Peter John Hurford OBE (22 November 1930 – 3 March 2019) was a British organist and composer.
Hurford was born in Minehead, Somerset, to Gladys Hurford (née James) and Hubert Hurford, a solicitor. He was educated at Blundell's School in Tiverton, Devon. He later studied both music and law at Jesus College, Cambridge, graduating with dual degrees, and afterwards obtained a reputation for both musical scholarship and organ playing. Hurford subsequently studied in Paris under the French organist André Marchal, exploring music of the Baroque period.
He made interpretations of Bach, and recorded the complete Bach organ works for Decca and BBC Radio 3. His expertise also encompassed recordings of the Romantic literature for organ, performances notable for attention to stylistic detail. His playing style is noted for clean articulation, beauty of expression, and a sense of proper tempo.
Hurford was appointed organist of Holy Trinity Church, Leamington Spa from 1956 to 1957. For the same period, he was Music Master at Bablake School, Coventry, and Musical Director of the Royal Leamington Spa Bach Choir. He was then appointed organist and choirmaster of St Albans Cathedral in 1958, serving in this post for twenty years. He conceived the idea of an organ competition in 1963, partly to celebrate the new Harrison & Harrison organ designed by Ralph Downes and himself. This venture was successful mainly because of the young Hurford's rapidly growing stature in Britain and overseas as a result of his refreshing notions of the "authentic performance style". This has grown into the biennial St Albans International Organ Festival, a world-renowned festival of organ music with competitions whose past winners include many of the great names in modern organ music including Dame Gillian Weir, David Sanger, Thomas Trotter and Kevin Bowyer.
Hurford travelled extensively for both his performance and recording career. He was artist in residence at Cincinnati, Ohio University (1967–68), Toronto, Canada (1977), and consultant for the Sydney Opera House organ. He held a number of Honorary Doctorates, was appointed an Honorary Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge in 2006, was a past President of the Royal College of Organists and received its Medal in 2013, and has been appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE). He wrote a book: Making Music on the Organ (1998, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-816207-3) and published a great deal of choral music for the Anglican liturgy, much of it issued by leading publishers such as Novello and Oxford University Press. His Litany to the Holy Spirit, to a famous text by Robert Herrick, is sung worldwide.
Hurford suffered a minor stroke in 1997, but recovered enough to resume his performing career seven months later. In 2008, he was diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease, and subsequently retired formally from performing in 2009.
Hurford died on 3 March 2019, aged 88. His marriage to Patricia Matthews lasted from 1955 until her death in 2017, and produced 3 children. His survivors include his daughter Heather, his two sons Michael and Richard, and nine grandchildren.
Arranger, Composer, Editor
- 1958. Litany to the Holy Spirit. Unison.
- 1960. The Holy Son. SATB
- 1962. Magnificat and Nunc dimittis in G. SATB, organ
- 1962. Magnificat and Nunc dimittis in A. SS, organ
- 1962. The Holy Son. TTBB
- 1962. Three short anthems. SS, organ
- 1968. Noel Nouvelet. SATB
- 1971. Bethlehem, of noblest cities. SATB.
- 1971. Magdalen, cease from sobs and sighs. SATB
- 1972. Two Sentences. SATB, organ
- 1972. Communion Service: Series 3. Congregation, SATB, organ
- 1975. Sunny Bank. SATB
- 1976. Come love we God. SATB
- 1976. Two carols for equal voices.
- 1977. O mortal man, remember well. SATB
- 1980. Christ hath a garden. SATB
- 1995. Litamy to the Holy Spirit. SATB
- 1958. Five short chorale preludes.
- 1958. Paean.
- 1960. A Fancy
- 1960. Five verses on a melody from the Paderborn Gesangbuch (1765).
- 1961. Suite: 'Laudate Dominum'.
- 1961. Meditation.
- 1962. Passingala.
- 1963. Two Dialogues.
- 1970. Fanfare on Old 100th.
- 1970. Prince of Denmark's march (Jeremiah Clarke). Arranged.
- 1976. Trio.
- 1977. Bristol Suite.
- 1977. Nicaea.
- 1977. Sonata in C minor by G. B. Pescetti. Edited.
Hurford made over 50 recordings, both as a solo artist and with multiple other musicians. As well as recording Bach's complete works for the organ, he recorded the organ concertos, op. 7 of Handel with the Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra.
- "Peter Hurford". discogs. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Barry Millington (13 March 2019). "Peter Hurford obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Blundell's School". Anglo-Chinese Education Consultancy. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Eriksson, Erik. "Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "St Albans Cathedral Ex-Choristers Association". St Albans Cathedral. Archived from the original on 12 November 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Cathedral Organ". Cathedral Church of St Alban. Archived from the original on 22 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Peter Hurford". Last FM. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "College awards Diplomas, Certificates and Medals". Royal College of Organists. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Bach Notes", London Bach Society, Autumn 2013
- Bradshaw, Melissa (4 March 2019). "Peter Hurford dies at 88". Rhinegold Publishing. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- David Allen (8 March 2019). "Peter Hurford, Organist Noted for His Complete Bach, Dies at 88". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- British Library Catalogue. Online resource, accessed 20 April 2024.
- UK Library Hub Discover. Online resource, accessed 20 April 2022.