Peter Igneus

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Peter Igneus

Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
PalmezzanoIgneo.jpg
Peter Igneus over the fire - Marco Palmezzano.
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed1072
Term ended11 November 1089
SuccessorNicholas Breakspear
Orders
Created cardinal1072
by Pope Alexander II
RankCardinal-Bishop
Personal details
Birth namePietro Igneo
BornFlorence, Tuscan Margrave
Died11 November 1089
Albano, Rome, Papal States
Sainthood
Feast day8 February
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified4 March 1673
Saint Peter's Basilica, Papal States
by Pope Clement X
Attributes
  • Benedictine habit
  • Cardinal's attire

Blessed Pietro Igneo (died 11 November 1089) was an Italian Roman Catholic Benedictine monk from the Vallombrosians branch. He also served as a cardinal and was named as the Cardinal-Bishop of Albano. He is often referred to as a member of the Aldobrandini house but this familiar denomination is not attested in sources as a fact.

Igneo's beatification had been confirmed on 4 March 1673.[1][2]

Life[edit]

Pietro Igneo was born to a noble family in Florence. He was a relative to Saint Giovanni Gualberto, and the uncle of Saint Bernardo degli Uberti.[2] He had at least one sibling.

Pietro entered the Order of Saint Benedict in 1018 as a monk.

Bishop Pietro Mezzobarbo had been accused of simoniacal acquisition of the episcopal dignities. Mezzobarbo denied these charges to the utmost and had numerous and prominent supporters.[3] This accusation turned into conflict and intense agitation in Florence. The Vallombrosian monks were his chief accusers and upon the insistence of the people for proof the judgment of God - or a trial through fire - was resorted to settle the matter. The abbot (and his relative) Saint John Gualbert designated for the test Pietro who underwent the ordeal on 23 February 1068 (he succeeded) and was hence called "Igneo" which meant "fire-tried". This triumph of the monks led to a confession on the part of the bishop.[2][4]

Igneo soon became the abbot for San Salvatore in Fucecchio and he held that position until 1081. In 1072 he was designated as a cardinal and Pope Alexander II named him Cardinal-Bishop of Albano.[4] Igneo attended the October 1072 consecration of the church of Santi Donato e Nicola in Albano while he himself consecrated the church of San Miniatis in Rubbicana on 7 February 1077.[2]

He cooperated with Pope Gregory VII to repress simony and reform church discipline.[5] Gregory VII entrusted him with several important missions: in 1079 he served as a papal legate in the German kingdom with the Bishop of Padua to mediate between the Emperor Henry IV and Rudolf of Swabia.[4] Upon the renewal of the excommunication against the emperor at Salerno in 1084 he was designated - at Pope Gregory VII's behest - as one of the two legates sent to France for the promulgation of the sentence. He is mentioned in the papal bull of Pope Urban II on 8 July 1089 and is attested for the last time in the papal curia in September 1089.

Igneo served as a co-consecrator for the episcopal consecration of the new Pope Victor III in 1087. He participated in the conclaves held in 1086 and in 1088.

He died on 11 November 1089.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Blessed Peter Igneus". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Salvador Miranda. "Consistory of 1072 (X)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Blessed Peter Igneus". Saints SQPN. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Weber, Nicholas. "Blessed Peter Igneus." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 11 February 2019
  5. ^ Monks of Ramsgate. "Peter Igneus", Book of Saints, A. & C. Black Ltd., 1921

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Blessed Peter Igneus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

Further reading[edit]

  • H.W. Klewitz, Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, Darmstadt 1957, p. 116 no. 9.
  • R. Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130, Tübingen 1977, p. 90-91.

External links[edit]