Peter Hollins

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Peter Hollins
RBSA
Born (1800-05-01)1 May 1800
Died 16 August 1886(1886-08-16) (aged 86)
Known for Sculpture

Peter Hollins (1 May 1800 – 16 August 1886) was an English sculptor. He was born on 1 May 1800 in Great Hampton Street, Birmingham, the fourth surviving son of the sculptor and architect William Hollins. Several members of his family were involved in artistic pursuits, including a cousin, John Hollins, the son of a Birmingham glass painter, who found success as a painter of portraits and historical subjects in London.

Peter Holins Hollins studied drawing under Vincent Barber and sculpture in his father's studio before moving to London to work for Francis Chantrey in 1822. He assisted Chantrey with the installation of his portrait of James Watt in the Watt Memorial Chapel at St Mary’s Church in Handsworth.[1] In London, Hollins shared a studio with fellow Birmingham artist, Henry Room, in Old Bond Street where he held an exhibition of his work in 1831.[1] It included a group entitled, Conrad and Medora illustrating a scene from The Corsair by Lord Byron. It won the Sir Robert Lawley Award at the Birmingham Society of Arts, reconfirming Hollins’ close links with his native city.[1] He visited Italy around 1835 and returned to Birmingham in 1843 to take over his father's studio on Great Hampton Street in the Jewellery Quarter.[2] In 1839 he competed, unsuccessfully, for the Lord Nelson Memorial commission for Trafalgar Square, won by Edward Hodges Baily.[1]

Showing both classical and romantic influences,[3] he produced over sixty major works, including statuary at Malvern Priory, Bodelwyddan Castle, the Royal College of Surgeons and Weston Park.[4]

Although he was less well known as a result of being based outside London for much of his career,[2] Hollins' best work is considered to be the equal of that of Chantrey.[4] His cousin, John Hollins, moved to London to paint portraits and became an associate of the Royal Academy.

Hollins was vice-President of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists for thirty seven years, and also exhibited at the Royal Academy.[4] He taught modelling for the Birmingham Society of Artists and was instrumental in securing the Royal Charter for the Society in 1868.[1] Sadly, he felt as though the town of Birmingham had been slow to exploit his talents as a sculptor.[1] He said: ‘I wish to draw a veil over my labours for my native town as they were a grievous disappointment to me, and the more than Egyptian darkness and ignorance of that branch of art which I had chosen was simply appalling'.[5]

Hollins became inactive later in life, due to his suffering from rheumatism, which was perhaps caused by prolonged working with wet clay in a cold studio.[6] He died in the house of his birth on 16 August 1886.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Flynn, Brendan (2014). A Place for Art: The Story of the RBSA. Royal Birmingham Society of Artists. 
  2. ^ a b Stocker, Mark (2007). "Hollins, Peter". Grove Art Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  3. ^ Noszlopy, George T. (2003). "Peter Hollins (1800-1886)". Public Sculpture of Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. p. 258. ISBN 0-85323-847-2. Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  4. ^ a b c Fisher, Michael (2004). "Hollins, William (1763–1843)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Onlnie ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  5. ^ Hill, Joseph (1929). The History of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists. Birmingham. p. 43. 
  6. ^ "Peter Hollins". A Biographical Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain, 1660-1851. 2007. Retrieved 2012-05-03.