July 20, 1928 |
|Occupation(s)||Musician, sound engineer, record producer, author, painter|
|Labels||Atlantic, Bethlehem, Warwick, Storyville, Verve, Wave|
|Associated acts||Lennie Tristano, Lee Konitz, Buddy Rich, Booker Ervin, Mal Waldron, Slim Gaillard|
Peter Ind was born in Middlesex. His father was a builder. Ind began to learn the violin at the age of eight and played in his school orchestra. He soon found that he preferred the piano and played gigs from the age of 14 around his home in Uxbridge. At this point, he played mostly popular dance numbers of the time. He was influenced during World War II by radio broadcasts of American big bands. By the age of 16 his income, supplemented by a variety of day jobs, was greater than that of his father.
Feeling that he lacked a technical understanding of music, Ind took evening classes in piano and classical harmony at London's Trinity College of Music in the period 1944–46. He transitioned to playing the bass because he liked its sound and thought that his piano technique was limited. He had bass lessons from 1947 with Tim Bell, who "introduced me to what was then a revolutionary method of bass fingering, in which all four fingers of the left hand are used – playing semitone intervals", and later with James Merrett. He also became a full-time musician in 1947.
In 1949 he was a musician on the Queen Mary, which sailed to New York; there, Ind met pianist Lennie Tristano for the first time and listened to other leading jazz musicians in the city's clubs. The ship returned to New York every two weeks, allowing Ind and others to have a fortnightly lesson with Tristano. After one 1950 lesson, the pianist invited Ind to play the first set that his band had at the Birdland club that evening, as the trio's regular bassist was going to be late.
Later life and career
Ind relocated to New York City in 1951, arriving on 29 April. In 1953 he stopped taking lessons from Tristano and toured with saxophonist Lee Konitz. Ind's first album recordings were with Konitz – Lee Konitz at Harvard Square and Konitz. Ind also played with Tristano, Buddy Rich, Booker Ervin, Mal Waldron, and Slim Gaillard. Ind played at the first Newport Jazz Festival, in 1954, as part of Tristano's sextet. Ind was bassist on pianist Jutta Hipp's first US performances and some of her recordings.
Ind also branched into production at this time, and was a pioneer in stereo recording and overdubbing of jazz music in the 1950s. He established a recording studio in 1956. He used money received after his father's death to finance the purchasing of recording equipment and a studio. He produced sessions in his loft for Zoot Sims, Gerry Mulligan, and Booker Little. He founded his own label at the end of the 1950s, where he released the album Looking Out, featuring Joe Puma and Dick Scott. In addition to his own endeavors, he worked in sound engineering for the labels Atlantic, Verve, Bethlehem, and Warwick, founding his own company Wave in 1961.
In 1963 Ind moved to Big Sur, California, where he remained for three years. At this time he concentrated on performing unaccompanied, and recorded several albums of solo material. In 1965 he played with Konitz and Warne Marsh, an association that continued into the 1970s. Private recordings under the Wave imprint began to be issued.
In 1984 Ind opened a nightclub in London, the Bass Clef; after several successful years, the club had to close for tax reasons.
He is the author of two books: Jazz Visions - The Legacy of Lennie Tristano, a memoir of his association with Tristano and the state of jazz in 1950s New York, and The Environment and Cosmic Metabolism, a look at Wilhelm Reich and concerns about the earth's future regarding energy.
He has continued to write, issue CDs, and perform internationally.
