Peter Green (historian)
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Peter Morris Green (born 22 December 1924) is a British classical scholar and novelist noted for his works on the Greco-Persian Wars, Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age of ancient history, generally regarded as spanning the era from the death of Alexander in 323 BC up to either the date of the Battle of Actium or the death of Augustus in 14 AD. Green's most famous books are Alexander of Macedon, a historical biography first issued in 1970, then in a revised and expanded edition in 1974, which was first published in the United States in 1991; his Alexander to Actium, a general account of the Hellenistic Age, and other works. He is the author of a translation of the Satires of the Roman poet Juvenal, now in its third edition. He has also contributed poems to many journals, including to Arion and the Southern Humanities Review.
Green went to school at Charterhouse. During World War II he served with the Royal Air Force in Burma. In Firpo's Bar in Calcutta he met and became friendly with another future novelist, Paul Scott, who later used elements of Green's character for the figure of Sergeant Guy Perron in The Raj Quartet.
After the war, Green attended Trinity College of Cambridge University, where he achieved a Double First in Classics, winning the Craven Scholarship and Studentship in 1950. He subsequently wrote historical novels and worked as a journalist, in the capacity of fiction critic for the Daily Telegraph (1953–63), book columnist for the Yorkshire Post (1961–62), television critic for The Listener (1962–63), film critic for John O'London's (1961–63), as well as contributing to other journals.
In 1963 he and his family moved to the Greek island of Lesbos, where he was a translator and independent scholar. In 1966 he moved to Athens, where he was recruited to teach classics for College Year in Athens, and published Armada from Athens, a study of the Sicilian Expedition of 415–3 BC (1970), and The Year of Salamis, a history of the Greco-Persian Wars (1971). In 1971 Green was invited to teach at the University of Texas at Austin, where he became Dougherty Centennial Professor of Classics in 1982, emeritus from 1997. In 1986, he held the Mellon Chair of Humanities at Tulane University in New Orleans. He is now an adjunct professor at the University of Iowa and also has held visiting appointments at Princeton University and at East Carolina University in Greenville, North Carolina.
Bob Dylan used Green's translations of Ovid, found in The Erotic Poems (1982) and The Poems of Exile: Tristia and the Black Sea Letters (1994) as song lyrics on the albums "Love and Theft" (2001) and Modern Times (2006).
Green was married to Classicist and ancient historian Carin M. C. Green, who died in 2015.
- The Expanding Eye - A First Journey To The Mediterranean (1952) Illustrated with photographs.
- Habeas Corpus And Other Stories (1954) (eight short stories)
- Achilles His Armour (1955) (historical novel about Alcibiades and the Peloponnesian War).
- Cat in Gloves (Under pseudonym Denis Delaney) (1956), Gryphon Books
- The Sword of Pleasure (1957) (fictional memoirs of Sulla)
- Kenneth Grahame: A Biography: The Dramatic and Human Story of the Fascinating and Complex Man Who Wrote The Wind in the Willows (1959)
- Writers & their Work - Sir Thomas Browne (1959), Longman for The British Council
- Writers & their Work - John Skelton (1960), Longman for the British Council
- Essays in Antiquity (1960)
- Destiny of Fire by Zoe Oldenbourg (translation of Les Brûlés) (1961)
- Massacre at Montségur by Zoe Oldenbourg (translation of Le Bûcher de Montségur) (1961)
- The Life of Jesus by Jean Steinmann (translation) (1963)
- The Laughter of Aphrodite: A Novel About Sappho of Lesbos (1965)
- The Sixteen Satires by Juvenal (translation) (1967)
- The Year of Salamis, 480-479 BC (1970) (UK) = Xerxes at Salamis (1970) (USA)
- Alexander the Great (1970)
- Armada from Athens (1970)
- The Shadow of the Parthenon: Studies in Ancient History and Literature (1972)
- The Parthenon (1973)
- A Concise History of Ancient Greece to the Close of the Classical Era (1973)
- Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C.; A Historical Biography (1974; re-issue in U.S., 1991, as indicated below)
- Ancient Greece: An Illustrated History (1979)
- Ovid: The Erotic Poems (1982)
- Classical Bearings: Interpreting Ancient History and Culture (1989)
- Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age (1990)
- Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C.: A Historical Biography (1991)
- The Poems of Exile: Tristia and the Black Sea Letters (1994)
- The Argonautica by Apollonios Rhodios (translation) (1997)
- The Greco-Persian Wars (1996) (update of The Year of Salamis)
- From Ikaria to the Stars: Classical Mythification, Ancient and Modern (2004)
- The Poems of Catullus (2005)
- Alexander The Great and the Hellenistic Age (2007)
- The Hellenistic Age: A Short History (2007)
- The Iliad by Homer (translation) (2015)
- The Odyssey by Homer (translation) (2018)
|Year||Review article||Work(s) reviewed|
|2007||"The women and the gods". The New York Review of Books. 54 (11): 32–35. 28 June 2007.||Connelly, Joan Breton. Portrait of a priestess : women and ritual in Ancient Greece.|
Critical studies and reviews of Green's work
- The Odyssey (2018)
- Burrow, Colin (26 April 2018). "Light through the fog". London Review of Books. 40 (8): 3–7.
- "Green, Peter 1924–", Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series. Encyclopedia.com, retrieved 30 October 2017.
- "Novelist, Critic, Translator, Historian: An Interview with Peter Green", AMICI, Classical Association of Iowa.
- Hilary Spurling, Paul Scott: A Life. London: Hutchinson, 1990, pp. 144, 148.
- David Yaffe, "Bob Dylan and the Anglo-American tradition", in Kevin J. H. Dettmar (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Bob Dylan, Cambridge University Press, 2009, p. 27.
- David Yaffe, Bob Dylan: Like a Complete Unknown, Yale University Press, 2011, p. 123.
- Richard F. Thomas, "Shadows are Falling: Virgil, Radnóti, and Dylan", in Michael Paschalis (ed.), Pastoral Palimpsests: Essays in the Reception of Theocritus and Virgil, Rethymnon Classical Studies, Vol. 3, 2007, Crete University Press, p. 205.
- Richard F. Thomas, "The Streets of Rome: The Classical Dylan", Oral Tradition, 22/1 (2007; 30-56), pp. 35–37.
- "An Interview with Richard Thomas on Bob Dylan and the Classics", Persephone: The Harvard Undergraduate Classics Journal, Spring 2017, Vol. 2, No. 1.
- Peter Green at New York Review of Books.
- Obituary: "Professor Carin M. Green March 30, 1948 - July 2, 2015 Iowa City, Iowa".
- Peter Green (8 January 2013). Alexander of Macedon, 356–323 B.C.: A Historical Biography. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-95469-4.
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