ Herald News". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Peter Gluckman | The Governor-General of New Zealand Te Kawana Tianara o Aotearoa". Gg.govt.nz. 16 April 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Queen's Birthday Honours: A nation honours the great and the good". The New Zealand Herald. 1 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Sir Peter Gluckman named NZ Communicator of the Year". www.voxy.co.nz. Retrieved 8 March 2019.

External links[edit]