- Looking Out - Jazz Bass Baroque (A compilation of jazz recorded over a period of forty years: 1959 - 1999) (Wave, 1999)
- Looking Out (Peter Ind with Ronnie Ball, Sal Mosca, Joe Puma, Al Schackman, Dick Scott and Sheila Jordan) (Wave, 1961)
- Peter Ind - Improvisation (Wave, 1968)
- Time for Improvisation (Wave, 1969)
- The Peter Ind Sextet (Peter Ind, Bernie Cash, Dave Cliff, Derek Phillips, Chas. Burchall and Gray Allard) (Wave, 1975)
- Jazz Bass Baroque (Peter Ind with Martin Taylor and others) (Wave, 1988)
As featured soloist
- Konitz (Lee Konitz, Peter Ind, Ronnie Ball and Jeff Morton) (Storyville, 1954)
- Lee Konitz in Harvard Square (Peter Ind, Jeff Morton, Percy Heath and Al Levitt)" (Storyville, 1955)
- Paul Bley Trio (Paul Bley, Peter Ind and Alan Levitt) (Mercury (Wing), 1954)
- Jutta Hipp Trio (Jutta Hipp, Peter Ind and Ed Thigpen) (Blue Note, 1955)
- The Real Lee Konitz (Lee Konitz, Billy Bauer, Don Ferrara, Dick Scott and Peter Ind) (Atlantic, 1957)
- Lee Konitz in Hi Fi (Lee Konitz, Sal Mosca, Billy Bauer, Peter Ind, Arnold Fishkind, Dick Scott and Shadow Wilson) (Atlantic, 1958)
- Jimmy Raney - Strings and Swings (Jimmy Raney, Peter Ind and the Juilliard String Quartet) (Muse, 1958)
- Buddy Rich in Miami (Buddy Rich, Flip Phillips, Ronnie Ball and Peter Ind)" (Verve, 1958)
- The Very Cool Lee Konitz (Lee Konitz, Sal Mosca, Don Ferrara, Shadow Wilson and Peter Ind) (Verve, 1958)
- No Kidding (Peter Ind, Dave Cliff, Chas. Burchell, Tox Drohar and Dick Scott) (Wave, 1974)
- Jazz at the Richmond Festival (Peter Ind, Bernie Cash, Derek Phillips and Chas. Burchell) (Wave, ?)
- Bud Freeman - Song of the Tenor (Bud Freeman, Bob Wilber, Bruce Turner, Keith Ingham, Bobby Orr and Peter Ind) (Phonogram, ?)
- Some Hefty Cats - Dick Welstood with Peter Ind (Dick Welstood, Peter Ind, Keith Smith, Ian Wheeler and Barry Nichols) (Hefty Jazz, ?)
- Jazz a Confronto (Lee Konitz, Dave Cliff, Al Levitt and Peter Ind) (Horo, 1975)
- Up Jumped the Blues (Benny Waters, Keith Smith and Peter Ind) (Hefty Jazz, ?)
- Sax for Dreamers (Tommy Whittle, Kenny Powell and Peter Ind) (Masquerade Records, ?)
- Lee Konitz Meets Warne Marsh Again (Lee Konitz, Warne Marsh, Peter Ind and Al Levitt) (Produttonassociati, 1975)
With Paul Bley
- Paul Bley (EmArcy, 1954)
With Jutta Hipp
With Lee Konitz
- Inside Hi-Fi (Atlantic, 1956)
- The Real Lee Konitz (Atlantic, 1957)
- Very Cool (Verve, 1957)
- Lee Konitz Meets Warne Marsh Again (Pausa, 1976) with Warne Marsh
- Jazz Visions - Lennie Tristano and His Legacy (2005, ISBN 978-1-84553-281-9)
- The Environment and Cosmic Metabolism - Looking at the stars and thinking about the Earth (2007, ISBN 978-0-9558062-0-9)
- Painting the Energy of Nature (2008)
- Ind 2005, p. 7.
- Ind 2005, p. 4.
- Ind 2005, pp. 4–5.
- Ind 2005, p. 6.
- Ind 2005, p. 8.
- Ind 2005, pp. 9–10.
- Ind 2005, p. 14.
- Ind 2005, p. 20.
- Ind 2005, p. 27.
- Ind 2005, p. 28.
- Ind 2005, p. 51.
- Ind 2005, p. 52.
- Ind 2005, p. 61.
- Ind 2005, p. 38.
- Ind 2005, p. 64.
- Wave Records, Peter Ind's site
- Ind 2005, p. 67.