|Single by Henry Mancini|
|from the album The Music from Peter Gunn|
|B-side||"The Brothers Go to Mother's"|
|Studio||Radio Recorders, Los Angeles|
|Genre||Instrumental theme music|
"Peter Gunn" is the theme music composed by Henry Mancini for the television show of the same name. The song was the opening track on the original soundtrack album, The Music from Peter Gunn, released by RCA Victor in 1959. Mancini won an Emmy Award and two Grammys for Album of the Year and Best Arrangement.
Recording and releases
In his 1989 autobiography, Did They Mention the Music?, Mancini states:
The Peter Gunn title theme actually derives more from rock and roll than from jazz. I used guitar and piano in unison, playing what is known in music as an ostinato, which means obstinate. It was sustained throughout the piece, giving it a sinister effect, with some frightened saxophone sounds and some shouting brass. The piece has one chord throughout and a super-simple top line.
Mancini arranged the first single version of the song for trumpeter Ray Anthony in 1959. Recorded for Capitol Records at Radio Recorders and featuring tenor saxophonist Plas Johnson, it reached number eight on the Billboard Hot 100, number 12 on the R&B chart, and number 13 in Canada.
Mancini has recorded several different versions of his theme music including "Señor Peter Gunn" on his 1965 album, The Latin Sound of Henry Mancini, and in a new arrangement for the 1967 movie Gunn...Number One!.
Lyrics were added by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans and first recorded in 1965 by Sarah Vaughan in an arrangement by Bill Holman on her album Sarah Vaughan Sings the Mancini Songbook. Mancini also recorded a vocal version titled "Bye Bye" that is on his 1967 soundtrack album Gunn...Number One!.
Other charting versions
In addition to the many different arrangements of the "Peter Gunn" theme recorded by Mancini, the music has also been recorded by numerous other artists. Versions that reached the record charts include:
- An instrumental version by guitarist Duane Eddy reached number six on the UK Singles Chart on June 25, 1959, and number 27 on the Billboard Hot 100 on November 14, 1960.
- Deodato released a version of the song in 1976, which reached number 20 on the US dance chart, number 84 on the Billboard Hot 100, and number 96 on the R&B chart.
- Art of Noise released a version of the song featuring Eddy in 1986, which reached number two on the US dance chart, number eight in the UK, number 14 in Canada, and number 50 on the Billboard Hot 100. It was featured on their 1986 album In Visible Silence, and was awarded a Grammy for Best Rock Instrumental Performance. In Canada, the song spent 20 weeks in the top 100, and was number 84 in the year-end chart.
- The B-52's adapted Mancini's ostinato or riff and added lyrics for their song "Planet Claire". It is used as the opening track on the group's 1979 self-titled debut album. In AllMusic review, Stewart Mason describes the instrumental opening to the song as "space sounds blend[ing] into a jumpy, speeded-up version of Henry Mancini's 'Peter Gunn' theme mixed with sounds that could have been lifted from one of Joe Meek's 'Telstar' follow-ups, followed by a lengthy wordless vocal and organ section that recalls the theme from Star Trek." Released on an EP, it reached number 24 on Billboard's Disco Hot 100 chart.
- Henry Mancini: Sounds and Scores, Northridge Music, Inc. 1973, 1986
- RCA Victor LPM/LSP-1956 liner notes
- Did They Mention the Music?, Henry Mancini with Gene Lees, Contemporary Books, 1989, page 236
- Young, Clive (27 April 2021). "Al Schmitt, Legendary Engineer, Passes at 91". prosoundnetwork.com. Future Plc. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
- Whitburn, Joel (1988). "Ray Anthony; Deodato". Top R&B Singles 1942–1988. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. pp. 26, 116. ISBN 0-89820-068-7.
- "CHUM Hit Parade - February 23, 1959".
- Dryden, Ken. "Henry Mancini: 'Peter Gunn' – Review/Appears On". AllMusic. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
- Liner notes to Mercury Records SR 61009
- Liner notes to RCA Victor LPM/LSP-3840
- "Duane Eddy – Singles". Official Charts. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- Billboard (November 14, 1960). "Hot 100". Billboard. p. 34. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "RPM Top Singles – July 12, 1986". July 17, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2016 – via Library and Archives Canada.
- "RPM Top 100 Singles – September 20, 1986" (PDF).
- "RPM Top 100 Singles of '86 – December 27, 1986" (PDF).
- Mason, Stewart. "The B-52s: 'Planet Claire' – Review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on September 16, 2017. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- "Disco Hot 100". Billboard. Vol. 92, no. 11. March 15, 1980. p. 50. ISSN 0006-2510.