Peter Howson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Peter Howson

Born (1958-03-27) 27 March 1958 (age 64)
London, England
NationalityScottish, British
EducationGlasgow School of Art
Known forPainting
Blind Leading the Blind III (Orange Parade), 1991.
Judas, 2002.

Peter Howson OBE (born 27 March 1958)[1] is a Scottish painter. He was a British official war artist in 1993 during the Bosnian War.

Early life[edit]

Peter Howson was born in London of Scottish parents and moved with his family to Prestwick, Ayrshire, when he was four. He was raised in a religious family and the first ever painting he did was a Crucifixion, when he was 6 years old.[2]

Career[edit]

His work has encompassed a number of themes. His early works are typified by very masculine working class men,[3] most famously in The Heroic Dosser (1987). Later, in 1993, he was commissioned by the Imperial War Museum of London, to be the official war artist for the Bosnian War. Here he produced some of his most shocking and controversial work detailing the atrocities which were taking place at the time, like Plum Grove (1994). One painting in particular, Croatian and Muslim, detailing a rape created controversy partly because of its explicit subject matter but also because Howson had painted it from the victims' accounts. He was the official war painter at the Kosovo War for the London Times.[4]

In more recent years his work has exhibited strong religious themes which some say is linked to the treatment of his alcoholism and drug addiction at the Castle Craig Hospital in Peebles in 2000, after which he converted to Christianity.[5] An example of this is Judas (2002) which

"...is a key work from the series of paintings conveying the artist's decline into and recovery from alcohol and drug addiction and his new found faith in Christianity."

— Art Fund.org, Website [6]

His work has appeared in other media, with his widest exposure arguably for a British postage stamp he did in 1999 to celebrate engineering achievements for the millennium.[7] In addition his work has been used on album covers by Live (Throwing Copper),[8] The Beautiful South (Quench)[9] and Jackie Leven (Fairytales for Hardmen).[10] His work features in major collections including Ben Uri Gallery and Museum, Edinburgh City Art Centre, Glasgow Museums Resource Centre, Ferens Art Gallery, Guildhall Art Gallery, Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, High Life Highland Exhibitions Unit, Huntarian Art Gallery, Jerwood Collection, Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art, National Galleries of Scotland, Nottingham City Museums and Galleries, Rozelle House Galleries, The Dick Institute, Fitzwilliam Museum, The Fleming Collection, Ingram Collection of Modern British Art and The Wilson.[11]

Howson was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2009 Birthday Honours.[12] In November 2010, BBC Scotland aired a documentary named "The Madness of Peter Howson" which followed the final stages of the completion of a grand commission for show in the renovated St Andrew's Cathedral and also dealt with Howson's struggle with mental illness and Asperger's syndrome.[13]

In September 2014, Howson suggested he would hand back his OBE, predominantly because of his dislike of British foreign policy but it is not clear if he ever did so.[14]

The film Prophecy, directed by Charlie Paul and produced by Lucy Paul, is an intimate exploration of a single oil painting and the first major film to reveal the motive and techniques behind each stroke of paint Peter Howson creates.[15] With a remarkably acute focus, the film follows the creation of Howson's painting Prophecy, its exhibition and sale, as it travels from the artist’s studio in Glasgow to New York, before returning to London to enter the collection of a private buyer.[16]

Bibliography[edit]

Monographs

  • Berkoff, Stephen, Peter Howson, Flowers (2005)
  • Heller, Robert, Peter Howson, Momentum (2003)
  • Jackson, Allan, A Different Man, Mainstream Publishing (1997)
  • Heller, Robert, Peter Howson, Mainstream Publishing (1993)

Exhibition Catalogues

  • Harrowing of Hell, 24 October - 22 November 2008, Flowers East
  • Christos Aneste, 18 March - 7 May 2005, Flowers East
  • Inspired by the Bible, 6–20 August 2004, New College, Edinburgh
  • The Stations of the Cross, 11 April - 18 May 2003, Flowers East
  • The Third Step, 13 April - 4 June 2002, Flowers East
  • The Rake’s Progress, 12 January - 11 February 1996, Flowers East
  • Blind Leading the Blind, 9 November- 8 December 1991, Flowers East

References[edit]

  1. ^ Howson, Peter (27 March 1958), Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators. Oxford University Press. 27 March 1958. ISBN 9780199923052. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  2. ^ "Peter Howson's first ever oil painting up for sale". www.scotsman.com. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  3. ^ Lucie-Smith, Edward; Cohen, Carolyn; Higgins, Judith (1988). The New British Painting (1 ed.). Oxford: Phaidon Press Limited. pp. 52–53, 69.
  4. ^ War artists: Witness in paint, The Economist, 20 May 1999.
  5. ^ "Peter Howson: my 'murderous' rage". The Times. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  6. ^ Judas by Peter Howson, Art Fund.org, 2003.
  7. ^ "BBC News | UK | Queen's head goes up in smoke". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  8. ^ "Peter Howson (b. 1958)". www.christies.com. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  9. ^ "BBC News | SCOTLAND | Beautiful South legal battle settled". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  10. ^ Jackie Leven – Fairy Tales For Hard Men (1997, CD), retrieved 24 November 2021
  11. ^ "Howson, Peter, b.1958 | Art UK". artuk.org. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  12. ^ "No. 59090". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 2009. p. 11.
  13. ^ "BBC Two - ArtWorks Scotland, The Madness of Peter Howson". BBC. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  14. ^ Duffy, Judith. "Howson to hand back OBE in protest at Referendum and Airstrikes by allies". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  15. ^ "Prophecy". Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Flowers Gallery, Peter Howson Prophecy". Retrieved 5 February 2022.

External links[edit]