Peter Igneus

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Peter Igneus
O.S.B. Vall.
Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
Peter Igneus over the fire - Marco Palmezzano.
Church Roman Catholic Church
Appointed 1072
Term ended 11 November 1089
Successor Nicholas Breakspear
Created Cardinal 1072
by Pope Alexander II
Rank Cardinal-Bishop
Personal details
Birth name Pietro Igneo
Born Florence, Tuscan Margrave
Died 11 November 1089
Albano, Rome, Papal States
Feast day 8 February
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 4 March 1673
Saint Peter's Basilica, Papal States
by Pope Clement X
  • Benedictine habit
  • Cardinal's attire

Blessed Pietro Igneo (died 11 November 1089) was an Italian Roman Catholic Benedictine monk from the Vallombrosians branch.[1] He also served as a cardinal and was named as the Cardinal-Bishop of Albano upon his elevation to the cardinalate.[2] He is often referred to as a member of the Aldobrandini house but this familiar denomination is not attested in sources as a fact.

Igneo's beatification had been confirmed on 4 March 1673.[3][1]


Pietro Igneo was born in Florence to nobles at an unspecified point. He was also a relative to Saint Giovanni Gualberto in addition to being the uncle of Saint Bernardo degli Uberti.[1] He had at least one sibling.

Pietro entered the Order of Saint Benedict in 1018 as a monk.

Bishop Pietro Mezzobarbo had been accused of simoniacal acquisition of the episcopal dignities. Mezzobarbo denied these charges to the utmost and had numerous and prominent supporters.[2] This accusation turned into conflict and intense agitation in Florence. The Vallombrosian monks were his chief accusers and upon the insistence of the people for proof the judgment of God - or a trial through fire - was resorted to settle the matter. The abbot (and his relative) Saint John Gualbert designated for the test Pietro who underwent the ordeal on 23 February 1068 (he succeeded) and was hence called "Igneo" which meant "fire-tried". This triumph of the monks led to a confession on the part of the bishop.[2][1]

Igneo soon became the abbot for San Salvatore in Fucecchio and he held that position until 1081. In 1072 he was designated as a cardinal and Pope Alexander II raised him as the Cardinal-Bishop of Albano.[2] Igneo attended the October 1072 consecration of the church of Santi Donato e Nicola in Albano while he himself consecrated the church of San Miniatis in Rubbicana on 7 February 1077.[1] He became entrusted with several important missions over time: in 1079 he served as a papal legate in the German kingdom with the Bishop of Padua to mediate between the emperor and Rudolf of Swabia. Upon the renewal of the excommunication against the emperor at Salerno in 1084 he was designated - at Pope Gregory VII's behest - as one of the two legates sent to France for the promulgation of the sentence. He is mentioned in the papal bull of Pope Urban II on 8 July 1089 and is attested for the last time in the papal curia in September 1089.[2]

Igneo served as a co-consecrator for the episcopal consecration of the new Pope Victor III in 1087. He participated in the conclaves held in 1086 and in 1088.

He died on 11 November 1089.


  1. ^ a b c d e Salvador Miranda. "Consistory of 1072 (X)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Blessed Peter Igneus". Saints SQPN. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  3. ^ "Blessed Peter Igneus". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • PD-icon.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Blessed Peter Igneus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  • H.W. Klewitz, Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, Darmstadt 1957, p. 116 no. 9.
  • R. Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130, Tübingen 1977, p. 90-91.

External links[edit]